Des Moines, Iowa
Des Moines is the capital and the most populous city in the U. S. state of Iowa. It is the county seat of Polk County. A small part of the city extends into Warren County, it was incorporated on September 22, 1851, as Fort Des Moines, shortened to "Des Moines" in 1857. It is on and named after the Des Moines River, adapted from the early French name, Rivière des Moines, meaning "River of the Monks"; the city's population was 217,521 as of the 2017 population estimate. The five-county metropolitan area is ranked 89th in terms of population in the United States with 634,725 residents according to the 2016 estimate by the United States Census Bureau, is the second largest metropolitan area in the state after that of Omaha, which includes three counties in southwest Iowa. Des Moines is a major center of the U. S. insurance industry, has a sizable financial services and publishing business base. The city was credited as the "number one spot for U. S. insurance companies" in a Business Wire article and named the third-largest "insurance capital" of the world.
The city is the headquarters for the Principal Financial Group, the Meredith Corporation, Ruan Transportation, EMC Insurance Companies, Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield. Other major corporations such as Wells Fargo, Voya Financial, Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, ACE Limited, Monsanto, DuPont Pioneer have large operations in or near the metropolitan area. In recent years, Hewlett Packard, Facebook have built data-processing and logistical facilities in the Des Moines area. Forbes ranked Des Moines as the "Best Place for Business" in both 2010 and 2013. In 2014, NBC ranked Des Moines as the "Wealthiest City in America" according to its criteria. Des Moines is an important city in U. S. presidential politics. Many presidential candidates set up campaign headquarters in Des Moines. A 2007 article in The New York Times said, "If you have any desire to witness presidential candidates in the most close-up and intimate of settings, there is arguably no better place to go than Des Moines." Des Moines takes its name from Fort Des Moines, named for the Des Moines River.
This was adopted from the name given by French colonists. "Des Moines" translates to either "from the monks" or "of the monks". The historian Virgil Vogel claimed that the name was derived from Moingona, an Algonquian clan name, which means "Loon"; some historians and researchers lacking linguistic or Algonquianist training concluded that Moingona meant "people by the portage" or something similar, a reference to the Des Moines Rapids. This was where the earliest known encounters between the European explorers took place. One popular interpretation of "Des Moines" ignores Vogel's research, concludes that it refers to a group of French Trappist monks, who in the 17th century lived in huts built on top of what is now known as the ancient Monks Mound at Cahokia, the major center of Mississippian culture, which developed in what is present-day Illinois, east of the Mississippi River and the city of St. Louis; this was some 200 miles from the Des Moines River. Based on archeological evidence, the junction of the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers has attracted humans for at least 7,000 years.
Several prehistoric occupation areas have been identified by archeologists in downtown Des Moines. Discovered in December 2010, the "Palace" is an expansive, 7,000-year-old site found during excavations prior to construction of the new wastewater treatment plant in southeastern Des Moines, it contains numerous graves. More than 6,000 artifacts were found at this site. State of Iowa archaeologist John Doershuk was assisted by University of Iowa archaeologists at this dig. At least three Late Prehistoric villages, dating from about AD 1300 to 1700, stood in or near what developed as downtown Des Moines. In addition, 15 to 18 prehistoric American Indian mounds were observed in this area by early settlers. All have been destroyed during development of the city. Des Moines traces its origins to May 1843, when Captain James Allen supervised the construction of a fort on the site where the Des Moines and Raccoon Rivers merge. Allen wanted to use the name Fort Raccoon. S. War Department preferred Fort Des Moines.
The fort was built to control the Sauk and Meskwaki Indians, whom the government had moved to the area from their traditional lands in eastern Iowa. The fort was abandoned in 1846 after the Sauk and Meskwaki were removed from the state and shifted to the Indian Territory; the Sauk and Meskwaki did not fare well in Des Moines. The illegal whiskey trade, combined with the destruction of traditional lifeways, led to severe problems for their society. One newspaper reported: "It is a fact that the location of Fort Des Moines among the Sac and Fox Indians for the last two years, had corrupted them more and lowered them deeper in the scale of vice and degradation, than all their intercourse with the whites for the ten years previous". After official removal, the Meskwaki continued to return to Des Moines until around 1857. Archaeological excavations have shown that many fort-related features survived under what is now Martin Luther King, Jr. Parkway and First Street. Soldiers stationed at Fort Des Moines opened the first coal mines in the area, mining coal from the riverbank for the fort's blacksmith.
Settlers occupied nearby areas. On May 25, 1846, the state legislature designated Fort Des Moines as the seat of Polk County. Arozina Perkins, a school teacher who spent the winter of 1850–1851 in the
Fade to Black (song)
"Fade to Black" is a song and the first power ballad by American heavy metal band Metallica, released as the first promotional single from its second studio album, Ride the Lightning. The song was ranked as having the 24th best guitar solo by Guitar World readers; the song peaked at number 100 on Swiss Singles Chart in 2008. The song is certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. In an interview with drummer Lars Ulrich on the set of the production MTV Icon: Metallica in 2003, he recalls how he and vocalist/rhythm guitarist James Hetfield were "obsessed with death" at the time the album and song were produced; the song's lyrics address suicidal feelings. It begins with an acoustic guitar introduction and becomes progressively heavier as the song goes on, similar to their future songs, "Welcome Home", "One", "The Day That Never Comes". James Hetfield commented on the song in a 1991 interview with Guitar World: That song was a big step for us, it was pretty much our first ballad, so we knew it would freak people out...
Recording that song, I learned. You could hear every squeak, so I had to be careful. I wrote the song at a friend's house in New Jersey. I was pretty depressed at the time because our gear had just been stolen, we had been thrown out of our manager's house for breaking shit and drinking his liquor cabinet dry. It's a suicide song, we got a lot of flak for it, as if kids were killing themselves because of the song, but we got hundreds of letters from kids telling us how they related to the song and that it made them feel better. Since its release, "Fade to Black" has been a fixture in Metallica's live performances, it was the last song that Metallica performed live with former bassist Jason Newsted before he left the band. Newsted's last gig was at the VH1 Music Awards on November 30, 2000, it was one of his favorite Metallica songs, was said to be of great sentimental value to him, although it had been written before he had joined the band. His previous band and Jetsam, performed a song called "Fade to Black" on their 1986 album Doomsday for the Deceiver before he left to join Metallica.
While on the Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour on August 8, 1992, Hetfield accidentally stepped into the path of one of the chemical flames, rigged to shoot from the lip of the stage while playing "Fade to Black". Hetfield's guitar protected him from the full force of the blast, he suffered second and third-degree burns, but was back on stage 17 days although his guitar duties were delegated to former guitar tech and Metal Church guitarist John Marshall for four weeks while he made a full recovery. "Fade to Black" was the last song to be played on the Los Angeles heavy metal radio station KNAC, which went off the air on February 15, 1995. It would sign off fellow longtime rock stations 94 WYSP in Philadelphia on September 2, 2011 and Power 97 in Winnipeg on January 29, 2015. Apocalyptica on their album Inquisition Symphony. Apoptygma Berzerk on their studio album Welcome to Earth. Boy Sets Fire on Crush'Em All Vol. 1, a two-song split extended play with Shai Hulud. Disturbed on their Music as a Weapon II tour, but without the heavier second half of the song.
Scott D. Davis on his Metallica tribute album Pianotarium Sonata Arctica on "Victoria's Secret" and "Takatalvi" singles and for the Metallica tribute album A Tribute to the Four Horsemen. Steel Prophet covered the song on their album Genesis; the Lemonheads covered the song with an acoustic version as a B side on their 1997 single "It's all true". Iron Horse covered the song with a bluegrass version on their October 14, 2003 album Fade to Bluegrass: The Bluegrass Tribute to Metallica; the Alex Skolnick Trio covered the song on their album Veritas. James Hetfield – lead vocals, rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar Lars Ulrich – drums Kirk Hammett – lead guitar Cliff Burton – bass guitar Fade to Black at Discogs
One (Metallica song)
"One" is a song by American heavy metal band Metallica. It was released as the third and final single from their fourth studio album... And Justice for All. Written by band members James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich, "One" is an anti-war song that portrays a World War I soldier, wounded — arms and legs blown off by a landmine and unable to speak or move — begging God to take his life as he feels constant pain, his only hope is to devise a way to communicate with the hospital staff. In the music video, he jolts in the hospital bed. Production of the song was done by the band alongside Flemming Rasmussen; the song was the band's first top 40 hit single in the U. S. reaching number 35 on the Billboard Hot 100. It was a number one hit in Finland. A video for the song was introduced in January 1989 on MTV. Shot in black and white by director Michael Salomon, the video's story is intercut with scenes taken from the 1971 anti-war film Johnny Got His Gun. Due to being required to pay royalty fees to continue showing the music video, Metallica bought the rights to the film.
The video was ranked at number one on MTV soon after its introduction. Metallica performed "One" for the 31st Annual Grammy Awards show broadcast from Los Angeles in 1989; the next year, the song won a Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance, the first win in that category. The band performed the song alongside pianist Lang Lang at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards in 2014; the song is one of the band's most popular pieces and has remained a live staple since the release of the album, making this the most played song from... And Justice for All. "One" was written in November 1987 by Metallica's principal composers James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich. The song was released in 1989 as the final single from the album. For the first 17 seconds of the song there are a series of sound effects with a battle theme, an artillery barrage and helicopter are heard and continues over a clean tone guitar intro by Hetfield before Kirk Hammett comes in over the top with a clean-toned solo. Ulrich's drums come in and continues until each chorus, when the guitars become heavy and distorted before returning to clean.
There is a second solo by Hammett halfway through the song, before lyrics cut out and the song gets more heavy and distorted until the "machine gun" guitar build up before the next highly praised, guitar solo by Hammett, a final dual solo by Hammett and Hetfield. The song begins in 4/4 time, 3/4 as well as 2/4. In 1991, James Hetfield told Guitar World that he wrote the song's opening B-G chord change based on an idea prompted by the Venom song "Buried Alive" from their second studio album, Black Metal. I had been fiddling around with that B-G modulation for a long time; the idea for the opening came from a Venom song called "Buried Alive". The kick drum machine-gun part near the end wasn't written with the war lyrics in mind, it just came out that way. We started that album with Mike Clink as producer, he didn't work out so well, so we got Flemming to come over and save our asses. The song starts off in a soft melodic setting, but it develops through multiple sections into heavier and faster speed metal sounds, leading up to a technically complex tapping solo by Kirk Hammett, a dual guitar section by Hammett and James Hetfield.
The song is based on the idea of a soldier losing all of his limbs and being unable to hear, speak, or see, set to a World War I backdrop. In an interview in New Zealand in 1989, Ulrich describes the movie Johnny Got His Gun as having a similar theme, this was the reason it was incorporated into the video. "One" was the first Metallica song. The music video, directed by Bill Pope and Michael Salomon, debuted on MTV on January 20, 1989; the video, shot in Long Beach, California, is entirely in black and white, features the band performing the song in a warehouse. It features. Timothy Bottoms can be seen starring as the main character in the novel. Three versions of the "One" music video were made; the second was a shortened version of the first, the third known as the "jammin' version", lacked scenes from the movie. Like many other music videos from Metallica, "One" puts great emphasis on the performances of the band members as musicians, with many shots of James and Kirk's hands picking and fretting.
The video features the band members in a typical early Metallica fashion: playing in some sort of warehouse, in tight formation around Lars' drum kit, dressed in casual street clothes and with long untamed hair. In the music video, both James and Kirk play ESP guitars. Jason plays bass with his fingers at the start of the song, but switches to a pick. Two of the three versions of the "One" music video appear on 2 of One, a VHS released on July 1, 1990 and both would again be featured on the band's 2006 music video compilation DVD; the music video was ranked at number 38 on Rock on the Net: MTV: 100 Greatest Music Videos and number one on Fuse's No. 1 Countdown: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Special Edition. "One" is a favorite of many Metallica fans, therefore is a fixture of the band's live performances. When played live, the song is played with guitars tuned down by one semitone (a permanent fixture of their studio an
Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California by drummer Lars Ulrich and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield, has been based in San Francisco, California for most of its career; the group's fast tempos and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band. Metallica earned a growing fan base in the underground music community and won critical acclaim with its first five albums; the band's third album, Master of Puppets, was described as one of the heaviest and most influential thrash metal albums. After experimenting with different genres and directions in subsequent releases, the band returned to its thrash metal roots with the release of its ninth album, Death Magnetic, which drew similar praise to that of the band's earlier albums.
In 2000, Metallica led the case against the peer-to-peer file sharing service Napster, in which the band and several other artists filed lawsuits against the service for sharing their copyright-protected material without consent. Metallica was the subject of the acclaimed 2004 documentary film Some Kind of Monster, which documented the troubled production of the band's eighth album, St. Anger, the internal struggles within the band at the time. In 2009, Metallica was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame; the band wrote the screenplay for and starred in the 2013 IMAX concert film Metallica: Through the Never, in which the band performed live against a fictional thriller storyline. Metallica has released ten studio albums, four live albums, a cover album, five extended plays, 37 singles and 39 music videos; the band has won nine Grammy Awards from 23 nominations, its last six studio albums have consecutively debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Metallica ranks as one of the most commercially successful bands of all time, having sold over 125 million albums worldwide as of 2018.
Metallica has been listed as one of the greatest artists of all time by magazines such as Rolling Stone, which ranked them at no. 61 on its 100 Greatest Artists of All Time list. As of 2017, Metallica is the third best-selling music artist since Nielsen SoundScan began tracking sales in 1991, selling a total of 58 million albums in the United States. Metallica was formed in Los Angeles, California, in late 1981 when Danish-born drummer Lars Ulrich placed an advertisement in a Los Angeles newspaper, The Recycler, which read, "Drummer looking for other metal musicians to jam with Tygers of Pan Tang, Diamond Head and Iron Maiden." Guitarists James Hetfield and Hugh Tanner of Leather Charm answered the advertisement. Although he had not formed a band, Ulrich asked Metal Blade Records founder Brian Slagel if he could record a song for the label's upcoming compilation album, Metal Massacre. Slagel accepted, Ulrich recruited Hetfield to sing and play rhythm guitar; the band was formed on October 28, 1981, five months after Ulrich and Hetfield first met.
The bandname came from Ulrich's friend Ron Quintana, brainstorming names for a fanzine and was considering MetalMania or Metallica. Dave Mustaine replied to an advert for a lead guitarist. In early 1982, Metallica recorded its first original song, "Hit the Lights", for the Metal Massacre I compilation. Hetfield played bass,rhythm guitar and sang while Lloyd Grant was credited with a guitar solo and Lars Ulrich played drums. Metal Massacre I was released on June 14, 1982; the song generated word of mouth and the band played its first live performance on March 14, 1982, at Radio City in Anaheim, with newly recruited bassist Ron McGovney. Their first live success came early; this was Metallica's second gig. Metallica recorded its first demo, Power Metal, whose name was inspired by Quintana's early business cards in early 1982; the term "thrash metal" was coined in February 1984 by Kerrang! journalist Malcolm Dome in reference to Anthrax's song "Metal Thrashing Mad". Prior to this, Hetfield referred to Metallica's sound as "power metal".
In late 1982, Ulrich and Hetfield attended a show at the West Hollywood nightclub Whisky a Go Go, which featured bassist Cliff Burton in the band Trauma. The two were "asked him to join Metallica. Hetfield and Mustaine wanted McGovney to leave because they thought he "didn't contribute anything, he just followed". Although Burton declined the offer, by the end of the year, he had accepted on the condition the band move to El Cerrito in the San Francisco Bay Area. Metallica's first live performance with Burton was at the nightclub The Stone in March 1983, the first recording to feature Burton was the Megaforce demo. Metallica was ready to record their debut album, but when Metal Blade was unable to cover the cost, they began looking for other options. Concert promoter Johny "Z" Zazula, who had heard the
"Enter Sandman" is a song by American heavy metal band Metallica. It was released as the first single from their self-titled fifth album, Metallica in 1991; the music was written by James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich. Vocalist and rhythm guitarist Hetfield wrote the lyrics, which deal with the concept of a child's nightmares; the single achieved platinum certification for more than 1,000,000 copies shipped in the United States, spurring sales of over 30 million copies for Metallica and propelling Metallica to worldwide popularity. Acclaimed by critics, the song is featured in all of Metallica's live albums and DVDs released after 1991 and has been played live at award ceremonies and benefit concerts. "Enter Sandman" was the first song Metallica had written for Metallica. Metallica's songwriting at that time was done by rhythm guitarist James Hetfield and drummer Lars Ulrich, after they gathered tapes of song ideas and concepts from the other members of the band, lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Jason Newsted.
Ulrich's house in Berkeley, was used for this purpose. "Enter Sandman" evolved from a guitar riff that Hammett wrote, after being inspired by Soundgarden's 1989 album Louder Than Love. The riff was two bars in length, but Ulrich suggested the first bar be played three times; the instrumental parts of the song were finished, but Hetfield did not come up with vocal melodies and lyrics for a long time. The song was among the album's last to have lyrics, the lyrics featured in the song are not the original. For the first time in Metallica's history, however and producer Bob Rock told Hetfield that they felt he could write better lyrics. According to Ulrich, the song was the "foundation, the guide to the whole record" before it had lyrics. An instrumental demo was recorded on August 13, 1990; the album Metallica was recorded in Los Angeles at One on One Studios, between October 6, 1990, June 16, 1991, although Ulrich and Rock recorded for a week in Vancouver, British Columbia, between April and May 1991.
As the first to be produced by Bob Rock, it was recorded differently than previous Metallica albums. According to engineer Randy Staub, close to 50 takes of the drums were recorded because Ulrich did not record the song in its entirety, but rather recorded each section of the song separately; because it was difficult to get in one take the "intensity" that the band wanted, numerous takes were selected and edited together. Staub mentioned that the producing team spent much time in getting the best sound from each part of the room and used several combinations of 40 to 50 microphones in recording the drums and guitars to simulate the sound of a live concert; the bass guitar sound gained importance with Rock. As the first single, "Enter Sandman" was the first song to be mixed, a task that took ten days because the band and Bob Rock had to create the sound for the entire album while mixing the song; the simpler songs in the album Metallica, including "Enter Sandman", are a departure from the band's previous, more musically complex album...
And Justice for All. Ulrich described "Enter Sandman" as a "one-riff song", in which all of its sections derive from the main riff credited to Kirk Hammett."Enter Sandman" moves at a tempo of 123 beats per minute for 5:32, running above the average song length of the album. It begins with a clean guitar intro similar to the main riff. Distorted guitars build up to the main riff, which starts 56 seconds into the song and utilizes variations of the E/B♭ tritone. P. J. Howorth, in The Wah Wah Book, characterized the main riff as "sinister"; the song follows a common structure, playing two iterations of a verse, a pre-chorus, a chorus. On the chorus and pre-chorus, the song modulates one whole tone, up to F♯, after the second chorus, Hammett plays a guitar solo with the main, pre-chorus, chorus riffs in the background. Hammett makes use of the wah-wah pedal and a wide range of scales, including e minor pentatonic, B minor, F♯ minor, E minor, the E dorian mode. One of the final licks of the solo was inspired by the Heart song "Magic Man" as used in Ice-T's "Personal".
Just a few seconds before the solo ends, the breakdown starts, in which the clean drum intro starts the clean guitar intro when the last notes of Kirk's solo echo over it into the background, are heard together with Hetfield teaching a child the "Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep" bedtime prayer and reciting a variation of the lullaby rhyme "Hush Little Baby" where he is heard saying "Hush little baby don't say a word, never mind that noise you heard. It's just the beasts under your bed, in your closet, in your head". After building again to a chorus, the song starts to fade out while the band plays the same riffs as the buildup intro in reverse order. Lyrically, the song is about "nightmares and all that come with them", according to Chris True of AllMusic; the title is a reference to the sandman, a character from Wester
Nothing Else Matters
"Nothing Else Matters" is a song by American heavy metal band Metallica. It was released in 1992 as Metallica; the song peaked at number 11 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, number 6 on the UK Singles Chart as well as top-ten on many other European charts. "Nothing Else Matters" was featured as a playable track in the music video game Guitar Hero: Metallica. Recognized as one of Metallica's best known and most popular songs, it has become a staple in live performances; the song has been covered nearly 100 times. Lead singer and rhythm guitarist James Hetfield wrote the song in 1990 while he was on the phone with his girlfriend. Since he held the phone with one hand, he plucked the four open strings of a standard E-minor chord with the other, which made up the first two bars of the song; the lyrics, which talk about being "so close, no matter how far", were dedicated to his girlfriend, indicating the bond they shared when Hetfield was on tour. The song was not meant to be released, as Hetfield had written it for himself, but after drummer Lars Ulrich heard it, it was considered for the album.
The song's demo was called "Nothing Else Matters" and was recorded in Lars Ulrich's home musical studio "Dungeon" on August 13, 1990. Its intro is an E minor arpeggio beginning with the open low E followed by the open G, B and high E strings, it is one of the few Metallica songs. Given that Hetfield recorded all rhythm and most harmony tracks on the band's first five albums and that Hammett has stated he didn't learn how to play the song until they were well into the tour for the album, Hammett does not play on the studio recording, making it one of the few in the whole Metallica repertoire, along with Cliff Burton's " Pulling Teeth", in which he does not appear; the orchestral arrangements were written by award-winning composer Michael Kamen, who would go on to collaborate with the group on S&M. The music video premiered on MTV on February 26, 1992, it was directed by Adam Dubin, edited by Sean Fullan. The clip consists of parts of the A year and a half... video tape, shot during the recordings of Metallica.
One of them shows Hetfield playing a Gibson EDS-1275 guitar during the second chorus. MTV will not air the video during daytime hours anymore because it features nudity in the form of pin-up posters and Playboy centerfolds that are taped up in the studio, it has a picture of Kip Winger which Lars Ulrich is seen throwing darts at. On the band's 2006 music video compilation DVD, the posters are censored, as was done with the nudity featured in the music videos for "Turn the Page" and "Whiskey in the Jar"; the song has now become a staple in Metallica's live performances, has been dedicated to their fans. When played live nowadays, Hammett does the first part of the intro, Hetfield joins in for the second, to sing and play it alone until after the first chorus, when the whole band kicks in; the last verse is left out, ending the song with the distorted guitar solo by Hetfield, fading into "Enter Sandman". A live version on which this can be heard, can be found on the CD/DVD Orgullo, Pasión y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México.
Other live recordings can be found on Live Shit: Binge & Purge, on S&M, Cunning Stunts DVD as well as the DVD/Blu-ray The Big 4 Live from Sofia, Bulgaria as well as on the soundtrack for the band's feature film "Through the Never". This version was released in Europe April 27, 1992 and it contained the three songs Metallica played at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert on April 20, 1992 at Wembley Stadium. James Hetfield – vocals and rhythm guitars Jason Newsted - bass Lars Ulrich – drumsAdditional personnel Michael Kamen – orchestral arrangement For its appearance on S&M, its orchestration was arranged by Michael Kamen conducting the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra; this live version is featured on the album S&M. It was released as the single "Nothing Else Matters'99", which included the b-sides "-Human", the S&M version of "For Whom the Bell Tolls", on November 22, 1999; this version was played with guitars tuned to E♭. Year-end charts There is an acoustic remix of "Nothing Else Matters", called the "elevator version" with no electric guitars, Kamen's orchestrations, Hetfield's voice only.
"Nothing Else Matters" is a special Europe-only single by British singer-songwriter Lucie Silvas. It was released in the same way as "Don't Look Back", with the same b-sides and artwork. Chart Stats Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Anti-Nowhere League are an English hardcore punk band, formed in 1979 by lead singer Animal, guitarist Magoo, Bones on drums and Chris Elvy on bass. Their first gig was as a three piece at the 1980 Chaos Show at St Mark's Hall, Royal Tunbridge Wells on 31 March 1980, they managed to get a slot in Discharge and The Exploited's Apocalypse tour, along with Chron Gen and Anti-Pasti. Chris Elvy was replaced by Clive Blake and Bones was replaced by PJ.. Persian John as they moved towards going pro; this led to them signing to John Curd's record label WXYZ Records, with Curd and Chris Gabrin co-managing the band. That year they opened for The Damned on a short tour round the north of England and Scotland plus a hastily arranged one-off gig at the Lyceum Ballroom where The Damned stepped in for Stiff Little Fingers. November 1981 saw the release of their first single, a cover version of Ralph McTell's "Streets of London"; the single spent five weeks in the listings. The profanity-laden B-side of the single, "So What" became the group's anthem.
Copies of this single were seized from indie distributor Pinnacle by the Metropolitan Police's Obscene Publication Squad shortly after release. "So What?" was covered by Metallica, being released as a B-side to the "Sad But True" single, included on the Garage Inc. album. In 1982, ANL took part in the'So What Tour' alongside groups such as Chelsea, The Meteors, Chron Gen and The Defects; this year saw the release of their debut album, We Are... The League, it reached No. 24 in the UK Albums Chart, spent eleven weeks in the chart. The year finished with the'Hardcore Storms America' tour with the UK Subs. Gilly joined the band in 1982 as an extra guitarist; the band went to Yugoslavia to record a live album, called Live In Yugoslavia, but this was dogged by problems with the authorities insisting that references that Animal had made about the deceased president Josip Broz Tito be removed from the master tapes. The live album spent one week at No. 88 in the UK Albums Chart. In 1984, PJ left the band, they became musically inactive.
1985 saw Michael Bettell join on drums, followed in 1986 by JB. During this time they signed for GWR Records, recorded The Perfect Crime album. In 1987, Anti-Nowhere League disbanded. However, there was a belated'farewell' show at the Victoria Hall in Tunbridge Wells, in 1989, recorded and can be heard on their live album, Live Animals. In 1992, Animal was told by JB that Metallica wanted him to guest at Wembley Arena, when they did their cover version of "So What". Animal put it thus on ANL's website. "As I waited on the edge of the stage waiting to go on it dawned on me I was just about to stand in front of 10,000 punters who didn’t know me from Adam and sing a song that I couldn’t fucking remember. However, after the 25 October show, Mark joined that year on lead guitar, 1993–1995 was spent playing gigs in the small venues the band had started out in. Michael Bettell died in September 2003, aged 41, from a brain tumour. In 1996, they recorded their next EP Pig Iron. Beef joined the band after Mark's departure.
Further personnel changes occurred in 1997 when Winston left the band to be replaced by Jon Jon, the recording of the album Scum. Winston Blake returned to his former occupation of a leadworker and lives in East Sussex. Danny joined on drums in 1998, the album Out of Control was released a year in 1999. In 2001, Magoo quit playing live shows. Jon Jon and Danny left the band, to be replaced by PJ, Jez on guitar and Shady on bass; this line-up released the band's fifth studio album and Queens in 2005, released on the Captain Oi! Record label. However, there were arguments over the omission of two songs from that album, "The Day The World Turned Gay" and "The Adventures Of Peter Vile". Lawyers for Captain Oi! Refused to sanction the release of these two songs because of fear of litigation, so Nick relented and let the album be released with the two disputed songs omitted. In 2006, the band set up Nowhere Records; the album included the two songs omitted from the Kings and Queens album, as well as "Landlord", taken from the Out Of Control album.
In 2006, the Anti-Nowhere League undertook a twenty nine date UK tour, PJ left the band after the Glasgow gig in October 2006. His replacement was Dave Hazlewood, from the small Kent town of Cranbrook, who had filled in before on tours. On 8 November 2006, the ANL began a three-week tour of New Zealand. On 26 October, the band joined Angelic Upstarts, Sham 69 and The Damned for the Academy in the UK 2006: 30th Anniversary of Punk gig at London's Shepherd's Bush Empire; the Anti-Nowhere League supported Rancid at their Leeds gig on 8 November 2008. In December 2008, Jez was replaced on lead guitar by Johhny Skullknuckles; the League continued to tour and record, now promote their new songs with videos. After a mini European tour in late spring 2009, they embarked on an American tour in June and July 2009, before appearing at the Punk Rebellion festival in Blackpool. After touring Germany and the Netherlands in early May 2010, the band and Johhny Skullknuckles parted company and Tommy H was drafted in on guitar.
In 2011 the band recorded the "This Is War" single, accompanying video, followed by a tour with the UK Subs supporting Motörhead on a