Ponto-chō is a Hanamachi district in Kyoto, known for geiko and maiko and home to many geiko houses and traditional tea houses. Like Gion, Ponto-chō is famous for the preservation of forms of traditional architecture and entertainment; the name Ponto-chō is said to be a portmanteau of the Portuguese word "ponte" and the Japanese word "-chō" meaning town, block or street. Ponto-chō centres around one long, cobbled alley running from Shijō-dōri to Sanjō-dōri, one block west of the Kamo River; this is the traditional location of the start of kabuki, a statue of Okuni still stands on the opposite side of the river. The district crest is chidori. Geiko and maiko have existed in Ponto-chō since at least the 16th century, as have prostitution and other forms of entertainment. Today the area, lit by traditional lanterns at night, contains a mix of expensive restaurants — featuring outdoor riverside dining on wooden patios — geisha houses and tea houses, brothels and cheap eateries; the area is home to the Ponto-chō Kaburenjō Theatre at the Sanjō-dōri end of the street.

This theatre functions as a practice hall for geiko and maiko and twice a year since the 1870s Kyoto geiko and maiko perform the Kamogawa Odori — Kamogawa river dancing, a combination of traditional dance, kabuki-like theatre and the playing of traditional instruments — there, offering a rare chance for ordinary people to see performances by real geiko and maiko. An American Liza Dalby became a geiko in Ponto-chō during college studies and wrote a popular book favorable to the community there. Gion Kamishichiken Miyagawacho Shimabara Ponto-cho Noren-kai Kamogawa Odori 35°00′29″N 135°46′16″E


TheaterWeek was a favorite magazine among theater artists and theater lovers. It covered Broadway, off-Broadway and educational theater with articles that included profiles of actors, directors and behind-the-scenes looks at particular shows. John Harris edited the magazine during its heyday, such columnists as Peter Filichia, Alexis Greene, Ken Mandelbaum, Charles Marowitz, Davi Napoleon and Michael Riedel were featured; the magazine was said to falter from financial mismanagement when after more than twenty years of publishing, it folded. Other magazines, such as InTheater, contemporary internet publications, such as and, were influenced by TheaterWeek and used some of the same writers. Article about publisher Charles Ortleb Obituary for the founder of TheaterWeek, Playbill TheaterWeek article by Michael Buckley TheaterWeek article by Michael Goldstein Article by Ken Mandelbaum for TheaterWeek Article by Michael Kantor from TheaterWeek

President Panchaksharam

President Panchaksharam is a 1959 Tamil-language Indian comedy film directed by A. Bhimsingh and written by B. S. Ramiah, it is based on the play of the same name written by Ramiah, itself adapted from the 1836 play The Government Inspector by Russian Nikolai Gogol. The film stars S. S. Rajendran, S. V. Sahasranamam and B. Saroja Devi, it became a commercial success. A District Board president has a daughter studying in Madras. While he and his wife have different men as prospective grooms for her in their minds, the girl falls in love with her friend Sigamani; the two aspiring grooms come to the president's town to finalise the marriage. The president receives a letter stating that the government is sending an official to secretly investigate his fraudulent affairs; when Sigamani visits the president and says he loves his daughter, the president mistakenly identifies Sigamani as the official. Playwright B. S. Ramiah adapted Russian dramatist Nikolai Gogol's 1836 play The Government Inspector into a Tamil play titled President Panchaksharam with S. V. Sahasranamam starring.

The play, produced by Sahasranamam's own company Seva Stage, had Devika in a key role, was critically acclaimed, it was adapted into a film with the same title. Sahasranamam, who appeared in the play, returned for the film as well; the film adaptation was directed and edited by A. Bhimsingh, produced by V. Arunachalam and Chinna Annamalai under Savithri Pictures. Ramiah dialogues. Cinematography was handled by M. Karnan, the art direction by Chowdhury; the film featured a musical play based on V. O. Chidambaram Pillai; the final length of the film was 14,614 feet. The soundtrack of the film was composed by G. Ramanathan, while the lyrics were written by Subramania Bharathi, Kannadasan, K. S. Gopalakrishnan and Ku. Ma. Balasubramaniam. President Panchaksharam was released on 10 July 1959; the film was commercially successful, film historian Randor Guy said it would be remembered for "the interesting screenplay and good performances by Sahasranamam and Saroja Devi." Following Rajendran's death in 2014, Prakash Upadhyaya of International Business Times described it as one of his "best works as actor".

Rajadhyaksha, Ashish. Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-563579-5. President Panchaksharam at Complete Index to World Film President Panchaksharam on IMDb