"Portneuf" re-directs here. For the provincial electoral district, see Portneuf Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier is a federal electoral district in Quebec, represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1867, its population in 2001 was 87,141. Ethnic groups: 99.1% WhiteLanguages: 97.0% French, 2.0% English Religions: 94.0% Catholic, 1.4% Protestant, 4.2% no religious affiliation Average income: $28,030 The district includes the Regional County Municipalities of Portneuf and La Jacques-Cartier as well as the municipality of Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures. The main communities are Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Lac-Beauport, Pont-Rouge, Stoneham-et-Tewkesbury, Saint-Raymond, Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-Cartier, Deschambault-Grondines, its area is 7,617 km2. The electoral district was created in the British North America Act of 1867 as "Portneuf", it was renamed "Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier" on 1 September 2004. The Conservative Party did not run a candidate in Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier in the 2008 and 2011 elections as incumbent independent André Arthur was a self-described libertarian who voted with and supported the Conservative Party in the House of Commons.
There were no changes to this riding during the 2012 electoral redistribution. This riding has elected the following members of the House of Commons of Canada: Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election. Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election. Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election. Note: Change in popular vote is calculated from popular vote in the 1935 general election. "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election. Note: Change in popular vote is calculated from popular vote in the 1896 general election. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-07. Campaign expense data from Elections Canada Riding history for Portneuf from the Library of Parliament Riding history for Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier from the Library of Parliament 2011 Results from Elections Canada
The Jacques-Cartier River is a river in the province of Quebec, Canada. It is 161 km long and its source is Jacques-Cartier Lake in Laurentides Wildlife Reserve, flows in a predominantly southern direction before ending in the Saint Lawrence River at Donnacona, about 30 km upstream from Quebec City, it is under nomination for Canadian Heritage River status. The Jacques-Cartier River drains an area of 2,515 square kilometres, starting in and flowing for nearly 160 kilometres through the Laurentian mountains in the geological region of Grenville flows through the sedimentary rocks of the St. Lawrence Lowlands for 17 kilometres, from the municipality of Pont-Rouge to its mouth; the area covered by the drainage basin is for the most part undeveloped or protected its source. In fact, 77% of its length is protected by the Laurentides Wildlife Reserve and the Jacques-Cartier National Park where one finds a steep glaciated valley formed during the last glaciation. About 25,000 people live on the shores of this river close to its mouth, where it crosses the regional municipality of Portneuf and the municipalities of Tewkesbury, Saint-Gabriel-de-Valcartier, Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-Cartier, Pont-Rouge and Donnacona.
Important tributaries are: Rivière aux Pommes Rivière Sautauriski Rivière Ontaritzi Rivière à l'Épaule Rivière Cachée Rivière Launière The reports that according to surveyor John Adams, in 1829, the river was known by the Hurons as Lahdaweoole, meaning "coming from far". They and the Montagnais used its shores for trapping, it is estimated. Explorer Samuel de Champlain mentioned this river in 1632 as the "Sturgeon and Salmon River". In 1656, a map of Samson of Abbeville showed "R. J. Quartier" as the river's designation so named according to the popular belief that Jacques Cartier had passed by the river's mouth; this natural highway was used among others by Jesuit missionaries to reach the Lac Saint-Jean area during the 17th century. Logging in the Laurentian highlands became an important economic activity during the second half of the 18th century; the Jacques-Cartier River was used for log drives to transport the logs to the Saint-Lawrence River and to the mills downstream. This practice was only stopped in 1975.
With the settlement of French immigrants near the river's mouth came the formation of townships and new industries appeared such as flour mills. In 1895 the Laurentian Wildlife Reserve was created to provide fishing and recreation opportunities for the people. From 1918 on, the construction of fishing camps made fishing more popular; the end of the First World War and the construction of nearby roads to Lac Saint-Jean contributed to this popularity. Hydro-electric dams started to be built, taking advantage of the river's geography up until the 1970s. In 1972, a proposed Hydro-Québec project would have flooded the Jacques-Cartier River valley, but the project was opposed by the population; the government reversed its decision and in 1981 Jacques-Cartier Park was created out of the wildlife reserve as a 671 km2 conservation park, accessible to the public for nature interpretation and nature friendly recreation activities. The river bank is mixed forest, consisting of yellow birch and sugar maple, whereas the surrounding areas show rather the boreal forest rich in conifers, in particular the black spruce.
This distinction is visible in the steeper sections of the valley where a milder microclimate prevails. The fauna therefore is typical of a Canadian mixed forest. One can find in the Jacques-Cartier River valley the American black bear, common raccoon, gray wolf, river otter, moose, white-tailed deer, caribou. There are 104 species of birds, including birds of prey such as the barred owl, American kestrel, osprey. There are 16 species of fish, of which brook trout in particular can be found frequently. In addition, a reintroduction program has been established for Atlantic salmon, which disappeared from the river in the 19th century. Jacques-Cartier River information of Commission de toponymie du Québec Jacques-Cartier Factsheet of Canadian Heritage River System Parcs Quebec - Jacques-Cartier Park Corporation du Bassin de la Jacques-Cartier
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
Area codes 367, 418, and 581
North American area codes 367, 418 and 581 are overlaid telephone area codes serving the Canadian province of Quebec, encompassing the eastern portion of the province. Communities served by the 367, 418 and 581 area codes include Quebec City, Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Rivière-du-Loup and the Gaspé Peninsula, Côte-Nord and southeastern Mauricie regions. 418 serves the tiny hamlet of Estcourt Station, in the U. S. state of Maine. The main area code, 418, was one of the original area codes created in 1947; as now, its boundaries were depicted as the eastern half of Quebec. Nominally, northwestern Quebec—one of the few areas of North America without telephone service—was shifted to 418 from 514 in 1957. From the 1950s to the 1970s, 418 was nominally the area code for the eastern Northwest Territories. However, in the 1970s, as direct distance dialling was introduced to the far northern and western portions of 418, these points were shifted to area code 819, leaving the present area. In 2008, area code 581 was implemented.
In 2018, Area code 367 was implemented as 581 were close to exhaustion. The incumbent local exchange carriers in 418/581 are Bell Canada, Bell Aliant and Vidéotron, plus some independent companies. Aguanish: 533 299 Albanel: 279 501 601 Alma: 212 319 321 450 480 481 482 487 662 668 669 719 720 758 769 200 216 230 265 431 533 728 828 Amqui: 330 629 631 713 335 l'Anse-Saint-Jean: 272 608 390 Armagh: 466 328 Bagotville: see La Baie, Chicoutimi Baie-Comeau: 294 296 298 921 Baie-Comeau: 280 282 293 295 297 378 445 589 381 642 726 823 829 929 987 Baie-des-Sables: 772 396 Baie-Johan-Beetz: 539 298 Baie-Sainte-Catherine: 237 236 Baie-Saint-Paul: 200 219 240 435 436 760 237 Baie-Trinité: 920 939 Barachois: 645 365 Batiscan: 362 274 Beauceville: 217 774 420 813 Bergeronnes: 232 238 324 Bic: 736 Biencourt: 499 373 Black Lake: 423 266 679 840 Blanc-Sablon: 461 297 Boischatel: 406 762 822 538 Bonaventure: 530 534 364 630 827 Bonne-Espérance: 379 296 Cabano: 854 938 Cap-aux-Meules: 986 Cap-Chat: 786 395 Cap-des-Rosiers: 892 635 Caplan: 388 363 Cap-Saint-Ignace: 246 715 Carleton: 364 362 Causapscal: 756 394 Chambord: 342 491 602 816 Chandler: 398 616 680 689 361 Chapais: 745 Charny: 488 761 832 988 247 838 Château-Richer: 824 972 978 Chevery: 787 295 Chibougamau: 748 770 430 445 464 579 627 Chicoutimi: 290 376 437 490 540 541 543 545 549 550 557 579 590 591 592 602 612 615 690 693 696 698 718 812 815 817 818 820 944 973 221 222 234 235 248 306 433 490 532 543 560 683 882 Chute-aux-Outardes: 567 643 Chute-des-Passes: 377 599 Clarke City: 583 294 Clermont: 201 439 489 239 Cloridorme: 395 637 Colombier: 565 644 Courcelles: 483 Delisle: 301 347 442 598 Desbiens: 346 597 817 Disraeli: 449 209 714 Dolbeau: 239 276 706 979 212 596 Donnacona: 283 284 285 326 462 510 552 850 971 343 377 740 821 833 East Broughton: 351 427 331 Esprit-Saint: 779 600 Estcourt and Estcourt Station, Maine - see Saint-Éleuthère Ferland: 676 382 Fermont: 287 231 444 Forestville: 578 586 587 989 623 Frampton: 479 227 426 Garthby: 458 228 330 835 Gaspé: 355 360 361 368 348 360 822 832 887 Girardville: 258 595 651 Godbout: 568 Grande-Entrée: 985 Grande-Rivière: 385 359 Grande-Vallée: 393 575 638 883 Harrington Harbour: 795 293 Havre-Aubert: 937 Havre-aux-Maisons: 969 Havre-Saint-Pierre: 532 538 553 984 292 Hébertville: 344 594 718 Hébertville-Station: 343 593 717 Île-aux-Coudres: 438 600 240 Inverness: 453 470 272 Jonquière: 213 412 512 542 546 547 548 695 699 771 249 383 434 544 684 La Baie: 306 477 544 677 697 389 435 545 682 Lac-au-Saumon: 778 392 Lac-aux-Sables: 336 275 Lac-Bouchette: 348 591 818 Lac-Etchemin: 625 215 820 Lac-Frontière: 245 La Doré: 256 604 917 592 La Guadeloupe: 459 519 715 La Malbaie: 202 270 324 617 620 633 665 790 241 727 La Martre: 288 393 Lambton: 486 La Pocatière: 371 856 213 La Romaine: 229 291 Laterrière: 303 402 678 384 546 Leeds: 424 271 Les Boules: 936 Les Éboulements: 635 975 242 Les Escoumins: 233 243 322 Les Méchins: 729 391 Lévis: 304 603 741 830 833 834 835 837 838 839 903 250 500 534 629 920 L'Île-Verte: 898 648 L'Islet: 247 607 Loretteville: 407 574 767 840 842 843 845 847 915 251 450 836 Luceville: 739 Manicouagan 5: 584 Maria: 759 358 Matane: 429 556 560 562 566 232 261 334 379 631 834 Matapédia: 320 865 884 Métabetchouan: 349 590 716 Milot: 302 373 589 Mistissini: 923 Moisie: 927 290 Mont-Joli: 775 785 Mont-Louis: 797 347 Montmagny: 206 234 241 248 250 252 291 447 508 513 941 262 552 632 725 Murdochville: 784 639 Mutton Bay: 773 289 Natashquan: 726 288 622 Neuville: 791 876 909 New Carlisle: 375 751 752 233
Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures is a city in central Quebec, Canada, on the Saint Lawrence River, adjacent to Quebec City. The town was founded in 1691 by three families, it was merged with Quebec City on January 1, 2002 as part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec and became part of the Laurentien borough of that city. However, after a 2004 referendum it was re-established as a separate city on January 1, 2006; the local post office was named Saint-Augustin-de-Portneuf from 1852 Saint-Augustin-de-Québec from 1918 until this was renamed to the community's current name in 1986. According to the Canada 2006 Census: Population: 17,281 % Change: +9.8 Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 6,431 Area: 85.76 km² Density: 201.5 Mother tongue: English as first language: 1.1% French as first language: 97.5% English and French as first language: 0.2% Other as first language: 1.2%Population trend: Population in 2011: 18,141 Population in 2006: 17,281 Population in 2001: 15,732 Population in 1996: 14,771 Population in 1991: 12,680In 2006, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures was 98.0% White, 0.5% Aboriginal, 1.5% Visible Minorities.
Municipal reorganization in Quebec
Saint-Basile is a municipality situated in Portneuf Regional County Municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec. Population trend: Population in 2011: 2463 Population in 2006: 2560 Population in 2001: 2575 Population in 1996: Saint-Basile: 840 Saint-Basile-Sud: 1684 Population in 1991: Saint-Basile: 823 Saint-Basile-Sud: 1733Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1118 Mother tongue: English as first language: 2.4% French as first language: 95.4% English and French as first language: 0.4% Other as first language: 1.8% Territoire de St-Basile - MRC de Portneuf
Provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was a French colony, while others were added as Canada grew; the three territories govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act 1867, each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian "Crown", the lieutenant governor; the territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities come directly from the federal level, as a result, have a commissioner instead of a lieutenant governor. Notes: There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as most islands north of the Canadian mainland. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Prior to this and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada. Over the following years, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island were added as provinces; the British Crown had claimed two large areas north-west of the Canadian colony, known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory and assigned them to the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1870, the company relinquished its claims for £300,000, assigning the vast territory to the Government of Canada. Subsequently, the area was re-organized into the province of the Northwest Territories; the Northwest Territories were vast at first, encompassing all of current northern and western Canada, except for the British holdings in the Arctic islands and the Colony of British Columbia.
The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in 1880, adding to the size of the Northwest Territories. The year of 1898 saw the Yukon Territory renamed as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, 1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward: Manitoba's to the 60° parallel, Ontario's to Hudson Bay and Quebec's to encompass the District of Ungava. In 1869, the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries. In 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a prolonged period of economic crisis, the legislature turned over political control to the Newfoundland Commission of Government in 1933.
Following Canada's participation in World War II, in a 1948 referendum, a narrow majority of Newfoundland citizens voted to join the Confederation, on March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. In 2001, it was renamed Newfoundland and Labrador. In 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbia's northwestern boundary; this was one of only two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. The second reduction, in 1927, occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador increased at Quebec's expense – this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in 1949. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the western portion of Northern Canada. All t