1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Cedar County, Missouri
Cedar County is a county located in the southwest portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,982, its county seat is Stockton. The county was founded February 14, 1845, named after Cedar Creek, a tributary of the Sac River, which in turn is named from the Eastern red cedar, a common tree of the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 499 square miles, of which 474 square miles is land and 24 square miles is water; the water area includes Stockton Lake. St. Clair County Polk County Dade County Vernon County U. S. Route 54 Route 32 Route 39 Route 97 Route 215 As of the census of 2000, there are 13,733 people, 5,685 households, 3,894 families residing in the county; the population density is 29 people per square mile. There are 6,813 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county is 96.58% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, 1.43% from two or more races.
1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 5,685 households out of which 27.80% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% are married couples living together, 7.90% have a female householder with no husband present, 31.50% are non-families. 28.10% of all households are made up of individuals and 15.30% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.35 and the average family size is 2.86. In the county, the population is spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 22.80% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 20.80% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females there are 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.50 males. The median income for a household in the county is $26,694, the median income for a family is $32,710. Males have a median income of $25,017 versus $17,594 for females; the per capita income for the county is $14,356. 17.40% of the population and 11.60% of families are below the poverty line.
Out of the total population, 24.80% of those under the age of 18 and 14.20% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. El Dorado Springs R-II School District – El Dorado Springs El Dorado Springs Elementary School El Dorado Springs Middle School El Dorado Springs High School Stockton R-I School District – Stockton Stockton Elementary School Stockton Middle School Stockton High School Agape Boarding School – Stockton – Baptist – Boys El Dorado Christian School – El Dorado Springs – Church of God Cedar County Library District The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Cedar County. Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county. Cedar County is split between three of Missouri’s legislative districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives. All three are represented by Republicans. District 125 — Warren Love; the district includes the rest of the northern part of the county. District 127 — Mike Kelley. Consists of Jerico Springs, Umber View Heights, the rest of the southern part of the county.
District 128 — Mike Stephens. Consists of Stockton and the rest of the center of the county. All of Cedar County is a part of Missouri’s 28th District in the Missouri Senate; the seat is vacant. The previous incumbent, Mike Parson was elected Lieutenant Governor in 2016. All of Cedar County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former Governor Mike Huckabee received more votes, a total of 1,051, than any candidate from either party in Cedar County during the 2008 presidential primary. Caplinger Mills El Dorado Springs Jerico Springs Stockton Umber View Heights National Register of Historic Places listings in Cedar County, Missouri Cedar County, Missouri Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Cedar County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
Greene County, Missouri
Greene County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 275,174, making it the fourth-most populous county in Missouri, its county seat and most populous city is Springfield. The county was organized in 1833 and is named after American Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene. Greene County is included in MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 678 square miles, of which 675 square miles is land and 2.6 square miles is water. Polk County Dallas County Webster County Christian County Lawrence County Dade County Wilson's Creek National Battlefield As of the census of 2000, there were 240,391 people, 97,859 households, 61,846 families residing in the county; the population density was 356 people per square mile. There were 104,517 housing units at an average density of 155 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.54% White, 2.26% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 1.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, 1.68% from two or more races.
1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 97,859 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,185, the median income for a family was $56,047. Males had a median income of $30,672 versus $21,987 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,770.
About 7.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over. There are 190,417 registered voters in Greene County. Republic and Springfield have city fire departments. Additionally, the county is served by the following fire districts: Ash Grove Battlefield Billings Brookline Ebenezer Fair Grove Logan-Rogersville Strafford Walnut Grove West Republic Willard The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Greene County. Greene County is divided into eight legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives. District 130 — Jeff Messenger. Consists of all of the communities of Ash Grove, Bois D'Arc, Republic, a small sliver of the city of Springfield. District 131 — Sonya Anderson; the district includes the northern part the city of Springfield and rural area of north-central Greene County. District 132 — Crystal Quade; the district is based in the city of Springfield.
District 133 — Curtis Trent. The district includes a part of the city of Springfield. District 134 — Elijah Haahr; the district includes part of the city of Springfield. District 135 — Steve Helms; the district exists within the city of Springfield. District 136 — Kevin Austin; the district includes of some rural area southeast of the city. District 137 — Lyndall Fraker; the district includes the communities of Fair Grove and Strafford. Greene County is divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate, both of which represented by Republicans. District 20 — Jay Wasson District 30 — Bob Dixon All of Greene County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is represented by Billy Long in the U. S. House of Representatives. Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Greene County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Greene County in 2000 and 2004 by two-to-one margins, like many other counties throughout Southwest Missouri, Greene County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008.
In the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump carried Greene County by a margin of 60% to 33%. The last Democratic presidential nominee to win Greene County was Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it passed Greene County with 72.04 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly failed in Greene County with 51.62 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Greene County's longstanding tradition of supporting conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage.
In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Greene County with 74.41 percent of the vote. The proposition p
American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia in Concord led to open combat on April 19, 1775.
Militia forces besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, the Americans failed decisively in an attempt to invade Quebec and raise insurrection against the British. On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States.
In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis Cowpens, he retreated to Yorktown, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in America, but the war continued overseas. Britain scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war.
French involvement had proven decisive. Spain failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar; the Dutch were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes. Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to pay for British military troops stationed in the American colonies after the French and Indian War. Parliament had passed legislation to regulate trade, but the Stamp Act introduced a new principle of a direct internal tax. Americans began to question the extent of the British Parliament's power in America, the colonial legislatures argued that they had exclusive right to impose taxes within their jurisdictions. Colonists condemned the tax because their rights as Englishmen protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives. Parliament argued that the colonies were "represented virtually", an idea, criticized throughout the Empire. Parliament did repeal the act in 1766, but it affirmed its right to pass laws that were binding on the colonies.
From 1767, Parliament began passing legislation to raise revenue for the salaries of civil officials, ensuring their loyalty while inadvertently increasing resentment among the colonists, opposition soon became widespread. Enforcing the acts proved difficult; the seizure of the sloop Liberty in 1768 on suspicions of smuggling triggered a riot. In response, British troops occupied Boston, Parliament threatened to extradite colonists to face trial in England. Tensions rose after the murder of Christopher Seider by a customs official in 1770 and escalated into outrage after British troops fired on civilians in the Boston Massacre. In 1772, colonists in Rhode Island burned a customs schooner. Parliament repealed all taxes except the one on tea, passing the Tea Act in 1773, attempting to force colonists to buy East India Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid, thus implicitly agreeing to Parliamentary supremacy; the landing of the tea was resisted in all colonies, but the governor of Massachusetts permitted British tea ships to remain in Boston Harbor, so the Sons of Liberty destroyed the tea chests in what became known as the "Boston Tea Party".
Parliament passed punitive legislation. It closed Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for and revoked the Massachusetts Charter, taking upon themselves the right to directly appoint the Massachusetts Governor's Council. Additionally, t
Hickory County, Missouri
Hickory County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,627, its county seat is Hermitage. The county was organized February 14, 1845, named after President Andrew Jackson, whose nickname was "Old Hickory." The Pomme de Terre Dam, a Corps of Engineers facility, is located three miles south of Hermitage and forms Lake Pomme de Terre by damming the Pomme de Terre River and Lindley Creek. The county is home to Lucas Oil Speedway at Wheatland that includes a major circle dirt racing track, an off-road racing track as well as a large man-made water drag racing facility. Truman Reservoir a Corps of Engineers facility, floods the Pomme de Terre Reservoir from the northern border of the county southward to the city limits of Hermitage. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles, of which 399 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water, it is the fifth-smallest county in Missouri by area. Benton County Camden County Dallas County Polk County St. Clair County U.
S. Route 54 U. S. Route 65 Route 83 Route 123 As of the census of 2000, there were 8,940 people, 3,911 households, 2,737 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 6,184 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.51% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 1.44% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,911 households out of which 22.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.70. In the county, the population was spread out with 19.90% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 19.10% from 25 to 44, 29.70% from 45 to 64, 26.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,346, the median income for a family was $28,779. Males had a median income of $22,679 versus $17,610 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,536. About 13.00% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.90% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over. Hermitage R-IV School District – Hermitage Hermitage Elementary School Hermitage Middle School Hermitage High School Hickory County R-I School District – Urbana Skyline Elementary School Skyline Middle School Skyline High School Weaubleau R-III School District – Weaubleau Weaubleau Elementary School Weaubleau High School Wheatland R-II School District Wheatland Elementary School Wheatland High School Hickory County Library The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Hickory County.
Republicans hold all but four of the elected positions in the county. All of Hickory County is a part of Missouri’s 125th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Warren D. Love. All of Hickory County is a part of Missouri’s 28th District in the Missouri Senate; the seat is held by Sandy Crawford, elected after the previous incumbent, Mike Parson, was elected Lieutenant Governor in 2016. All of Hickory County is included in Missouri’s 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler in the U. S. House of Representatives. Former U. S. Senator Hillary Clinton received more votes, a total of 1,056, than any candidate from either party in Hickory County during the 2008 presidential primary. Cross Timbers Hermitage Pittsburg Preston Quincy Weaubleau Wheatland Sally Rand – legendary burlesque dancer Mike Parson - 57th Governor of Missouri National Register of Historic Places listings in Hickory County, Missouri Hickory County government's website Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Hickory County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
Bolivar is a city and county seat of Polk County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 10,325. Bolivar began as a settlement around Keeling Spring, with the majority of settlers being from Hardeman County, Tennessee; the settlement became part of Greene County, Missouri when that county was organized in 1833. After the northern part of Greene County was ceded to form Polk County, the Polk County Court proclaimed the settlement as a city, named it Bolivar, designated it as the county seat on 10 November 1835. Bolivar was re-organized as a fourth-class city on 15 February 1881. Bolivar experienced growth in 1884 when the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway was extended to that point; the name "Bolivar" was proposed by John Polk Campbell and his brothers William St. Clair and Ezekiel Madison, it is named after Bolivar, where their grandfather and Continental Army Colonel Ezekiel Polk had lived. In the 1830s, both Polk and Bolivar were names locally associated with liberation; as such, Missouri is an indirect namesake of Simón Bolívar.
The Bolivar Public Library, First National Bank, North Ward School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Bolivar is located in Marion Township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.30 square miles, of which 8.28 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. Bolivar is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 10,325 people, 3,970 households, 2,342 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,247.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,432 housing units at an average density of 535.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 1.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.7% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 3,970 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.0% were non-families.
33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age in the city was 30.3 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,143 people, 3,318 households, 2,067 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,458.8 people per square mile. There were 3,636 housing units at an average density of 580.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.50% White, 0.86% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.40% of the population. There were 3,318 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.7% were non-families.
30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 23.9% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,609, the median income for a family was $35,716. Males had a median income of $25,731 versus $18,618 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,654. About 11.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over. Bolivar R-I School District operates one primary school, one intermediate school, one middle school, Bolivar High School. Southwest Baptist University, a private institution, has been in operation at Bolivar since 1879.
Bolivar has a branch of the Polk County Library. The Bolivar Municipal Airport is located four nautical miles east of Bolivar's central business district. Bolivar Herald-Free Press - twice weekly and Friday John Blake, Irish-American soldier, freedom fighter, lecturer Mike Parson, Lt. Governor of Missouri, Governor Official website Bolivar Area Chamber of Commerce Historic maps of Bolivar in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri