click links in text for more info

Pop-Up Video

Pop Up Video is a VH1 television show that shows music videos annotated via "pop-up" bubbles — called "info nuggets" — containing trivia and witticisms relating to the video in question. The show was created by Woody Thompson and Tad Low and premiered October 27, 1996. For a time, it was the highest-rated program on VH1, though years overtook it by 1998, it was produced by Spin the Bottle Inc. and by Eyeboogie Inc. during its original run. In October 2011, Pop Up Video was revived by VH1, featuring new videos with new trivia and commentary; the revived production was continued by Eyeboogie Inc. The show's pioneering use of pop-up bubbles to provide additional information about what is happening onscreen has seen many imitators and parodies, as well as some official licensed spinoffs, including Pop Up Video UK. Most episodes of Pop Up Video play four or five music videos each, selected to include new, older, "classic", "campy" videos; the bubbles that pop up in each video appear about every 10–15 seconds.

One of the show's staff writers is assigned to each video. Production costs for each episode total about $30,000; the "random" information presented in bubbles included statistics and demographics, medical and historical trivia and lists of a wide range of subjects. Gary Burns, in the Journal of Popular Film and Television notes as a recurring theme "the producers' attempt to turn every popped-up video into a dirty joke."Often the film crew for the video in question would be interviewed in the research process. In addition, the producers solicited information by means of a phone web site page. General facts are double- or triple-sourced, according to the producers. Thompson and Low worked together on Brandon Tartikoff's late night talk show Last Call, before it was cancelled in 1994, they spent the next two years making pitches of ideas for television shows to various networks. The pilot episode cost $3000 to produce. In 2000, Entertainment Weekly reported that Low was no longer involved with the production of the show.

Special episodes of Pop Up Video aired throughout the series' run. Many focused on specific artists, including VH1 staples Madonna, Culture Club, U2, Elton John. Others ran on different themes, such as "Women First," "Road Trip," "Movies," and "Duets". There were several holiday specials, including Halloween and several Christmas episodes; some theme episodes broke with the show's format by including a montage of clips from many videos. During a week of 1980s-themed programming on VH1 in March 1998, Pop Up Video became Pop Up'80s; these episodes featured additional clips of 1980s news events and pop culture tidbits between music videos. The 1996 VH1 Fashion Awards, Divas Live, The Oprah Winfrey Show, several episodes of the Brady Bunch, ABC's Original TGIF 1998 and 1999 line-up's season premieres and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire got the Pop Up treatment. Other proposals, such as a Pop Up Video edition of the entirety of Grease during its 1998 theatrical re-release, were never realized, it was used in a second version of the remake of the original 1974 Meow Mix commercial in 2002, which lacks the lyrics.

A United Kingdom-specific version entitled Pop Up Video UK, aired on Channel 4, still airs on VH1 UK and Europe. This version featured music videos by British artists such as Robbie Williams, Spice Girls, Elvis Costello. In January 2000, the spinoff program Pop Up Quiz debuted on VH1. Utilizing the same format as Pop Up Video, the show presented trivia questions inspired by the content of each music video shown. Launched at a time when the Pop Up Video brand had become a "veritable franchise", the show was called a "weak spin-off" among several "duds" launched by the network at the time; the 25th anniversary DVD release of The Rocky Horror Picture Show features a Pop Up video clip of one of the film's musical numbers, "Hot Patootie – Bless My Soul", as an extra on the second disc. MSG Network airs a show called TXT MSG, which gives the "pop up" treatment to classic sporting events from MSG's library; this is an official Spin the Bottle production, Low is credited as an executive producer. Artists such as Billy Joel, Jakob Dylan of The Wallflowers, The Police, as well as others such as director Mark Pellington and Sony Music Entertainment president Tommy Mottola complained about what they perceived as harsh treatment on the show and the videos in which they were featured were pulled.

The show's creators called these the "Pops They Stopped." In contrast, some artists, including Joan Osborne and Paula Abdul, made appearances on the show to provide further information on their popped videos. Pop Up Video is most compared to the contemporaneous television programs Beavis and Butt-head and Mystery Science Theater 3000, which were known for their

Timeline of STS-51-L

STS-51-L Mission timeline is a detailed timeline of events from the ignition of Challenger's main engines to the remote destruction of the two solid rocket boosters, includes a transcript of crew conversations from the cockpit voice recorder on board the orbiter. STS-51-L was the twenty-fifth flight in the American Space Shuttle program, marked the first time a civilian had flown aboard the Space Shuttle; the mission used Space Shuttle Challenger, which lifted off from launch pad 39B on January 28, 1986, from Kennedy Space Center, Florida. The mission ended in disaster following the destruction of Challenger 73 seconds after lift-off, because of the failure of an O-ring seal on Challenger's right solid rocket booster, which led to the rapid disintegration of the shuttle stack from overwhelming aerodynamic pressures; the seven-member crew was killed when the crew compartment hit the Atlantic Ocean at 207 miles per hour, after two and a half minutes of freefall. Following several days of lengthy delays, Challenger lifted off at 16:38:00 UTC on January 28, 1986.

Her three main engines were ignited at T-6.6 seconds, at T-0 the solid rocket boosters were ignited, lifting the shuttle stack off launchpad 39-B at Kennedy Space Center. Cameras recording the launch registered the presence of smoke at the field joint next to the attachment strut on the right-hand SRB, indicating the failure of the O-rings that were supposed to seal the joint against the "blow-by" of hot gases from the boosters. However, sometime at around T+2 seconds, a piece of solid fuel from inside the booster moved inside the joint and provided a temporary seal against the blow-by, allowing the launch to proceed for around forty seconds. However, at around T+36 seconds and an altitude of just over 10,000 feet, Challenger experienced the strongest wind shear felt during a Space Shuttle launch; the pitch and yaw commanded by the shuttle's computers in order to counter this wind caused the solid fuel plug to become dislodged from the field joint on the right SRB. At around T+58, cameras noted the creation of a plume on the aft attachment strut on the right-hand SRB, as ignited gas began to force itself through a growing hole in the field joint.

Within a second, the plume became well defined and intense. Internal pressure in the right SRB began to drop because of the enlarging hole in the failed joint, at T+60 there was visual evidence of flame coming through the joint and impinging on the external tank; as the mission clock passed up through T+64 seconds, the plume changed shape, showing that it had burned a hole in the liquid hydrogen tank in Challenger's ET, causing the tank to leak. The pressure in the tank began to drop, Challenger's onboard computers began to pivot the nozzles of the SSMEs to counter the now-unbalanced thrust between the two SRBs. At this stage, the situation still seemed normal both to flight controllers. At T+68, the CAPCOM informed the crew – "Challenger, go at throttle up", Commander Dick Scobee confirmed the call, his response, "Roger, go at throttle up," was the last communication from Challenger on the air-to-ground loop. At around T+72, the right SRB pulled away from the aft strut attaching it to the external tank.

Analysis of telemetry data showed a sudden lateral acceleration to the right at T+72.525, which may have been felt by the crew. The last statement captured by the crew cabin recorder came just half a second after this acceleration, when Pilot Michael J. Smith said, "Uh oh." Smith may have been responding to onboard indications of main engine performance or to falling pressures in the external fuel tank. At T+73.124, the aft dome of the liquid hydrogen tank failed, producing a propulsive force that pushed the hydrogen tank into the liquid oxygen tank in the forward part of the external tank. At the same time, the right SRB rotated about the forward attach strut, struck the intertank structure; the breakup of the vehicle began at an altitude of 48,000 feet. With the external tank disintegrating, Challenger veered from its correct attitude with respect to the local air flow and was torn apart by aerodynamic forces, resulting in a load factor of up to 20g – well over its design limit; the two SRBs, which could withstand greater aerodynamic loads, separated from the ET and continued in uncontrolled powered flight for another 37 seconds.

The SRB casings were made of 12.7 millimetres thick steel and were much stronger than the orbiter and ET. The boosters were destroyed by the range safety system at around 110 seconds after launch; the following timeline provides a detailed list of the major events of the launch of STS-51-L, culminating in the destruction of Challenger. The list contains a transcript from the shuttle's Cockpit Voice Recorder, from ignition of the main engines to T+73 seconds. Acronyms used in the timeline are as follows: APU – Auxiliary power unit CAPCOM – Capsule Communicator CDR – Commander CVR – Cockpit voice recorder DPS - Data processing systems engineer ET – External tank FIDO – Flight dynamics officer GLS – Ground launch sequencer GPC – General purpose computer HPFT – High-pressure fuel turbopump LH2 – Liquid hydrogen LO2 – Liquid oxygen LVLH – Local vertical/local horizontal MCC – Mission Control Center MEC – Main engine controller MPS - Main propulsion system MS1/MS2 – Mission Specialist PAO – Public affairs officer PIC – Pyrotechnics initiator controller PLT – Pilot (Mik

John Cotton Dana

John Cotton Dana was an American library and museum director who sought to make these cultural institutions relevant to the daily lives of citizens. As a public librarian for forty years Dana promoted the benefits of reading, pioneered direct access to shelved materials, innovated specialized library services of all types. Dana studied law at Dartmouth College, where he graduated in 1878. Moving to Denver in 1880, Dana began to practice. Dana moved to New York and was admitted to the bar in 1883. Taking a position as the editor of the Ashby Avalanche in 1885, Dana moved to Minnesota but resettled in Colorado after a short time. Dana married in 1888 to Adine Rowena Wagener, they had no children. Because of the reputation he cultivated as a learned man and his connections in the Denver Public Schools, the superintendent Aaron Gove nominated Dana as the City's first librarian. Dana directed the Denver Public Library from 1889 to 1898, pioneering the patron's right to open stacks, allowing them to browse for themselves instead of having library staff intervening for every request.

Dana wanted to update libraries and envisioned them as vibrant community centers rather than collections of relics that appealed to only a small segment of people. Under Dana's leadership the Denver Public Library pioneered the first-ever collection devoted to children's literature, he was opposed to the concept of storytime, preferring for his children's library to focus on the continuing education of school teachers. Dana was the president of the Colorado Library Association in 1895 and served as president of the American Library Association in 1895/96; the city began discussing lowering Dana's salary over mounting public controversy concerning a city tax levied for the school district and, by extension, the library. Dana drew criticism for circulating "gold bug" literature at the library. Dana felt. Back east again, he served as a librarian at the Springfield, Massachusetts public library from 1898 to 1902 and continued many of his Denver policies there. One of the changes Dana implemented at the Springfield library was to the physical building itself.

He had workers tear down many of the railings and open the floor plan. Dana was adamant that patrons be permitted to browse the stacks: "Let the shelves be open, the public admitted to them, let the open shelves strike the keynote of the whole administration; the whole library should be permeated with a cheerful and accommodating atmosphere." Although these terms were not invented until nearly a century Dana concerned himself with the ergonomics and usability of the library collections and facilities. He left Springfield after refusing to become involved in a power struggle with the library's patrons. Dana provided leadership at the Newark Public Library in Newark, New Jersey, from 1902 until his death in 1929, he established foreign language collections for immigrants and developed a special collection for the business community. This "Business Branch" was the first of its kind in the nation. Dana founded the Special Libraries Association, serving as its first president from 1909 to 1911. Dana founded the Newark Museum in 1909.

The Museum was exceptional because it included contemporary American commercial products as folk art as well as factory-made products. John C. Dana believed that purchasing European oil painting was a waste of money and thus supported American art movements, he did not like modern art, but he believed in the principle of a universal museum and thus ordered purchases of art associated with the Ashcan School. In 1915, he curated the exhibition "Clay Products of New Jersey" where he displayed two porcelain toilets from Trenton Potteries, part of his work toward including industrial arts in the museum. Cotton began the Newark Museum's notable Tibetan collection. Dana was quoted as saying, “A great department store reached, open at all hours, is more like a good museum of art than any of the museums we have yet established”. A biographer said of Dana, “He would have found a library school curriculum intolerable, doubtless a library school would have found him intolerable”. After Dana's death, his successor at the Newark Public Library referred to him as “The First Citizen of Newark”.

The pre-legal department of New Jersey Law School, transitioning from a two-year to a four-year curriculum in 1930, renamed the school Dana College. Six years after his death, the city of Newark appointed October 1935 as John Cotton Dana Day. Rutgers-Newark's main library, opened in 1967, is named after Dana; the American Library Association offers the John Cotton Dana Public Relations Award to libraries with exceptional public relations. The NJ Associations of Museums has an annual award in his name, presented to an individual "for outstanding contributions to the New Jersey museum profession." The highest honor of the Special Libraries Association is the John Cotton Dana Award, recognizing an information professional for lifetime achievement. Dana is recognized in the Library Hall of Fame. A Library Primer, 1896; the New Museum, by John Cotton Dana. ElmTree Press, Vermont, 1917; the Gloom of the Museum, by John Cotton Dana, ElmTree Press, Vermont, 1917. Installation of a Speaker, by John Cotton Dana, ElmTree Press, Vermont, 1918.

A Plan for a New Museum by John Cotton Dana, ElmTree Press, Vermont, 1920. American Art: How it can be made to Flourish by John Cotton Dana, ElmTree Press

Thomas Higson (cricketer, born 1873)

Thomas Atkinson Higson was an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Oxford University in 1892, for Derbyshire in 1899, 1909 and 1910 and for Lancashire between 1905 and 1923. Higson was born at Stockport, the son of Jacob Higson, a civil mining engineer, his wife Eliza Alice Smith He was educated at Rossall School where he was in the cricket XI for three years and captained it in his last year being fives champion, he played casual games for an assortment of teams from his late teens. In 1889 he played a match for Lancashire against Cheshire, he was at New College, Oxford and 1892 he played one match for the university against Lancashire, missing his first innings through injury. In 1892 he played for Cheshire against MCC. In 1893 he played for Blackpool against the Australians. By profession, he became a solicitor and played a couple of games for Incogniti in 1896. Higson played a full season for Derbyshire in 1899, he achieved his best bowling performance of 4 for 74 against Warwickshire and his top score of 46 against Hampshire.

From 1901 he was playing for Lancashire in the second XIs. He next played first-class in 1904 for Marylebone Cricket Club against South Africans, in 1905, 1906 and 1907 played occasional first-class games for Lancashire. In the 1909 season he was back with Derbyshire for one game and played three matches for the club in the 1910 season. After the war in 1921 he was again with Lancashire playing in the second team, apart from one game in 1923 against West Indies. Higson was a right-arm off-break bowler and took 41 first-class wickets at an average of 28.41 and a best performance of 4 for 74. He was a right-hand batsman and played 50 innings in 29 first-class matches at an average of 12.69 and a top score of 46. From 1931 to 1934, Higson was a member of the Selection Committee, with Sir Pelham Warner and P. A. Perrin, he helped to choose the M. C. C. side which visited Australia in 1932–33 for the controversial bodyline tour. On this, his view was, he had strong views on many aspects of the game and in 1934 argued for two-day single innings county matches to brighten the game.

Higson was chairman of Lancashire County Cricket Club from 1932 to 1949, in succession to Sir Edwin Stockton. Higson died at Grange-over-Sands, Lancashire, at the age of 75, his sons Thomas Higson and Peter Higson played first-class cricket for Lancashire, his brother Peter Higson played for Cheshire

Richard L. Murphy

Richard Louis Murphy of Dubuque, Iowa was a Democratic U. S. Senator from Iowa. Elected with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, as only the second Democratic Senator from Iowa elected since 1858, Murphy's service was cut short by his accidental death in 1936, with over two years remaining in his only term. Louis Murphy was born to John and Anna Murphy in Dubuque, Iowa, on November 6, 1875, his father was the publisher of the Dubuque Telegraph-Herald. Louis attended the public schools in Dubuque, including two years of high school, but his earnings were needed at home, so his formal education ended, he began a career in journalism at age 15, by serving as a reporter for the Galena, Gazette from 1890-1892. Returning to Dubuque in 1892, he worked at the Dubuque Times-Journal as a reporter as a city editor. Upon his father's death in 1902, he became the editor of the Dubuque Telegraph-Herald, serving in that position until 1914, he was appointed by the Woodrow Wilson Administration to serve as collector of internal revenue for Iowa from 1913 to 1920.

After the end of that administration, he worked as an income tax counselor from 1920 to 1931, when he retired from active pursuits. In 1932, he ran as the Democratic nominee for the U. S. Senate seat held by Smith W. Brookhart. Henry Field seized the Republican nomination from Brookhart. In the general election, Murphy defeated Field by a wide margin, as part of the Democratic landslide that accompanied the election of Roosevelt and defeat of Herbert Hoover. A chief plank of Murphy's platform was the restoration, as an agricultural relief measure, of the legality of beer. Murphy served from March 4, 1933, until his death in an automobile accident near Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, on July 16, 1936, he and his wife, were returning to Dubuque from a week's vacation in Hayward, Wis. with Fred W. Woodward, publisher of the Dubuque Telegraph Herald, his wife, according to the Telegraph Herald. Murphy's wife, one of three passengers injured in the crash, reported that the accident occurred when a tire done blown out while Murphy was driving at low speed, causing it to plunge off an embankment.

He was buried in Key West, Iowa. With Murphy's death, the Roosevelt Administration lost a reliable ally in the Senate. Although Murphy was replaced by another Democrat, Gillette was at odds with the president, opposing his plan to expand the Supreme Court, opposing, until late 1941, Roosevelt's support for Great Britain. At the time of the accident, Mr. and Mrs. Murphy were the parents of five children—Mary, Elinor Ann, Imelda and Charles. A sixth child had died in infancy. List of United States Congress members who died in office

Frisco Lil

Frisco Lil is a 1942 American drama film directed by Erle C. Kenton and written by George Bricker and Michael Jacoby; the film stars Irene Hervey, Kent Taylor, Minor Watson, Jerome Cowan, Samuel S. Hinds and Milburn Stone; the film was released on March 1942, by Universal Pictures. Irene Hervey as Lillian Grayson / Frisco Lil Kent Taylor as Peter Brewster Minor Watson as Jeff Gray Jerome Cowan as Vince Warren Samuel S. Hinds as James Brewster Milburn Stone as Mike Matty Fain as Garrity Claire Whitney as Nell Brewster Emmett Lynn as J. B. Devers Harry Strang as Red Tony Paton as Artie Selmer Jackson as McIntyre Harry C. Bradley as Judge Gus Glassmire as Herrington Paul McVey as Cornell Frisco Lil on IMDb