The politics of Equatorial Guinea take place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President is both the head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Chamber of People's Representatives A great deal of political party activity ensued when Equatorial Guinea attained autonomy from Spain in 1963. Bubi and Fernandino parties on the island preferred separation from a loose federation. Ethnically-based parties in Río Muni favored independence for a united country comprising Bioko and Río Muni, an approach, adopted; the Movement for the Self-Determination of Bioko Island, which advocates independence for the island under Bubi control, is one of the offshoots of the era preceding independence. Equatorial Guinea became independent from Spain on October 12, 1968. Since the country has had two presidents: Francisco Macías Nguema, the mayor of Mongomo under the Spanish colonial government, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Macías's nephew, who has ruled since 1979, when he staged a military coup d'état and executed his uncle.
When Macías came to power, political activity ceased. Opposition elsewhere agitated for reforms. After political activities in Equatorial Guinea were legalized in the early 1990s, some opposition leaders returned to test the waters, but repressive actions have continued sporadically; the 1982 Constitution gives Obiang extensive powers, including the right to name, dismiss, members of the cabinet. The 1982 constitution give him the power to make laws by decree, dissolve the Chamber of Representatives and ratify international treaties, calling legislative elections. Obiang retained his role as commander-in-chief of the armed forces and minister of defense when he became president and he maintains close supervision of military activity; the Prime Minister is appointed by the President and operates under powers designated by the president. The prime minister coordinates government activities in areas other than foreign affairs, national defense and security. With the prodding of the United Nations, the United States and other donor countries, the government undertook an electoral census in 1995 and held contested municipal elections, the country's first, in September.
Most observers agree that these elections were free and transparent and that the opposition parties garnered between 2/3 and 3/4 of the total vote. The government delayed announcing the results claimed a dubious overall 52% victory, capture of 19 of the 27 municipal councils; the council of Malabo, the capital, went to the opposition however. In early January 1996 Obiang called presidential elections; the campaign was marred by allegations of fraud, most of the other candidates withdrew in the final week. Obiang claimed re-election with 98% of the vote. International observers agreed the election was neither fair. In an attempt to molify his critics, Obiang announced a new cabinet, giving minor portfolios to some people identified by the government as opposition figures. Since President Obiang has been constrained only by a need to maintain a consensus among his advisers and political supporters in the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea, most of whom are drawn from the Nguema family in Mongomo, part of the Esangu subclan of the Fang in the eastern part of Río Muni.
Alleged coup attempts in 1981 and 1983 raised little sympathy among the populace. Under Obiang, schools reopened and primary education expanded, public utilities and roads were restored, a favorable contrast with Macías' tyranny and terror, but his administration has been criticized for not implementing genuine democratic reforms. Corruption and a dysfunctional judicial system disrupt development of Equatorial Guinea's economy and society. In March 2001 the President appointed a new Prime Minister, Cándido Muatetema Rivas, replaced several ministers perceived to be corrupt. However, the government budget still does not include all expenditures; the United Nations Development Programme has proposed a broad governance reform program, but the Equatorial Guinean Government has not moved rapidly to implement it. Although Equatorial Guinea lacks a well-established democratic tradition comparable to the developed democracies of the West, it has progressed toward developing a participatory political system out of the anarchic and repressive conditions of the Macías years.
In power since 1979, the Obiang government has made little progress in stimulating the economy. Serious health and sanitary conditions persist, the educational system remains in desperate condition. Although the abuses and atrocities that characterized the Macías years have been eliminated, effective rule of law does not exist. Religious freedom is tolerated. On December 15, 2002, Equatorial Guinea's four main opposition parties withdrew from the country's presidential election. Obiang won an election considered fraudulent by members of the western press. According to a March 2004 BBC profile, politics within the country are dominated by tensions between Obiang's son Teodoro, other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces; the tension may be rooted in a power shift arising from the dramatic increase since 1997 in oil production. A November 2004 report named Mark Thatcher as a financial backer of a March 2004 attempt to topple Obiang organized by Simon Mann. Various accounts name the UK's MI6, the US Central Intelligence Agency, an
Zé Ramalho da Paraíba is a compilation of rare songs by Brazilian solo artist Zé Ramalho in 2008. Most of the tracks were recorded live, in a time. Avôhai, for example, was performed only three days after his death, but became a hit single years after. Táxi-lunar – 5:26 Jacarepaguá blues – 8:34 O author da natureza – 4:39 Brejo do Cruz – 5:02 Puxa-puxa – 2:14 Luciela – 7:09 Paraíba hospitaleira – 2:26 Terremotos – 3:32 Falido transatlântico – 3:59 A árvore – 6:23 A peleja de Apolo e Pan – 3:59 O astronauta – 6:54 Meninas de Albarã – 3:10 Aboio Eletrônico – 4:27 O sobrevivente – 4:54 Jardim das Acácias – 8:53 Avôhai – 10:03 Adeus segunda-feira cinzenta – 9:11 A dança das borboletas – 10:37 O Monte Olímpia – 7:40 Admirável Gado Novo – 6:03All music & lyrics by Zé Ramalho, except where noted Zé Ramalho – Lead vocals, rhythm guitar on tracks 1 to 8, acoustic guitar on tracks 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, lead guitar on tracks 20, 21 Josué – Electric guitar on tracks 1 to 8 Wallace – Bass guitar on tracks 1 to 8 Hugo Leão – Bass guitar on tracks 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 organ on tracks 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 backing vocals on tracks 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, keyboard on track 20 Baby – Bass guitar on tracks 20 Paulo Batera – Drums on tracks 1 to 8, 20 Irapuan – Drums on tracks 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 Jarbas Mariz – Percussion on tracks 1 to 8, viola on track 20, backing vocals on track 20 Edmilson – Percussion and backing vocals on tracks 9, 11, 12, 13, 14 Walmir – Percussion and backing vocals on tracks 9, 11, 12, 13, 14
Richard Danny "Rick" Klassen was a defensive lineman who played in the Canadian Football League for the BC Lions from 1981–1987, 1989–1990 and Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1988. In 2003, Klassen was voted a member of the B. C. Lions All-Time Dream Team, at defensive tackle, as part of the team's 50th season anniversary celebration. On July 19, 2007, he was inducted onto B. C. Lions Wall of Fame at BC Place Stadium as a part of the 1985 Grey Cup championship team, he died from cancer in 2016. Klassen was recruited by Simon Fraser University as a running back from Sardis Secondary School, Chilliwack, B. C. and played his four years of college football with the Clan. Klassen chose to play his football at SFU because, during the 1970s and 1980s, it was considered the best football school in Canada and has produced over 160 football players who have gone on to play pro football. In his freshman year, Klassen served as the Clan's backup running back, behind all-star Rick House but, during off-season training between his freshman and sophomore year, he went from 195 to 225 pounds and was switched to the Clan's offensive line.
He spent the rest of his three years at SFU at offensive guard. Klassen was drafted in 1981 as an offensive guard by the British Columbia Lions as a territorial draft pick. Eight games into the 1981 CFL season, head coach Vic Rapp saw Klassen's potential on the defensive side of the ball and he switched him to defensive tackle after defensive lineman Rick Goltz suffered a season-ending injury. In the 1981 Western Semi-Final, his first CFL playoff game, Klassen picked up three sacks against the Winnipeg Blue Bombers and helped the Lions win 15-11 in an upset at Winnipeg Stadium; the next week in Edmonton, Klassen played in his first Western Final. B. C. pulled off the unbelievable but fell short against the Edmonton Eskimos dynasty, as Warren Moon hit Brian Kelly for a late touchdown to beat the Lions, 22-16. Klassen played at the defensive tackle position until the 1983 season, when newly hired head coach Don Matthews put him at rush end in his 3-4 defense. In 1984, when Matthews, former Edmonton defensive co-ordinator, traded for James "Quick" Parker from the Eskimos, Klassen again switched positions.
He was put back inside at defensive tackle. In June 1983 he returned nine-days later. Klassen played in two Grey Cup games during the B. C. Lions' glory years in the mid-1980s, where he played the two best games of his CFL career, his first Grey Cup experience came in 1983 when the Lions hosted the championship game during the first year of BC Place's existence. That year, the Lions hosted the Western Final for the first time since their 1964 Grey Cup championship and beat Winnipeg, 39-21. In the 71st Grey Cup, the Lions built up a 17-7 half-time lead but weren't able to maintain the lead losing to the Toronto Argonauts 18-17 in front of 59,345 fans at BC Place. Klassen was a force at defensive end during the 1983 Grey Cup, earning 2.5 sacks and the Grey Cup's Most Valuable Canadian. Two years Klassen was given another shot at winning the Grey Cup. B. C. got back to the Grey Cup in 1985 in what might be considered the greatest Lions team in club history. The team breezed through the 1985 CFL season, finishing with a club-record 13-3 mark to finish first place in the West Division and host their third consecutive Western Final.
The Leos dominated the Winnipeg Blue Bombers at BC Place, winning it 42-22. In the 73rd Grey Cup, B. C. continued its dominance against the Hamilton Tiger-Cats en route to a 37-24 victory at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, ending a 21-year drought. Klassen again played an outstanding game at defensive tackle and sacking Hamilton quarterback Ken Hobart twice during the game to earn what would be his only Grey Cup championship, however his heroic effort at Olympic Stadium was overshadowed by the play of James "Quick" Parker, named the Grey Cup's Most Valuable Player on Defence. Klassen finished his CFL career second all-time in Grey Cup sacks with 4.5, only behind Tyrone Jones. The next two years, the B. C. Lions were close again but weren't able to get past the Edmonton Eskimos in the 1986 and 1987 Western Finals, losing 41-5 at Commonwealth Stadium in 1986 and 31-7 at BC Place in 1987. In the years following their 1985 Grey Cup victory, the Lions faced some hard times off the field and Klassen soon found himself in Saskatchewan.
General Manager Bob Ackles left the Lions in 1986 for a job with the National Football League's Dallas Cowboys and the team proceeded to hire Joe Galat as its new General Manager. After a 3-game losing streak midway through the 1987 CFL season, Don Matthews was fired as the Lions head coach by Galat and replaced by Larry Donovan. In 1988, after spending the first seven seasons of his career with B. C. Klassen was traded to the Saskatchewan Roughriders during the off-season. Klassen spent one season in Regina, where he helped bring Saskatchewan out of its dark years and led the Roughriders to an 11-7 record and their first home playoff game since 1976. Saskatchewan was beaten by Klassen's old team, the B. C. Lions, 42-18 in the Western Semi-Final and the Roughriders had yet to host a home playoff before hosting Calgary in the Western Semifinal during the 2007 CFL season. Klassen returned to his home in B. C. for his final two season with the Lions. He announced his retirement after the 1990 CFL season
Robert Francis Daughters was a Major League Baseball player for the 1937 Boston Red Sox. Listed at 6 ft 2 in, 185 lb. Daughters threw right-handed, he was born in Ohio. Daughters was a star third-baseman who played football at Holy Cross College. While at Holy Cross, he played summer baseball in 1934 and 1935 for the Bourne town team in the Cape Cod Baseball League. Daughters was signed by the Red Sox in 1937, was brought to the major leagues. In the season's second game, he was brought in to pinch run for Rick Ferrell in the tenth inning of a game against the New York Yankees with the team down by two runs, he scored in the inning, but the Red Sox lost 6–5. Daughters never again appeared in the majors, spending the rest of the 1937 season with the minor league Rocky Mount Red Sox and Hazleton Red Sox, where he was an outfielder, he played minor league ball in 1938 and 1942 before retiring. Daughters served as President of the Holy Cross Varsity Club between 1961 and 1962, he died in Southbury, just 17 days after his 74th birthday.
John Flannery is an American professional golfer. Flannery was born in California, he attended the University of Southern California where he was an All American collegiate and turned pro in 1985. Flannery was the leading money winner and Player of the Year on the Ben Hogan Tour during the 1992 season, where he had three victories, he played on the PGA Tour in 1993 and 1994. Flannery retired from professional golf in 2001. 1987 California State Open Note: The U. S. Open was the only major Flannery played. DNP = Did not play CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" = tied 1992 Ben Hogan Tour graduates List of golfers with most Web.com Tour wins John Flannery at the PGA Tour official site John Flannery - Yahoo! Sports
White Women is the fourth studio album by Canadian electro-funk duo Chromeo. It was released on May 2014, by Last Gang Records; the album features contributions from Vampire Weekend's Ezra Koenig, Toro y Moi, Solange Knowles, LCD Soundsystem's Pat Mahoney, Fool's Gold duo Oliver. Upon its release, the album was met with positive reviews from music critics. White Women entered the Canadian Albums Chart at number six with first-week sales of 3,500 copies, it debuted at number 11 on the Billboard 200, selling 16,000 copies in its first week, became the duo's first album to chart in the United Kingdom, debuting at number 42 on the UK Albums Chart with 1,940 copies sold. The album spawned five singles: "Over Your Shoulder", "Sexy Socialite", "Come Alive", "Jealous", "Old 45's". White Women was announced on September 9, 2013, along with a Jérémie Rozan-directed teaser featuring the song "Over Your Shoulder"; the following night, Chromeo performed at Boiler Room in New York City, where the duo debuted new music.
Chromeo described the album as "Larry David funk", which singer Dave "Dave 1" Macklovitch defined as "a combination of sexy, macho music with neurotically love-torn lyrics". Macklovitch stated that the duo aimed to "take it back to the real careless dance party vibes", in contrast to their previous album, Business Casual, which he said was "a little more serious and moody". "There's more guitar, there's more bass, there are string arrangements. On September 18, 2013, the duo hosted an "Ask Me Anything" session on Reddit, where they revealed that the album would feature collaborations with Vampire Weekend's Ezra Koenig, Toro y Moi, Solange Knowles, LCD Soundsystem's Pat Mahoney, Fool's Gold duo Oliver. Chromeo had collaborated with Koenig on the song "I Could Be Wrong", a bonus track from the duo's third studio album, Business Casual. According to Macklovitch, including guest artists was part of changing Chromeo's studio approach for their fourth album. "Instead of working in a vacuum, we were working in an open, more curatorial environment.
It's harder to work and have people come to the studio, listen to what you're doing, integrate and synthesize what they say into the music than to work in a vacuum. That's what we tried to do as an artistic challenge", he said. During their AMA session, the duo elaborated on the inspiration behind the album's title, stating: "We chose the title because it's the name of the first Helmut Newton book. He's a huge influence on us...you know, the legs, that 80s sexy look. And we thought the title was ballsy, was going to get people thinking. Our music always blurred boundaries between past and present and now we want to blur boundaries between gender and race as well." Chromeo unveiled the cover art and release date for the album via a missed connections ad on Craigslist on February 14, 2014. On May 6, the album was made available to stream in full at iTunes Radio; the album's lead single, "Over Your Shoulder", was released on October 29, 2013. "Come Alive", featuring vocals from Toro y Moi, was released as the album's second single in the United Kingdom and Ireland on January 7, 2014, as the third single in Canada on January 21 and in the United States on February 24.
The accompanying music video for "Come Alive" was directed by Alex Southam and debuted on January 30, 2014."Sexy Socialite", which features former LCD Soundsystem member Pat Mahoney on drums, was released as the album's third single in Ireland on January 10, 2014, in the UK on January 12, as the second single in the US on January 20 and in Canada on January 21. "Jealous" was released on March 4, 2014 as the album's fourth single, for which a video was directed by Ryan Hope and premiered on March 18. The album's fifth single, "Old 45's", was released on January 16, 2015. Chromeo performed "Sexy Socialite" with Death from Above 1979 on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on October 29, 2013. On January 6, 2014, Chromeo announced the Come Alive Tour, which visited North America and select European cities from January 9 to June 6. On April 21, the duo appeared on Jimmy Kimmel Live! to perform "Jealous" and "Come Alive". Chromeo performed "Jealous" on Late Show with David Letterman on May 16. On June 24, 2014, the duo announced the Frequent Flyer Tour in support of White Women, which commenced at Glastonbury Festival on June 27 and concluded in Eugene, Oregon, on October 29.
White Women received positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 66, based on 24 reviews. Stephen Carlick of Exclaim! Lauded the album as "the best Chromeo record yet, a seamless combination of energy and melancholy and soul, all mixed together into some of the most effective songs they've written", while calling it "consistently fun and well-crafted, a shining example of disco's renewed relevance from a pair of musicians for whom the genre never went out of style." David Jeffries of AllMusic dubbed the album "an titillating, prose-free, and'80s-embracing effort" and described it as "fun and floor-filling stuff where that slick'80s flair is gloriously bolstered by that modern dancefloor punch." Pitchfork's Jordan Sargent wrote, "ith no classic hanging over their heads and no true expectations, it's easy to be seduced by their fantastic fourth album White Women", adding that the album is "the closest Chromeo have come yet to realizing their sound, but it's far