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Pope Felix I

Pope Felix I was the Bishop of Rome or Pope from 5 January 269 to his death in 274. A Roman by birth, Felix was chosen as Pope on 5 January 269, in succession to Pope Dionysius, who had died on 26 December 268. Felix was the author of an important dogmatic letter on the unity of Christ's Person, he received the emperor Aurelian's aid in settling a theological dispute between the anti-Trinitarian Paul of Samosata, deprived of the bishopric Antioch by a council of bishops for heresy and the orthodox Domnus, Paul's successor. Paul refused to give way, in 272 the emperor Aurelian was asked to decide between the rivals, he ordered the church building to be given to the bishop, "recognized by the bishops of Italy and of the city of Rome". See Eusebius, Hist. Ecc. vii. 30. The text of that letter was interpolated by a follower of Apollinaris in the interests of his sect; the notice about Felix in the Liber Pontificalis ascribes to him a decree that Masses should be celebrated on the tombs of martyrs. The author of this entry was evidently alluding to the custom of celebrating Mass at the altars near or over the tombs of the martyrs in the crypts of the catacombs, while the solemn celebration always took place in the basilicas built over the catacombs.

This practice, still in force at the end of the fourth century, dates from the period when the great cemeterial basilicas were built in Rome, owes its origin to the solemn commemoration services of martyrs, held at their tombs on the anniversary of their burial, as early as the third century. Felix issued no such decree, but the compiler of the Liber Pontificalis attributed it to him because he made no departure from the custom in force in his time; the acts of the Council of Ephesus give Pope Felix as a martyr. According to the notice in the Liber Pontificalis, Felix erected a basilica on the Via Aurelia; the latter detail is evidently an error, for the fourth-century Roman calendar of feasts says that Pope Felix was interred in the Catacomb of Callixtus on the Via Appia. The statement of the Liber Pontificalis concerning the pope's martyrdom results from a confusion with a Roman martyr of the same name buried on the Via Aurelia, over whose grave a church was built. In the Roman "Feriale" or calendar of feasts, referred to above, the name of Felix occurs in the list of Roman bishops, not in that of the martyrs.

According to the above-mentioned detail of the Depositio episcoporum, Felix was interred in the catacomb of Callixtus on 30 December, "III Kal. Jan." in the Roman dating system. Saint Felix I is mentioned with a simple feast, on 30 May; this date, given in the Liber Pontificalis as that of his death, is an error which could occur through a transcriber writing "Jun." for "Jan." This error persisted in the General Roman Calendar until 1969, by which time the mention of Saint Felix I was reduced to a commemoration in the weekday Mass by decision of Pope Pius XII. Thereafter, the feast of Saint Felix I, no longer mentioned in the General Roman Calendar, is celebrated on his true day of death, 30 December, without the qualification of "martyr". According to more recent studies, the oldest liturgical books indicate that the saint honoured on 30 May was a little-known martyr buried on the Via Aurelia, mistakenly identified with Pope Felix I, an error similar to but less curious than the identification in the liturgical books, until the mid-1950s, of the martyr saint celebrated on 30 July with the antipope Felix II.

List of Catholic saints List of popes Writings attributed to Pope Felix I

Christian Ignatius Latrobe

Christian Ignatius Latrobe was an English clergyman of the Moravian Church, as well as an artist and composer. He created a large number of works for, most famously edited, a Selection of Sacred Music in six volumes between 1806 and 1826, introducing the sacred music of Haydn and Pergolesi and other European continental composers who were unknown to English audiences, he was born in the Fulneck Moravian Settlement, near Leeds, to the Reverend Benjamin Latrobe, of Huguenot descent, the American-born Anna Margaretta Antes. His brother was Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the noted architect responsible for the United States Capitol and the Catholic cathedral of Baltimore, Maryland. In 1771 Christian Latrobe went to Niesky in the Upper Lusatia region of Saxony in Germany, to attend the Moravian College there. On completion of his training he taught at the high school attached to the college for a while, after which he returned to England and was ordained in 1784; as a promoter of the missionary activity of the Church, in 1815 Latrobe voyaged to the Cape of Good Hope to visit the Moravian mission stations there.

Once there, he journeyed from Genadendal to George and the Great Fish River. He planned, he described his journey with coloured illustrations in Journal of a Visit to South Africa in 1815 and 1816: With Some Account of the Missionary Settlements of the United Brethren, Near the Cape of Good Hope. Years after his death, a collection of letters written to each of his children during his South African voyage was published. Latrobe translated George Henry Loskiel's book "Geschichte der mission der evangelischen Brüder unter den Indianern in Nordamerika" as History of the Mission of the United Brethren Among the Indians in North America in 1794, he helped Charles Burney by translating material from German for his multi-volume "A General History of Music."Latrobe brought newly published music from the Continent to England in the early 19th century. He purchased a number of music scores and oratorios from Breitkopf & Härtel in Leipzig, near Niesky, when they were not published due to a perceived lack of interest.

In an 1817 letter to Vincent Novello Latrobe mentioned a conversation with Gottfried Christoph Härtel in Leipzig concerning works "...printed -- and a whole wheelbarrow full of music scores and some good German oratorios which I bought for a trifle." Among these acquisitions may have been a Mozart arrangement of Handel's Judas Maccabaeus discovered in 2001 in Halifax, West Yorkshire. Latrobe recalled. After confirming that he was at the correct place, Haydn asked Mrs. Latrobe "be you his woman?" and spotting a picture of himself said "dat is me – I am Haydn". Mrs. Latrobe hurriedly sent for her husband, at a house nearby. A close friendship grew out of this meeting and Latrobe became a regular visitor at Haydn's home during his two stays in England. Latrobe dedicated a set of three piano sonatas to Joseph Haydn, he wrote clarinet concertos and arias, more than a hundred vocal pieces, among which were "Lord of Life Now Sweetly Slumber", "How Shall a Mortal Song Aspire", "Psalm 51" and "We Praise Thee, Oh God".

The bulk of Latrobe's musical works reside in Moravian Church archives in Herrnhut, Christiansfeld, at the Moravian Music Foundation in Winston-Salem, NC and Bethlehem, PA. A number of works attributed to him reside at the Warsaw University Library, but several may be compositions by his brother Johann Friedrich de La Trobe, he died in the Fairfield Moravian Settlement on 6 May 1836, at the age of 78, was buried there. Trauer-Cantate auf das Ableben Johann Christian Friedrichs, Freyherrn von Wattewille, in Musik gesezt... in einen Klavierauszug gebracht... von Johannes Sörensen Sonatinas for the piano forte Hymn-tunes sung in the Church of the United Brethren Three sonatas for the piano forte... op. III Dies irae, &c. an ancient hymn on the Last Judgment, translated from the Latin by the... Earl of Roscommon... adapted for the piano forte and four voices Six airs, the words on serious subjects... set to music The dawn of glory. A hymn on the bliss of the redeemed at the Last Day... adapted for the piano forte & voices Anthem for the celebration of the jubilee, or commencement of the fiftieth year of the reign of our most gracious sovereign George the Third, October 25th 1809.

The words taken from the XXth & XXIst Psalms: for four voices with accompanyments... adapted for the piano forte and voices Anthems for 1, 2 or more voices, performed in the Church of the United Brethren... Meditation at the grave of a beloved son, set to music Miserere mei deus! Psalm LI... adapted for the organ or piano forte and voices Te Deum Laudamus, for four voices, accompanied by various instruments... adapted for the piano forte or organ Anthem for Maundy Thursday, sung at Lichtenfels, one of the settlements of the United Brethren Anthems f

Hubert Houben

Hubert Houben was a German sprinter who competed at the 1928 Summer Olympics. He won a silver medal in the 4 × 100 m relay, together with Georg Lammers, Richard Corts and Helmut Körnig, failed to reach the final of individual 100 m event. Houben trained in gymnastics and swimming before changing to sprint running. On 16 August 1924 he won the 100 m event at the Germany-United States meet, defeating Olympic champions Loren Murchison and Charley Paddock, he missed the 1924 Olympics, as Germany was banned from those Games because of its role in World War I. In the 4 × 100 m relay final at the 1928 Olympics the German team was leading the race, but Houben and Körnig had to slow down to avoid a faulty exchange; that relay team set a world record in 1928. Houben was invited as a guest of honor. During his career Houben set 10 world and 14 European records, he took jobs of a bank employer, sports journalist, a city hall official, ran his sporting goods shop. He died from throat cancer aged 58; the Hubert-Houben-Arena in Krefeld and the Hubert-Houben-Stadium in Goch carry his name

Amanda Barnes Smith

Amanda Barnes Smith was an American Mormon pioneer and heroine. She survived the Haun's Mill massacre of 1838 in Missouri, she helped organize the first Relief Society in Salt Lake City. Amanda Barnes was born on February 22, 1809, in Becket, Massachusetts, to Ezekiel and Fanny Johnson Barnes, she was the fifth of their nine children. Her father did not belong to any religious denomination, her mother was Presbyterian. After her birth, the family moved to Ohio. Amanda Barnes married Warren Smith when she was 18, he was a blacksmith. She joined the Campbellites when Sidney Orson Hyde shared their beliefs with her. While her husband did not join with her, he consented, she was baptized by Rigdon. After she had a set of twins and Alvira, missionaries from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints taught her of their beliefs, she was taught by Simeon Carter. She was baptized on April 1, 1831, her husband was baptized shortly thereafter. In 1832, the family moved to Kirtland, selling their house in Amherst, Ohio.

Her parents wished to never see them again. As members of the church and her husband helped establish the Kirtland Bank and build the Kirtland Temple. In 1838, the family moved to Missouri and ended up traveling with ten other families that were led by Joseph Young. On the way, the family was stopped by a mob, they were held by guards. They were kept for three days, let go, they arrived at Haun's Mill, Missouri, on October 28, 1838, on their journey to Missouri. After being in Haun's Mill for only two days, a mob of anti-Mormons attacked the settlement; the mob comprised over 200 men. At least 17 members of the church were killed. Smith was shot at, but not harmed in the shooting, she escaped with her two daughters. The family's house had been robbed and their money was stolen, leaving them with nothing. Smith recorded in her journal that she had lost $50 in goods, $50 in a pocketbook and accounts, $100 in damages, a gun worth $10. Smith's son Sardius and her husband were killed in the massacre, her son Alma was shot and there was nothing remaining of his left hip.

Her son Willard recorded the event of the massacre and said that his mother received divine inspiration to heal Alma's shattered hip. She made a lye solution to coat the wound, she used elm roots to make a poultice. Alma's hip recovered after laying in the same position for five weeks. While Alma was recovering, the family had to stay in Missouri. There was fear. Smith recalls offering a prayer. After praying, she recorded that she heard a voice that repeated the words from How Firm a Foundation, a Mormon hymn: That soul who on Jesus hath leaned for repose, I cannot, I will not desert to its foes: That soul, though all hell should endeavor to shake, I'll never, no never, no never forsake! Throughout this event, Smith states that she had the faith that she and her family would be all right and that God would heal her son; when Alma was healed, the remaining family members moved to Quincy, Illinois, on February 1, 1839. The news of the miraculous recovery of her son led several physicians to approach her, asking how she had performed the surgery that healed her son.

She replied. In Quincy, she became a schoolteacher to support her family. Smith married another Warren Smith, not related to her first husband. With him she had three children; the couple divorced. She saw the completion of the Nauvoo Temple in July 1847. Smith was a member of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, she traveled with Eliza R. Snow to visit the governor of Illinois, Thomas Carlin. In 1850, Smith traveled westward to the Salt Lake Valley, she helped organize the first Relief Society in Salt Lake City. Smith was called as the Assistant Secretary of the organization on January 24, 1854, served in that position until Brigham Young reorganized the Relief Society, she served as the President of Relief Society in the 12th Ward. She helped in the organization of Sunday SchoolShe died on June 30, 1886, was buried in Richmond, Utah. At the time of her death, she was visiting her daughter Alvira Hendricks. Amanda Barnes Smith autobiographical sketch and statement, MSS SC 528 at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University Amanda Barnes Smith history, MSS SC 1667 at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University Amanda Barnes Smith at Find a Grave The Church of Jesus Christ Latter-day Saints.

"Chapter 8. Daughters in my Kingdom: The History and Work of Relief Society. Retrieved 9 May 2016. E. B. W.. "A Heroine of Haun's Mill Massacre". Heroines of Mormondom. Salt Lake City. Retrieved 9 May 2016. Smith's account of the events at Haun's Mill in The Women of Mormondom, pages 116–132 "Chapter Four" Establishing Zion in Missouri". Our Heritage: A Brief History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1996. Pp. 37–53. Retrieved 9 May 2016


Notarbartolo is one of the main aristocratic families of the Sicilian nobility. Originated in the Middle Ages, it gave to the island numerous personalities who have made a significant contribution to its social, political and artistic life; the different branches of the family collected, over the centuries, numerous fiefdoms and noble titles. The name of the family derives from Bartolo of Andernach, a descendant of Gerlach of the House of Wangenii of Château de Wangenbourg, since the 5th century lords of "Andermacco in Alsace". Bartolo descended into Italy in 951 a. D. as "signifer" of the Holy Roman Emperor Otto I. Returning to Germany to face the threat of the Magyars - which he defeated at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955 - the Emperor appointed Bartolo as governor of Pisa. At his death, Bartolo was succeeded by his son Lucchino, called by the local population Lucchin di Noterbartolo, "Lucchino of Notarius Bartolo", his descendants lived in Pisa, Siena and other cities of medieval Italy, where they were known as knights and men of letters, intermarrying with numerous illustrious families.

As a consequence of the war between the Guelphs and Ghibellines, a descendant belonging to the latter faction, Pietro Notarbartolo Farfaglia, moved in the late 13th century to Catania. Pietro, Royal Secretary of Aragonese King Frederick III of Sicily, obtained by the latter in feudum the control of the city of Polizzi. In Sicily, the family flourished - at first in Polizzi and on in Palermo - gaining numerous fiefdoms and titles and subdividing in the 16th century in the two main branches of the Princes of Sciara and of the Dukes of Villarosa. Members of both the branches, as well as of the branch of the Princes of Furnari, were Peers of the Realm. Throughout the centuries, the House of Notarbartolo established tight familiar and economic relationships with many of the most influential Italian families. Just to mention a few, the family intermarried with the Houses of Alliata, Gravina, Lancia, Obizzi, Paternò, Spucches, Tomasi di Lampedusa, Ventimiglia. A distinguished representative of the family was the Marquis Emanuele Notarbartolo, mayor of Palermo and Director General of the Banco di Sicilia considered as Mafia's first eminent victim in 1893.

One of the most important streets of Palermo is dedicated to him, as well as the Notarbartolo Railway Station. The branch of the Princes of Sciara had as family residence in Palermo the palace of la Zisa expropriated by the Italian state in 1955 and appointed World Heritage Site in July 2015. Both the main branches of the family of the Princes of Sciara and of the Dukes of Villarosa are still proceeding nowadays. Bartolo, Secretary of Holy Roman Emperor Otto I, governor of Pisa Frederico, was Prince-Bishop of Trento from August 9, 1207 until his death. Guido Notarbartolo, commander of the Ghibellines of Florence Ludovico Notarbartolo, Ghibelline commander, Admiral of the King of Naples Robert of Anjou Pietro Notarbartolo, Royal Secretary of Frederick III of Sicily and governor of Polizzi Giovanni Notarbartolo, Bishop of Patti Ugo Notarbartolo, knight of the SMOM, governor of Palermo's Monte di Pietà, senator Francesco Paolo, fourth Prince of Sciara, representing Ferdinand I, King of the Two Sicilies, at the Congress of Vienna Emanuele Notarbartolo, mayor of Palermo and Director General of the Banco di Sicilia, Mafia's first eminent victim in 1893 Marco Notarbartolo di Sciara, navy officer, aide-de-camp of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and founder of Centro Velico Caprera Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara, marine biologist and conservationist The emblem of the family was confirmed to admiral Ludovico Notarbartolo by King Robert of Anjou with act dated 14 July 1314.

The coat of arms depicts a golden prancing lion on a blue background and surrounded by seven stars, representing the seven naval victories that members of the Notarbartolo family contributed to obtain during the war against the Ghibellines. A. Mango di Casalgerardo, Il nobiliario di Sicilia, Palermo, 1915 F. San Martino de Spucches, La storia dei feudi e dei titoli nobiliari di Sicilia, Palermo, 1924 M. Ganci, I grandi titoli del Regno di Sicilia, Palermo - Syracuse, 1988 V. Palizzolo Gravina, Dizionario storico-araldico della Sicilia, II. Ed. Palermo, 1991 A. Bisceglia, patrizi e cavalieri nell'età moderna, Rome - Bari, 1992 L. Mendola, Sicilian Genealogy and Heraldry, Trinacria Editions LLC, New York, 2014. M. Papalia, La Casa Notarbartolo - Storie e Tavole Genealogiche, Palermo, 2016

Natural (Orange Range album)

Natural is the third album by Japanese rock band, Orange Range. The album was released on October 12, 2005 after *: Asterisk, Love Parade, Onegai! Senorita and Kizuna, were released as promotional singles; the song Asterisk was used as the first theme for the Japanese and American versions of the anime show Bleach. It is longest charted album; the album was released after having four singles released in various promotions. This album is notable for having every song used in some major promotion by various Japanese television stations. A Wind of Dreams Dreaming Person Please! Miss Winter Winner Crazy Band Rain God69 Hysteric Taxi Pe Nyom Pong Sakazuki Jammer *~Asterisk~ Sunrise U Topia Between Re-Cycle Bonds Love Parade Иatural Pop Round and Round Again: Fantastic Four Remix