Pontefract Monkhill railway station
Pontefract Monkhill railway station is the busiest station in the town of Pontefract, West Yorkshire, England. The station is on the Pontefract Line managed by Northern but is served by Grand Central and is 14 miles south east of Leeds; the other stations in the town are Pontefract Baghill. The lines to Leeds via Castleford and Wakefield Kirkgate separate west of the station, opened by the Wakefield, Pontefract & Goole Railway in April 1848; the branch to Castleford & Methley Junction was completed the following year and a pair of short curves were subsequently constructed from the eastern end to link up with the Swinton & Knottingley Joint line following its opening in the spring of 1879. One of these was used by passenger trains between Leeds & Pontefract Baghill until 1964, although it has since been lifted; the Wakefield to Goole passenger service was withdrawn on 2 January 1967 but the line remained open to carry coal to the power stations to the east of Knottingley. Services on the Wakefield to Knottingley route were reinstated in May 1992.
The station no longer has permanent buildings other than standard waiting shelters. There are no ticket machines available, so all tickets must be bought prior to travel or on the train. There are digital information screens and timetable posters on both platforms, along with a customer help point on platform 1. Step-free access is only available from the car park to platform 1, as platform 2 can only be reached via the footbridge. There is a half-hourly service operated by Northern to Leeds in one direction and two trains per hour to Knottingley in the other; the Goole route is now served by three trains a day, two from Goole to Leeds and a single evening service towards Goole. The Sunday service has been improved to hourly, with trains running alternately via Castleford and Wakefield to Leeds. In January 2009, open access operator Grand Central was given the go ahead by the Office of Rail Regulation to operate a service between Bradford Interchange and London King's Cross which will call here.
Three daily paths in each direction were allocated for these new trains, although one morning northbound service used a different route between Doncaster & Wakefield and did not call here. The service is operated and branded by Grand Central, using refurbished Class 180 units, started on 23 May 2010. However, according to a recent document submitted the ORR, only 15 passengers a day are making use of the new service; the timetable has though been altered to serve Mirfield in addition to the other intermediate stops since December 2011, although only one of the three northbound trains serves both this station and Mirfield. As of 2018, there are 2 northbound services per day on weekdays. On Saturdays this is reduced to 1 northbound service. There is no Grand Central service on Sundays. Body, G. PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-072-1 Media related to Pontefract Monkhill railway station at Wikimedia Commons Train times and station information for Pontefract Monkhill railway station from National Rail
Railway Clearing House
The British Railway Clearing House was an organisation set up to manage the allocation of revenue collected by pre-grouping railway companies of fares and charges paid for passengers and goods travelling over the lines of other companies. When passengers travelled between two stations on the same railway, using trains provided by the same company, that company was entitled to the whole of the fare; when goods were consigned between two stations on the same railway, using wagons provided by the same company, that company was entitled to the whole of the fee. However, when coaches or wagons owned by a different company were used, that company would be entitled to a proportion of the fare or fee. If the commencement and terminus of the journey were on different railways, a more complicated situation arose: if the two companies involved did not provide through ticketing, the passenger or goods needed to be re-booked at a junction station; the Railway Clearing House was founded as a means by which these receipts could be apportioned fairly.
The Railway Clearing House commenced operations on 2 January 1842 in small offices at 111 Drummond Street opposite Euston Station, London. These premises were owned by the London and Birmingham Railway, which provided the initial costs of setting up the organisation; the founding members, whose first meeting was on 26 April 1842, were: the London and Birmingham Railway. This first meeting agreed the principles by which the ongoing activities of the RCH were to be funded; this involved a fixed payment per station served plus an apportionment of the balance of costs according to the total share of receipts of each participating company. The first manager was auditor of the London and Birmingham Railway. By the end of December 1845, more companies had joined: Gloucester Railway; the Grand Junction Railway refused, because of the £300 pa. cost of using Edmondson tickets, the Liverpool and Manchester saw no need to join, being isolated from the rest of the railway system. Owing to expansion, the RCH moved to larger purpose-built premises in Seymour Street in early 1849, which remained its headquarters for the rest of its existence.
By the end of 1850 a further 21 companies had joined, including several of the leading Scottish companies, bringing the total of British railway mileage in the scheme to 55.8%. However it still lacked the companies South of London. In January 1863 a pneumatic tube, one third of a mile long, was installed between the RCH and the NW Postal District Office so that "parcels or persons are blown from one end to the other in a little over a minute", it was soon realised that the RCH provided a neutral meeting point where different railways could discuss points of disagreement and make suggestions which could benefit other railways. Besides meeting rooms, the RCH provided secretarial facilities for these discussions. Conferences between railway managers were arranged, as were conferences between the different railways' departmental heads. In this way, railways moved without the need for legislation; the system had a weakness, in that a unanimous vote was required for a recommendation to become compulsory.
Another function of the Railway Clearing House was to deal with lost property found in railway carriages. In due course, the RCH was given legal status by a private Act of Parliament, the Railway Clearing Act of 25 June 1850. Although initiated by the members' companies themselves, the Bill, in fact, reduced the scope of the RCH, while making it easier to enforce debt collection among members. A attempt, in 1859, via Parliament, to re-extend the powers and potential membership of the RCH, foundered on conflicting interests. A separate organisation, the United Railway Companies' Committee, was formed in 1858, but folded in 1861, it was re-established in June 1867 and became the Railway Companies' Association in 1869. There was a certain degree of overlap between the RCA and the RCH, it was agreed that the RCA should represent the railways in Parliament, whilst the RCH concentrated on organising the business of railway traffic. In 1897, the RCH was established as a body corporate. During both World Wars, the railways were placed under government control, the receipts were pooled and apportioned in fixed proportions according to pre-war receipts.
During these periods, the duties of the RCH were much reduced, but they continued to provide their secretarial functions. As railway companies amalgamated, so the number of members reduced; as part of the Transport Act 1947, the Acts of Incorporation were repealed. Most of the remaining powers, property and liabilities were transferred to the BTC on 24 May 1954, the RCH was dissolved as a corporate body on 8 April 1955; the BTC continued the remaining functions of the RCH, still under the name Railwa
Sherburn-in-Elmet railway station
Sherburn-in-Elmet railway station serves the village of Sherburn-in-Elmet near Selby in North Yorkshire, England. The station is located 1 mile from the village and is 12.75 miles south of York. The railway through Sherburn-in-Elmet was opened in 1840 by the North Midland Railway; the station was closed on 13 September 1965 but reopened in 1984 by British Rail with local authority support. Sherburn-in-Elmet is on both the Hull-York Line towards Selby. Trains to/from the latter use the curve south of the station to the former Leeds and Selby Railway at Gascoigne Wood Junction, opened just a few months after the main Y&NMR route; this line became the main rail route between Hull and York after the route via Market Weighton and Beverley fell victim to the Beeching Axe in November 1965, though many of its trains were in turn diverted via the newly constructed north curve at Hambleton and the East Coast Main Line Selby Deviation when this opened in 1983. Since the mid-1990s though, a number of Hull - York trains have reverted to the old route to provide Sherburn with commuter links to and from York in the wake of cutbacks to the Dearne Valley line timetable and avoid the busy ECML.
The station has waiting shelters on each platform. Tickets must be bought in advance or on the train, as there are no ticket purchasing facilities at the station. Train running information is provided by telephone; the two platforms are linked by a barrier level crossing used by road traffic - wheelchair users are advised not to use this due to gaps in the boards. There are access ramps to both platforms. On Mondays to Saturdays, there are now fourteen trains per day to York - these originate at Hull, though two come from Sheffield via the Dearne Valley Line. A similar service level operates southbound, with eleven trains to Selby and Hull and two to Sheffield. Most of the extra trains call in the afternoon and evening, giving the station a much better service at those times. On Sundays, there are two to Sheffield and seven to York. Train times and station information for Sherburn-in-Elmet railway station from National Rail
Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Leeds has one of the most diverse economies of all the UK's main employment centres and has seen the fastest rate of private-sector jobs growth of any UK city, it has the highest ratio of private to public sector jobs of all the UK's Core Cities, with 77% of its workforce working in the private sector. Leeds has the third-largest jobs total by local authority area, with 480,000 in employment and self-employment at the beginning of 2015. Leeds is ranked as a gamma world city by World Cities Research Network. Leeds is the cultural and commercial heart of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. Leeds is served by four universities, has the fourth largest student population in the country and the country's fourth largest urban economy. Leeds was a small manorial borough in the 13th century, in the 17th and 18th centuries it became a major centre for the production and trading of wool, in the Industrial Revolution a major mill town. From being a market town in the valley of the River Aire in the 16th century, Leeds expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-20th century.
It now lies within the West Yorkshire Urban Area, the United Kingdom's fourth-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.6 million. Today, Leeds has become the largest legal and financial centre, outside London with the financial and insurance services industry worth £13 billion to the city's economy; the finance and business service sector account for 38% of total output with more than 30 national and international banks located in the city, including an office of the Bank of England. Leeds is the UK's third-largest manufacturing centre with around 1,800 firms and 39,000 employees, Leeds manufacturing firms account for 8.8% of total employment in the city and is worth over £7 billion to the local economy. The largest sub-sectors are engineering and publishing, food and drink and medical technology. Other key sectors include retail and the visitor economy and the creative and digital industries; the city saw several firsts, including the oldest-surviving film in existence, Roundhay Garden Scene, the 1767 invention of soda water.
Public transport and road communications networks in the region are focused on Leeds, the second phase of High Speed 2 will connect it to London via East Midlands Hub and Sheffield Meadowhall. Leeds has the third busiest railway station and the tenth busiest airport outside London; the name derives from the old Brythonic word Ladenses meaning "people of the fast-flowing river", in reference to the River Aire that flows through the city. This name referred to the forested area covering most of the Brythonic kingdom of Elmet, which existed during the 5th century into the early 7th century. Bede states in the fourteenth chapter of his Ecclesiastical History, in a discussion of an altar surviving from a church erected by Edwin of Northumbria, that it is located in...regione quae vocatur Loidis. An inhabitant of Leeds is locally known as a word of uncertain origin; the term Leodensian is used, from the city's Latin name. The name has been explained as a derivative of Welsh lloed, meaning "a place".
Leeds developed as a market town in the Middle Ages as part of the local agricultural economy. Before the Industrial Revolution, it became a co-ordination centre for the manufacture of woollen cloth, white broadcloth was traded at its White Cloth Hall. Leeds handled one sixth of England's export trade in 1770. Growth in textiles, was accelerated by the building of the Aire and Calder Navigation in 1699 and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal in 1816. In the late Georgian era, William Lupton, Lord of the Manor of Leeds, was one of a number of central Leeds landowners with the mesne lord title, some of whom, like him, were textile manufacturers. At the time of his death in 1828, Lupton's land in Briggate in central Leeds included a mill, manor house and outbuildings; the railway network constructed around Leeds, starting with the Leeds and Selby Railway in 1834, provided improved communications with national markets and for its development, an east-west connection with Manchester and the ports of Liverpool and Hull giving improved access to international markets.
Alongside technological advances and industrial expansion, Leeds retained an interest in trading in agricultural commodities, with the Corn Exchange opening in 1864. Marshall's Mill was one of the first of many factories constructed in Leeds from around 1790 when the most significant were woollen finishing and flax mills. Manufacturing diversified by 1914 to printing, engineering and clothing manufacture. Decline in manufacturing during the 1930s was temporarily reversed by a switch to producing military uniforms and munitions during World War II. However, by the 1970s, the clothing industry was in irreversible decline, facing cheap foreign competition; the contemporary economy has been shaped by Leeds City Council's vision of building a'24-hour European city' and'capital of the north'. The city has developed from the decay of the post-industrial era to become a telephone banking centre, connected to the electronic infrastructure of the modern global economy. There has been growth in the corporate and legal sectors, increased local affluence has led to an expanding retail sector, including the luxury goods market.
Leeds City Region Enterprise Zone was launched in April 2012 to promote development in four sites along the A63 East Leeds Link Road. Leeds was a manor and townshi
Swinton and Knottingley Joint Railway
The Swinton and Knottingley Joint Railway was a British railway company formed to connect the Midland and Great Central lines at Swinton, north of Rotherham, with the North Eastern Railway at Ferrybridge, near Knottingley, a distance of 16 miles, opening up a more direct route between York and the Sheffield area. It was jointly owned by the North Eastern Railway and the Midland Railway, was jointly worked by their successors the London and North Eastern Railway and the London Midland and Scottish Railway; the line was opened on 1 May 1879, with intermediate stations at Ferrybridge, Pontefract Baghill, Moorthorpe and Bolton-on-Dearne. The route today forms the central section of the Dearne Valley Line from York to Sheffield, operated by Northern; the section from Swinton to Moorthorpe serves as the main route from Sheffield to Leeds, known as the Wakefield Line, since the closure of the North Midland route via Cudworth due to mining subsidence in 1985
Moorthorpe railway station
Moorthorpe railway station serves Moorthorpe and South Kirkby, near Pontefract, in the City of Wakefield district of West Yorkshire, England. It lies on the Wakefield Line and the Dearne Valley Line, 18 1⁄4 miles north of Sheffield and is served by Northern; the station was opened in May 1879, jointly by the Midland Railway and North Eastern Railway, as part of their Swinton and Knottingley Joint Railway scheme. A short chord was built at the same time to link the S&K Joint line with the main Doncaster to Leeds line at South Kirkby Junction. Upon opening, Moorthorpe marked the northern limit of the part of the line maintained by the Midland Railway. North of that point, the North Eastern Railway undertook the maintenance. Moorthorpe station is of North Eastern Railway design; this latter connection is now part of the main line between Sheffield and Leeds, is used by CrossCountry services between Edinburgh Waverley and Birmingham New Street, beyond. In addition, local trains on the Leeds – Rotherham Central – Sheffield route use the spur and call at the station.
This connecting line is now the main line, it splits from the S & K route north of the station, with the track to York bridging the GNR main line on its way northwards. This junction was controlled from the nearby Midland Railway signal box until May 2011, but following signalling equipment renewal work the area is now under the control of the ROC at York. After the station was reduced to the status of an unstaffed halt in the 1980s, the station building was converted into a pub; this closed in the early 1990s and the building became derelict. However it has been restored by the town council, with funding from the Railway Heritage Trust, to include office space and a cafe. A footbridge was opened at the station at the end of May 2010. Monday to Saturdays, an hourly service operates from Moorthorpe to Leeds via Wakefield Westgate and to Sheffield. Sundays the service is two-hourly in both directions. Two services daily operate on the Dearne Valley line to Sheffield; the station is less than 1 mile away from South Elmsall railway station which means the South Kirkby/South Elmsall area has a half-hourly service to Leeds.
The station is less than 1 mile away from Frickley Athletic F. C; the station is in West Yorkshire but South Yorkshire PTE tickets are valid to and from this station on services into South Yorkshire. Train times and station information for Moorthorpe railway station from National Rail
York railway station
York railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of York, North Yorkshire. It is 188 miles 40 chains north of London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Doncaster to the south and Thirsk to the north; as of June 2018 the station is operated by London North Eastern Railway. York's station is a key junction halfway between London and Edinburgh, it is five miles north of the point where the Cross Country and TransPennine Express routes via Leeds join the main line, connecting Scotland and the North East, North West and southern England. The junction was a major site for rolling stock manufacture and repair. In Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins, the station was one of only ten to be awarded five stars; the first York railway station was a temporary wooden building on Queen Street outside the walls of the city, opened in 1839 by the York and North Midland Railway. It was succeeded inside the walls, by what is now York old railway station.
In due course, the irksome requirement that through trains between London and Newcastle needed to reverse out of the old York station to continue their journey necessitated the construction of a new through station outside the walls. The present station, designed by the North Eastern Railway architects Thomas Prosser and William Peachey, opened on 25 June 1877, it was at that time the largest in the world. As part of the new station project, the Royal Station Hotel, designed by Peachey, opened in 1878. In 1909 new platforms were added, in 1938 the current footbridge was built and the station resignalled; the building was bombed during the Second World War. On one occasion, on 29 April 1942, 800 passengers had to be evacuated from a King's Cross-Edinburgh train which arrived during a bombing raid. On the same night, two railway workers were killed, one being station foreman William Milner, who died after returning to his burning office to collect his first aid kit, he was posthumously awarded the King's commendation for gallantry.
A plaque in his memory has been erected at the station. The station was extensively repaired in 1947; the station was designated as a Grade II* listed building in 1968. The track layout through and around the station was remodelled again in 1988 as part of the resignalling scheme, carried out prior to the electrification of the ECML shortly afterwards; this resulted in several bay platforms being taken out of the track to them removed. At the same time a new signalling centre was commissioned on the western side of the station to control the new layout and take over the function of several other signal boxes on the main line; the IECC here now supervises the main line from Temple Hirst through to Northallerton, along with sections of the various routes branching from it. It has taken over responsibility for the control area of the former power box at Leeds and thus signals trains as far away as Gargrave and Morley. In 2006–7, to improve facilities for bus and car users as well as pedestrians and cyclists, the approaches to the station were reorganised.
The former motive power depot and goods station now house the National Railway Museum. On 31 March 1920, a passenger train was derailed as it entered platform 8. On 5 August 1958, a passenger train crashed into the buffers at platform 12. All the platforms except 9, 10 and 11 are under the large, curved and iron roof, they are accessed via lifts and either of two pedestrian tunnels. Between April 1984 and 2011 the old tea rooms housed the Rail Riders World/York Model Railway exhibition; the station was renovated in 2009. Platform 9 has been extensive lighting alterations were put in place. New automated ticket gates were planned, but the City of York Council wished to avoid spoiling the historic nature of the station; the operator National Express East Coast planned to appeal the decision but the plans were scrapped altogether upon handover to East Coast. The southern side of the station has been given new signalling systems. An additional line and new junction was completed in early 2011; this work has helped take away one of the bottlenecks on the East Coast Main Line.
The station has become the site of one of Network Rail's modern Rail Operation Centres, which opened in September 2014 on land to the west of the station This took over the functions of the former IECC in December 2018 and will control much of the East Coast Main Line from London to the Scottish border and various subsidiary routes across the North East and South, North and West Yorkshire. The platforms at York have been renumbered several times, the most recent being in the late 1980s to coincide with a reduction in the number of platforms from 15 to 11; the current use is: Platform 1: South-facing bay platform used for services to Hull or Sheffield via Moorthorpe and for stabling empty stock. Platform 2: North-facing bay platform connected only to the Scarborough branch, used for stabling a spare TransPennine Express unit. Platform 3: Main southbound platform, accessible directly from the station concourse. Fast and semi-fast southbound London North Eastern Railway for London King's Cross use this platform.
CrossCountry services, Grand Central, some westbound TransPennine Express services use it. Platform 4: Northward continuation of platform 3 connected only to the Scarborough branch