SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Pont de pierre (Bordeaux)

The Pont de pierre, or "Stone Bridge" in English, is a bridge in Bordeaux, which connects the left bank of the Garonne River to the right bank quartier de la Bastide. It is 487 m in length and 19 m wide, it constitutes the legal frontier between the maritime domain and the river domain in the port of Bordeaux. "Stone bridge" is the usual translation of "Pont de pierre", however the real meaning of the french phrase "pont de pierre" is "masson bridge". As a matter of fact, the bridge is built of brick and not stone. First bridge over the Garonne River at Bordeaux, the Pont de pierre was planned and designed during the First French Empire, under the orders of Napoleon I; as he campaigned in Spain, he needed his troops cross the river, the original project envisaged a wood bridge, easier to build. Until it was necessary to cross the river by boat. Due to lack of resources, the construction took place subsequently, during the Bourbon Restoration, from 1819 to 1822. During these three years, the builders were faced with many challenges because of the strong current and the high tidal range, 6 m, at that point in the river.

They used a diving bell borrowed from the British to stabilise the bridge's pillars. The bridge has 17 arches. On the sides, each pile of bricks is capped by a white medallion that were to receive the cipher of Louis XVIII of France, a double L, it was the only bridge until the construction of pont Saint-Jean in 1965. The bridge and its tide is an important point in the Itinéraire à Grand Gabarit, the logistic schedule transporting parts for the Airbus A380 production. Since 2016, the condition of the bridge makes it now permanently closed to traffic except for pedestrians, cyclists and emergency vehicles. On 26 April 2004, a tourist stamp was issued for €0.50 in Bordeaux. It shows the bridge and a train Pierre tramway de Bordeaux inaugurated on 21 December 2003. Contrary to what the stamp shows, the tram passes along the bridge and not on a second bridge alongside; the design is the work of Claude Andréotto, engraved by Claude Jumelet for printing intaglio. The stamp was withdrawn from sale on 12 November 2004.

List of bridges in Gironde Station Porte de Bourgogne and Station Stalingrad Le pont de pierre sur Google Maps

Fred Scanlan

Frederick R. "Fred" Scanlan was a Canadian amateur ice hockey player in the era before professional ice hockey. Scanlan was a forward. Fred Scanlan was a Stanley Cup champion with the Shamrocks in 1899 and 1900, he died in San Francisco. He was buried in the family plot in Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery in Montreal. Scanlan was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1965. Scanlan joined the senior Montreal Shamrocks for the 1897–98 season, he played four seasons with the Shamrocks, members of Cup championship squads in 1899 and 1900. He played on a forward line with other notable players Harry Trihey. In 1901, Scanlan moved to Winnipeg, he played two seasons with the Winnipeg Victorias before retiring from competitive ice hockey. During his career, he scored 28 goals and had 9 assists in 40 regular season games and six goals in 17 games of playoff and Stanley Cup games. In November 1903, he moved to California. Stanley Cup Championships Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1965 Hockey Hall of Fame.

Honoured Members: Hockey Hall of Fame. Bolton, Ontario: Fenn Publishing. ISBN 1-55168-239-7. Biographical information and career statistics from Legends of Hockey

Cervical plexus

The cervical plexus is a plexus of the anterior rami of the first four cervical spinal nerves which arise from C1 to C4 cervical segment in the neck. They are located laterally to the transverse processes between prevertebral muscles from the medial side and vertebral from lateral side. There is anastomosis with hypoglossal nerve and sympathetic trunk, it is located in the neck, deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Nerves formed from the cervical plexus innervate the back of the head, as well as some neck muscles; the branches of the cervical plexus emerge from the posterior triangle at the nerve point, a point which lies midway on the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid. From the posterior ramus of C2 greater occipital nerve arises The cervical plexus has two types of branches: cutaneous and muscular. Cutaneous: Lesser occipital - innervates the skin and the scalp posterosuperior to the auricle Great auricular nerve - innervates skin near concha auricle and external acoustic meatus Transverse cervical nerve - innervates anterior region of neck Supraclavicular nerves - innervate the skin above and below the clavicle Muscular Ansa cervicalis, etc.

Phrenic -innervates diaphragm and the pericardium Segmental branches - innervates anterior and middle scalenesAdditionally there are two branches formed by the posterior roots of spinal nerves: Preauricular nerve Postauricular nerve Cervical plexus block Anatomy figure: 25:03-02 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Diagram of the cervical plexus" MedicalMnemonics.com: 268 Diagram at msu.edu