Story County, Iowa
Story County is a county in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 89,542; the county seat is Nevada. Story County comprises the Ames, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA Combined Statistical Area; the county is home to Iowa State University in Ames. The land that today is known as Story County was prairie with the exception of some groves along the larger streams in the area. In 1846 the boundaries of Story County were established; the County is square in shape. The county was named after Joseph Story, a preeminent United States Supreme Court Justice, in 1853; the first settlers to the area came from Indiana from the New England states of New York and Pennsylvania. Many Norwegians and Danes came directly from overseas and inhabited the area; the first large population influx occurred during the 1850s. Story County was not mentioned in the Federal Census in 1850, but figures from the State of Iowa put the population at 214 in 1852.
By 1860 the population had increased to 4,501. Three commissioners were appointed by the Iowa legislature to determine the county seat location. On June 27, 1853, they announced Nevada as their choice. Nevada was named after the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California. Like many Midwestern towns and counties, many prominent locations from the newly explored West and Mexican–American War of the late 1840s inspired the naming of towns and counties in Iowa during this period. Railroad construction did more to develop Story County than any other single factor; the first railroad came to the county in 1864. Railroads were such a decisive factor in determining the location of towns that several communities in Story County moved to be closer to the rail line; some flourishing little towns that were bypassed by the railroad soon disappeared. Although Nevada was long the population center of the county, Ames was the most known of the towns because of the busy railroad depot where travelers would transfer to their next train.
Story County has had five courthouses. The first, a two-level frame building, was erected in 1856. Fire destroyed it in 1863, it was replaced by a similar structure, replaced by a larger three-level building in 1877, situated on the town square; this building's tower served. The fourth courthouse was built in 1967 and placed in service on May 18, 1968; that building is still in use as offices for the Board of Supervisors, Treasurer, Assessor, Information Technology, Facilities Management and Planning & Development Offices. A cannon from the Civil War rests on the lawn; the current courthouse, the Story County Justice Center, opened in 2002. It houses the Justice Center, comprising the law enforcement and judicial aspects of Story County Government; the Story County Sheriff's Office and Clerk of Court are all housed in this building. Story County consists of 16 townships and 15 incorporated cities, 4 unincorporated towns; the population of 79,981 in the 2000 census consisted of 71,114 in urban areas and 8867 in rural areas.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles, of which 573 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles is water. The geographical center of Iowa lies in Story County, 5 miles northeast of Ames. Hamilton County Hardin County Marshall County Jasper County Polk County Boone County I-35 I-35 Business Loop US 30 US 65 US 69 Iowa 210 Iowa 330 Iowa 930 Story County is home to the Ames Municipal Airport, on the south side of Ames; the nearest large airport is the Des Moines International Airport, on the south side of Des Moines, some 30 miles from Story County. Story County contains all controlled by the Union Pacific Railroad Company; the Overland Route runs east–west on its route from Chicago to California, passing near Ames and Nevada in Story County. The Spine Line runs north–south on its route from Minneapolis to Kansas City, passing near McCallsburg and Cambridge; the third line in Story County runs near Gilbert and Story City. The following Story County statistics were gathered by the 2010 U.
S. Census. Population Story County had a population of a 12 % increase from the 2000 Census. Of that number, 17.8% of those people are under the age of 18, 10% are over the age of 65, 95.1% of those people are high school graduates, 45.4% hold at least a bachelor's degree. Commuting time Story County workers age 16 and older spent an average of 16.6 minutes traveling to work between 2005 and 2009. Workforce data There were 45,010 individuals working in Story County and 81.5% of those people live in Story County. The remaining percentages break down as follows: 6.8% live in Boone County 4.2% live in Polk County 2.1% live in Hamilton County 1.2% live in Hardin County 1.1% live in Marshal County. There were 43,839 working individuals who lived in Story County and worked anywhere, 83.7% of those people worked in Story County. Household data According to the 2010 U. S. Census, the median household income in 2009 was $48,165, with an average of 2.41 people per household between 2005 and 2009. The per capita income in the past 12 months between 2005 and 2009 was $24,202.
As of the census of 2000, there were 79,981 people, 29,383 households, 17,042 families residing in the county. The population density was 140 people per square mile. There were 30,63
James K. Polk
James Knox Polk was the 11th president of the United States from 1845 to 1849. He was speaker of the House of Representatives and governor of Tennessee. A protégé of Andrew Jackson, he was a member of the Democratic Party and an advocate of Jacksonian democracy. Polk is chiefly known for extending the territory of the United States during the Mexican–American War. After building a successful law practice in Tennessee, Polk was elected to the state legislature and to the United States House of Representatives in 1825, becoming a strong supporter of Andrew Jackson. After serving as chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, he became Speaker in 1835, the only president to have been Speaker. Polk left Congress to run for governor, he was a dark horse candidate for the Democratic nomination for president in 1844. In the general election, Polk defeated Henry Clay of the rival Whig Party. Polk is considered by many the most effective president of the pre–Civil War era, having met during his four-year term every major domestic and foreign policy goal he had set.
After a negotiation fraught with risk of war, he reached a settlement with the United Kingdom over the disputed Oregon Country, the territory for the most part being divided along the 49th parallel. Polk achieved a sweeping victory in the Mexican–American War, which resulted in the cession by Mexico of nearly all the American Southwest, he secured a substantial reduction of tariff rates with the Walker tariff of 1846. The same year, he achieved his other major goal, re-establishment of the Independent Treasury system. True to his campaign pledge to serve only one term, Polk left office in 1849 and returned to Tennessee. Scholars have ranked Polk favorably for his ability to promote and achieve the major items on his presidential agenda, but he has been criticized for leading the country into war against Mexico and for exacerbating sectional divides. A slaveholder for most of his adult life, he owned a plantation in Mississippi and bought slaves while President. A major legacy of Polk's presidency is territorial expansion, as the United States reached the Pacific coast and became poised to be a world power.
James Knox Polk was born on November 1795 in a log cabin in Pineville, North Carolina. He was the first of 10 children born into a family of farmers, his mother Jane named him after James Knox. His father Samuel Polk was a farmer and surveyor of Scots-Irish descent; the Polks had immigrated to America in the late 1600s, settling on the Eastern Shore of Maryland but moving to south-central Pennsylvania and to the Carolina hill country. The Knox and Polk families were Presbyterian. While Polk's mother remained a devout Presbyterian, his father, whose own father Ezekiel Polk was a deist, rejected dogmatic Presbyterianism, he refused to declare his belief in Christianity at his son's baptism, the minister refused to baptize young James. James' mother "stamped her rigid orthodoxy on James, instilling lifelong Calvinistic traits of self-discipline, hard work, individualism, a belief in the imperfection of human nature," according to James A. Rawley's American National Biography article. In 1803, Ezekiel Polk led four of his adult children and their families to the Duck River area in what is now Maury County, Tennessee.
The Polk clan dominated politics in the new town of Columbia. Samuel became a county judge, the guests at his home included Andrew Jackson, who had served as a judge and in Congress. James learned from the political talk around the dinner table. Polk suffered from frail health as a particular disadvantage in a frontier society, his father took him to see prominent Philadelphia physician Dr. Philip Syng Physick for urinary stones; the journey was broken off by James's severe pain, Dr. Ephraim McDowell of Danville, operated to remove them. No anesthetic was available except brandy; the operation was successful, but it might have left James impotent or sterile, as he had no children. He recovered and became more robust, his father offered to bring him into one of his businesses, but he wanted an education and enrolled at a Presbyterian academy in 1813. He became a member of the Zion Church near his home in 1813, enrolled in the Zion Church Academy, he entered Bradley Academy in Murfreesboro, where he proved a promising student.
In January 1816, Polk was admitted into the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as a second-semester sophomore. The Polk family had connections with the university a small school of about 80 students. Polk's roommate was William Dunn Moseley. Polk joined the Dialectic Society where he took part in debates, became its president, learned the art of oratory. In one address, he warned that some American leaders were flirting with monarchical ideals, singling out Alexander Hamilton, a foe of Jefferson. Polk graduated with honors in
Boone County, Iowa
Boone County is a county in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,306, its county seat is Boone. Boone County comprises the Boone, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA Combined Statistical Area; the land that now forms Boone and several other Iowa counties was ceded by the Sac and Fox nation to the United States in a treaty signed on October 11, 1842. On January 13, 1846, the legislative body of the Indiana Territory authorized creation of twelve counties in the Iowa Territory, with general descriptions of their boundaries. Boone County's name referred to Captain Nathan Boone, son of Daniel Boone, an American pioneer who formed the Wilderness Trail and founded the settlement of Boonesborough, Kentucky. County residents selected Boonesboro as the county seat in 1851; the first building erected in the new settlement was a double log house, to be used as interim county office and courthouse. It was supplemented by a two–story building erected in 1856 replaced by a three-story building in 1868.
The nearby settlement of Montana was incorporated in 1866. It was renamed to Boone in 1871, it continued to grow, it annexed the settlement of Boonesboro in 1887, thus becoming the county seat. After the second courthouse became too small for the county's expanding populace, a new building replaced it, it was completed in 1917.. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles, of which 572 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. US Highway 30 – runs east-west through center of county. Passes Beaver and Jordan. US Highway 169 – runs south from Webster County through west-central portion of Boone County. At its intersection with US 30, it runs east 3 miles to Ogden runs south to Dallas County. Iowa Highway 17 – runs south through east Boone County to Jordan, west one mile south to boundary line between Dallas and Polk Counties. Iowa Highway 144 – runs across the southwest tip of county, running NW-SE. Iowa Highway 210 – enters south line of county at Woodward runs east and ENE across the southern portion of county to Story County.
Dallas County – south Greene County – west Hamilton County – north and northeast Polk County – south and southeast Story County – east Webster County – north and northwest The 2010 census recorded a population of 26,306 in the county, with a population density of 46.07/sq mi. There were 11,756 housing units, of which 10,728 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 26,224 people, 10,374 households, 7,137 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 10,968 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.53% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.26% from other races, 0.43% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,374 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.20% were non-families.
26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,763, the median income for a family was $49,346. Males had a median income of $32,504 versus $23,838 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,943. About 4.50% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over. The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Boone County.† county seat Prior to 1932, Boone County was Republican in presidential elections, aside from 1912 when the county backed Bull Moose candidate & former Republican President Theodore Roosevelt.
From 1932 to 1980, the county was a swing county, voting for the national winner in all elections in that period aside from 1960. From 1984 to 2012, the county was Democratic in presidential elections, but swung hard in 2016 by 20.7 points to back Republican Donald Trump similar to many other counties in Iowa. Boone County Courthouse National Register of Historic Places listings in Boone County, Iowa Don Williams County Park Boone County on state government portal Boone County government's website Boone County Republican, Google news archive. —PDFs of 1,242 issues, dating from 1873 to 1897
U.S. Route 65
U. S. Route 65 is a north -- south United States highway in midwestern United States; the southern terminus of the route is at U. S. Route 425 in Louisiana; the northern terminus is at Interstate 35 just south of Interstate 90 in Minnesota. Parts of its modern route in Iowa and historic route in Minnesota follow the old Jefferson Highway. U. S. 65 begins in Clayton and proceeds northward to Waterproof, St. Joseph, Newellton, all in Tensas Parish. At Newellton, it intersects with Louisiana State Highway 4 coming from the west. In Tallulah, it intersects Interstate 20, 30 miles north of this intersection it enters Arkansas. US 65 enters the southeast corner of Arkansas just north of Louisiana, it is designated as part of Arkansas' Great River Road from this point north through Lake Village, McGehee, Dumas. The Great River Road continues east onto US 165. US 65 entered Pine Bluff traveling northwest along Harding Avenue, turning north along Ohio Street west through downtown along 5th and 6th Avenues, where northbound traffic used 5th and southbound traffic used 6th, before converging onto 6th Avenue west of downtown.
The highway turned north along Blake Street and followed Dollarway Road, now designated Arkansas Highway 365, northwest into White Hall. US 65 was relocated to a bypass corridor on the north side of Pine Bluff, dubbed the Downtown Expressway. With the completion of the Interstate 530 bypass on the south side of Pine Bluff, US 65 was rerouted along Interstate 530, the Downtown Expressway was resigned US 65 Business; the original US 65 between Pine Bluff and Conway is now signed Arkansas Highway 365. US 65 entered Little Rock via what was Confederate Boulevard, turning west onto Roosevelt Road routing northbound traffic onto Scott Street, crossing the Arkansas River concurrently with US 67, US 167, US 70 along the Main Street Bridge to Main Street in North Little Rock; the highway in Little Rock was relocated five blocks west of Main Street to Broadway, where it crossed the Arkansas River via the Broadway Bridge. It was relocated east along Interstate 30. US 65 entered North Little Rock via the Main Street Bridge and continued with northbound traffic along Main Street, converging onto Main Street, diverging from US 67 and US 70 by turning west onto 18th Street.
The highway turned northwest along the east side of the railroad, along what is now Percy Machin Drive, paralleled the railroad into Conway. US 65 was relocated west, following the Broadway Bridge to a west turn on Broadway, proceeding under a rail overpass to turn north on Pike Avenue; as US 65 progressed into North Little Rock's Levy neighborhood, its alignment shifted east of the railroad along Pike Avenue, turning northwest along Parkway Drive to converge with its original route near the city's Amboy neighborhood. The Levy-to-Amboy segment was relocated again along the west side of the railroad via MacArthur Drive converging with its original route. US 65 was relocated east, through downtown along Interstate 30 following Interstate 40 to Conway. US 65 entered Conway via Harkrider Street, along what is now signed as Arkansas Highway 365, where it joined with US 64, running north through downtown; the highway was relocated along Interstate 40, where it joins its original route on the north side of town via the city's Skyline Drive.
US 65 continues north through Greenbrier and Marshall before crossing the Buffalo River near Tyler Bend. South of Harrison, the highway joins with US 62/412 heading northwest through Harrison before diverging from US 62/412 at Bear Creek Springs and continuing as a four-lane expressway into Missouri. US 65 enters Missouri between Omaha and Ridgedale, Missouri; the four-lane expressway continues through Branson toward the Springfield metro area. Through the Branson area, US 65 is built as a freeway. North of Branson is an interchange with Route 465 and U. S. Route 160. US 160 to Highlandville is the old alignment of US 65. Just north of Route EE, US 65 returns to freeway status; the freeway is called the "Schoolcraft Freeway" in Springfield, in honor of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. In Springfield are junctions with U. S. Route 60 and Interstate 44; the interchange with I-44 includes a flyover ramp connecting NB 65 with WB 44. Construction is underway to rebuild the interchange at US 60. In September 2011, US 65 became a six-lane divided freeway in Springfield between Interstate 44 and US 60.
It is the first six-lane highway to appear in Southwest Missouri. North of Springfield, it returns to a non-interstate highway. Through the town of Buffalo, the highway becomes two lanes with a center lane for left turns; this part of the highway has seen upgrades in recent years, such as rumble stripes and extending the middle turn lane to just outside the northern part of the city. From Buffalo to Preston, US 65 is two-lane highway, having an intersection with U. S. Route 54 at Preston. At Warsaw the highway crosses over the western end of the Lake of the Ozarks and becomes a four lane, non interstate highway again at the intersection with Missouri Route 7. At Sedalia is an intersection with U. S. Route 50, at Marshall Junction is an interchange with Interstate 70 and U. S. Route 40. In Marshall, the four-lane ends, US 65 is a two-lane highway all the way to Iowa. At Waverly
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Dallas County, Iowa
Dallas County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 66,135, its county seat is Adel. The county was named for George M. Dallas, Vice President of the United States under James K. Polk, the namesake of neighboring Polk County. Dallas County is included in IA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the land that now forms Dallas County was ceded by the Sac and Fox nation to the United States in a treaty signed on October 11, 1842. On January 13, 1846, the legislative body of the Indiana Territory authorized creation of twelve counties in the Iowa Territory, with general descriptions of their boundaries. Dallas County's name referred to United States Vice President George M. Dallas, who served from 1845 to 1849. In 1847 the county residents voted to designate Penoch as the county seat; the county's population grew with settlers coming to claim homesteads. By 1870 the population had crossed the 12,000 mark. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 592 square miles, of which 588 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water.
Interstate 80 – runs ENE across southern portion of county, passing Dexter and De Soto on its way to Des Moines US Highway 6 – from its starting point in Adel, runs east across midsection of county on its way to Des Moines US Highway 169 – runs north-south through center of county, from Bouton to Adel to De Soto Iowa Highway 17 – from its starting point at Granger, runs north along the county's east boundary line, into Boone County Iowa Highway 44 – runs east-west through center of county, through Dallas Center Iowa Highway 141 – runs east across northern portion of county, through Dawson, Perry and Woodward SE to exit into Polk County at Granger Iowa Highway 144 - from its starting point at Perry, runs north into Boone County Iowa Highway 210 – from its starting point, runs north to Woodward and continues into Boone County Adair County – southwest Boone County – north Greene County – north and northwest Guthrie County – west Madison County – south Polk County – east Warren County – southeast The 2010 census recorded a population of 66,135 in the county, with a population density of 112.7698/sq mi.
There were 27,260 housing units, of which 25,240 were occupied. As of the census of 2000, there were 40,750 people, 15,584 households, 11,173 families residing in the county; the population density was 70 people per square mile. There were 16,529 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.75% White, 0.74% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.79% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. 5.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,584 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.30% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,528, the median income for a family was $58,293. Males had a median income of $37,243 versus $27,026 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,970. About 4.00% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. ‡ in Polk County Booneville The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Dallas County.† county seat Prior to 1932, Dallas County was Republican in presidential elections. From 1932 to 1996, it was a swing county, having a Republican lean until 1960 & a Democratic lean from 1964 to 1996 after 1980. Since 2000, it has been Republican, though no Republican candidate has managed 60% of the vote nor has a Democrat not managed to win 40% since then. National Register of Historic Places listings in Dallas County, Iowa Raccoon River Valley Trail Dallas County government's website HISTORY OF DALLAS COUNTY, IOWA 1879 Online book
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government