Ribeira Grande de Santiago, Cape Verde
Ribeira Grande de Santiago is a concelho of Cape Verde. It is situated in the southwestern part of the island of Santiago, its seat is the city Cidade Velha. Its population was 8,325 at the 2010 census, its area is 137.3 km². The municipality consists of two freguesias: Santíssimo Nome de Jesus São João Baptista The municipal territory is mountainous. One of the main streams of the area is Ribeira Grande de Santiago; the municipality was created in 2005, when two parishes of the older Municipality of Praia were separated to become the Municipality of Ribeira Grande de Santiago. The old city of Ribeira Grande de Santiago is one of the oldest European settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa, it was an important port for the slave trade from West Africa to the Americas. The town has ruins; the city is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2009. At the federal level, it belongs to the constituency of Santiago South. Since 2008, the Movement for Democracy is the ruling party of the municipality; the results of the latest elections, in 2016: ANMCV
Cape Verdean passport
The Cape Verdean passport is issued to citizens of Cape Verde for international travel. Cape Verdean citizens can travel to member states of the Economic Community of West African States visa-free. Surname Given names Nationality Cape Verdean Date of birth Sex Place of birth Date of Expiry Passport number The data page/information page is printed in Portuguese and English. ECOWAS passports Visa requirements for Cape Verdean citizens List of passports
Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca OICVV) (Portuguese pronunciation:. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1991 to 1993. Supported by the Movement for Democracy, he won the 2011 presidential election in a second round of voting. Presidential elections were held in Cape Verde on 2 October 2016, where he was re-elected with 74.08% of the vote. Jorge Fonseca completed primary and secondary education between Praia and Mindelo, his higher education in Lisbon, Portugal, he graduated in a Master in Legal Sciences Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon. He married Lígia Arcângela Lubrino Dias Fonseca, the First Lady of Cape Verde, on March 26, 1989, he was Director General of Emigration in Cape Verde from 1975 to 1977 and Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cape Verde from 1977 to 1979. He was a graduate teaching assistant at the Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon between 1982 and 1990, invited Professor of Criminal Law at the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Lisbon in 1987 and a resident director and invited associate professor at the Law Course and Public Administration at the University of Asia Oriental, Macau in 1989 and 1990.
1991 and 1993 he was Minister of Foreign Affairs in the first government of the Second Republic. In August 2011, he again sought the presidency, this time backed by the MpD, he placed first in the first round. He took office as President on 9 September 2011, becoming Cape Verde's fourth president since independence in 1975. Fonseca was assistant professor and chairman of the board of the Institute for Law and Social Sciences in Cape Verde, he is founder and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the “Direito e Justiça” Foundation and director of the magazine “Direito e Cidadania”, collaborator to the magazine “Revista Portuguesa de Ciência Criminal”, a member of the editorial board of “Revista de Economia e Direito” of the Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa. Fonseca has written several books and published over fifty scientific and technical works on law, two books of poetry, he has been awarded several times by the State of Cape Verde, is holder of the status of Freedom Fighters of the Country. Luxembourg: Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Portugal: Grand Collar of the Order of Liberty
African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde
The African Party of Independence of Cape Verde is a former socialist party and a social-democratic political party in Cape Verde. Its members are nicknamed "os tambarinas" in Portuguese, they identify themselves with the color yellow. In 1956, its forerunner, the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, was founded by the Bissau-Guinean nationalist leader Amílcar Cabral. PAIGC fought to overthrow the Portuguese Empire, unify Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau, use its vanguardism to advance socialist revolution. From 1961 on, the PAIGC fought a guerrilla warfare campaign in cooperation with its fraternal party umbrella group, the CONCP, during the Portuguese Colonial War. By 1973 the PAIGC controlled Guinea-Bissau, while Portugal's own Carnation Revolution in 1974 dissolved the empire, relinquishing Cape Verde within the next year. After the wars of national liberation, the PAIGC established a socialist state within both territories under Amilcar Cabral's brother, Luís Cabral.
Following a military coup in Guinea-Bissau that ousted Cabral in November 1980, the Cape Verde portion of the party became the PAICV in January 1981. At an extraordinary party congress in February 1990, the PAICV approved the introduction of multiparty democracy. Pereira stepped down as General Secretary of PAICV in July 1990, Prime Minister Pedro Pires replaced him in August 1990; the PAICV won 23 of the 79 National Assembly seats in the January 1991 multiparty parliamentary election, losing to the Movement for Democracy. Pereira was subsequently defeated in the February 1991 presidential election, PAICV again fared poorly in the December 1991 local elections. At a party congress in August 1993, Pires was replaced as General Secretary by Aristides Lima and was instead elected as President of PAICV; the PAICV won 21 out of 72 National Assembly seats in the December 1995 parliamentary election. At a PAICV congress in September 1997, Pires faced José Maria Neves in a leadership contest, Pires was elected with 68% of the vote.
Pires stepped down as PAICV President in 2000 in preparation for a presidential bid in the next year's election and he was succeeded by Neves. In the presidential election held on 11 and 25 February 2001, PAICV candidate Pedro Pires, who won 46.52% of the vote in the first round, narrowly defeated the MpD's Carlos Veiga by a margin of only 12 votes in the run-off. In the parliamentary election held on 22 January 2006, PAICV won 52.28% of the popular vote and 41 out of 72 seats in the National Assembly. In the presidential election held on 12 February 2006, Pedro Pires again narrowly defeated Carlos Veiga, winning 50.98% of the vote. In the parliamentary election held on 7 February 2011, the PAICV led by Jose Maria Neves won 52.68% of the popular vote and 38 out of 72 seats in the National Assembly. In the presidential election held on 7 and 21 August 2011, Manuel Inocêncio Sousa lost to Jorge Carlos Fonseca with 32.66% of the votes in the first round and 45.74% in the second round. The PAICV, which advertises itself as an Africa-oriented political party in contrast to the somewhat neoliberal and europhile MpD, enjoys its greatest support in the municipalities most comparable to those on the African mainland: the dense urban areas such as Praia, rural agricultural areas such as Santa Cruz and São Filipe.
The party is a full member of the Socialist International. Official website
Porto Novo, Cape Verde
Porto Novo is a city in the island of Santo Antão, in Cape Verde. It is the seat of the Porto Novo municipality. At the 2010 census, the town had 9,310 inhabitants, which makes it the most populous settlement of the island. Porto Novo is situated opposite the island São Vicente; the city is divided into the following sections: Due to the aridity of the south coast of Santo Antão, settlement began late. The city was a fishing village called Porto dos Carvoeiros. From only 30 dispersed buildings in 1901, it started growing in the 1910s; the port was inaugurated in 1962, modernized in 2012-14. Before 1962, ships had to anchor in the bay of Alto Peixinho, goods and passengers had to be brought ashore with small boats; the seat of the Porto Novo municipality created in 1962, it became the largest urban settlement of the island. In 2005 the town of Porto Novo became a city. Porto Novo has a desert climate, its annual precipitation is 191 millimeters. The average annual temperature is 23.8 °C. Since the latest modernization in 2014, the port of Porto Novo has 3 quays, 1 container parks, 2 roll-on/roll-off ramps and a boat ramp.
The total length of the quays is 268 m, the maximum depth is 8 m. In 2017 134,141 metric tonnes of cargo and 301,813 passengers were handled. There are 4 daily ferry connections from Porto Novo to Mindelo on São Vicente island; the national road EN1-SA01 connects Porto Novo with Ribeira Grande, passing through the mountainous interior. The EN1-SA03 leads to Pombas along the east coast; the EN1-SA04 leads west to Ponte Sul. Since the closing of Agostinho Neto Airport, located in Ponta do Sol, there is no functioning airport on the island. List of cities in Cape Verde
Paul, Cape Verde
Paul is a concelho of Cape Verde. Situated in the northeastern part of the island of Santo Antão, it covers 7% of the island area, is home to 16% of its population, its seat is the town Pombas. The municipality consists of Santo António das Pombas; the freguesia is subdivided into the following settlements: The municipality has a rugged landscape, defined by the mountain valleys of the rivers Ribeira do Paul, Ribeira das Pombas, Ribeira de Gil, Ribeira da Janela, Ribeira do Penedo and Ribeira da Aguada. Its southwesternmost point is formed by the Cova Caldera, its highest point is Pico da Cruz, at 1585 m elevation. The Cova-Paul-Ribeira da Torre Natural Park lies in the municipality of Paul; the national roads EN1-SA02 and EN1-SA03 connect Pombas with Ribeira Grande and Porto Novo, respectively. In 1867 the municipalities of Paul and Ribeira Grande were created from the previous municipality that covered the whole island of Santo Antão; these were merged in 1895 into one municipality, recreated in 1917.
In 1962 the municipality of Paul received its current borders, when the new municipality of Porto Novo was created. Antoninho Travadinha known as Travadinha, an autodidactic musician Since 2012, the Movement for Democracy is the ruling party of the municipality; the results of the latest elections, in 2016: Paul has five sister municipalities, all of them are in Portugal: Almodôvar, Gavião, Odivelas and Sernancelhe. ANMCV Official Paul Tourism Website by Municipal Council of Paul
Head of state
A head of state is the public persona who represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, there is a separate de facto leader with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation. In countries with parliamentary systems, the head of state is a ceremonial figurehead who does not guide day-to-day government activities or is not empowered to exercise any kind of political authority. In countries where the head of state is the head of government, the head of state serves as both a public figurehead and the highest-ranking political leader who oversees the executive branch. Former French president Charles de Gaulle, while developing the current Constitution of France, said that the head of state should embody l'esprit de la nation.
Some academic writers discuss states and governments in terms of "models". An independent nation state has a head of state, determines the extent of its head's executive powers of government or formal representational functions. In protocolary terms, the head of a sovereign, independent state is identified as the person who, according to that state's constitution, is the reigning monarch, in the case of a monarchy, or the president, in the case of a republic. Among the different state constitutions that establish different political systems, four major types of heads of state can be distinguished: The parliamentary system, with three subset models; the non-executive model, in which the head of state has either none or limited executive powers, has a ceremonial and symbolic role. The Parliamentary-Presidential model, or South African Method, where Parliament chooses the President, who acts as both Head of State and Head of Government; some argue this is unfair, becouse citizens dont get a direct say in their executive leadership.
However, this method makes it impossible for a dictator to come to power. The semi-presidential system, in which the head of state shares key executive powers with a head of government or cabinet. In a federal constituent or a dependent territory, the same role is fulfilled by the holder of an office corresponding to that of a head of state. For example, in each Canadian province the role is fulfilled by the Lieutenant Governor, whereas in most British Overseas Territories the powers and duties are performed by the Governor; the same applies to Indian states, etc.. Hong Kong's constitutional document, the Basic Law, for example, specifies the Chief Executive as the head of the special administrative region, in addition to their role as the head of government; these non-sovereign-state heads have limited or no role in diplomatic affairs, depending on the status and the norms and practices of the territories concerned. In parliamentary systems the head of state may be the nominal chief executive officer, heading the executive branch of the state, possessing limited executive power.
In reality, following a process of constitutional evolution, powers are only exercised by direction of a cabinet, presided over by a head of government, answerable to the legislature. This accountability and legitimacy requires that someone be chosen who has a majority support in the legislature, it gives the legislature the right to vote down the head of government and their cabinet, forcing it either to resign or seek a parliamentary dissolution. The executive branch is thus said to be responsible to the legislature, with the head of government and cabinet in turn accepting constitutional responsibility for offering constitutional advice to the head of state. In parliamentary constitutional monarchies, the legitimacy of the unelected head of state derives from the tacit approval of the people via the elected representatives. Accordingly, at the time of the Glorious Revolution, the English parliament acted of its own authority to name a new king and queen. In monarchies with a written constitution, the position of monarch is a creature of the constitution and could quite properly be abolished through a democratic procedure of constitutional amendment, although there are significant procedural hurdles imposed on such a procedure.
In republics with a parliamentary system the head of state is titled president and the principal functions of such presidents are ceremonial and symbolic, as opposed to the presidents in a presidential or semi-presidential system. In reality, numerous variants exist to the position of a head of state within a parliamentary system; the older the cons