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Pope Lando

Lando was Pope from c. September 913 to his death c. March 914, his short pontificate fell during an obscure period in papal and Roman history, the so-called Saeculum obscurum. He was the last pope to use a papal name that had not been used until the election of Pope Francis in 2013. According to the Liber pontificalis, Lando was born in the Sabina, his father was a wealthy Lombard count named Taino from Fornovo; the Liber claims that his pontificate lasted only four months and twenty-two days. A different list of popes, appended to a continuation of the Liber pontificalis at the Abbey of Farfa and quoted by Gregory of Catino in his Chronicon Farfense in the twelfth century, gives Lando a pontificate of six months and twenty-six days; this is closer to the duration recorded by Flodoard of Reims, writing in the tenth century, of six months and ten days. The end of his pontificate can be dated to between 5 February 914, when he is mentioned in a document of Ravenna, late March or early April, when his successor, John X, was elected.

Lando is thought to have been the candidate of Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum, his wife, who were the most powerful persons in Rome at the time. The Theophylacti controlled papal finances through their monopoly of the office of vestararius, controlled the Roman militia and Senate. During Lando's reign, Arab raiders, operating from their stronghold on the Garigliano river, destroyed the cathedral of San Salvatore in Vescovio in his native diocese. No document of Lando's chancery has survived; the only act of his reign, recorded is a donation to the diocese of Sabina mentioned in a judicial act of 1431. Lando made the large personal gift in order to restore the cathedral of San Salvatore so that the clergy who were living at Toffia could return. List of popes Catholic Forum: Pope Lando New Catholic Dictionary: Pope Lando

Manuel Gual Vidal

Manuel Gual Vidal was a Mexican jurist and educator. In 1944 he served as rector of the National Autonomous University of Mexico and secretary of public education, he completed his secondary school studies at the National Preparatory School in 1918 and entered the National Law School, where he was received as a lawyer in 1926. From 1925 he served as an adjunct professor. In 1939 he was elected director of the National Law School until 1941; the day after the resignation of the rector, Brito Foucher, a group led by Gual, Roberto Medellin Ostos and Raul Cervantes Ahumada was presented to the rectory of the University. They were concerned about the University being considered leaderless and thus formed the group known as "Directorio" which sought to save the institution and take over the offices. In order to achieve this purpose, they convened a meeting on August 3, 1944 in which they University Council appointed a Constituent that proceeded to elect the rector and informed of the knowledge of the problems of the University, would make the necessary reforms to the statute.

The council unanimously appointed Manuel Gual as rector, who set out to perform the actions deemed necessary to resolve the crisis of the university. However, just four days the President decided to ask both the Rector and Joseph Aguilar Alvarez, appointed by the University Council, to resign, as they had been appointed a compromise board which would assume the government of the institution and restore the university organization. Although some resistance, but interested in resolving the conflict that put the university in crisis, this group of academics, like the one led by Aguilar, obeyed the president's decision and after the resignation of Gual Vidal, delivered to the members of the Board of exrectors the building of the rectory. After his brief stewardship, he temporarily retired from teaching, he joined the cabinet of president, Miguel Alemán Valdés as secretary of public education, a post he held throughout the administration

American Bladesmith Society

The American Bladesmith Society, or ABS, is a non-profit organization composed of knifemakers whose primary function is to promote the techniques of forging steel blades. The ABS was founded by knifemaker William F. Moran, who came up with the concept in 1972 when he was Chairman of the Knifemakers' Guild. In 1976, he incorporated the organization, it received non-profit status in 1985. ABS knifemakers forge their blades, as opposed to making them via the stock-removal method; the ABS has developed a system of ratings designating whether a member is an Apprentice, a Journeyman, or a Master smith. The ABS has partnered with several colleges to offer courses in bladesmithing and has launched its own museum. Bill Moran had been elected chairman of the Knifemakers' Guild in 1972. At that time, there were fewer than a dozen practicing bladesmiths in America, this number was decreasing, whereas the number of stock removal knifemakers was increasing. To remedy this, Moran unveiled 8 pattern welded blades at the 1973 show, dubbing them "Damascus Steel," and he handed out a booklet on how to forge the steel to the knifemakers in attendance.

Within months, a handful of knifemakers had begun making Damascus blades: Bill Bagwell, Don Hastings, Michael Connor, Sid Birt. By 1976 more than a dozen bladesmiths were making Damascus steel, on December 4, 1976, Moran wrote the by-laws. In 1985, the ABS held its first "hammer-in" at Dubois, Wyoming in conjunction with the University of Wyoming; the following year it was moved to Arkansas in conjunction with Texarkana College. This campus had a replica of James Black’s blacksmith shop where, during the winter of 1830 and 1831, American frontiersman James Bowie purchased a knife from Black; this hammer-in, named the Piney Woods Hammer-In, still occurs semi-annually. In 1988, the ABS established the criteria for Journeyman. In 1991, Moran stepped down as its President, but the Society unanimously elected him “Chairman Emeritus,” meaning that he would serve on the board for the balance of his life. In 1988, on the grounds of Historic Washington State Park in Hempstead County, the ABS and Texarkana College founded a Bladesmithing School in collaboration with the Pioneer Washington Foundation and the Arkansas State Parks.

The campus was located near where historians believed that James Black had first forged the Bowie knife. From 1988 to 2001, Bill Moran taught at least one class a year at the school from basic knife making to the forging of Damascus steel. Upon his retirement from teaching in 2001, the school was renamed the William F. Moran School of Bladesmithing; the American Bladesmith Society is now associated with Texarkana College in Arkansas, Haywood Community College in North Carolina, the New England School of Metalwork in Maine which offer Bladesmithing courses taught by experienced ABS Master Smiths and Journeyman Smiths. The ABS launched its own museum and Hall of Fame in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1995 in conjunction with the Historic Arkansas Museum; the first year inductions were held in 1996: James Black, James Bowie, Don Hastings, B. R. Hughes, William F. Moran, William Scagel. Bladesmiths are rated as Apprentice Smiths. After a three year period as a member they may apply for the Journeyman test.

An applicant is eligible to apply for Journeyman Smith judging and rating at the Annual ABS meeting, after they have been a member of the ABS for 3 years. Following the "Introduction to Bladesmithing Course," the applicant may take the test under the supervision of a Master Smith; the applicant must have forged and performed all work on the test blade, with no other person physically assisting in its construction or heat-treating. The test knife must be a carbon steel forged blade with a maximum overall length of 15 inches, maximum width of 2 inches and blade length of 10 inches. Damascus blades or laminated blades are not allowed as test blades. Once the test begins, no work, not light stropping, may be done to the test blade; the test blade is used to cut a free-hanging rope, chop through 2 2X4" pieces of lumber, retain an edge capable of shaving hair from the judge's arm. Lastly, the knife is flexed; the knife must remain functional. If successful, the applicant must submit 5 forged carbon steel knives for judging on symmetry and aesthetics.

Knifemakers who have attained this title use the suffix "JS" when informing the public about their knives. At the New York Knife Show in 1981, the first Master bladesmith ratings were awarded to: Bill Bagwell, Jimmy Fikes, Don Fogg, Don Hastings, Bill Moran, James Schmidt. Years tests were established for a maker to attain a rating of "Master smith." The tests for Master smith include using a forged Damascus steel blade with a minimum of 300 layers and fashioned as a "stick tang knife" to cut a free hanging rope, chop through 2 2X4" pieces of lumber, retain an edge capable of shaving hair. Lastly, the knife is flexed for 90 degrees; the knife must spring back without breaking, must remain functional, must not slip from the handle. Once the performance test is passed, the applicant must submit 5 knives to a panel of judges, all knives are judged on balance and symmetry, but one must be either an "Art Knife" or a "European style" dagger; the first smith to receive the Master title under these requirements was Wayne Goddard.

Wyoming knifemaker Audra Draper became the first woman to hold a Master smith title in 1999. Knifemakers who have attained this title use the suffix "MS" when informing the public about their knives. Forged in Fire The American Bladesmit

Abdul Jamil Tajik

Abdul Jamil Tajik is a Pakistani American physician and medical investigator in the field of cardiovascular diseases. He is listed by the Institute for Scientific Information as a cited researcher – one of the top 250 researchers in his field in terms of number of citations. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik is the Director of the Aurora Cardiac Specialty Center specializing in the following areas: Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, Valvular Heart Disease, Marfan Disease and Aorthopathies and Pericardial Disorders. Https:// He is the former President of Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik is Jr.. Professor Emeritus in honor of Dr. Robert L. Frye and Chairman Emeritus of Zayed Cardiovascular Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik received his medical degree from King Edward Medical College Lahore, Pakistan in 1965 and completed Residency and Fellowship in Cardiology at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine.

In 1972, he was appointed as a consultant in Cardiovascular Diseases at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Where he became the Director of the Echocardiography Laboratory from 1980 - 1992 and Chairman of the Cardiovascular Division from 1993 - 2002, he joined Aurora Health Care in Wisconsin in 2010. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik is an active member of professional societies and organization including the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, American Society of Electrocardiography, International Society of Cardiovascular Ultrasound and Heart Valve Society of America, he served as the Chairman of Electrocardiography Committees for both the AHA and ACC. He was the Chairman of the ACC's International Committee from 2001-2006, he is a member of the Editorial Board of 10 prestigious cardiology journals. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik has a passion for teaching, he was named “Teacher of the Year” by the Mayo Cardiovascular Fellows on five occasions and received the prestigious Melvin L. Marcus Memorial Award for distinguished contributions as “Gifted Teacher in Cardiology” in 2000.

He has been the director/co-director of a large number of cardiology courses including 25 programs at the ACC Learning Center “Heart House” and 50 American College of Cardiology/American Society of Echo extramural courses. He co-directed international courses in Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Kuwait, Pakistan and UAE. Dr. Tajik was the Director and permanent host of the award-winning tele-education program “Cardiology Today and Tomorrow”, his major areas of patient care and research include imaging, adult congenital heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathies, valvular heart disease, pericardial diseases, marfan disease and aortopathies and diastolic heart failure. Dr. Tajik has a special interest in preventative cardiology and was the driving force behind a countywide prevention project called Cardiovision 2020, his bibliography to date includes over book chapters. He has co-authored seven books. Dr. Tajik holds several U. S. patents on ultrasound catheter-based technology. He presented the prestigious Edler Lecture at the American Society of Echocardiography in 2000 and the Herrick Lecture at the American Heart Association meeting in Illinois in 2000.

He presented the Euro Echo Lecture in 2001, the Bishop Lecture at the American College of Cardiology meeting in 2003, the Population Sciences Lecture at the annual European Society of Cardiology meeting in 2004, Modena Lecture and Morgagni Lecture at the Italian International Congress in 2005 at the Italian Cardiac Society, the Hagege Lecture at the French Society of Cardiology in 2006, the William Harvey Lecture at the University of Padova, Italy in 2007, the State-of-the-Art lecture at the Annual Japanese Circulation Society meeting in 2009 and the Hans Hecht Lecture at the University of Chicago in 2010. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik has received awards and special recognitions including the Distinguished Alumnus Award presented by the King Edward Medical College Alumni Association in 2000, he received the Medal of Merit in 2001 from the International Society for Heart Research. He was named the Distinguished Fellow of the American College of Cardiology in 2003, he received the Echo Pioneer Award in 2003.

Dr. Tajik was presented the Medal of Excellence by His Majesty the late King Hussein of Jordan in 1996, he was inducted as an Honorary Fellow in the Hungarian Cardiac Society in 2003, Mexican Cardiac Society and the Italian Cardiac Societies in 2005 and Japanese College of Cardiology in 2008. He received the prestigious Ellis Island Medal of Honor Award in 2005, he was elected as a Fellow of the International Academy of Cardiovascular Sciences in July 2005. He was an invited participant in the Clinton Global Initiative Conference in September 2005, he received the Mayo Clinic Department of Medicine Outstanding Mentorship Award in 2005. An Annual Tajik-Seward Echo Lectureship was established in 2006 by Mayo colleagues. Japanese Society of Echocardiography honored him by establishing the Annual A. Jamil Tajik Young Investigator Award in 2008. Dr. Tajik received the “Lifetime Achievement Award” of the American Society of Echo in June 2009. Dr. A. Jamil Tajik is married to the former Zeest Sheikh of Lahore and they are the parents of five.

Their hobby is traveling. Https://

Enduring Voices

Enduring Voices is a project for documenting world's endangered languages and trying to prevent language extinction by identifying the most crucial areas where languages are endangered and embarking on expeditions to record these languages. Launched in 2007 by the joint effort of the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages and the National Geographic Society, it has organized expeditions to language "hotspots" around the world, e.g. to Australia, East India. Enduring Voices tries to understand the geographic dimensions of language distribution, determine how linguistic diversity is linked to biodiversity and bring wider attention to the issue of language loss; the Enduring Voices Project assists indigenous communities in their efforts to revitalize and maintain their threatened languages. The Language Hotspots model for prioritizing language research was conceived and developed by Dr. Greg Anderson and K. David Harrison at the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages to identify most endangered and least studied languages.

It is a new way to view the distribution of global linguistic diversity, to assess the threat of language extinction, to. Hotspots are those regions of the world having the greatest linguistic diversity, the greatest language endangerment, the least-studied languages. For the project, Doctors Anderson and Harrison are accompanied by Chris Rainier, a National Geographic Fellow and ethnographic photographer and filmmaker for helping in documenting various linguistic expedition on camera and film. Identified hotspots with degrees of threat of language extinction include: Severe: North West Pacific Plateau, Central South America, Central Siberia, Eastern Siberia and Northern Australia High: Oklahoma Southwest, Southern South America, Medium: Northern South America, Western Melanesia Low: MesoAmerica, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Eastern India and Malaysia, SouthEast Asia, Eastern Melanesia and Taiwan-Philippines. In each of these area, Enduring Voices has identified languages as priorities for research before it is too late.

Through the efforts of the Enduring Voices Project, the Koro language was discovered in India in 2008. During a three-week trip in 2009, the Enduring Voices team recorded interviews with speakers of eleven indigenous languages of Papua New Guinea. Language death Language documentation Language revival Enduring Voices section on National Geographic website Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages Chris Rainier Official website

Paeonia daurica subsp. mlokosewitschii

Paeonia daurica subsp. Mlokosewitschii is a peony native to the Caucasus Mountains in Azerbaijan and Dagestan, where it grows on rocky slopes in oak, hornbeam, or beech forests; the plant is sometimes nicknamed Molly the witch, a humorous mispronunciation of the species name, which most non-Poles find difficult to pronounce. It was regarded as a separate species, Paeonia mlokosewitschii, but in 2002, the Chinese botanist Hong Deyuan reduced it to a subspecies of Paeonia daurica, it is a herbaceous perennial plant growing 23–27 in tall, with biternate, glaucous leaves with obovate lobes. In spring it bears large, bowl-shaped lemon-yellow flowers 5 in in diameter, the ovary pubescent, the two to four carpels white, pink or yellow, the stamen filaments yellow-green. In cultivation in the UK it has been given the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. Paeonia daurica subsp. Mlokosewitschii was first described as a species, Paeonia mlokosewitchii, by Aleksandr Lomakin in 1897, it was named after the Polish botanist Ludwik Młokosiewicz.

In 2002, the Chinese botanist Hong Deyuan reduced it to a subspecies of Paeonia daurica. Caucasian Representatives of the Genus Paeonia: 5. Paeonia mlokosewitschii Ornamental Plants From Russia: Paeonia mlokosewitschii Germplasm Resources Information Network: Paeonia mlokosewitschii Josef J. Halda and James W. Waddick; the Genus Paeonia. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-612-4 A. Huxley; the New RHS Dictionary of Gardening 3: 438. Macmillan. ISBN 1-56159-001-0 Paeonia — Pacific Bulb Society BBC Gardener's Question Time Factsheet