click links in text for more info

Pope Boniface V

Pope Boniface V was Pope from 23 December 619 to his death in 625. He did much for the Christianising of England, enacted the decree by which churches became places of sanctuary. Boniface V was a Neapolitan. Before his consecration, Italy was disturbed by the rebellion of the eunuch Eleutherius, Exarch of Ravenna; the patrician pretender advanced towards Rome, but before he could reach the city, he was slain by his own troops. The Liber Pontificalis records that Boniface made certain enactments relative to the rights of sanctuary, that he ordered the ecclesiastical notaries to obey the laws of the empire on the subject of wills, he prescribed that acolytes should not presume to translate the relics of martyrs and that, in the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, they should not take the place of deacons in administering baptism. Boniface consecrated the cemetery of Saint Nicomedes on the Via Nomentana. In the Liber Pontificalis, Boniface is described as "the mildest of men", whose chief distinction was his great love for the clergy.

The Venerable Bede writes of the pope's affectionate concern for the English Church. The "letters of exhortation" which he is said to have addressed to Mellitus, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Justus, Bishop of Rochester, are no longer extant, but certain other letters of his have been preserved. One is written to Justus after he had succeeded Mellitus as Archbishop of Canterbury in 624, conferring the pallium upon him and directing him to "ordain bishops as occasion should require." According to Bede, Pope Boniface sent letters to King Edwin of Northumbria in 625 urging him to embrace the Christian faith, to the Christian Princess Æthelburg of Kent, Edwin's spouse, exhorting her to use her best endeavours for the conversion of her consort. Boniface V was buried in St. Peter's Basilica on 25 October 625, he was succeeded by Pope Honorius I. List of Catholic saints List of popes This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Pope Boniface V".

Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Bede. Historia ecclesiastica gentis Francis Aidan. A Short History of the Catholic Church in England, 19 Gregorovius, Ferdinand. II, 113 Hunt, William; the English Church from Its Foundation to the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. "A History of the English Church", W. R. W. Stephens and William Hunt, ed. London: Macmillan and Co. 1912. 49, 56, 58 Jaffé, Regesta Pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum 1198. Berlin, 1851. I, 222 Jungmann, Dissertationes Selectae in Historiam Ecclesiasticam, II, 389. Langen, 506 Liber Pontificalis, I, 321–322 Mansi, Gian Domenico. X, 547–554 Mann, Horace K. Lives of the Popes I, 294–303

Destructive fishing practices

Destructive fishing practices are practices that result in irreversible damage to aquatic habitats and ecosystems. Many fishing techniques can be destructive if used inappropriately, but some practices are likely to result in irreversible damage; these practices are though not always, illegal. Where they are illegal, they are inadequately enforced; the narrowest definition of destructive fishing practices refers principally to bottom trawling over vulnerable habitat, as well as practices such as shark finning, blast fishing, poison fishing, muro-ami, push netting. These latter practices are not significant within the fishing zones of most developed nations, being outlawed. A wider and more useful definition would include: overfishing beyond reasonable recovery limits, including serial overfishing; this definition could be extended to cover activities such as: ghost fishing by lost or discarded gear, shark netting of popular swimming beaches, amateur use of fish aggregating devices or traps where they increase the likelihood of locally unsustainable catch levels, spearfishing at night or with SCUBA, as well as'industrial' spearfishing, use of stainless steel hooks or traps.

The phrase destructive fishing practices has been featured in international fisheries literature since about the 1980s. No accepted definition of the phrase exists, this will certainly remain the situation, given different national and industry perspectives; the DFPs discussed with the most standing are those of the Fisheries and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - the FAO. The Outcomes and Implementation Statements of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg in 2002, contain a commitment to phasing out destructive fishing practices in the marine environment by the year 2012. All nations attending the summit supported this statement. Many nations had made commitments to end destructive fishing practices much earlier. In 1999, 124 nations explicitly gave their support to the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries 1995 through the Rome Declaration on Responsible Fisheries; the list of these nations includes most of the major fishing nations of the world.

However, while the Code of Conduct contains a commitment to end destructive fishing practices, the Code contains no timelines. Dynamite or blast fishing is done and cheaply with dynamite or homemade bombs made from locally available materials. Fish are killed by the shock from the blast and are skimmed from the surface or collected from the bottom; the explosions indiscriminately kill large numbers of fish and other marine organisms in the vicinity and can damage or destroy the physical environment. Explosions are harmful to coral reefs. Blast fishing is illegal in many waterways around the world. Bottom trawling is trawling along the sea floor, it is referred to as "dragging". The scientific community divides bottom trawling into benthic demersal trawling. Benthic trawling is towing a net at the bottom of the ocean and demersal trawling is towing a net just above the benthic zone. Bottom trawling targets both bottom-living fish and semi-pelagic species such as cod, squid and rockfish. Bottom fishing has operated for over a century on fished grounds such as the North Sea and Grand Banks.

While overfishing has long been recognised as causing major ecological changes to the fish community on the Grand Banks, concern has been raised more about the damage which benthic trawling inflicts upon seabed communities. A species of particular concern is deep water coral Lophelia pertusa; this species is home to a diverse community of deep sea organisms, but is damaged by fishing gear. On 17 November 2004, the United Nations General Assembly urged nations to consider temporary bans on high seas bottom trawling. Bottom trawling over vulnerable habitat, will continue within the Exclusive Fishing Zones of most nations until governments have mapped the location of vulnerable habitats, taken steps to exclude all bottom trawling activities from these areas. Cyanide fishing is a method of collecting live fish for use in aquariums, which involves spraying a sodium cyanide mixture into the desired fish's habitat in order to stun the fish; the practice hurts not only the target population, but many other marine organisms, including coral and thus coral reefs.

Recent studies have shown that the combination of cyanide use and stress of post capture handling results in mortality of up to 75% of the organisms within less than 48 hours of capture. With such high mortality numbers, a greater number of fish must be caught in order to offset post catch death. Muro-ami is a destructive artisan fishing method employed on coral reefs in Southeast Asia. An encircling net is used with pounding devices, such as large stones fitted on ropes that are pounded onto the coral reefs, they can consist of large heavy blocks of cement suspended above the sea by a crane fitted to the vessel. The pounding devices are lowered into the area encircled by the net, smashing the coral into small fragments in order to scare

Ordinaire (wine bar)

Ordinaire is a wine bar, wine shop, bistro-style restaurant in Oakland, California. Located on Grand Avenue in the Grand Lake District, Ordinaire had its grand opening in September 2013. Ordinaire only sells natural wine, produced from organic grapes with minimal chemical and technological intervention. Owner Bradford Taylor opened Ordinaire while pursuing a Ph. D at the University of California, Berkeley with a dissertation on the sense of taste in early 20th century modernist literature. Taylor is an organizer of an annual natural wine festival in Oakland called Brumaire, which has held events at Ordinaire. In addition to selling and serving wine, Ordinaire serves small plates and periodically partners with chefs to open as a pop-up restaurant called Bistro Ordinaire. Food and wine critics have praised Ordinaire for its selection of wines and hip yet unpretentious atmosphere. Amid a wave of interest in natural wine in the United States, Ordinaire has helped to establish Oakland as a natural wine hub.

The shop has been described as an important site for natural wine culture within the East Bay, the San Francisco Bay Area, the West Coast, the United States as a whole. Ordinaire stocks and sells natural wine. Owner Bradford Taylor modeled Ordinaire after the caves à manger—small natural wine shops that serve food—he encountered while living in Paris Le Verre Volé, Le Chateaubriand, Le Baratin. "Natural wine" does not have a precise formal or legal definition. Taylor has said "there's something productive about how nebulous the term'natural' is, how it opens itself up to debate every time it comes up," and: I like the term natural wine. Yes, it is big and baggy, only loosely fits around the products, processes and worlds it is meant to contain. Finding a "perfect" word to describe all, never going to happen, thank god. I like that the term annoys people, which just means that it is language doing what it is supposed to do, making people uncomfortable, forcing us all to question the concepts by which we define ourselves and the objects around us.

I think that natural wines do this on a base, visceral level—so there's a signifier-signified coalescence I find pleasing. I'll add that I fucking hate when people claim that natural wine is some sort of subjective term that has no meaning. That's always a sign, but that can spark a useful conversation, too, I suppose. Ordinaire has helped to promote natural wine in the Bay Area and the United States and has become an Oakland destination for tourists. Chaney Kwak of The Guardian cited Ordinaire in an article arguing that Oakland was becoming a "New Brooklyn" and a "creative capital to rival" San Francisco. According to Jordan Michelman at Sprudge, there is "no one true home for natural wine in America... But there are certain addresses that help define the culture here, among them there's none more important on the west coast than that of Oakland's Ordinaire.... Vision and influence at the helm of Ordinaire has helped define natural wine in America." Taylor has called the Bay Area natural wine scene "really nascent, in its early stages compared to New York or Paris," but has said that Ordinaire's proximity to other natural wine bars has "made Oakland an organic- and natural-wine destination for people around the United States and overseas."

Luke Tsai of the East Bay Express said Taylor was "doing God's work in helping dispense with the notion that wine shops are all stuffy, intimidating places frequented only by the rich." Taylor opened Ordinaire while he was a doctoral candidate at UC Berkeley, writing his dissertation on the sense of taste in modernist literature, or on "the concept of taste in early 20th century literature, as it toggles between an aesthetic sensibility and a more gustatory, more physical sense of eating." Taylor and his wife Nicole Betenia rented the building, a 3,000-sq ft former gym, began renovations in October 2012. The shop was going to be named The Red Whale, but was renamed shortly before opening when Taylor received a cease-and-desist letter from a coffee business with the same name; the name Ordinaire was chosen after the French term vin ordinaire, which refers to everyday, "ordinary" wines that skip bottling to be served by winemakers among their friends in a bistro setting. Ordinaire had its grand opening in September.

The shop is located on Grand Avenue in the Grand Lake District, a neighborhood of Oakland located at the northwest corner of Lake Merritt. Taylor chose the location because it was less expensive than many of the city's other, better-established commercial districts. At the time of opening, Taylor said, most patrons were unfamiliar with natural wine, so the store sold "a bunch of conventional stuff just to subsidize the kinds of wines we wanted to drink." By 2017, Ordinaire carried about 400 bottles in its cellar and, according to Taylor, had become "a producer-centered shop, so we try to buy as many cuvées as we can from each winemaker we support"—something wine writer Pamela S. Busch said shows "a certain level of support and loyalty on the buyer's part," but "also

Mississippi Highway 370

Mississippi Highway 370 is a state highway in northeastern Mississippi. Its western terminus is in Ashland at MS 5, its eastern end is in Kirkville at MS 371; the route begins at the western terminus and heads east to Falkner, where it runs concurrently with MS 15 and heads south to Ripley. There, it turns east again, leaving MS 15 for a short overlap with MS 2 and MS 4. Leaving the concurrency, it travels south through Dumas to Pleasant Ridge, it joins MS 30 for a short concurrency between Pleasant Ridge and Graham. The highway goes southeast to Bethany before turning east to Baldwyn. In Baldwyn, there is a diamond interchange with US Highway 45, as well as a 325-foot concurrency with MS 145. Leaving Baldwyn, the route ends at its eastern terminus. Most traffic is along the stretch between Ripley; the Mississippi Department of Transportation calculated an average of 14,000 vehicles passing along the route near Ripley. This highway is not included in the National Highway System

Project Orbiter

Project Orbiter was a proposed United States spacecraft, an early competitor to Project Vanguard. It was jointly run by United States Navy, it was rejected by the Ad Hoc Committee on Special Capabilities, which selected Project Vanguard instead. Although the project was canceled on August 3, 1955, the basic design was used for the Juno I rocket which launched Explorer 1, the first satellite launched by the United States. In the 1920s and 1930s, the German Society for Space Travel began to gain in popularity, with membership growing from outside of Germany as well as within; the primary cause for the VfR's gaining worldwide appeal was due to the writings of mathematician Hermann Oberth who detailed, in a 1923 publication entitled The Rocket into Interplanetary Space, the mechanics of placing a satellite into Earth orbit. Herman Potočnik was the first to publish the concept of placing a geosynchronous satellite in geostationary orbit, in 1928. Arthur C. Clarke popularized this concept further in 1945, in a paper entitled "Extra-Terrestrial Relays — Can Rocket Stations Give Worldwide Radio Coverage?", published in Wireless World magazine.

Clarke described the concept as useful for communications satellites. In 1954 Wernher von Braun proposed the idea of placing a satellite into orbit at a meeting of Spaceflight committee of the American Rocket Society, his plan was to use a Redstone rocket with clusters of small solid-fuel rockets on top. In 1954, in a private discussion about the Redstone project with Ernst Stuhlinger, Wernher von Braun expressed his belief that they should have a “real, honest-to-goodness scientist” involved in their little unofficial satellite project. “I’m sure you know a scientist somewhere who would fill the bill in the Nobel Prize class, willing to work with us and to put some instruments on our satellite.” Stuhlinger, himself a cosmic ray researcher at the University of Tübingen under his faculty advisor, Hans Geiger, had worked with James Van Allen at White Sands with V-2 rockets, was ready with his reply: “Yes, of course, I will talk to Dr. Van Allen.” Stuhlinger followed this by a visit with Van Allen at his home in Princeton, New Jersey, where Van Allen was on sabbatical leave from Iowa to work on stellarator design.

Van Allen recounted, “Stuhlinger’s 1954 message was simple and eloquent. By virtue of ballistic missile developments at Army Ballistic Missile Agency, it was realistic to expect that within a year or two a small scientific satellite could be propelled into a durable orbit around the earth.... I expressed a keen interest in performing a worldwide survey of the cosmic-ray intensity above the atmosphere.”On January 26, 1956 at the Symposium on "The Scientific Uses of Earth Satellites" at the University of Michigan, sponsored by the Upper Atmosphere Research Panel, James Van Allen proposed the use of U. S. satellites for cosmic-ray investigations. Ernst Stuhlinger, from von Braun's team noted this presentation and stayed in contact with Van Allen's Iowa Group. Through "preparedness and good fortune," van Allen wrote, the experiment was selected as the principal payload for the first flight of a four-stage Juno I rocket on January 31, 1958. Spaceline: Chronology Leading to Explorer I


Uzbuna! is the nineteenth studio album from Serbian rock band Riblja Čorba, released in 2012. The album was recorded in Studio O in Belgrade, produced by John McCoy, who produced the band's albums Mrtva priroda, Buvlja pijaca and Istina, with whom the band cooperated again after 27 years, it was mastered in Abbey Road Studios by Peter Mew. The album cover was designed by Jugoslav and Jakša Vlahović, refers to the cover of the band's album Mrtva priroda. In an interview for Večernje novosti, the band's frontman Bora Đorđević stated that the "cyber version of the chicken from Mrtva priroda" symbolizes "fight against new technologies" which "devalue every art form"; the album was released on both compact disc and vinyl, being the band's first album released on vinyl after twenty years. Bora Đorđević - vocals Vidoja Božinović - guitar, backing vocals Miša Aleksić - bass guitar, backing vocals Vicko Milatović - drums, backing vocals Nikola Zorić - keyboards, backing vocals, engineer John McCoy - producer, bass guitar, backing vocals Sava Ristić - harmonica Gane Pecikoza - backing vocals Goran Jović - backing vocals Milan Popović - backing vocals Miljko Radonjić - backing vocals Slobodan Marković - backing vocals Oliver Jovanović - engineer Peter Mew - mastered by Jugoslav Vlahović - cover art, photography Jakša Vlahović - cover art, photography Uzbuna! at Discogs at