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Pompton River

The Pompton River is a tributary of the Passaic River 8 mi long, in northern New Jersey in the United States. It is formed south of the borough of Pompton Lakes by the confluence of the Ramapo and Pequannock rivers, it flows south, passing between Pequannock Township and Wayne. It enters the Passaic north of Fairfield, its watershed encompasses section of the Ramapo Mountains along the New York-New Jersey border in the rural suburbs of New York City. It is the main tributary by volume of the Passaic. A portion of the river's water is diverted to the nearby Wanaque Reservoir. Pequannock River Ramapo River List of rivers of New Jersey Pompton people New Jersey Dept. of State: Photos of the Pompton River feeder of the Morris Canal U. S. Geological Survey: NJ stream gaging stations

Four new inventions

Four new inventions is a slogan, propagandized by the Chinese state media, named after the Four Great Inventions in ancient China. In the year 2017, Chinese state media started to claim that mainland China invented high-speed rail, mobile payment, e-commerce, bike-sharing. However, none of those "four new inventions" were invented in mainland China. High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. "High-speed" is defined by the European Union as at least 250 km/h on new tracks, 200 km/h on older tracks. The first high-speed train in the world was the Tōkaidō Shinkansen in Japan, whose service started in 1964, with the maximum speed 210 km/h. In mainland China, "high-speed" is defined as at least 250 km/h by design, with the minimum speed 200 km/h during initial service. In the year 2008, the first Chinese high-speed railway, known as the Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway, started its service.

China claimed to have the largest high-speed rail system in the world in the year 2016. E-commerce was invented in 1979 by Michael Aldrich; the first internet shop was the NetMarket in 1994. In mainland China, the e-commerce began such as Dangdang and Joyo.com. After that, Taobao was founded by Jack Ma in 2003, 360buy was founded in 2004. However, China developed a large business in e-commerce. Mobile payment refer to payment services operated under financial regulation and performed from or via a mobile device, it was originated in Finland in the year 1997. In mainland China, mobile payments started from the beginning of the 21st century, famous for Alipay and WeChat Pay. According to the statistics, market penetration of mobile payments is 77% in mainland China, 48% in the USA, 27% in Japan. A bike-sharing system is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price; the first bike-sharing system, known as the "white bicycle plan", was introduced in Amsterdam in the year 1965.

In mainland China, the bike-sharing system started from ofo in the year 2014, there came the Mobike in the year 2015

Bobby Vinton's Greatest Hits (1964 album)

Bobby Vinton's Greatest Hits is a 12-track compilation by Bobby Vinton. It was released in September 1964. By the end of summer 1964, Vinton had had eleven Billboard Top 40 hits, prompting Epic Records to compile his first greatest hits album. With one gap left to fill on the package and his then-current single "Clinging Vine" working its way up the charts, Vinton requested that Epic round out the compilation with "Mr. Lonely" and issue it as his next single in conjunction with the album; this rare gambit of reissuing and promoting an older album track paid off as "Mr. Lonely" gave Vinton his fourth, albeit last, No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100. Ten of the twelve tracks were featured on Vinton's first six vocal albums. Both charted sides of the 1963 single "Let's Kiss and Make Up"/"Trouble Is My Middle Name" make their album debut here; the song "I Love You The Way You Are" was recorded in the late 50s as a demo and left unreleased. After Vinton had a hit with "Roses are Red", Diamond Records purchased the demo and issued it as a single, reaching #38.

They didn't have another Vinton song to use as the B-side, so they put a song by Chuck and Johnny as the flip. Diamond refused to lease the single to Epic for the LP, so Epic had Vinton rerecord the song; the original hit version has never been issued on LP. Produced by Bob Morgan Cover photo by Cardell Photo of Pittsburgh Album - Billboard Singles - Billboard

Grade I listed buildings in South Somerset

South Somerset is a local government district in the English county of Somerset. The South Somerset district occupies an area of 370 square miles, stretching from its borders with Devon and Dorset to the edge of the Somerset Levels; the district has a population of about 158,000, has Yeovil as its administrative centre. In the United Kingdom, the term listed building refers to a building or other structure designated as being of special architectural, historical or cultural significance. Listing was begun by a provision in the Town and Country Planning Act 1947. Once listed, severe restrictions are imposed on the modifications allowed to a building's structure or its fittings. In England, the authority for listing under the Planning Act 1990 rests with Historic England, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Digital, Culture and Sport. There are 94 Grade I listed buildings in South Somerset. Most are Norman- or medieval-era churches, many of which are included in the Somerset towers—a collection of distinctive spireless Gothic church towers—but there are other religious buildings as well.

Muchelney Abbey consists of the remains and foundations of a medieval Benedictine Abbey and an early Tudor house dating from the 16th century the lodgings of the resident abbot. Stavordale Priory was built as a priory church in the 13th century and was converted into a private residence in 1533; the Hamstone Stoke sub Hamdon Priory is a 14th-century former priest's house of the chantry chapel of St Nicholas, which after 1518 become a farm known as Parsonage Farmhouse. It remained a farm until about 1960, has been owned by the National Trust since 1946. Since the Reformation the 13th century Hanging Chapel in Langport has been a town hall, grammar school and armoury before becoming a masonic hall in 1891; the house known as The Abbey in Charlton Mackrell takes its name from the site on which it was built, the Chantry Chapel of the Holy Spirit, founded in 1237. Naish Priory, built around 1400 in East Coker, was never a priory, the Abbey Farm House and Abbey Barn in Yeovil which date from around 1420, have always been in lay-ownership.

The 140-foot Burton Pynsent Monument was designed in 1757, by Lancelot "Capability" Brown for William Pitt, as a monument to Sir William Pynsent. King Alfred's Tower, a 161 feet high triangular edifice, stands near Egbert's stone, where it is believed Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, rallied the Saxons in May 878 before the Battle of Edington; the tower's funder, Henry Hoare, planned for it to commemorate the end of the Seven Years' War against France and the accession of King George III. The other Grade I listed buildings in South Somerset are manor houses, built over long periods by local Lords of the Manor. In 1907, the Tudor Barrington Court became the first country house acquired by the National Trust, on the recommendation of the antiquarian Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley. Newton Surmaville was built between 1608 and 1612 for Robert Harbin, a Yeovil merchant, on the site of an earlier building, but was extensively altered and enhanced in the 1870s. Lytes Cary and its associated chapel and gardens have parts dating to as early as the 14th century.

The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner praised it, saying "Yet all parts blend to perfection with one another and with the gentle sunny landscape that surrounds them." The 17th century house at Tintinhull is surrounded by a small 20th century Crafts garden. Ven House, which stands on an artificially raised terrace, has a rectangular plan of seven bays by five bays, is built of red brick in Flemish bond, with local Hamstone dressings; the small William and Mary style house was completed sometime between 1698 and 1700. It was enlarged between 1725 and 1730 by Decimus Burton, who provided a new drawing room for Sir W. Medleycott and an orangery attached to the house. Brympton d'Evercy, built in stages between about 1220 and the 18th century, has been described, by Auberon Waugh, as "the most beautiful house in England". Grade I listed buildings in Somerset List of Somerset towers Grade II* listed buildings in South Somerset South Somerset Council page on listed buildings

University, Hayes and Orton Halls

University and Orton Halls are three historic buildings on the Oval at the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. On July 16, 1970, they were added to the National Register of Historic Places under No. 70000492. The original University Hall was constructed in 1873, contained a majority of the university functions, including both student and faculty housing. After being closed in 1968 for safety reasons, the building was torn down in 1971. At this time the old hall was removed from the National Register of Historic Places; the current University Hall was reconstructed in its place, taking an exact outward copy of the original building, but updating the inner workings. It was completed in 1976; the building is named after President Rutherford B. Hayes, the governor of Ohio and advocated for a newly established land-grant university in Ohio; the construction date for Hayes Hall is 1893, making it the oldest remaining building on the Ohio State University campus. Built as a wood frame structure with a brick exterior that includes a distinctive carved stone archway at the center of its front façade, the original building included a basement and three stories of spaces to be occupied by students in Industrial Arts program, the Art Department and the Military Department who shared the building.

Its original cost was $55,000. The main level of the building contained the public office for the Military Department and an extensive gun room that filled the rear wings of the building. Classrooms occupied the spaces on either side of the main building. On the second floor, offices for the Art Department and the Rural Economics Office could be found, along with Art and Design classrooms and an indoor target range for the Military Department, found in the wing at the rear. Art classrooms and a large Engineering Drawing lab occupied the upper level and extra gun rooms and an officers’ room were located in the basement at the time of the building's opening. Hayes Hall got its name from Rutherford B. Hayes, President of the United States and three-time governor of Ohio, on November 17, 1891. President Hayes served as a member of the OSU Board of Trustees; the association between President Hayes and land-grant education has to do with the fact that he served as the governor of Ohio at the time that the state accepted the federal Morrill Act, which established land-grant colleges including OSU across the country.

The fact that Hayes advocated for providing the students of Ohio with mechanical education further connected him to Hayes Hall since the building housed the initial Industrial Arts program on campus. The lower floor contained a foundry for the use of Industrial Arts students. Although Hayes knew of the naming of the building prior to his death in January, 1893, he never saw it completed. Hayes Hall was first occupied on February 1, 1893 after heat was supplied to the building. Over the years, the uses of Hayes Hall have changed. From its initial occupation by the Industrial Arts and Military Departments through the twentieth century to today, as the home of the Department of Design, Art's drawing studios and OSU general classrooms, many alterations have been made to the structure. A small portion of the northeast side of the building was demolished around 1936, more extensive demolition of the wings that once housed the gun rooms in that same area occurred in the 1940s. A lean-to on the northwest side at the rear was removed at that time.

More modifications to the rear occurred in the 1970s when a new stair tower was added toward the back to enhance the building's safety and efficiency and the lobby was altered by the removal of a pair of stairs that led to the building's upper floors. Faculty offices were constructed in the two side wings of the main floor at that time; the building housed the History of Art Department throughout much of the latter part of the twentieth century and many alumni remember having classes in the reconfigured spaces on the upper two levels of the building at that time. While some of these changes have been furthered in two additional waves of renovation, much of the building is as it was laid out in the 1970s. Despite the many changes that have occurred to Hayes Hall over its history, the building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on July 16, 1970 due to the fact that its front façade remains untouched from its original appearance. Recent efforts to restore some of the eroding stonework on the arch and the stone steps leading to the building work toward maintaining Hayes Hall's historic architectural integrity.

Orton Hall, one of the oldest remaining buildings on Ohio State University campus, opened in 1893 and is named after Dr Edward Orton, Sr. who served as OSU's first president, Professor of Geology from 1873 to 1899, Ohio's State Geologist from 1882 until his death in 1899. Orton Hall is a tribute to this man's dedicated service towards the understanding of the geology of Ohio. Orton suffered a paralyzing stroke in 1891, but continued to work. Ohio State University constructed a geological pleasure dome in 1893, named it Orton Hall, in tribute to Edward Orton's seminal contributions; the Hall is built of forty different Ohio building stones. In the outside walls, these stones are laid in stratigraphic order according to their relative positions in Ohio's bedrock; the capitals of the numbered columns in the entrance hall feature carvings of fossils, such as trilobites, as well as other objects such as the races of Man. The bell tower was dedicated in 1915 and contains 25,000 pounds of bells that can be heard tolling across campus in the key of E-flat.

Encircling the top of the tower are 24 columns with gargoyle-like figures which are restorations of fossil animals. Because of i

Mikhail Dragomirov

Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov was a Russian general and military writer. His grandfather Ivan Antonovych Dragomirecki-Mockewicz after being granted a noble title in 1786, soon requested to change his name to a Russified one as Dragomirov. Dragomirov entered the Guard infantry in 1849, becoming second lieutenant in 1852 and lieutenant in 1854. In the latter year he was selected to study at the Nicholas Academy, here he distinguished himself so much that he received a gold medal, an honor which, it is stated, was paid to a student of the academy only twice in the 19th century. In 1856, Dragomirov was promoted to staff-captain and in 1858 to full captain, being sent in the latter year to study the military methods in vogue in other countries, he visited France and Belgium, wrote voluminous reports on the instructional and maneuvre camps of these countries at Châlons and Beverloo. In 1859, he was attached to the headquarters of the King of Sardinia Victor Emmanuel II during the campaign of Magenta and Solferino, upon his return to Russia he was sent to the Nicholas Academy as professor of tactics.

Dragomirov played a leading part in the reorganization of the educational system of the army, acted as instructor to several princes of the imperial family. This post he held until 1863, when, as a lieutenant colonel, he took part in the suppression of the Polish insurrection of 1863-1864, returning to St. Petersburg in the latter year as colonel and chief of staff to one of the Guard divisions. During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Dragomirov was attached to the headquarters of the Second Prussian army, he was present at the battles on the upper Elbe and at Königgrätz, his comments on the operations which he witnessed are of the greatest value to the student of tactics and of the war of 1866. In 1868, he was made a major general, in the following year became chief of staff in the Kiev military circumscription. In 1873, Dragomirov was appointed to command the 4th division, in this command he distinguished himself greatly in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878; the 4th division led the way at the crossing of the Danube at Zimnitza.

After the reverses before Plevna, he, with the cesarevich and Generals Eduard Totleben and Dmitry Milyutin, strenuously opposed the suggestion of the Grand Duke Nicholas that the Russian army should retreat into Romania, the demoralization of the greater part of the army was not permitted to spread to Dragomirov's division, which retained its discipline unimpaired and gave a splendid example to the rest. He was wounded at the Shipka Pass, though promoted lieutenant general soon after this, was not able to see further active service, he was made adjutant general to the tsar and chief of the 53rd Volhynia regiment of his old division. For eleven years thereafter General Dragomirov was chief of the Nicholas Academy, it was during this period that he collated and introduced into the Russian army all the best military literature of Europe, in many other ways was active in improving the moral and technical efficiency of the Russian officer-corps of the staff officer. In 1889, Dragomirov became commander-in-chief of the Kiev military district, governor general of Kiev and Volhynia, retaining this post until 1903.

He was promoted to the rank of general of infantry in 1891. His advanced age and failing health prevented his employment at the front during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905, but his advice was continually solicited by the general headquarters at St. Petersburg, while he disagreed with General Kuropatkin in many important questions of strategy and military policy, they both recommended a repetition of the strategy of 1812 though the total abandonment of Port Arthur was involved therein. Dragomirov died at Konotop on 28 October 1905. In addition to the orders which he possessed, he received in 1901 the Order of St. Andrew, his larger military works were translated into French, his occasional papers, extending over a period of nearly fifty years, appeared chiefly in the Voienni Sbornik and the Razvedschik. His critique of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace attracted wider attention. Dragomirov was, in formal tactics, the head of the orthodox school, his conservatism was not, the result of habit and early training, but of deliberate reasoning and choice.

His model was, as he admitted in the war of 1866, the British infantry of the Peninsular War, but he sought to reach the ideal, not through the methods of repression against which the advanced tacticians revolted, but by means of thorough efficiency in the individual soldier and in the smaller units. He inculcated the offensive at all costs, the combination of crushing short range fire and the bayonet charge, he carried out the ideas of Suvorov to the fullest extent, many thought that he pressed them to a theoretical extreme unattainable in practice. His critics, did not always realize that Dragomirov depended, for the efficiency his unit required, on the capacity of the leader, that an essential part of the self-sacrificing discipline he exacted from his officers was the power of assuming responsibility; the details of his brilliant achievement of Zimnitza suffice to give a clear idea of Dragomirov's personality and of the way in which his methods of training conduced to success. He had two sons who entered the mili