Petersham is a place in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the east of the bend in the River Thames south of Richmond, which it shares with neighbouring Ham. It provides the foreground of the view from Richmond Hill across Petersham Meadows. Other nearby places include, Isleworth, Mortlake, Petersham appears in Domesday Book as Patricesham. It was held by Chertsey Abbey and its assets were,4 hides,1 church,5 ploughs,1 fishery worth 1000 eels and 1000 lampreys,3 acres of meadow. The village was the birthplace in 1682 of Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll and he went on to found the Royal Bank of Scotland in Edinburgh in 1727, and his face is on the obverse of all of the Royal Banks current banknotes. He died in 1798 and is buried in the churchyard of Petersham Parish Church and his grave in Portland stone, renovated in the 1960s, is now Grade II listed in view of its historical associations. In 1847 Queen Victoria granted Pembroke Lodge in the Petersham part of Richmond Park to John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Lord Russells grandson, Bertrand Russell, spent some of his childhood there also.
During World War II the GHQ Liaison Regiment established its regimental headquarters nearby at The Richmond Hill Hotel, in the early 19th century, Charles Stanhope, 4th Earl of Harrington, styled Lord Petersham, gave the name to a type of greatcoat. In 1955 Petersham gave its name to HMS Petersham which was a Ham class minesweeper, listed buildings include a watchmans box that served as a village lock-up and dates from 1787. Petersham Road includes an extremely sharp right-angled bend edged by a pair of handsome wrought-iron gates and this is the entrance to Montrose House, one of the most notable houses in Petersham. After a spate of accidents on the bend in the road. The Hon. Algernon Tollemache of Ham House was their leader, but various dents in the brick wall today reveal that motorists are still taken unawares by it. Adjacent to Montrose House and equally as impressive is Rutland Lodge, another interesting house in Petersham is Douglas House, just off the west drive to Ham House. One of its notable inhabitants was Catherine, Duchess of Queensberry.
In 1969 it was bought by the Federal Republic of Germany for use as a German school, new buildings have been erected in the grounds, but the original house and stables have been preserved. Petersham is served by two bus routes, the 65 and 371, both linking the town with Richmond and Kingston upon Thames. It was originally located in Richmond Park, near Petersham Gate, Petersham Parish Church is believed to pre-date the Norman conquest of England as a church at Petersham is mentioned in Domesday Book. All Saints on Bute Avenue was built as a church but was never consecrated and it was built between 1899 and 1909 by Leeds architect John Kelly for Mrs Rachael Warde as a memorial to her parents who had lived at Petersham House
A listed building or listed structure, in the United Kingdom, is one that has been placed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. The statutory bodies maintaining the list are Historic England in England, Cadw in Wales, Historic Scotland in Scotland, the preferred term in Ireland is protected structure. In England and Wales, an amenity society must be notified of any work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition. Owners of listed buildings are, in circumstances, compelled to repair and maintain them. When alterations are permitted, or when listed buildings are repaired or maintained, slightly different systems operate in each area of the United Kingdom, though the basic principles of the listing remain the same. It was the damage to caused by German bombing during World War II that prompted the first listing of buildings that were deemed to be of particular architectural merit. The listings were used as a means of determining whether a building should be rebuilt if it was damaged by bombing.
Listing was first introduced into Northern Ireland under the Planning Order 1972, the listing process has since developed slightly differently in each part of the UK. In the UK, the process of protecting the historic environment is called ‘designation’. A heritage asset is a part of the environment that is valued because of its historic. Only some of these are judged to be important enough to have legal protection through designation. However, buildings that are not formally listed but still judged as being of heritage interest are still regarded as being a consideration in the planning process. Almost anything can be listed – it does not have to be a building and structures of special historic interest come in a wide variety of forms and types, ranging from telephone boxes and road signs, to castles. Historic England has created twenty broad categories of structures, and published selection guides for each one to aid with assessing buildings and these include historical overviews and describe the special considerations for listing each category.
Both Historic Scotland and Cadw produce guidance for owners, in England, to have a building considered for listing or delisting, the process is to apply to the secretary of state, this can be done by submitting an application form online to Historic England. The applicant does not need to be the owner of the building to apply for it to be listed, full information including application form guidance notes are on the Historic England website. Historic England assesses buildings put forward for listing or delisting and provides advice to the Secretary of State on the architectural, the Secretary of State, who may seek additional advice from others, decides whether or not to list or delist the building. In England and Wales the authority for listing is granted to the Secretary of State by the Planning Act 1990, Listed buildings in danger of decay are listed on the Historic England Heritage at Risk Register
Historic England is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture and Sport. It is tasked with protecting the environment of England by preserving and listing historic buildings, ancient monuments. The body was created by the National Heritage Act 1983. Historic England has a remit to and complements the work of Natural England which aims to protect the natural environment. Historic England inherits English Heritages position as the UK governments statutory adviser and this includes archaeology on land and under water, historic buildings sites and areas, designated landscapes and the historic elements of the wider landscape. It monitors and reports on the state of Englands heritage and publishes the annual the Heritage at Risk survey which is one of the UK Governments Official statistics and it is tasked to secure the preservation and enhancement of the man-made heritage of England for the benefit of future generations. Giving grants national and local organisations for the conservation of buildings, monuments.
In 2013/14 over £13 million worth of grants were made to support heritage buildings, advising central UK government on which English heritage assets are nationally important and should be protected by designation. Administering and maintaining the register of Englands listed buildings, scheduled monuments, registered battlefields, conservation areas and protected parks and this is published as an online resource as The National Heritage List for England. Advising local authorities on managing changes to the most important parts of heritage, providing expertise through advice and guidance to improve the standards and skills of people working in heritage, practical conservation and access to resources. In 2009–2010 it trained around 200 professionals working in local authorities and collaborating with other heritage bodies and national planning organisations e. g. It is not responsible for approving alterations to listed buildings, the management of listed buildings is the responsibility of local planning authorities and the Department for Communities and Local Government.
It owns the National Heritage Collection of nationally important historic sites, however they do not run these sites as this function is instead carried out by the English Heritage Trust under licence until 2023. Britain from Above, presents the unique Aerofilms collection of photographs from 1919-1953. Images of England website Heritage Explorer, Education site for teachers Department for Culture Media and Sport
Fulwell railway station
Fulwell railway station on the Shepperton Branch Line serves Fulwell in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is in Travelcard Zone 6, the station and all trains serving it are operated by South West Trains. The Shepperton Branch or Thames Valley Line, opened on 1 November 1864, the original scheme intended that it would extend to a terminus on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames just east of Chertsey Bridge but this plan was abandoned in 1862. The curve from Fulwell to Teddington opened to freight on 1 July 1894, the branch line was electrified on 30 January 1916. Since a change under British Rail the large majority of Shepperton branch services have been routed via Kingston upon Thames, the station is expected to be a calling point of Crossrail 2. The typical weekday service at the station is,2 trains to London Waterloo via Kingston. Monday to Friday, four early morning rush-hour trains to Waterloo are routed via Twickenham. Three additional evening rush-hour trains from Waterloo arrive via that route, the Saturday service is as on other weekdays without the extra services routed via Twickenham.
On Sundays the service is hourly, London Buses route R70 serve the station. Notes References Mitchell, Smith, London Suburban Railways and Hounslow Loops. Train times and station information for Fulwell railway station from National Rail
Twickenham is a leafy suburban area of south west London, on the River Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames 10 miles southwest of the centre of London. It has a town centre and is famous as being the home of rugby union, with hundreds of thousands of spectators visiting Twickenham Stadium. The historic riverside area is famous for its network of 18th-century buildings and pleasure grounds and this area has three grand period mansions with public access, York House, Marble Hill and Strawberry Hill House. Another has been lost, that belonging to 18th-century aphoristic poet Alexander Pope, excavations have revealed settlements in the area dating from the Early Neolithic, possibly Mesolithic periods. Occupation seems to have continued through the Bronze Age, the Iron Age, the area was first mentioned in an 8th-century charter to cede the area to Waldhere, Bishop of London, for the salvation of our souls. The charter, dated 13 June 704, is signed with 12 crosses, the signatories included Swaefred of Essex, Cenred of Mercia and Earl Paeogthath.
In Norman times Twickenham was part of the Manor of Isleworth – itself part of the Hundred of Hounslow, Middlesex. The manor had belonged to Ælfgār, Earl of Mercia in the time of Edward the Confessor, the area was farmed for several hundred years, while the river provided opportunities for fishing and trade. Bubonic plague spread to the town in 1665 and 67 deaths were recorded and it appears that Twickenham had a pest house in the 17th century, although the location is not known. In 1633 construction began on York House and it was occupied by Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester in 1656 and by Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon. 1659 saw the first mention of the Twickenham Ferry, although ferrymen had already operating in the area for many generations. Sometime before 1743 a pirate ferry appears to have started by Twickenham inhabitants. There is speculation that it operated to serve The Folly, a floating hostelry of some kind, several residents wrote to the Lord Mayor of the City of London.
In 1713 the nave of the ancient St Marys Church collapsed, the process generates an extremely unpleasant smell, which caused objections from local residents. The area was soon home to the worlds first industrial production facility for gunpowder. There were frequent explosions and loss of life, on 11 March 1758, one of two explosions was felt in Reading, and in April 1774 another explosion terrified people at church in Isleworth. In 1772 three mills blew up, shattering glass and buildings in the neighbourhood, the powder mills remained in operation until 1927 when they were closed. Much of the site is now occupied by Crane Park, in which the old Shot Tower, mill sluices, much of the area along the river next to the Shot Tower is now a nature reserve
British Swimming (organisation)
British Swimming is the national governing body of swimming, water polo, synchronised swimming and open water in Great Britain. British Swimming is a federation of the governing bodies of England, Scotland. These three are known as the Home Country National Governing Bodies. For the Olympic Games, Northern Irish swimmers may opt to compete for British Swimming, British Swimming organises championships every year in each of the sporting disciplines. The British Championships organised by British Swimming are held in the Spring, winners of the championships in recent years are listed below. British Championships The masters swimming committee of British Swimming organises an annual championships, usually in June, for senior, the championships are held in a long course pool. Alongside the Open Water Grand Prix series, British Swimming arranges national championship events over 5 km and 10 km, the British Diving Championships are held annually in the winter. Sometimes the annual championships are held in the December of the calendar year.
The British Synchronised Swimming Championships are usually held in November or December each year, in 2009 British Swimming announced a £15 million,6 year sponsorship deal with British Gas. It announced sponsorship with Kelloggs and Speedo in 2009, Ian/Wix, Don, In the Swim. The Amateur Swimming Association from 1869 to 1994, London 1996 British records in swimming List of Olympic size swimming pools in the United Kingdom Official site
Strawberry Hill, London
Strawberry Hill is an affluent area of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in Twickenham. It is a development situated 10.4 miles west south-west of Charing Cross. It consists of a number of roads centred on a small development of shops. The areas ACORN demographic type is characterised as well-off professionals, larger houses, St Marys University, the countrys oldest Roman Catholic University, is situated on Waldegrave Road. Its sports grounds were used as a site for the 2012 Olympics. The nineteenth-century development is named after Strawberry Hill, the fanciful Gothic Revival villa designed by author Horace Walpole between 1749 and 1776. It began as a small 17th century house little more than a cottage, with only 5 acres of land, after a £9 million, two year restoration, Strawberry Hill House re-opened to the public in October 2010. Other local attractions include, St Marys University, Twickenham Radnor Gardens Strawberry Hill railway station, a Guide to the Architecture of London,1983, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London The Strawberry Hill Residents Association
Richmond and Twickenham Times
The Richmond and Twickenham Times is a weekly local newspaper that was established in 1873 and is published on Fridays. It covers the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south-west London and it is delivered free to 35,232 homes in the borough, with another 634 copies picked up free, and 2,663 copies sold for 55p. The Richmond and Twickenham Times was established in 1873 by 26-year-old Edward King who ran the paper for 21 years until he was declared insane in 1894, from 1896 it was owned by the Dimbleby family. Richard Dimbleby was managing editor and editor in chief from 1946, after his death in 1965, his son David Dimbleby took over. The paper was sold by the Dimblebys to Newsquest in 2001, in April 2003 when he retired, Malcolm Richards was the countrys longest serving editor, having filled the role for 27 years. The Richmond and Twickenham Times went tabloid in January 2008, the newspaper was based at King Street, Richmond from 1873 to 2007 and in London Road, Twickenham from 2007.
The newspaper moved from its headquarters in Twickenham to Quadrant House in Sutton in May 2014 in a move to cut costs, the Wandsworth Borough News closed in 2009. The others have ceased publication also, the Hounslow and Brentford Times, official website Audit Bureau of Circulations, Group Circulation Certificate Newsquest Media Group
Pay and display
A pay and display machine is a type of ticket machine used for regulating parking in urban areas or in car parks. It relies on a customer purchasing a ticket from a machine and displaying the ticket on the dashboard, details included on a printed ticket are generally the location and operator of the machine, expiry time, fee paid and time entered. Pay and display systems differ from road-side parking meters in one machine can service multiple vehicle spaces. In addition and display machines can accept a wider variety of coins. In the UK pay and display is used for both on-street parking control and parking in car parks and multi-storey car parks where access barrier systems are not installed. The first generation of pay and display machines in the United States was introduced in 1950 by Park-UR-Self, based in San Francisco, California. Coupon parking is a variation of pay and display without the use of machines, the motorist purchases a booklet of coupons in advance from the authorities. To use a coupon, the motorist has to completely tear off tabs of the date and time, or scratch off panels on the date.
This process is similar to disc parking, except that a disc is reusable whereas a coupon can only be used once. In the Republic of Ireland, reusable free-parking discs are unknown, the coupon is displayed on the dashboard or hung from the top of a door window facing the roadside. Multiple coupons are used if the time exceeds the allowance given for a single coupon. The system is used in Singapore and Brazil, and in parts of some countries such as New Zealand, Austria, Ireland. Decriminalised parking enforcement Parking guidance and information Pay by phone parking
Hampton is a suburban area on the north bank of the River Thames, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, which includes Hampton Court Palace. Hampton is served by two stations, including one immediately south of Hampton Court Bridge in East Molesey. Hampton adjoins Bushy Park on two sides and is west of Hampton Wick and Kingston upon Thames, there are long strips of public riverside in Hampton and the Hampton Heated Open Air Pool is one of the few such swimming pools in Greater London. Hampton Ferry provides access across the Thames to the park of Molesey. The most common type of housing in the north of the district is terraced homes, the combined population of the Hamptons was 37,131 at the 2001 census. The name Hampton may come from the Anglo-Saxon words hamm meaning an enclosure in the bend of a river and ton meaning farmstead or settlement. The ten years to 1911 saw the highest percentage of population increase, a further 25% rise took place in the 1920s. Writing between 1870–72 his national gazetteer, John Marius Wilson technically described Hampton Wick as a hamlet, world War I impacted the business, which rebranded as The Thames Riviera, rivalling the hotel in Maidenhead for the name, followed by The Palm Beach and The Casino.
This high precision survey was the forerunner of the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain which commenced in 1791, in the report of the operation Roy gives the locations of the ends of the baseline as Hampton Poor-house and Kings Arbour. The latter lies with the confines of Heathrow Airport and it is certain that the cannons have been disturbed and slightly moved over the intervening years Hampton Academy, an Academy in Hampton Hampton School, an independent school for boys. Lady Eleanor Holles School is an independent school for girls and it is 83rd in the schools league table. The latter two schools achieved 100%5 A*-Cs at GCSE and share a new-for-2000 Millennium Boathouse and Cambridge Boat Race and Womens Oxford v Cambridge Henley Boat Race participants of this century have attended the schools. The church buildings are a significant presence in the many of them being architecturally stand-alone listed buildings in otherwise often quite homogenous 20th century housing estates. The ministers and members provide a range of services for the community, Hampton Youth Project has been an economically and recreationally resourceful youth centre since 1990.
Built in a coach depot on the Nurserylands Estate it offers a wide programme of activities for those aged 11–19. Hampton Station is on the London Waterloo to Shepperton train line, Thames Waters fresh water operations provide a source of local employment. A group of 17 offices and storage premises including warehouse units, the large operational Water Treatment Works, owned by Thames Water, is between the Upper Sunbury Road and the River Thames. It was built in the 1850s after the 1852 Metropolis Water Act made it illegal to take drinking water from the tidal Thames below Teddington Lock because of the amount of sewage in the river
Kew Gardens station (London)
Kew Gardens is a Grade II listed London Underground and London Overground station in Kew in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It first opened in 1869 and is now managed by London Underground, Kew Gardens is the nearest station to the Royal Botanic Gardens, about 500 yards to the west, and The National Archives, about 600 yards to the north east. Kew Gardens Station Footbridge, a Grade II-listed structure, is next to the station, on the southern side, the main entrance to the station is at the junction of Station Parade, Station Avenue and Station Approach, about 100 yards from Sandycombe Road. There is an entrance, which is wheelchair-accessible, on North Road, on the side of the railway line. The station was opened by the London and South Western Railway on 1 January 1869, in an area of market gardens, the station was located on a new L&SWR branch line to Richmond built from the West London Joint Railway starting north of Addison Road station. The line ran through Shepherds Bush and Hammersmith via a now closed curve and Grove Road station in Hammersmith, via a short connection from the North & South Western Junction Railway to Gunnersbury the line was served by the North London Railway.
On 1 June 1877, the District Railway opened an extension from its terminus at Hammersmith to connect to the L&SWR tracks east of Ravenscourt Park station. The DR began running trains over the L&SWR tracks to Richmond, on 1 October 1877, the Metropolitan Railway restarted the GWRs former service to Richmond via Grove Road station. From 1 January 1894, the GWR began sharing the MRs Richmond service and served Kew Gardens once again, meaning that passengers from Kew Gardens could travel on the services of five operators. Following the electrification of the DRs own tracks north of Acton Town in 1903 and this was completed on 1 August 1905 and DR services on the line were operated with electric trains. However, the L&SWR, NLR, GWR and MR services continued to be steam-hauled, MR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1906 and GWR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1910, leaving operations at Kew Gardens and Gunnersbury to the DR, the NLR and L&SWR. A plaque at the station commemorates its reopening on 7 October 1989 by Michael Portillo MP, Minister of State of Transport, the two-storey yellow brick station buildings are unusually fine examples of mid-Victorian railway architecture and are protected as part of the Kew Gardens conservation area.
This signal was replaced by a version in 2011. Kew Gardens is the station on the London Underground network that has a pub attached to it. The pub has a door leads out onto platform 1. Previously known as The Railway, the pub reopened after renovation in 2013 as The Tap on the Line, the footbridge to the south of the station is noteworthy and is Grade II-listed in its own right. The railway line bisected Kew, but it was not until 1912 that the bridge was provided to residents to cross the tracks safely. It is a surviving example of a reinforced concrete structure built using a pioneering technique devised by the French engineer François Hennebique