Roch Marc Christian Kaboré
Roch Marc Christian Kaboré is a Burkinabé politician and banker and the President of Burkina Faso, in office since 2015. He served as the Prime Minister of Burkina Faso between 1994 and 1996 and President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso from 2002 to 2012, he served as President of the Congress for Democracy and Progress. In January 2014, he left the ruling CDP and joined a new opposition party, the People's Movement for Progress, he was elected as President of Burkina Faso in the November 2015 general election, winning a majority in the first round of voting. Upon taking office, he became the first non-interim president in 49 years without any past ties to the military. Kaboré was born in Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso called Upper Volta, he attended school from 1962 to 1968, when he received his CPS. On completing this basic education certificate, he attended the Collège Saint Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, a selective school in Ouagadougou, he studied there from 1968 to 1975, passing his BEPC or General Certificate in 1972 and his baccalauréat in 1975.
He went on to study economics at the University of Dijon. There, he completed his BA in 1979 and his Master's in 1980. Kaboré met Sika Bella Kaboré, while both were studying in France; the couple have three children. Kaboré, like his father, Charles Bila Kaboré, worked as a banker for the International Bank of Burkina, he was promoted to head Burkina Faso's largest bank during the presidency of Thomas Sankara. In 1984, aged 27, he was named the General Director of the BIB, he served in the government of Burkina Faso as a Minister, was a Special Adviser of the President, has been a Deputy in the National Assembly. He became Prime Minister in 1994; when the Congress for Democracy and Progress was formed in early February 1996, Kaboré resigned as Prime Minister and became the new ruling party's First Vice-President, as well as Special Adviser at the Presidency. On 6 June 2002, he was elected as President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso, succeeding Mélégué Maurice Traoré. In the May 2007 parliamentary election, Kaboré was re-elected to the National Assembly as the first candidate on the CDP's national list.
Following the election, the National Assembly again elected Kaboré as its president. He received 90 votes, while Norbert Tiendrébéogo received 13. Kaboré, along with a number of other prominent figures in the CDP, announced his resignation from the party on 6 January 2014; those who resigned said that the party was being run in an undemocratic and damaging manner, they expressed opposition to plans to amend the constitution to eliminate term limits, which would allow President Blaise Compaoré to stand for re-election in 2015. On 25 January 2014, a new opposition party led by Kaboré, the People's Movement for Progress, was founded. At an MPP convention held at the Ouagadougou Palais des Sports on 4–5 July 2015, Kaboré was confirmed as the MPP candidate for the presidential elections due to be held on 29 November 2015. In the election of 29 November 2015, Kaboré won the election in the first round of voting, receiving 53.5% of the vote against 29.7% for the second place candidate, Zephirin Diabré.
He was sworn in as President on 29 December 2015. He appointed Paul Kaba Thieba, an economist, as Prime Minister on 7 January 2016; the composition of the new government was announced on 13 January, with Kaboré taking charge of the ministerial portfolio for defense and veteran affairs. Jean-Claude Bouda, who served as Minister of Youth, was appointed on 20 February 2017 to take over from Kaboré as Minister of Defense. Media related to Roch Marc Christian Kaboré at Wikimedia Commons
National Assembly of Burkina Faso
The Unicameral National Assembly is Burkina Faso's legislative body. In 1995, it became the lower house of a bicameral Parliament, but the upper house was abolished in 2002; the upper house was to have been restored under the name "Senate" in the June 2012 constitutional amendments. This revision was never executed due to an extended and unresolved political confrontation over the Senate's establishment, which left the country with a unicameral legislature as of the October 2014 constitutional crisis. On 30 October 2014, as part of the 2014 Burkinabé uprising, protesters stormed the parliament building and set fire to it, in anger at the Parliament's decision to amend the Constitution of Burkina Faso to abolish term limits, which would have paved the way for President Blaise Compaoré to remain in office for another five-year term. Burkina Faso is divided into 45 electoral provinces within their 13 regions; each province elects between two and nine representatives, these representatives are members of political parties.
There are 111 members of the National Assembly elected to represent provinces, 16 nationally elected, totaling 127. In Burkina Faso, the National Assembly is elected by a proportional representational system. Proportional representation in Burkina Faso means that each person marks one party on the ballot, after tallying the votes, the top parties chosen are elected to the Assembly; each electoral province has a simple electoral quotient. This is the number of valid votes counted divided by the number of seats available. If a party wins a seat by the electoral quotient half of the votes the remainder of the seats are transferred to a "rest" category, which are compared to the other votes gathered. For example, in the province of Boulkiemde, the MPP received 29,445 votes, 35.1% of the total votes of the province. Boulkiemde elects four representatives to their legislature, so their electoral quotient is 21002 votes; this means. The remaining votes are transferred to another category, compared among the other candidates.
These remaining votes in Boulkiemde won the MPP another seat in the legislature, since the remaining votes are the second highest compared to the rest of the parties. Thus, since the MPP received 35.1% of the votes, they received 50% of the seats due to the electoral quotient. Elections are led by teachers in Burkina Faso, who are not allowed to be a member of any political party; the ballot has a space for voters to mark. The ballots are placed in envelopes, placed in ballot boxes; the leader of the election officials ensures that the seal is not broken before counting all of the votes. The teachers who are trained as election officials become counting officials. Invalid ballots include more than one mark, or ballots not in an envelope; the ballots are sent to the district level after counting them, where the winner of a legislative seat will be determined based on the number of votes. The districts are divided by one seat per 100,000 people, so the capital, has nine seats. In the 2015 parliamentary election, the People’s Movement for Progress party received 51.3% of the national vote, winning 55 seats.
The Union for Progress and Change, or UPC, received 20.5 % of the vote. The Congress for Democracy and Progress party won 18 seats with 13.2% of the vote, the New Alliance of Faso party received two seats, with 4.1% of the vote. List of Presidents of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso History of Burkina Faso Politics of Burkina Faso List of legislatures by country Legislative Branch Assemblée Nationale du Burkina Faso
Congress for Democracy and Progress
The Congress for Democracy and Progress was the ruling political party in Burkina Faso until the overthrow of Blaise Compaoré in the year 2014. The party was founded in February 1996 by merger of the Organization for Popular Democracy – Labour Movement and nine parties supportive of it, as well as factions of the Group of Patriotic Democrats and the Burkinabé Socialist Bloc. From 1992, when the office of Prime Minister was reestablished, until the Blaise Compaoré was ousted in 2014, all Prime Ministers of Burkina Faso were members of the CDP, along with most other national officials, the party held the most seats in Parliament. In the parliamentary election held on 5 May 2002, the party won 49.5% of the popular vote and 57 out of 111 seats. In the 13 November 2005 presidential election, the CDP candidate, President Compaoré, won 80.35% of the popular vote. At the May 2007 parliamentary election, the party expanded its majority. In 2012, Assimi Kouanda was elected as the CDP's National Executive Secretary.
The party still had representation in parliament after the overthrow of Compaoré in October 2014, remains represented following the November 2015 general elections. The CDP held its sixth ordinary congress in Ouagadougou on 9–10 May 2015. Eddie Komboïgo, a businessman, a Deputy in the National Assembly prior to its 2014 dissolution, was elected as President of the CDP, while Compaoré was designated as Honorary President. On 11 July 2015, Komboïgo was designated as the CDP's candidate for the October 2015 presidential election. Komboïgo was subsequently barred from standing, the CDP had no presidential candidate. Meanwhile, party leaders were accused of involvement in the failed September 2015 coup, leading to the arrest of Komboïgo as well as a party vice-president, Léonce Koné. Together with various other opposition parties, the CDP formed the Coalition for Democracy and National Reconciliation on 16 October 2016; the coalition stood in opposition to President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré and the ruling People's Movement for Progress, but it was distinct from the main opposition coalition, the Coalition of Democratic Forces for Real Change led by Zéphirin Diabré.
On 19 April 2017, the CDP criticized the forthcoming trial of Compaoré and members of his government in connection with efforts to suppress the October 2014 protests that led to the fall of the government. According to the CDP, the trial was a politically motivated "witch hunt" and "a clear violation of the rule of law". Official website
Provinces of Burkina Faso
The regions of Burkina Faso are divided into 45 administrative provinces. These 45 provinces are sub-divided into 351 departments or communes. Here is a list of the provinces, with their capitals in parentheses: Balé Banwa Kossi Mouhoun Nayala Sourou Comoé Léraba Kadiogo Boulgou Koulpélogo Kouritenga Bam Namentenga Sanmatenga Boulkiemdé Sanguié Sissili Ziro Bazèga Nahouri Zoundwéogo Gnagna Gourma Komondjari Kompienga Tapoa Houet Kénédougou Tuy Loroum Passoré Yatenga Zondoma Ganzourgou Kourwéogo Oubritenga Oudalan Séno Soum Yagha Bougouriba Ioba Noumbiel Poni Geography of Burkina Faso Regions of Burkina Faso Communes of Burkina Faso ISO 3166-2:BF Provinces of Burkina Faso at Statoids.com
Visa policy of Burkina Faso
Visitors to Burkina Faso must obtain a visa from one of the Burkina Faso diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries or countries whose citizens may obtain a visa on arrival. Citizens of the following 18 countries can visit Burkina Faso without a visa: Visa free agreement was signed with Morocco in May 2017 and it is yet to come into force. Holders of diplomatic and service category passports issued to nationals of Brazil, Congo, Russia, Turkey do not require a visa for Burkina Faso. Nationals of China holding passports for public affairs do not require a visa for a maximum stay of 90 days. Visas are available on arrival at the airport and borders for the following 52 nationalities for a stay of up to 1 month; the cost of the visa on arrival is 94,000 francs CFA for a single entry visa with a maximum validity of 3 months, or 122,000 CFA for multiple entry visa with a maximum validity of three months. 1 — only at Ouagadougou airportVisa on arrival is available for citizens of Peru for holders of a valid visa issued by a Schengen Member State.
Visa on arrival is available for holders of diplomatic, service or special passports free of charge. Visa on arrival is available for holders of an Interpol passport traveling on duty. Nationals of South Africa require a visa prior to arrival including transit. Other nationalities holding confirmed onward tickets may transit through airports of Burkina Faso up to 24 hours without a transit visa. Most visitors arriving to Burkina Faso for tourism purposes were from the following countries of nationality: Visa requirements for Burkinabe citizens
Departments of Burkina Faso
The provinces of Burkina Faso are divided into 351 departments, whose urbanized areas are grouped into the same commune with the same name as the department. The 351 communes created in those departments have three kinds of status: 49 urban communes, are grouping their main city/town and all other administrative villages in their department. 302 rural communes are grouping all administrative villages in their department. Departments have the same name as their capital city or town, with a few exceptions. For the local elections in 2012, communes were created in each department that still did not have one; the departments are listed below, by province: Bagassi Department Bana Department Boromo Department Fara Department Oury Department Pâ Department Pompoï Department Poura Department Siby Department Yaho Department Balavé Department Kouka Department Sami Department Sanaba Department Solenzo Department Tansila Department Barani Department Bomborokui Department Djibasso Department Dokuy Department Doumbala Department Kombori Department Madouba Department Nouna Department Bourasso Department Sono Department Bondokuy Department Dédougou Department Douroula Department Kona Department Ouarkoye Department Safané Department Tchériba Department Gassam Department Gossina Department Kougny Department Toma Department Yaba Department Yé Department Di Department Gomboro Department Kassoum Department Kiembara Department Lanfièra Department Lankoué Department Toéni Department Tougan Department Banfora Department Bérégadougou Department Mangodara Department Moussodougou Department Niangoloko Department Ouo Department Sidéradougou Department Soubakaniédougou Department Tiéfora Department Dakoro Department Douna Department Kankalaba Department Loumana Department Niankorodougou Department Ouéléni Department Sindou Department Wolonkoto Department Komki-Ipala Department Komsliga Department Koubri Department Ouagadougou Department Pabré Department Saaba Department Tanghin-Dassouri Department Bagré Department Bané Department Béguédo Department Bittou Department Boussouma Department Garango Department Komtoèga Department Niaogho Department Tenkodogo Department Zabré Department Zoaga Department Zonsé Department Bissiga Department Comin-Yanga Department Dourtenga Department Lalgaye Department Ouargaye Department Sangha Department Soudougui Department Yargatenga Department Yondé Department Andemtenga Department Baskouré Department Dialgaye Department Gounghin Department Kando Department Koupéla Department Pouytenga Department Tensobtenga Department Yargo Department Bourzanga Department Guibaré Department Kongoussi Department Nasséré Department Rollo Department Rouko Department Sabcé Department Tikaré Department Zimtenga Department Boulsa Department Bouroum Department Dargo Department Tougouri Department Yalgo Department Zéguédéguin Department Nagbingou Department Barsalogho Department Boussouma Department Dablo Department Kaya Department Korsimoro Department Mané Department Namissiguima Department Pensa Department Pibaore Department Pissila Department Ziga Department Bingo Department Imasgo Department Kindi Department Kokologho Department Koudougou Department Nanoro Department Pella Department Poa Department Ramongo Department Sabou Department Siglé Department Sourgou Department Thyou Department Nandiala Department Soaw Department Dassa Department Didyr Department Godyr Department Kordié Department Kyon Department Pouni Department Réo Department Ténado Department Zawara Department Zamo Department Biéha Department Boura Department Léo Department Nébiélianayou Department Niabouri Department Silly Department Tô Department Bakata Department Bougnounou Department Cassou Department Dalo Department Gao Department Sapouy Department Doulougou Department Ipelcé Department Kayao Department Kombissiri Department Saponé Department Toécé Department Gaongo Department Guiaro Department Pô Department Tiébélé Department Zecco Department Ziou Department Béré Department Bindé Department Gogo Department Gomboussougou Department Guiba Department Manga Department Nobére Department Bilanga Department Bogandé Department Coalla Department Liptougou Department Manni Department Piéla Department Thion Department Diabo Department Diapangou Department Fada N'gourma Department Matiacoali Department Tibga Department Yamba Department Bartiébougou Department Foutouri Department Gayéri Department Ko
Blaise Compaoré is a Burkinabé politician, president of Burkina Faso from 1987 to 2014. He was a top associate of President Thomas Sankara during the 1980s, in October 1987, he led a coup d'état during which Sankara was killed. Subsequently, he introduced a policy of "rectification", overturning the leftist and Third Worldist policies pursued by Sankara, he won elections in 1991, 1998, 2005, 2010 in what were considered unfair circumstances. His attempt to amend the constitution to extend his 27-year term caused the 2014 Burkinabé uprising. On 31 October 2014, Compaoré resigned. Compaoré was born in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso and grew up in nearby Ziniaré, he reached the rank of captain in the Voltaïc army. Compaoré met Thomas Sankara in 1976 in a military training center in Morocco, subsequently Compaoré and Sankara were considered close friends. Compaoré played a major role in the coups d'état against Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo, he has been married to Chantal Compaoré since 1985. Under Sankara's leadership, which lasted from 1983 to 1987, Compaoré was his deputy and was a member of the National Revolutionary Council.
He served as Minister of State subsequently as Minister of State for Justice. Compaoré was involved in the 1983 and 1987 coups, taking power after the second in which his predecessor Sankara was killed, he was elected President in 1991, in an election, boycotted by the opposition, re-elected in 1998, 2005, 2010. At the age of 33, Compaoré organized a Coup d'état, which deposed Major Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo on 4 August 1983; the coup d'état was supported by Libya, which was, at the time, on the verge of war with France in Chad. Other key participants were Captain Henri Zongo, Major Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani and the charismatic Captain Thomas Sankara—who was pronounced President. Compaoré took power on 15 October 1987 in a coup. Deteriorating relations with France and neighboring Ivory Coast was the reason given for the coup. Compaoré described the killing of Sankara as an "accident", but the circumstances have never been properly investigated. Upon taking the presidency, he reverted many of the policies of Sankara, claiming that his policy was a "rectification" of the Burkinabé revolution.
Ruling in a triumvirate with Henri Zongo and Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani, in September 1989 these two were arrested, charged with plotting to overthrow the government, summarily tried, executed. Compaoré was elected as president in 1991 in an election boycotted by the main opposition parties in protest at the questionable means Compaoré had used to take office in the first place. Only 25 percent of the electorate voted. In 1998, he was re-elected for the first time. In 2003, numerous alleged plotters were arrested, following accusations of a coup plot against Compaoré. In August 2005, he announced his intention to contest the next presidential election. Opposition politicians regarded this as unconstitutional due to a constitutional amendment in 2000 limiting a president to two terms, reducing term lengths from seven to five years. Compaoré's supporters disputed this, saying that the amendment could not be applied retroactively, in October 2005, the constitutional council ruled that because Compaoré was a sitting president in 2000, the amendment would not apply until the end of his second term in office, thereby allowing him to present his candidacy for the 2005 election.
On 13 November 2005, Compaoré was re-elected as president, defeating 12 opponents and winning 80.35 percent of the vote. Although sixteen opposition parties announced a coalition to unseat Compaoré early on in the race nobody wanted to give up their spot in the race to another leader in the coalition, the pact fell through. Following Compaoré's victory, he was sworn in for another term on 20 December 2005. On 14 April 2011, Compaoré was reported to have fled from the capital Ouagadougou to his hometown of Ziniare after mutineering military bodyguards began a revolt in their barracks over unpaid allowances, their actions spread to the presidential compound and other army bases. In the night, gunfire was reported at the presidential compound and an ambulance was seen leaving the compound. Soldiers looted shops in the city through the night. In June 2014 Compaoré's ruling party, the Congress for Democracy and Progress, called on him to organise a referendum that would allow him to alter the constitution in order to seek re-election in 2015.
Otherwise, he would be forced to step down due to term limits. On 30 October 2014, the National Assembly was scheduled to debate an amendment to the constitution that would have enabled Compaoré to stand for re-election as president in 2015. Opponents protested this by storming the parliament building in Ouagadougou, starting fires inside it and looting offices. Billowing smoke was reported by the BBC to be coming from the building. Opposition spokesman Pargui Emile Paré, of the People's Movement for Socialism / Federal Party described the protests as "Burkina Faso's black spring, like the Arab spring". Compaoré reacted to the events by shelving the proposed constitutional changes, dissolving the government, declaring a state of emergency, offering to work with the opposition to resolve the crisis. In the day, the military, under General Honore Traore, announced that it would install a transitional government "in consultation with all parties" and that the National Assembly was dissolved, he did not make clear.