Carioca Arena 1
Carioca Arena 1 is an indoor stadium in Barra da Tijuca in the west zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The venue hosted basketball at the 2016 Summer Olympics as well as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby at the 2016 Summer Paralympics; as with a number of other venues in the Barra Olympic Park, Carioca Arena 1 was transformed after the games to become part of the Olympic Training Centre. Construction on the arena began in July 2013; the arena covers 38 thousand square meters. The arena's capacity for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games was 16,000 spectators. However, it was lowered to 6,000 after the Olympics; the facade has a height of 33 meters, its shape is inspired by the mountainous landscape of the city. The track was built with two types of wood, one for a different track and to the surrounding area, as well as a system for absorbing blows of the sport; the arena has 49 bathrooms, eight dressing rooms and six lifts. The estimated cost for the planned complex of three arenas, the IBC, MPC, a hotel, the structure of the Olympic Park was 1.678 billion Brazilian reais, including part of the public initiative and private money.
This was handled between the Prefecture of the private sector. The work was completed in January 2016; as a part of the arena's opening events, there was the Basketball Tournament International Women Aquece River, held from 15 to 17, January 2016, the International Championship of Wheelchair Rugby Rio Aquece, held from 29 to 31 January, 2016. Carioca Arena 2 Carioca Arena 3 Media related to Arena Carioca 1 at Wikimedia Commons
Jeunesse Arena is an indoor multi-purpose arena, located in the region of Barra da Tijuca, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named for the American cosmetics company Jeunesse Global through a naming rights deal closed in 2017. Before, the sponsor name was HSBC Arena; the arena was completed in July 2007 and was first known as Arena Olímpica do Rio, which it was known as during the 2016 Summer Olympics. From December 2007 to March 2008, it was known as RioArena; the arena has a capacity of up to 18,768 for concerts. The arena hosted the basketball and gymnastics events at the 2007 Pan American Games. In December 2007, it started being operated by GL Events, who operates the nearby Riocentro Convention Center and the Riocentro Sports Complex, started hosting many concerts from a variety of artists, it has hosted the telethon show, Criança Esperança, after 2008, replacing Ginásio Ibirapuera as the host. Starting on 29 March 2008, it was renamed as the HSBC Arena, as part of a naming rights agreement with the bank.
The arena hosted UFC's second event in Brazil, UFC 134, which took place on August 27, 2011. It was the first event in Brazil in over ten years. Six other UFC events have since been held in the arena: UFC 142, on January 14, 2012. An NBA game between the Chicago Bulls and the Washington Wizards was held at HSBC Arena in 2013; the arena hosted the 2014 edition of the FIBA Intercontinental Cup between Flamengo and Maccabi Tel Aviv. The NBA hosted a preseason game between the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Miami Heat on 11 October 2014, as part of the NBA Global Games. In 2017, the arena hosted the 2017 League of Legends Mid-Season Invitational. In November 2018, the area will host the Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege Season 8 Pro League finals; the arena hosted all of the gymnastics events of the 2016 Summer Olympics, being the first time all these events are held at the same venue, wheelchair basketball events of the 2016 Summer Paralympics. The HSBC Arena name was not used during the Olympics, since corporate sponsorship is not allowed in the names of Olympic venues.
In the 2016 Summer Paralympics, RioArena hosted the wheelchair basketball tournament. Queen + Paul Rodgers concluded their Rock the Cosmos Tour at the arena on 29 November 2008. Demi Lovato performed at the arena for her South American Tour 2010 on May 27, 2010. Miley Cyrus performed at the arena for her Gypsy Heart Tour on May 13, 2011, it was Cyrus' first concert in Brazil. On March 27, 2011, Iron Maiden's performance at the arena had to be postponed to the following night after a security barrier collapsed during the opening song; the entire audience was allowed to attend the following night's show, although those who couldn't attend were given a refund. On June 29, 2017, Ariana Grande brought her Dangerous Woman Tour to the arena, had a euphoric audience. Others artists who have performed there included Paul McCartney, Amy Winehouse, Diana Ross, Bruno Mars, Joe Cocker, Jennifer Lopez, Maroon 5, Michael Bublé, Selena Gomez, Keane and the Machine, Robert Plant, Laura Pausini, Andrea Bocelli, Beyoncé, Ed Sheeran, Bob Dylan, Rod Stewart, Ozzy Osbourne, Cher Lloyd, RBD, The Offspring, R.
E. M. Green Day, Joss Stone, Evanescence, Selena Gomez, Lily Allen, Corinne Bailey Rae and McFly. Official Jeunesse Arena website HSBC Arena website Website HSBC Arena 360° Virtual Tour UFC no HSBC Arena
The Arena Corinthians is a sports stadium located in São Paulo and owned, used by Sport Club Corinthians Paulista. It has a seating capacity of 49,205, making it the fifth-largest stadium used by teams in the top tier of the Brazilian League and the eleventh-largest in Brazil, it hosted six matches during the 2014 FIFA World Cup, including the opening match on 12 June 2014. Because of a requirement for it to have at least 65,000 seats for the World Cup opening match, temporary seats were added to the stadium for the tournament; the temporary seats started to be removed shortly after its last World Cup match. In 2016, a scandal arose, when Emílio Odebrecht stated that the stadium was only built because former president Lula asked for it and the stadium was built as a "gift" for him, during Lula's and Dilma's governments. Under PT governments from 2003 to 2015, the Odebrecht group's revenues jumped from 17 to 132 billion. In 1980, Corinthians was planning to build a new 201,304-capacity stadium, as their own Alfredo Schürig Stadium known as Parque São Jorge, held fewer than 14,000 people and city's Pacaembu Stadium had to be shared with other teams.
Plans to build a new stadium required a large area. The club's president Vicente Matheus asked for a concession from São Paulo's mayor Olavo Setúbal in the Itaquera region, east of the city centre; the mayor accepted the request 10 November 1978 and a concession for 90 years was granted on 26 December 1978 for a 197,095.14 square metres property. The area was owned at the time by COHAB, an agency for public housing controlled by the São Paulo City government; the original plan was to build the stadium in three to five years. The concession was renewed in 1988 for 90 years, with the condition that any construction made in the area would revert to the city at no cost. However, funding was not obtained and other alternatives were considered, such as a concession for the Pacaembu Stadium and demolishing the Alfredo Schürig Stadium making room for another. On 31 August 2010, Corinthians announced the construction of the stadium with an estimated cost of R$335 million and an expected gross revenue of R$100 million per year.
The original plans allow for an expansion to 70,000 seats. The club expected to get financing from BNDES and sell the naming rights for the stadium to pay for the construction costs; the main architect of the project was Aníbal Coutinho. The stadium was planned to be completed by March 2013. Accenture estimated that the World Cup opening would bring R$30.75 Billion over 10 years to the city's economy. A study from Fundação Getúlio Vargas estimated R$1 Billion in revenue during the World Cup, as 290 thousand tourists were expected for the event. After Morumbi Stadium was deemed unsuitable by FIFA, the Local World Cup Committee looked for alternatives and set on offering Arena Corinthians to host the opening game. Hosting the opening game required modifications to the project that raised the cost from the original R$335 million to R$1.07 billion to accommodate FIFA's requirements. Cuts in equipment and construction costs reduced the cost; because of FIFA's agreements with Brazil, none of the construction work related to the World Cup was taxed by the Federal Government.
A new contract was signed on 19 July 2011 with Odebrecht. A 2007 law stated the tax credits could be used by any company that established itself in the Eastern region of the city, providing a credit of R$0.60 per R$1.00 invested. A new law was passed by the city legislature to deal with this stadium and reduce the incentives, linking the concession of the credits to hosting the World Cup opening match and limiting the total amount of credits to R$420 million; the concession was justified by the expectation that the stadium will generate R$950 million in city taxes during the six years after its opening. R$530 million in excess of the tax credits were given; the financing contract with BNDES was signed on 29 November 2013, under their ProCopas Arenas World Cup program. Caixa Econômica Federal is the distributing agent; the estimated construction cost did not include the R$38.1 million required for adding temporary bleachers, which were removed after the World Cup was over. They were set on the north and south ends.
The addition of the bleachers would raise the stadium's capacity up to 72,000 seats, but would necessitate the relocation of VIP areas and television equipment reducing capacity. Corinthians paid for additional temporary infrastructure required for the World Cup, estimated to cost between R$60 million and 100 million; the World Cup brought more than 500,000 tourists and an estimated R$1 billion in revenue to the city. The stadium cost R$965 million, 15% more than estimated; the two-year delay in receiving BNDES funds caused an increase of R$108 million to the cost because of the difference in interest between loans taken from regular banks and from the government agency. Temporary structures were included in the total cost estimated to be R$77 million. After the sale of the tax credits received, Corinthians will have to pay between R$700 and R$750 million spread over 12 years. Aníbal Coutinho projected the stadium to generate R$150 million per year. Andres Sanchez expects revenue to reach R$200 million per year and expenses to be
Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon
Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon is a lagoon in the district of Lagoa in the Zona Sul area of Rio de Janeiro. The lagoon is connected to the Atlantic Ocean, allowing sea water to enter by a canal along the edge of a park locally known as Jardim de Alah. Piraquê Island on the western edge houses. Caiçaras Island on the southern edge houses the Clube dos Caiçaras, where water skiers tested for the 2007 Pan American Games. Though it receives its waters from diverse river tributaries from the surrounding hillsides, among those that stand out is the river Rio dos Macacos, which introduces salt water; the water of the lagoon comes from the damming of an opening to the sea caused by successive build-ups of earth. This separates it from the Atlantic Ocean, except for the Canal do Jardim Alá. Inhabited by the Tamoios Indians who dominated the lagoon, such as Piraguá or Sacopenapan; the arrival of the Portuguese colonizer, Dr. António Salema, at the time the Governor and Captain General of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, intended to install a sugar mill on the banks of the lagoon.
To free himself of the undesirable presence of the native Indians he spread clothes, worn by people sick with smallpox along the banks of the lagoon intending to kill the Indians. Such was the sugar cane plantation and the building of the Engenho d'El-Rey, where today's Centro de Recepção aos Visitantes do Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro operates; these lands were once acquired by Dr. Salema from the town councilor, Amorim Soares, causing the lagoon to be called "Lagoa de Amorim Soares". With his expulsion from the city in 1609 the land was sold to his son-in-law, Sebastião Fagundes Varela, with the consequent name change to "Lagoa do Fagundes"; that landowner, by way of acquisition and invasion, increased the size of his landholdings in the region, in such as way that around 1620 he owned all the land from today's neighborhoods of Humaitá to Leblon. In 1702, his great granddaughter, Petronilha Fagundes 35 years old, married the young Portuguese Cavalry official, Rodrigo de Freitas de Carvalho—then only 18 years old—which lends his name to the lagoon.
Widower, Rodrigo de Freitas de Carvalho returned to Portugal in 1717 and died there in 1748. The region stayed in the hands of the tenants without great fanfare until the beginning of the 19th century. In 1808, the Portuguese Royal Family arrived during the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil; the Prince Regent appropriated the Engenho da Lagoa to build a powder factory and construct the Real Horto Botânico —today's Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. During the 19th century many diverse solutions were thought of for the problem of stagnated water—until, in 1922, the Repartição de Saneamento das Zonas Rurais presented a project to "... clean up and beautify the Capital for the Independence Centennial festivities". That project involved dredging a canal to reconnect the lagoon to the sea, deepening the land bar; the soil removed to build the canal formed the island of Caiçara, seat of today's club of the same name. In a short time, embankments formed on its edges, which reduced its surface area, providing land for the Jockey Club Brasileiro, the Jardim de Alá, the sport seat of the Clube Naval on the island of Piraquê.
The dredged channel is now called the Jardim de Alá Channel. The lagoon today represents one of the principal tourist attractions of the capital of Rio de Janeiro, it is known as "The Heart of Rio de Janeiro". The Lagoa neighborhood named after the Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas. It's an upper middle-class neighborhood and it has one of the largest human development indexes in the country. Part of the lagoon is landfill. Many hills, such as Catacumba, Praia do Pinto, others, occupied the area around the lagoon. For many years they housed more than fifty thousand people. However, because of poor construction quality and safety risks, after more than twenty years on the hillsides the mayor expelled all of the inhabitants and "tore down" the hills, burying a large part of the city; the inhabitants started to live in housing. Apartment buildings and parks were built in the place of the hillsides. With 2.4 million square meters of surface area, aquatic sports such as rowing or biking happen around its reflecting water.
It is home to a rowing stadium, a paved biking path of 7.5 kilometers, diverse leisure equipment, food kiosks that offer regional and international gastronomy items. Some of the most important sports clubs in the city are by the lagoon: Clube de Regatas do Flamengo Jóquei Clube Brasileiro Clube Naval Piraquê na ilha do Piraquê Paissandu Atlético Clube Clube dos Caiçaras Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama Botofogo de Futebol e Regatas The lagoon is surrounded by the districts of Ipanema, Leblon, Gávea, Jardim Botânico, Copacabana and Humaitá, it attracts quite a number of visitors during the Christmas holidays because of its famous and gigantic Christmas Tree, built over a floating platform that moves around the lagoon. The Eva Klabin Foundation is located on the banks of the lagoon; the lagoon will host canoe sprint and rowing events for the 2016 Summer Olympics, rowing events for the 2016 Summer Paralympics. The Rowing Stadium of
Arena da Amazônia
Arena da Amazônia is a football stadium in Manaus, Brazil, located on the former site of the Vivaldão stadium. The stadium has an all-seater capacity of 44,300 and was constructed from 2010 to 2014 as part of Brazil's hosting of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, it hosted matches of the football tournament at the 2016 Summer Olympics. During the World Cup, the arena had a limited maximum-capacity of 40,549. Built on the site of the old Vivaldo Lima stadium, the Arena da Amazônia is located midway between Manaus International Airport and the historic center of the city, it is near the Manaus Convention Center and the Amadeu Teixeira Arena. The cost of its construction was split with 25% paid by the Amazonas State Government and 75% by the Brazilian Development Bank; the stadium was designed by German architecture firm Gerkan and Partners, with inspiration from the Amazon rainforest that surrounds the city of Manaus and its metallic exterior structure is designed to evoke the straw baskets that are made in the region.
It was built by the Brazilian engineering firm Andrade Gutierrez and incorporates several sustainability-friendly features. The stadium can seat around 44,300 spectators and features a restaurant, luxury suites, underground parking spaces and accessibility for people with special needs, it includes an on-site rain water recycling system and sewage treatment facilities to reduce its water usage and is designed to make use of natural ventilation to reduce its consumption of energy. In addition, more than 95% of the material from the demolition of the old stadium was recycled; because the climate of Manaus is warm because of its location near the equator, the stadium was designed to minimize the temperatures inside the structure with features such as a white, reflective exterior, plentiful shade over the seating areas, a large amount of ventilation openings in the façade of the building. Despite these efforts, England Manager Roy Hodgson criticized the location of the stadium saying the extreme heat of Manaus would make it difficult for players.
England was drawn to play their opening game against Italy in Manaus and lost the game with a score of 2–1. The stadium itself has been criticised for being unnecessary beyond the World Cup, because of the small crowds that attend local Football Matches in Manaus and the remote nature of Manaus; the Stadium has seen light use since the World Cup with occasional 4th Division Matches and Christian Evangelical Concerts. The Stadium hosted several men's and women's football matches during the 2016 Olympics and some of Brazil's 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying matches; the stadium was still under construction by February 2014, doubts were raised over whether or not it would have been ready to host the FIFA World Cup. However, the stadium opened on 9 March 2014 and staged its opening match, a cup game in which Northern Brazilian teams Nacional FC and Clube do Remo participated; the stadium hosted four games during the World Cup. Estádio Vivaldo Lima Official website Stadium Guide Article
The Panathenaic Stadium or Kallimarmaro is a multi-purpose stadium in Athens, Greece. One of the main historic attractions of Athens, it is the only stadium in the world built of marble. A stadium was built on the site of a simple racecourse by the Athenian statesman Lykourgos c. 330 BC for the Panathenaic Games. It was rebuilt in marble by Herodes Atticus, an Athenian Roman senator, by 144 AD and had a capacity of 50,000 seats. After the rise of Christianity in the 4th century it was abandoned; the stadium was excavated in 1869 and hosted the Zappas Olympics in 1870 and 1875. After being refurbished, it hosted the opening and closing ceremonies of the first modern Olympics in 1896 and was the venue for 4 of the 9 contested sports, it was used for various purposes in the 20th century and was once again used as an Olympic venue in 2004. It is the finishing point for the annual Athens Classic Marathon, it is the last venue in Greece from where the Olympic flame handover ceremony to the host nation takes place.
The stadium is built in what was a natural ravine between the two hills of Agra and Ardettos, south of the Ilissos river. It is now located in the central Athens district of Pangrati, to the east of the National Gardens and the Zappeion Exhibition Hall, to the west of the Pangrati residential district and between the twin pine-covered hills of Ardettos and Agra. Up to the 1950s, the River ran in front of the stadium's entrance, the spring of Kallirrhoe, the sanctuary of Pankrates and the Cynosarges public gymnasium were nearby. Since the 6th century BC, a racecourse existed at the site of the stadium, it hosted the Panathenaic Games, a religious and athletic festival celebrated every 4 years in honour of the goddess Athena. The racecourse had no formal seating and the spectators sat on the natural slopes on the side of the ravine. In the 4th century BC the Athenian statesman Lykourgos built a 850-foot long stadium of Poros limestone. Tiers of stone benches were arranged around the track; the track was 110 feet wide.
In the Lives of the Ten Orators Pseudo-Plutarch writes that a certain Deinas, the owner of the property where the stadium was built was persuaded by Lykourgos to donate the land to the city and Lykourgos leveled a ravine. IG II² 351, records that Eudemus of Plataea gave 1000 yoke of oxen for the construction of the stadium and theater. According to Romano the "reference to the large number of oxen, indicating a vast undertaking, the use of the word charadra have suggested the kind of building activity that would have been needed to prepare the natural valley between the two hills near the Ilissos." The stadium of Lykourgos is believed to have been completed for the Panathenaic Games of 330/329 BC. Donald Kyle suggests that it is possible that Lykourgos did not built but "renovated or embellished a pre-existing facility to give it monumental stature." According to Richard Ernest Wycherley the stadium had stone seating "only for a privileged few." Herodes Atticus, an Athenian who rose to the highest echelons of power in Rome, was responsible for numerous structures in Greece.
In Athens he is best known for the reconstruction of the Panathenaic Stadium. Tobin suggests that "Herodes built the stadium soon after Atticus's death, which occurred around A. D. 138. The first Greater Panathenaia following his father's demise was 139/40, it is probable that at that time Herodes promised the refurbishment of the stadium. According to Philostratus, it was completed four years which would have been in 143/4." These dates are now cited as construction dates of the stadium of Herodes Atticus. Welch writes that the stadium was completed in time for Panathenaic festival; the new stadium was built of ashlar masonry in Pentelic marble, using minimal concrete. The stadium was built at a time of resurgence of Greek culture in the mid-2nd century. Although the stadium was a "quintessentially Greek architectural type", it was "Roman in scale" with a massive capacity of 50,000, the same as that of the Stadium of Domitian in Rome. Stadia of the Classical and Hellenistic periods were smaller.
According to Welch there is a possibility that criminals were executed in the stadium, however, no evidence exists. Herodes Atticus built it as "an architectural means of self-representation, it did something analogous; the architecture of the building makes allusions to the Classical past while remaining unmistakably modern. It is Roman in scale, but it self-consciously rejects the distinguishingly Roman features of monumental facade and extensive vaulting." Its cavea was decorated with owls in relief. Katherine Welch wrote in a 1998 article "Greek stadia and Roman spectacles": After Hellenistic festivals and bloody spectacles were banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I in the late 4th century, the stadium was abandoned and fell into ruin, its significance was forgotten and a field of wheat covered the site. During the Latin rule of Athens, Crusader knights held feasts of arms at the stadium. A 15th century traveler saw "not only several rows of white marble benches, but the portico at the entrance of the Stadion, which he calls the North entrance, the Stoa round the koilon, which he calls the South entrance."
The derelict stadium's marbles were incorporated into other buildings. European travelers wrote of "magical rites enacted by young Athenian maidens in the ruined vaul
Barra Olympic Park
The Barra Olympic Park the City of Sports Complex, is a cluster of nine sporting venues in Barra da Tijuca, in the west zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The park, which served as the Olympic Park for the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, was built for the 2007 Pan American Games, consisting of three venues; the complex was expanded to nine venues for the Olympics, two of which are temporary structures. The complex will become the site of the Olympic Training Center, after the games conclude. Since the conclusion of the 2016 Summer Olympics, the Barra Olympic Park has since been abandoned and off-limits to tourists; the site of the Barra Olympic Park was occupied by the Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet known as Jacarepaguá. It was a former Formula One circuit that hosted the Brazilian Grand Prix on a number of occasions throughout the 1980s, before the Grand Prix went back to its original home at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace, Interlagos, in 1990. Jacarepaguá was demolished to make way for the City of Sports Complex, a cluster of three venues constructed for the 2007 Pan American Games, held in Rio de Janeiro.
The venues consisted the Maria Lenk Aquatic Center, which held diving and synchronized swimming events, the Rio Olympic Arena, which held basketball and artistic gymnastics events, the Barra Velodrome, which held track cycling and speed roller skating events. Construction of the City of Sports was not without setbacks – the original plan for the complex called for a large-scale entertainment complex, valued at R$500 million and contracted to private firms for construction; these plans, fell through, a smaller-scale plan for the complex was adopted instead. Opposition efforts by preservationists of the Jacarepaguá, the unsuitable soil at the construction site and numerous strike actions by workers delayed the venue's construction, which planned to begin in 2005, but was delayed until mid-2006. Despite these challenges, the venues were completed in time for the games in July 2007, cost a cheaper R$205 million to construct, with venues smaller than planned. In 2009, Rio de Janeiro bid to host the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.
Plans for a new array of venues at the City of Sports, rebranded the Barra Olympic Park, along with the complete demolition of the Jacarepaguá, was in the works. The Barra Velodrome, was not approved by the International Cycling Union as an appropriate venue for track cycling events at the Olympics, it was decided that costs to upgrade the velodrome would be as expensive as building a new venue, thus the Rio Olympic Velodrome, built west of the Rio Olympic Arena, was conceived, with the Barra Velodrome being demolished in 2013. Other new venues constructed for the Olympics include the Carioca Arenas, the Olympic Tennis Center, the temporary Olympic Aquatics Stadium, built on the site of the former Barra Velodrome, Future Arena venues. Domestic broadcaster Rede Globo constructed a studio for its coverage of the Games in Barra Olympic Park. CurrentCarioca Arena 1: basketball, wheelchair basketball, wheelchair rugby Carioca Arena 2: wrestling and boccia Carioca Arena 3: fencing, paralympic judo, paralympic fencing Future Arena: handball and goalball Maria Lenk Aquatics Center: diving, synchronised swimming, water polo Olympic Tennis Centre: tennis, wheelchair tennis and 5-a-side football Rio Olympic Arena: gymnastics and wheelchair basketball Rio Olympic Velodrome: track cycling FormerBarra Velodrome Olympic Aquatics Stadium: swimming, water polo play-offs and paralympic swimming After the conclusion of the games, the site was intended to be repurposed to become the Olympic Training Center, a sports training facility operated by the Brazilian Ministry of Sports.
The Olympic Aquatics Stadium will be dismantled and its parts to be used in the construction of two new swimming venues on the site - both 50m pools with capacities for 6,000 and 3,000 spectators, respectively. Carioca Arena 3 will become a sports school, with space for 850 full-time students, while Future Arena will be dismantled for its materials to be used in the construction of public schools across Rio de Janeiro. In 2017, it was announced that the Olympic Park will be the new site of the bi-annual music festival, Rock in Rio. American singer Katy Perry will bring her Witness: The Tour to the venue. Olympic Green Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park Athens Olympic Sports Complex Seoul Olympic Park Sydney Olympic Park Centennial Olympic Park