A cable ferry is a ferry, guided across a river or large body of water by cables connected to both shores. Early cable ferries used either rope or steel chains, with the latter resulting in the alternate name of chain ferry. Both of these were replaced by wire cable by the late 19th century. There are three types of cable ferry: the reaction ferry, which uses the power of the river to tack across the current. Powered cable ferries use powered cogs or drums on board the vessel to pull itself along by the cables; the cables or chains have a considerable amount of slack built into them, in order to sink below the surface as the ferry moves away, allowing other vessels to pass without becoming grounded, snared or trapped. Where a ferry carries both passengers and vehicles the car deck occupies the centre and two passenger areas are at the sides, over the tunnels for the chains and the engines; as the ferry cannot steer, a ramp is built at both ends and there is a set of controls facing in either direction.
Cable ferries are common where there is little other water-borne traffic that could get snagged in the cable or chains, where the water may be too shallow for other options, or where the river current is too strong to permit the safe crossing of a ferry not attached to the shore. Alignment of the platform at each end of the journey is automatic and for vehicle ferries, safer than a free-moving ferry might be in bad conditions. A special type are electrically powered overhead-wire ferries like Straussee Ferry, which have an onboard propulsion unit and can float free, but are connected to the overhead wire for power supply, using an electrical cable that slides along the wire as the ferry moves. Cable ferries have been used to cross rivers and similar bodies of water since before recorded history. Examples of ferry routes using this technology date back to the 13th century. In the early 1900s a cable ferry designed by Canadian engineer William Pitt was installed on the Kennebecasis River near Saint John, New Brunswick in Canada.
There are now eight cable ferries along the Saint John River system in southern New Brunswick. In Canada a cable ferry is proposed to transport automobiles across the Ottawa River in Ontario. There are several in British Columbia: two on the Fraser, one at Lytton, one at Big Bar, three on Arrow Lakes. A suspended cable ferry worked until the 1980s in Boston Bar. A small seasonal reaction ferry carries cars across the Rivière des Prairies from Laval, Quebec to Île Bizard. Cable ferries were prominent in early transportation in the Sacramento Delta of California. Dozens of cable ferries operated on the Columbia River in the US northwest, most have been rendered obsolete by bridges. A suspended cable ferry for railway cars crossed the American River in Northern California. Most of the road crossings of the Murray River in South Australia are cable ferries operated by the state government using diesel engines; the platforms at the ends can be moved down according to the water level. At one time, cable ferries were a primary means of automobile transportation in New South Wales in Australia.
In Tasmania, for a century before 1934, the Risdon Punt at Hobart was the only fixed method of crossing the Derwent River within Hobart city limits. In the fishing village of Tai O on Lantau Island, Hong Kong, the Tai O Ferry crossed the Tai O River before a bascule bridge was built; the largest and busiest cable ferry is the Torpoint Ferry in England. It was first converted to cable operation in 1831 and operates 3 ferries, carrying 8000 vehicles per day; the earliest punts were owned by local landowners, charged a toll. As governments started to build roads, they started to operate punts as required. Private punts might be made to impose more standard tolls. Mannam punt torn by broken cable, cast adrift. Blanchetown punt out of use due to low water level in river. Duplicated punts can be provided. Twin ferries allow one to operate. Current cable ferry routes include: Butrint Ferry, across the Vivari Channel near Butrint Berowra Waters Ferry, at Berowra Waters in New South Wales Blanchetown Punt Cadell Ferry, across the Murray River at Cadell, South Australia Daintree River Ferry, across the Daintree River in Queensland Hibbard Ferry, across the Hastings River near Port Macquarie, New South Wales Lawrence Ferry, across the Clarence River in New South Wales Lower Portland Ferry, across the Hawkesbury River near the village of Lower Portland, New South Wales Lyrup Ferry, across the Murray River at Lyrup, South Australia Mannum Ferry, across the Murray River at Mannum, South Australia Moggill Ferry, across the Brisbane River near Ipswich, Queensland Morgan Ferry, across the Murray River in Morgan, South Australia Mortlake Ferry, across the Parramatta River in Sydney, New South Wales Narrung Ferry, across the Murray River at Narrung, South Australia Noosa River Ferry, across the Noosa River in Queensland Purnong Ferry, across the Murray River in Purnong, South Australia Raymond Island Ferry, chain ferry from Paynesville to Raymond Island in Victoria Sackville Ferry, across the Hawkesbury River near the village of Sackville, New South Wales Settlement Point Ferry, across the Hastings River near
Bouy is a commune of the Marne department in northeastern France. Bouy is twinned with the English village of Everton in Nottinghamshire, UK. Communes of the Marne department INSEE statistics Twinned with Everton, Nottinghamshire, UK Facebook Page: Twinned with Everton, Nottinghamshire, UK
A houseboat is a boat, designed or modified to be used as a home. Some houseboats are not motorized, because they are moored, kept stationary at a fixed point and tethered to land to provide utilities. However, many are capable of operation under their own power. Float house is a American term for a house on a float. In Western countries, houseboats tend to be either owned or rented out to holiday-goers, on some canals in Europe, people dwell in houseboats all year round. Examples of this include, but are not limited to, Amsterdam and Paris. In Zimbabwe on Lake Kariba, houseboats have been in use since the creation of the lake in the late 1950s/early 1960s. A houseboat makes it easy to experience the Zambezi basin and all the associated wildlife, as a lot of game come down to the water for drinking and to cool down. There is a houseboat and fishing community on the southern side of Hong Kong Island known as Aberdeen floating village. There was one such community in the Yau Ma Tei Typhoon Shelter.
In India, houseboats as accommodation for tourists are common on the backwaters of Kerala, see below, on the Dal Lake near Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir. Houseboats in Kerala, south India, are slow-moving barges used for leisure trips, they are a reworked model of Kettuvallams, which, in earlier times, were used to carry rice and spices from Kuttanad to the Kochi port. Kerala houseboats were considered a convenient means of transportation; the popularity of Kettuvallams has returned in the function as major tourist attractions. Such a houseboat about 15 feet wide at the middle; the hull is made of wooden planks. The roof is made of bamboo poles and palm leaves; the exterior of the boat is painted with protective coats of cashew nut oil. Unlike their counterparts in Kerala, the houseboats in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir are stationary, they are moored at the edges of the Dal Lake and Nageen lakes. Some of the houseboats there were built in the early 1900s, are still being rented out to tourists; these houseboats are made of wood and have intricately carved wood paneling.
The houseboats are of different sizes, some having up to three bedrooms apart from a living room and kitchen. Many tourists are attracted to Srinagar by the charm of staying on a houseboat, which provides the unique experience of living on the water in a cedar-paneled elegant bedroom, with all the conveniences of a luxury hotel. Srinagar's thousand or so houseboats are moored along sections of the Dal and Nagin Lakes and the Jhelum River, each decorated fancifully and named romantically and whimsically. Like hotels, houseboats vary in degree of luxury and have been accordingly graded by the Department of Tourism. A luxury houseboat, like a luxury hotel, has fine furniture, good carpets and modern bathroom fittings, while the'D category' of houseboats, like low-budget hotels, is spartanly furnished. Like hotels too, houseboats vary in their locations; some overlook the main road, others look out onto lotus gardens and others face tiny local markets and villages, which are floating on the lake.
All houseboats, regardless of category, have personalized service. Not only is there always a "houseboy" for every boat, but the owner and his family are close by; the cost per day of hiring a houseboat includes all meals and free rides from the houseboat to the nearest jetty and back, as no houseboat on the lakes is directly accessible from the banks. Every standard houseboat provides a balcony in the front, a lounge, dining room and three or more bedrooms with attached bathrooms. All houseboats not moored to the bank of the river or lakes provide a shikara as a free service from the houseboat to the nearest Ghat; every houseboat in Srinagar has been provided with a municipal water connection. In Laos, houseboats are used to accommodate tourists on the Mekong river; the houseboats are referred to as'slow boats' and exist in wooden or steel variants. The Port of Hamburg has a sizable water borne community that includes a Flussschifferkirche or Boatman's Church. Berlin has some houseboat neighborhoods, notably on the Landwehrkanal in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.
In Europe, some of the finest and costliest examples of houseboats can be seen along the canals of Amsterdam, which has houseboat hotels. Houseboats are expensive in Amsterdam because of the limited number of moorings; the Bloemenmarkt is a houseboat borne flower market along the Singel in Amsterdam. The town of Maasbommel is pioneering floating houses, with flexible connections for fluids and electricity. Houseboats are popular for recreation and clubbing in Serbia, they can be seen in large numbers in Belgrade on the banks of the Danube and Sava rivers, on river islands. In the United Kingdom, canal narrowboats are used as homes and as mobile, holiday accommodation. Narrowboats were used for bulk transport of raw materials and fuel on canals constructed at the start of the Industrial revolution. Nowadays, the canal network is used for recreation and is different from typical holiday locations, which are based in coastal or rural a
A trolling motor is a self-contained unit that includes an electric motor and controls, is affixed to an angler's boat, either at the bow or stern. A gasoline-powered outboard used in trolling, if it is not the vessel's primary source of propulsion, may be referred to as a trolling motor. Trolling motors are lifted from the water to reduce drag when the boat's primary engine is in operation. Trolling for game fish. Auxiliary power for precision maneuvering of the boat, to enable the angler to cast his bait to where the fish are located. Trolling motors designed for this application are mounted in the bow. An 1895 article in Scientific American entitled "A Portable Electric Propeller for Boats" stated: "Briefly described, it consists of a movable tube, hinged at the stern of the boat, much as an oar is used in sculling; the tube contains a flexible shaft formed of three coils of phosphor bronz. This tube extends down and out into the water, where it carries a propeller, at the inboard end an electric Motor is attached, itself driven by batteries."
It was sold by the Electric Boat company. The electric trolling motor was invented by O. G. Schmidt in 1934 in Fargo, North Dakota, when he took a starter motor from a Ford Model A, added a flexible shaft, a propeller; because his manufacturing company was near the Minnesota/North Dakota border, he decided to call the new company Minn Kota. The company still is a major manufacturer of trolling motors. Modern electric trolling motors are designed around a 12-volt, 24-volt or 36-volt brushed DC electric motor, to take advantage of the availability of 12-volt deep cycle batteries designed for marine use; the motor itself is sealed inside a watertight compartment at the end of the shaft. It is submerged during operation; the propeller is fitted directly on to the propshaft. Hand-control: tiller for steering, with speed control either built into the tiller or a control knob on top of the unit. Hand controlled trolling motors are attached to the boat with a clamp. Foot-control: on/off and speed controls are foot-operated, built into a pedal that controls the steering mechanism.
Steering may be in early-model, a push-pull cable. Foot controlled trolling motors require a specialized mounting bracket that bolts horizontally to the deck. Main advantage of foot controls is that fisherman has both hands free for fishing and landing the hooked fish. On the other hand, it is sometimes hard to coordinate foot work with hands in wavy and windy conditions. Wireless remote: available on high-end late-model trolling motors. Servo-controlled steering and speed control both respond to a wireless device, either in a foot pedal or a key-fob transmitter. Small outboard motors are used as trolling motors on boats with much larger engines that do not operate as efficiently or at trolling speeds; these are designed with a manual pull start system and gearshift controls mounted on the body of the motor, a tiller for steering, but in a trolling application, will be connected to the steering mechanism at the helm. Electric boat Electric Outboard Motor Outboard motor Trolling Media related to Trolling motors at Wikimedia Commons
Big-game fishing known as offshore sportfishing, offshore gamefishing, or blue-water fishing is a form of recreational fishing, targeting large fish such as tuna and marlin which game fisherman regard as having "sporting qualities". Big-game fishing started as a sport after the invention of the motor boat. Charles Frederick Holder, a marine biologist and early conservationist, is credited with founding the sport in 1898, he went on to publish many articles and books on the subject, noted for their combination of accurate scientific detail with exciting narratives. Purpose built. An example is the Crete, in use at Catalina Island, California, in 1915, shipped to Hawaii the following year. According to a newspaper report at that time, the Crete had "... a deep cockpit, a chair fitted for landing big fish and leather pockets for placing the pole." The billfish, larger tunas and sharks are the main species recognized as big-game fish, with many anglers considering the Atlantic tarpon a big-game species.
Smaller game fish, such as dolphinfish, smaller tuna species such as albacore and skipjack tuna, plus barracuda, are caught as by-catch or taken deliberately for use as live or dead bait. Most of the locations where the sport was developed, such as Avalon, California; as the vessels used for sportfishing became larger, longer-ranged and more seaworthy, big-game species are now pursued on grounds ranging from 60 or 70 miles' distance from port, such as the submarine canyons of the United States continental shelf, to hundreds of miles as in the case of the San Diego long range fishery, where large live-aboard vessels range far out into the Pacific searching for tuna schools. Today big-game fishing is carried out from ports in tropical and temperate coasts worldwide; the United States has the world's largest saltwater fishing industry and along the entire length of the East Coast, from Key West to the Gulf of Maine, big-game anglers pursue a variety of tropical and temperate sportfish ranging from sailfish and dolphinfish in the Florida Keys to giant bluefin tuna in Massachusetts and in Canadian waters.
The West Coast lacks the influence of the warm Gulf Stream current, most big game species are confined to California, a birthplace of the sport. Some of the same species that were fished for by the pioneers of the sport - Pacific bluefin tuna, broadbill swordfish and striped marlin - are still fished for today. Billfish and tuna are pursued in all the Latin American coastal nations, many of which are renowned for the excellence of their fishing. Mexico, Costa Rica, Venezuela and Guatemala have the largest fleets of sport fishing boats. Costa Rica's pacific coast the coast of the Guanacaste Province, is famous for its fishing because of the ocean currents and the government catch and release laws. Rio San Juan in Nicaragua is famous for sport fishing for giant tarpon; the government presently enforces release. An annual International tarpon fishing tournament has been held for many years; the 55th annual tournament was held September 13th & 14th 2015. In the United Kingdom big-game tunny fishing off Scarborough was in fashion in the 1930s for a few years.
Tunny was the name used in Britain at that time for Atlantic bluefin tuna. Colonel Edward Peel landed a world-record tunny of 798 pounds, capturing the record by 40 pounds from one caught off Nova Scotia by the American champion Zane Grey. In some areas big-game species can be caught by land-based anglers practicing land-based game fishing, with the rock platforms of Jervis Bay in New South Wales, Australia being the most well-known. Black marlin of up to 200 lbs have been caught here by anglers floating out baits on balloons. Big-game fishing requires a boat of sufficient seaworthiness and range to transport the crew to the fishing grounds and back. Boats that fit these requirements may be as small as the 18 to 21-foot trailerable boats used along the Australian coast, in New Zealand and on the lee coasts of the Hawaiian Islands where they are known as the "mosquito fleet". At the other extreme the 100-foot and larger vessels of the San Diego long range fleet and similar, although less refined "party boats" operating from New England, transport 25, 30 or more anglers in search of yellowfin and bigeye tuna.
The cost of a suitable boat, electronics and the operating costs can be substantial. Many big-game anglers prefer to use charter services where they hire the use of a boat and equipment, the fish-finding expertise of a captain, in preference to maintaining their own. Either way, big-game fishing can be an expensive pursuit, one in which the wealthy have tended to feature prominently; the classic sport fisherman Most of the features of the classic sport fisherman were developed in the 1920s and 1930s as existing motor cruisers and commercial fishing vessels were adapted for fishing with outriggers, fighting chairs and other ancillaries such as bait boxes and flybridge helm stations. These boats, though crude by modern standards, scored many pioneering big game catches of huge bluefin tuna, broadbill swordfish and marlin. Through the 1930s and 1940s sportfishermen in Florida, amongs