click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Pope Fabian

Pope Fabian was the Bishop of Rome from 10 January 236 to his death in 250, succeeding Anterus. He is famous for the miraculous nature of his election, in which a dove is said to have descended on his head to mark him as the Holy Spirit's unexpected choice to become the next pope, he was succeeded by Cornelius. Most of his papacy was characterized by amicable relations with the imperial government, Fabian could thus bring back to Rome for Christian burial the bodies of Pope Pontian and the antipope Hippolytus, both of whom had died in exile in the Sardinian mines, it was probably during his reign that the schism between the two corresponding Roman congregations of these leaders was ended. He was esteemed by Cyprian. One authority refers to him as Flavian; the Liber Pontificalis, a fourth-century document that survives in copies, says that he divided Rome into diaconates and appointed secretaries to collect the records of the martyrs. He is said without basis, to have baptized the emperor Philip the Arab and his son.

More plausible is the report in the Liberian Catalogue that he sent out seven "apostles to the Gauls" as missionaries. He died a martyr at the beginning of the Decian persecution and is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. Fabian's feast day is commemorated on 20 January, the same as Saint Sebastian, in whose church his sepulcher lies in Rome. According to the Liber Pontificalis, Fabian was a noble Roman by birth, his father's name was Fabius. Nothing more is known about his background; the legend concerning the circumstances of his election is preserved by the fourth-century writer Eusebius of Caesarea. After the short reign of Pope Anterus, Fabian had come to Rome from the countryside when the new papal election began. "Although present," says Eusebius, Fabian "was in the mind of none." While the names of several illustrious and noble churchmen were being considered over the course of thirteen days, a dove descended upon the head of Fabian. To the assembled electors, this strange sight recalled the gospel scene of the descent of the Holy Spirit on Jesus at the time of his baptism by John the Baptist.

The congregation took this as a sign that he was marked out for this dignity, Fabian was at once proclaimed bishop by acclamation. During Fabian's reign of 14 years, there was a lull in the storm of persecution which had resulted in the exile of both Anterus' predecessor Pontian and the antipope Hippolytus. Fabian had enough influence at court to effect the return of the bodies of both of these martyrs from Sardinia, where they had died at hard labor in the mines; the report that he baptized the emperor Philip the Arab and his son, however, is a legend, although he did seem to enjoy some connections at court, since the bodies of Pontian and Hippolytus could not have been exhumed without the emperor's approval. According to the sixth-century historian Gregory of Tours Fabian sent out the "apostles to the Gauls" to Christianise Gaul in A. D. 245. Fabian sent seven bishops from Rome to Gaul to preach the Gospel: Gatianus of Tours to Tours, Trophimus of Arles to Arles, Paul of Narbonne to Narbonne, Saturnin to Toulouse, Denis to Paris, Austromoine to Clermont, Martial to Limoges.

He condemned Privatus, the originator of a new heresy in Africa. The Liber Pontificalis says that Fabian divided the Christian communities of Rome into seven districts, each supervised by a deacon. Eusebius adds that he appointed seven subdeacons to help collect the acta of the martyrs—the reports of the court proceedings on the occasion of their trials. There is a tradition that he instituted the four minor clerical orders: porter, lector and acolyte; however most scholars believe these offices evolved and were formally instituted at a date. His deeds are thus described in the Liber Pontificalis: Hic regiones dividit diaconibus et fecit vii subdiacones, qui vii notariis imminerent, Ut gestas martyrum integro fideliter colligerent, et multas fabricas per cymiteria fieri praecepit; the Liberian Catalogue of the popes reports that Fabian initiated considerable work on the catacombs, where honored Christians were buried, where he caused the body of Pope Pontian to be entombed at the catacomb of Callixtus.

With the advent of Emperor Decius, the Roman government's tolerant policy toward Christianity temporarily ended. Decius ordered leading Christians to demonstrate their loyalty to Rome by offering incense to the cult images of deities which represented the Roman state; this was unacceptable to many Christians, while no longer holding most of the laws of the Old Testament to apply to them, took the commandment against idolatry with deadly seriousness. Fabian was thus one of the earliest victims of Decius, dying as a martyr on 20 January 250, at the beginning of the Decian persecution in prison rather than by execution. Fabian was buried in the catacomb of Callixtus in Rome; the Greek inscription on his tomb has survived, bears the words: Fabian, Martyr. His remains were reinterred at San Sebastiano fuori le mura by Pope Clement XI where the Albani Chapel is dedicated in his honour; the Coptic Orthodox Church teaches. Hippolytus of Rome List of Catholic saints List of Christian martyrs List of popes Pope Saint Fabian, patron saint archive Catholic Encyclopedia: Pope St. Fabian Colonnade Statue in St Peter's S

USNS Comfort (T-AH-20)

USNS Comfort is the third United States Navy ship to bear the name Comfort, the second Mercy-class hospital ship to join the U. S. Navy's fleet; the USNS prefix identifies Comfort as a non-commissioned ship owned by the U. S. Navy and operationally crewed by civilians from the Military Sealift Command. A uniformed naval hospital staff and naval support staff is embarked when Comfort is deployed, said staffs consisting of naval officers from the Navy's Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Medical Service Corps, Nurse Corps and Chaplain Corps, naval enlisted personnel from the Hospital Corpsman rating and various administrative and technical support ratings. In keeping with her status as a non-combatant vessel, naval personnel from the "combat" specialties are not assigned as regular crew or staff. Underway embarks by Navy Unrestricted Line officers, enlisted Naval Aviation, Surface Warfare, Submarine Warfare, Special Operations or Special Warfare/SEAL personnel, or any Marine Corps officers or enlisted personnel, are limited to official visits, helicopter or tilt-rotor flight operations or as patients.

In accordance with the Geneva Conventions and her crew do not carry any offensive weapons. Firing upon Comfort would be considered a war crime as the ship only carries weapons for self-defense. Like her sister ship USNS Mercy, Comfort was built as a San Clemente-class oil tanker in 1976 by the National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, her original name was SS Rose City and she was launched from San Diego, California. Her career as an oil tanker ended when she was delivered to the U. S. Navy on 1 December 1987; as a hospital ship, Comfort's duties include providing emergency, on-site care for U. S. combatant forces deployed in war or other operations. Operated by the Military Sealift Command, Comfort provides rapid and mobile medical and surgical services to support Marine Corps Air/Ground Task Forces deployed ashore and Air Force units deployed ashore, naval amphibious task forces and battle forces afloat. Secondarily, she provides mobile surgical hospital service for use by appropriate U. S. government agencies in disaster or humanitarian relief or limited humanitarian care incident to these missions or peacetime military operations.

Comfort is less capable than a traditional hospital on land. After a quarter-century in Baltimore, Comfort changed her homeport to Naval Station Norfolk in Norfolk, Virginia in March 2013; the move placed the ship closer to supplies, much of which come from Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, to medical crew. Savings to the U. S. Navy are estimated at $2 million per year. Patient Capacity: Intensive care wards: 80 beds Recovery wards: 20 beds Intermediate care wards: 280 beds Light care wards: 120 beds Limited care wards: 500 beds Total Patient Capacity: 1000 beds Operating Rooms: 12 Departments and Facilities: Casualty reception Intensive care unit Radiological services Main laboratory plus satellite lab Central sterile receiving Medical supply/pharmacy Physical therapy and burn care Dental services Optometry/lens lab Morgue Laundry Oxygen producing plants Medical Photography Four distilling plants to make drinking water from sea water During the Persian Gulf War's Operation Desert Storm, Comfort received a call to activate for Desert Shield/Desert Storm 9 August 1990 and departed Baltimore 11 August.

Comfort was positioned in proximity to Kuwait, just off the coast of Saudi Arabia near Khafji. On 12 March 1991, Comfort was under way on her return trip home, she arrived in Baltimore on 15 April 1991. While deployed, Comfort traveled more than 30,000 nautical miles and consumed 3 million U. S. gallons of fuel. More than 8,000 outpatients were seen, 700 inpatients were admitted including four sailors injured in a high-pressure steam leak on USS Iwo Jima. 337 surgical procedures were performed. Other notable benchmarks include: more than 2,100 safe helicopter activities. Comfort was ordered to activation to serve as migrant processing center for Haitian migrants in 1994. During this mission, Comfort served as the first afloat migrant processing center, she set out for the Caribbean with a crew of 928 military and civilian personnel from various federal government and international agencies. On 16 June 1994 the first Haitian migrants were taken aboard. Over the months deployed, the population onboard swelled to 1,100.

Shortly after, Comfort was ordered to discontinue processing and sailed for Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba to drop off its remaining 400 migrants. On 2 September 1994, Comfort was again directed to activate for an unprecedented second deployment. Comfort was tasked to provide a 250-bed medically intensive patient capability for the 35,000 Cuban and Haitian migrants supported by Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Comfort departed Naval Base Norfolk, with a specially configured crew of 566 personnel. Following the diplomatic agreement reached between the United States and Haiti, Comfort took up a position off Port-au-Prince ready to receive casualties that might result from the transfer of U. S. and allied forces ashore. From 16 September through 2 October 1994, Comfort personnel provided both medical and surgical support to U. S. and allied forces ashore and afloat, emergency humanitarian care to injured Haitian citizens, participated in various aspects of the Civil Affairs Program in an eff

World Bowling Tour

The World Bowling Tour, a major professional tour, unites bowlers from selected major professional and amateur organizations through a series of events organized by World Bowling. The World Bowling Tour's marquee event, the WTBA World Championships, attracts bowlers from over 50 countries. World Bowling Tour events include all the PBA Tour major tournaments; as a stepladder tournament, the season-ending World Bowling Tour Finals features the top three men, top three women in the World Bowling Tour points standings. To participate in the World Bowling Tour, bowlers must be a member of one of the federations of the World Tenpin Bowling Association; the federations of the WTBA include: Professional Bowlers Association, which include the PBA Tour, PBA50, PBA international. Thai Tenpin Bowling Association. International bowlers, bowlers who do not reside in the United States, can join the PBA under its PBA International program. If a PBA International member wins a WBT tournament, he must upgrade to full membership of the PBA.

The entry fee for a WBT tournament is $5,000 USD. Winners of World Bowling Tour events qualify for the PBA Tournament of Champions. Tournaments listed in bold are considered majors by the World Bowling Tour. In order for a tournament to qualify as a major, it must offer a minimum prize fund of $200,000 USD; the tournaments that are recognized as majors by the World Bowling Tour include: International Bowling Championship supported by DHC USBC Masters United States Open PBA World Championship PBA Tournament of Champions United States Women's Open WTBA World Championships The World Bowling scoring system, described as "current frame scoring," is used during the stepladder finals of the World Bowling Tour Finals. Current frame scoring counts 30 pins for each strike, 10 pins for each spare, basic pin count for open frames; the tenth frame follows the same format as the first nine frames. That means no bonus, or are given; the maximum score is still 300, achieved with ten rather than consecutive strikes.

World Bowling scoring is intended to be easier to understand than traditional scoring for fans or bowlers that are new to the sport. The television networks advertised current frame scoring to increase struggling television ratings. Match play scoring is a 12-frame system that made its first national appearance in bowling at the 2014 World Bowling Tour finals; this system scores by counting frames won rather than counting total pinfall. It resembles match play scoring in golf where players go plus one, or minus one as the match progresses. A frame is won; the bowler that wins the most frames will win the match

Nicholas Yang

Nicholas Yang Wei-hsiung, GBS, JP is a Hong Kong politician. He is the Secretary for Innovation and Technology since November, 2015, who has served as the Executive Vice President of Hong Kong Polytechnic University, he was a Non-official Member of the Executive Council and Advisor to the Chief Executive on Innovation and Technology in March 2015. Yang lived in Jersey City, New Jersey before moving to Pasadena to attend the California Institute of Technology, he graduated in 1977 with a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering. He went on to obtain a master's degree at Stanford University in the same field, worked as a senior design engineer at Intel, he returned to Stanford to earn an MBA, worked at Bain & Company before moving to Asia in 1983. He became a naturalized US citizen on 2 September 1977. On 15 December 1979 in Santa Clara, California, he married Winnie Sui-king Yung, daughter of the Chairman and founder of Hong Kong-based Shell Electric Manufacturing, she became a US citizen on 8 August 1984.

Yang joined Shell Electric in 1983 and served as Executive Director until resigning on 30 September 2003. He was a director during its initial public offering and the sale of its fibre-optic business to JDSU, he moved to JDSU in 1999. Afterwards he became involved in private equity. In 2003 he was appointed CEO of the Hong Kong Cyberport Management Company. Yang became Executive Vice President of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in 2010. After Leung Chun-ying emerged as the winner of the 2012 Hong Kong Chief Executive election, Yang's name came up as one of the top candidates to head the government's newly created Technology and Communications Bureau; as the Hong Kong Basic Law requires that principal government officials have no right of abode in any foreign country, Yang visited the U. S. consulate to renounce U. S. citizenship in May that year. In July 2012 Yang became the target of an investigation by the Independent Commission Against Corruption regarding a government contract which a foundation he directed, the eInclusion Foundation, had obtained in 2010.

On 2 March 2015, he was appointed the Innovation & Technology Adviser to the Leung Chun-ying and a non-official member of the Executive Council to pave the way for the city's Innovation and Technology Bureau. On 20 November 2015, the Innovation and Technology Bureau was established, Yang was appointed as the first Secretary for Innovation and Technology. On January 2016, Yang claimed that he has met Steve Jobs before, stating time and time again that "Have you met Steve Jobs, I have, I have" when he shared with the young tech entrepreneurs how Steve Jobs had inspired him on the importance of'standards' and'platforms' in the development of Innovation and Technology nowadays. In April 2016, leaks from the Panama Papers showed that Yang had created two questionable accounts in which he transferred a large number of PolyU stocks for his own benefit. Yang said the decisions to set up the BVI firms was proper

Eleanor (1821 ship)

Eleanor was launched at Calcutta in 1821. She was a country ship, trading between India and South East Asia until she sailed to England in 1829, she traded between England and India. In 1831 she transported convicts to New South Wales. A cargo fire on 29 September 1842 destroyed her. Eleanor was still registered in Calcutta in 1829, her master was C. Tabor and her managing owner was Co.. Eleanor first appeared in Lloyd's Register in 1829 with Edmonds and master, trade London–Bombay. Captain Robert Cock sailed from Portsmouth on 19 February 1831, bound to New South Wales with convicts. Eleanor arrived at Sydney on 25 June.. She had embarked none of whom died on the voyage. A fire in her cargo of cotton on 29 September 1842 destroyed Eleanor off Aleppee; the loss gave rise to a suit, "Jussuff Balladina vs Holderness", decided at Bombay on 20 June 1843. Mr. Balladina chartered Eleanor, master, to carry a cargo of cotton from Bombay to Calcutta, to return to Bombay, he gave Captain Holderness a sum of Ruppees 3900 before the voyage.

The issue was whether this was a payment of freight in advance, or a loan at no interest for costs attendant on preparing the vessel for the voyage, to be repaid after the vessel's return. The court declared the amount a loan, not freight in advance, ordered Holderness to reimburse Balladina. Citations References Bateson, Charles; the Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075. Hackman, Rowan. Ships of the East India Company. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-96-7. Morley, William Hook An Analytical Digest of All the Reported Cases Decided in the Supreme Courts of Judicature in India: In the Courts of the Hon. East-India Company, on Appeal from India, by Her Majesty in Council. Together with an Introduction, Notes and Explanatory, an Appendix, Volume 2.. Phipps, John, A Collection of Papers Relative to Ship Building in India...: Also a Register Comprehending All the Ships... Built in India to the Present Time

Quebec-New York Economic Summit

The Quebec-New York Economic Summit is a quasi-annual economic summit held between the State of New York in the United States and the Province of Quebec in Canada. The bi-annual summits were called for in the Quebec-New York Corridor Agreement, signed in 2001 by the Plattsburgh-North Country Chamber of Commerce and the Federation of Chambers of Commerce of Quebec; this partnership was embraced by the Quebec and New York State governments, creating a private-public partnership that endeavors to broaden and deepen economic connectivity between Quebec and New York, with a special focus on the bi-national corridor region from Quebec City and Montreal through Plattsburgh to Albany and New York City. The first Quebec-New York Economic Summit was conducted in Plattsburgh, New York in 2002 and was co-hosted by New York Governor George Pataki and Quebec Premier Bernard Landry. Subsequent summits were conducted in Montreal in 2004 and in Albany in 2004, co-hosted by Governor Pataki and Premier Jean Charest.

The Quebec-New York Corridor initiative, including the Economic Summits, involve a multi-faceted agenda, with projects and collaborations in transportation, border operations, economic development, technology and tourism. A broad grassroots alliance known as the Quebec-New York Corridor Coalition is coordinated by the Plattsburgh-North Country Chamber of Commerce and promoting various efforts between the bi-annual Summits. "The third Summit," Premier Jean Charest was quoted as saying in a press release on the Governor's web site, "consolidates the gains made at the two previous Summits. It opens new perspectives and partnership opportunities in core fields, such as high technology, transportation and academic sectors, not to mention tourism. I am convinced the combined efforts of business people on both sides of the border will not only help create new jobs, but will help us to shoulder our new, shared responsibility for continental security."The Fourth Quebec-New York Economic Summit was scheduled for November 17, 2008 in Montreal.

Its special theme was: "Quebec-New York: The Green Corridor". Special emphasis was placed on partnerships and collaborations connected with the emerging green economy and clean technologies; the Summit was co-hosted by New York State Governor David Paterson and Quebec Premier Jean Charest, was co-organized by the Federation of Chambers of Commerce of Quebec and the Plattsburgh-North Country Chamber of Commerce. ^ Heath, Dan. "2nd Quebec-New York summit set." PressRepublican.com, March 19, 2004. ^ Rulison, Larry. "New York, Quebec seek high-speed rail link," Albany Times-Union: October 6, 2005. ^ "GOVERNOR AND QUEBEC PREMIER HOLD THIRD ECONOMIC SUMMIT" https://web.archive.org/web/20051109203741/http://www.ny.gov/governor/press/05/oct5_05.htm Quebec-New York Corridor Quebec Chamber Federation: Corridor Initiatives New York high-speed rail