Georgia State Route 101
State Route 101 is a 43.5-mile-long state highway in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. It travels in a south-north orientation between the Atlanta metropolitan area and the Alabama state line, its routing passes through portions of Carroll, Paulding and Floyd counties. It connects the Villa Rome areas of the state. SR 101 begins at an interchange with Interstate 20 in Villa Rica, in Carroll County, where SR 101 is concurrent with SR 61 for 0.5 miles north until they intersect US 78/SR 8. SR 61 splits off; the only major intersection in the county is with SR 113/SR 120, in the unincorporated community of Union. SR 101/SR 113 travel concurrently. In Polk County, the road meets US 278/SR southeast of Rockmart; the four highways travel concurrent to the northwest, enter Rockmart. They bypass the main part of town to the east and north. On the northeast corner of the city, SR 113 splits off to the northeast. At Piedmont Avenue, SR 101 splits off to the north-northwest; this intersection marks the eastern terminus of US 278 Bus./SR 6 Bus.
SR 101 enters Floyd County. It enters Rome. In the city, it has an incomplete interchange with US 411 north/SR 20 east, just east of Georgia Northwestern Technical College; the route travels to the north and curves to the northwest to intersect US 27/SR 1/SR 53. It crosses over the Oostanaula rivers, it passes Barron Stadium and Floyd Medical Center, before it meets its northern terminus, an intersection with US 27/SR 1/SR 20, farther along in the city. SR 101 is not part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy and mobility. Georgia portal U. S. Roads portal Georgia Roads
Haralson County, Georgia
Haralson County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,780; the county seat is Buchanan. The county was created on January 26, 1856 and was named for Hugh A. Haralson, a former Georgia congressman. Haralson County is part of GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was governed by a sole Commissioner of Roads and Revenues. The last occupant of this office was Charles Sanders; the county is now governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners, which replaced the single-commissioner form beginning with the term starting in January 2005. The Chairman of the Board is elected county-wide; the current occupant of this office is Allen Poole, who had come close to winning election in the single-commissioner era. There are one elected from each of four geographical districts; the current occupants of these offices are District 1's David Tarply, District 2's Jamie Brown Bennett, District 3's Ronnie Ridley and District 4's Sammy Robinson.
The current sheriff of Haralson County is Eddie Mixon. Judge J. Edward "Eddie" Hulsey, Jr. is the current probate judge. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 283 square miles, of which 282 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile is water. The vast majority of Haralson County is located in the Upper Tallapoosa River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin. Just the northwestern corner of the county is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin. Polk County - north Paulding County - northeast Carroll County - south Cleburne County, Alabama - west As of the census of 2000, there were 25,690 people, 9,826 households, 7,192 families residing in the county; the population density was 91 people per square mile. There were 10,719 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.97% White, 5.40% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 0.83% from two or more races.
0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,826 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,656, the median income for a family was $38,373. Males had a median income of $31,816 versus $20,821 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,823.
About 11.40% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,780 people, 10,757 households, 7,820 families residing in the county; the population density was 102.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,287 housing units at an average density of 43.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 4.7% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 37.1% were American, 14.1% were Irish, 11.1% were English, 6.0% were German. Of the 10,757 households, 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families, 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 38.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,996 and the median income for a family was $45,339. Males had a median income of $39,452 versus $32,170 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,033. About 15.6% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over. Public education in the county is provided by the Haralson County School District. However, the City of Bremen, which straddles the border of Haralson and Carroll Counties, operates the independent Bremen City School District. Abernathys Mill Bremen Buchanan Budapest Draketown Felton Tallapoosa Waco National Register of Historic Places listings in Haralson County, Georgia Haralson County Historical Society Haralson County Chamber of Commerce Haralson County Development Authority Haralson County historical marker
Atlanta metropolitan area
Metro Atlanta, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Georgia and the ninth-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States. Its economic and demographic center is Atlanta, has an estimated 2017 population of 5,884,736 according to the U. S. Census Bureau; the metro area forms the core of a broader trading area, the Atlanta–Athens-Clarke–Sandy Springs Combined Statistical Area. The Combined Statistical Area spans up to 39 counties in north Georgia and has an estimated 2017 population of 6,555,956. Atlanta is considered a "beta world city." It is the third largest metropolitan region in the Census Bureau's Southeast region behind Greater Washington and Greater Miami. By U. S. Census Bureau standards, the population of the Atlanta region spreads across a metropolitan area of 8,376 square miles – a land area comparable to that of Massachusetts.
Because Georgia contains more counties than any other state except Texas, area residents live under a decentralized collection of governments. As of the 2000 census, fewer than one in ten residents of the metropolitan area lived inside Atlanta city limits. A 2006 survey by the Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce counted 140 cities and towns in the 28‑county Metropolitan Statistical Area in mid-2005. Nine cities – Johns Creek, Chattahoochee Hills, Peachtree Corners, Tucker and South Fulton – have incorporated since following the lead of Sandy Springs in 2005; the Atlanta metropolitan area was first defined in 1950 as Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett and Clayton counties. Walton, Douglas, Forsyth, Cherokee and Butts counties were added after the 1970 census, with Barrow and Coweta counties joining in 1980 and Bartow, Paulding and Spalding counties in 1990. Atlanta's larger combined statistical area adds the Gainesville, Georgia MSA, Athens-Clarke County, Georgia MSA and the LaGrange, Jefferson and Cedartown micropolitan areas, for a total 2012 population of 6,162,195.
The CSA abuts the Macon and Columbus MSAs. The region is one of the metropolises of the Southeastern United States, is part of the emerging megalopolis known as Piedmont Atlantic MegaRegion along the I-85 Corridor; the counties listed below are included in the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Gainesville CSA. However, most other entities define a much smaller metropolitan area by including only the counties which have the densest suburban development. Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett and Clayton were the five original counties when the Atlanta metropolitan area was first defined in 1950, continue to be the core of the metro area; these five counties along with five more are members of the Atlanta Regional Commission, a weak metropolitan government agency, a regional planning agency. The ten ARC counties and five more form part of the Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District, created in 2001; the 12 counties listed above with under 75,000 residents are not included in any other metropolitan definition except the OMB/Census Bureau's MSA and CSA.
Hall County forms the Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, but with astronomical growth to over 190,000 residents, is now part of the Atlanta CSA. The official tourism website of the State of Georgia features a "Metro Atlanta" tourism region that includes only nine counties: Fulton, DeKalb, Cobb, Coweta, Douglas and Henry. Cumberland Perimeter Center Hartsfield-Jackson areaMore than one half of metro Atlanta's population is in unincorporated areas or areas considered a census-designated-place by the census bureau. Metro Atlanta includes the following incorporated and unincorporated suburbs and surrounding cities, sorted by population as of 2010: Principal city Atlanta pop. 472,522 Places with 75,000 to 99,999 inhabitants. 95,158 Sandy Springs pop. 93,853 Roswell pop. 88,346 Johns Creek pop. 76,728Places with 50,000 to 74,999 inhabitants Alpharetta pop. 57,551 Marietta pop. 56,579 Stonecrest pop. 53,490 Smyrna pop. 51,271Places with 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants Places with 24,999 or fewer inhabitants The area sprawls across the low foothills of the Appalachian Mountains to the north and the Piedmont to the south.
The northern and some western suburbs tend to be higher and more hilly than the southern and eastern suburbs. The average elevation is around 1,000 feet; the highest point in the immediate area is Kennesaw Mountain at 1,808 ft, followed by Stone Mountain at 1,686 ft, Sweat Mountain at 1,640 ft, Little Kennesaw Mountain at 1,600 ft. Others include Blackjack Mountain, Lost Mountain, Brushy Mountain, Pine Mountain, Mount Wilkinson. Many of these play prominently in the various battles of the Atlanta Campaign during the American Civil War. If the further-north counties are included, Bear Mountain is highest, followed by Pine Log Mountain, Sawnee Mountain, Hanging Mountain, followed by the others listed above. Stone, Sweat and Sawnee are all home to some of the area's broadcast stations; the area's subsoil is colored rusty by the iron oxide present in it. It becomes muddy and sticky when wet, hard when dry, stains light-colored carpets and c
Bartow County, Georgia
Bartow County is a county located in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 100,157; the county seat is Cartersville. Traditionally considered part of northwest Georgia, Bartow County is now included in the Atlanta metropolitan area in the southeastern part near Cartersville, which has become an exurb more than 40 miles from downtown Atlanta on I-75, it has a sole commissioner government, is the largest county by population of the few remaining in Georgia with a sole commissioner. Bartow County was created from the Cherokee lands of the Cherokee County territory on December 3, 1832, named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass Secretary of War under President Andrew Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President James Buchanan, instrumental in the removal of Native Americans from the area. However, the county was renamed on December 6, 1861 in honor of Francis S. Bartow because of Cass's support of the Union though Bartow never visited in the county, living 200 miles away near Savannah all of his life.
Cass had supported the doctrine of popular sovereignty, the right of each state to determine its own laws independently of the Federal government, the platform of conservative Southerners who removed his name. The first county seat was at Cassville, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation, the seat moved to Cartersville, where it remains; the county was profoundly affected by the Civil War. May 18 and 19, 1864, General George Henry Thomas led the Army of the Cumberland after General William J. Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, General James B. McPherson led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west; this huge army sought food. Elements were out of sacked homes depleting meager supplies. Property destruction and the deaths of one-third of the county's soldiers during the war caused financial and social calamity for many. Slaves gained their freedom, for over a decade exercised the political franchise through the Republican Party.
In 1870, about 1 black family in 12 owned real estate. More of the blacks lived in white-headed households, working as domestic laborers; the great majority of freedpeople were day laborers or farm laborers, while a sizable minority occupied skilled positions such as blacksmiths and iron workers. By the late 1870s, hardship was experienced by everyone. Blacks had been relegated to second-class citizenship by Jim Crow laws. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 470 square miles, of which 460 square miles is land and 11 square miles or 2.2% is water. The bulk of Bartow County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin; the northeastern portion of the county around Rydal is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same ACT River Basin, while an smaller northwestern section around Adairsville is located in the Oostanaula River sub-basin of the larger ACT River Basin. The Etowah is part of Lake Allatoona in southeast Bartow and southwest Cherokee counties, with the Allatoona Dam near Cartersville impounding Allatoona Creek into northwest Cobb county.
The peninsula between the two major arms of the lake is home to Red Top Mountain State Park, east-southeast of Cartersville and just southeast of the dam. Gordon County – north Pickens County – northeast Cherokee County – east Cobb County – southeast Paulding County – south Polk County – southwest Floyd County – west As of 2000, there are 76,019 people, 27,176 households, 21,034 families residing in the county; the population density is 64/km2. There are 28,751 housing units at an average density of 24 persons/km2; the racial makeup of the county is 87.79% White, 8.68% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. 3.32 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 27,176 households out of which 38.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% are married couples living together, 11.10% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, 22.60% are non-families. 18.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.70% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size is 2.76 and the average family size is 3.14. In the county, the population is spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, 9.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females, there are 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county is $43,660, the median income for a family is $49,198. Males have a median income of $35,136 versus $24,906 for females; the per capita income for the county is $18,989. 8.60% of the population and 6.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.60% are under the age of 18 and 12.20% are 65 or older. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 100,157 people, 35,782 households, 26,529 families residing in the county; the population density was 217.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 39,823 housing units at an average density of 86.7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 82.7% white, 10.2% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.7% of the population. In terms
Georgia's 14th congressional district
Georgia's 14th congressional district is represented by Republican Tom Graves. The congressional district includes the following counties of Georgia: Catoosa County Chattooga County Dade County Floyd County Gordon County Haralson County Murray County Paulding County Pickens County Polk County Walker County Whitfield County Georgia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Georgia's 14th congressional district at GovTrack.us
The Coosa River is a tributary of the Alabama River in the U. S. states of Georgia. The river is about 280 miles long; the Coosa River begins at the confluence of the Oostanaula and Etowah rivers in Rome and ends just northeast of the Alabama state capital, where it joins the Tallapoosa River to form the Alabama River just south of Wetumpka. Around 90% of the Coosa River's length is located in Alabama. Coosa County, Alabama, is located on the Coosa River; the Coosa is one of Alabama's most developed rivers. Most of the river has been impounded, with Alabama Power, a unit of the Southern Company, owning seven dams and powerhouses on the Coosa River; the dams produce hydroelectric power, but they are costly to some species endemic to the Coosa River. Native Americans had been living on the Coosa Valley for millennia before Hernando de Soto and his men became the first Europeans to visit it in 1540; the Coosa chiefdom was one of the most powerful chiefdoms in the southeast at the time. Over a century after the Spanish left the Coosa Valley, the British established strong trading ties with the Creek bands of the area around the late 17th century, much to the dismay of France.
With a base in Mobile, the French believed that the Coosa River was a key gateway to the entire South and they wanted to control the valley. The main transportation of the day was by boat; the convergence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers near present-day Montgomery forms the Alabama River, which has its mouth at Mobile Bay, the port used by the French for travel around the Caribbean and to France. They wanted to retain control of both the the Alabama rivers. In the early 18th century all European and Indian trade in the southeast ceased during the tribal uprisings brought on by the Yamasee War against the Carolinas. After a few years, the Indian trade system was resumed under somewhat reformed policies; the conflict between the French and English over the Coosa Valley, much of the southeast in general, continued. It was not after Britain had defeated France in the Seven Years' War that France relinquished its holdings east of the Mississippi River to Britain; this was stated in the Treaty of Paris signed by both nations in 1763.
By the end of the American Revolutionary War, the Coosa Valley was occupied in its lower portion by the Creek and in the upper portion by the Cherokee peoples, who had a settlement near its start in northwest Georgia. After the Fort Mims massacre near Mobile, General Andrew Jackson led American troops, along with Cherokee allies, against the Lower Creek in the Creek War; this culminated in the Creek defeat at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Afterward, the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814 forced the Creek to cede a large amount of land to the United States, but left them a reserve between the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers in northern Alabama. There the Creeks were encroached on by European-American settlers who had begun moving into their territory from the United States. During the 1820s and 1830s the Creek and all the southeastern Indians were removed to Indian Territory; the Cherokee removal is remembered as the Trail of Tears. The Cherokee capital city of New Echota was located on the headwater tributaries of the Coosa River, in Georgia, until the tribe's removal.
The Creek and Choctaw removals were similar to the Cherokee Trail of Tears. After the removals, the Coosa River valley and the southeast in general was wide open for American settlers; the cotton gin made short-staple cotton profitable to process, it was a new cotton hybrid that could be grown in the upland regions. The first river town to form in the Coosa Basin was at the foot of the last waterfall on the Coosa River, the "Devil's Staircase." Settlers soon adopted the native name Wetumpka for this new community. The Coosa River was an important transportation route into the early 20th century as a commercial waterway for riverboats along the upper section of the river for 200 miles south of Rome; however and waterfalls such the Devil's Staircase along the river's lowest 65 miles blocked the upper Coosa's riverboats from access to the Alabama River and the Gulf of Mexico. The building of the dams on the Coosa - Lay and Jordan — allowed Alabama Power to pioneer new methods of controlling and eliminating malaria, a major health issue in rural Alabama in the early 1900s.
So successful were their pioneering efforts in this area, that the Medical Division of the League of Nations visited Alabama to study the new methods during the construction of Mitchell Dam. For a time, the Popeye the Sailorman cartoons were inspired by Tom Sims, a Coosa River resident in Rome, Georgia, familiar with riverboat life and characters of the early 1900s; the following table describes the seven impoundments on the Coosa River from the south to north built by the Alabama Power Company as well as the tailwater section below Jordan Dam. Harvey H. Jackson III in a book Putting Loafing Streams To Work characterized the importance of the first Coosa River dams as follows: In the Middle Coosa River Watershed, 281 occurrences of rare plant and animal species and natural communities have been documented, including 73 occurrences of 23 species that are federal or state protected. Ten conservation targets were chosen: the riverine system, matrix forest communities, gray bat, riparian vegetation, mountain longleaf pine forest communities, red-cockaded woodpecker, critically imperiled aquatic species, southern hognose snake