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Pope Marinus II

Pope Marinus II was Pope from 30 October 942 to his death in 946. Marinus was born in Rome, prior to becoming pope he was attached to the Church of Saint Cyriacus in the Baths of Diocletian, he was said to have encountered St. Ulrich on his visit to Rome in 909, predicted Ulrich's eventual appointment as Bishop of Augsburg. Marinus was elevated to the papacy on 30 October 942 through intervention of Alberic II of Spoleto, Prince of the Romans, he concentrated on administrative aspects of the papacy, sought to reform both the secular and regular clergy. He extended the appointment of Frederick, Archbishop of Mainz as Papal Vicar and Missus dominicus throughout Germany and Francia. Marinus intervened when the Bishop of Capua seized without authorization a church, given to the local Benedictine monks. In fact, throughout his pontificate, Marinus favoured various monasteries, issuing a number of Papal bulls in their favour. Marinus occupied the palace built by Pope John VII atop the Palatine Hill in the ruins of the Domus Gaiana.

He died in May 946 and was succeeded by Agapetus II. Because of the similarity of the names Marinus and Martinus, Popes Marinus I and Marinus II were, in some sources, mistakenly given the name Martinus. Thus, when the new Pope in 1281 took the name Martin, he became Pope Martin IV, when in fact he should have taken the name Martin II. Mann, Horace K; the Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol. IV: The Popes in the Days of Feudal Anarchy, 891-999 Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Pope Marinus II". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Marinus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17. Cambridge University Press. P. 722

The Pruitt-Igoe Myth

The Pruitt-Igoe Myth is a 2011 documentary film detailing the history of the Pruitt–Igoe public housing complex in St. Louis and the eventual decision to raze the entire complex in 1976; the documentary argues that the violent social collapse within the Pruitt-Igoe complex was not due to the demographic composition of its residents, but was a result of wider, external social forces, namely the declining economic fortunes of St. Louis, the resulting impact upon employment opportunities — and the project's failure to meet occupancy projections from the start and therefore to meet monthly income projected to cover maintenance costs. Furnaces made to incinerate garbage failed, pipes/plumbing failed, more issues kept on to the point residents stopped paying rent; the film begins with a former resident of the Pruitt–Igoe public housing complex returning to the site of the buildings in the north side of St. Louis, noting that in spite of the decades since the planned demolition of the buildings, the site remains vacant.

It continues by detailing the decision by the city to replace 19th century tenement housing with high-rise public housing designed by Minoru Yamasaki in the modernist style as thirty-three 11-floor buildings. Interviews with former residents, archival images, film are used to tell first impressions about moving into Pruitt-Igoe and the steady deterioration of living conditions during the 1960s and early 1970s before the destruction by planned implosion between 1972 and 1976; the film takes issue with the various explanations for the failure of the Pruitt-Igoe complex that have developed since its demolition, including that it was the fault of the modernist theory of architecture itself or of the general concept of public housing. Instead, the explanation offered is that the fate of the Pruitt-Igoe project was determined by the declining population and industrial base in St. Louis after World War II; the documentary argues that this process left few jobs for the remaining residents, thus reducing funds available for maintenance and security of the buildings, which were planned to be paid for by tenant rents as residents grew poorer and the living conditions in the project deteriorated.

The Pruitt-Igoe Myth has a rating of 89% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 19 reviews, a rating of 70 on Metacritic based on 8 reviews. It was nominated for a Satellite Award in 2012 in the category of Best Documentary Film, it won the International Documentary Association's ABC News VideoSource Award for best use of archival footage. Pruitt–Igoe Urban decay History of St. Louis Official website The Pruitt-Igoe Myth on IMDb

Ian Johnson (cricketer)

Ian William Geddes Johnson, was an Australian cricketer who played 45 Test matches as a slow off-break bowler between 1946 and 1956. Johnson captured 109 Test wickets at an average of 29.19 runs per wicket and as a lower order batsman made 1,000 runs at an average of 22.92 runs per dismissal. He captained the Australian team in 17 Tests, winning seven and losing five, with a further five drawn. Despite this record, he is better known as the captain who lost consecutive Ashes series against England. Urbane, well-spoken and popular with his opponents and the public, he was seen by his teammates as a disciplinarian and his natural optimism was seen as naive. Aged 17, Johnson made his first-class cricket debut for Victoria in the 1935–36 season but did not establish a permanent place in the team until 1939–40, his career was interrupted by the Second World War. He returned to cricket after his discharge and was selected to tour New Zealand with the Australian team, making his Test debut. Johnson was part of Don Bradman's Invincibles team.

He was a regular member of the national side until poor form saw him left out of the Australian squad for the 1953 tour of England. Johnson was appointed Australian captain following Lindsay Hassett's retirement; the appointment was not universally popular. In his first series as captain, Australia was defeated by a strong English team on home soil; the tour of the West Indies that followed was a diplomatic triumph for Johnson. Australia won the Test series comfortably and Johnson's astute public relations skills helped avoid a repeat of the crowd disturbances that had marred England's visit to the islands 12 months before. However, his Australian team went on to lose the 1956 Ashes series in England. Johnson's Test career ended with Australia's first Test tour of the Indian subcontinent, which occurred during the voyage back to Australia. Australia lost the one-off Test against Pakistan, the first between the two nations, before claiming the series against India. On his return to Australia, he retired from all forms of cricket at age 39.

After retirement, Johnson worked for a time as a sports commentator, including covering the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. In 1957 he was appointed Secretary of the Melbourne Cricket Club, one of the most prestigious positions in Australian sport, he would remain in the role for 26 years, overseeing the development of the Melbourne Cricket Ground and playing a key role in the organisation of the Centenary Test in 1977. In 1956 he was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire for services to cricket. Johnson was born in North Melbourne, an inner suburb of Melbourne, on 8 December 1918, his father, William Johnson—a wine and spirit grocer—was a keen cricketer who played one first-class match for Victoria in 1924–25 before serving as a selector for the Australian Test team. As a schoolboy, Ian Johnson excelled at a variety of sports, he participated in athletics and Australian rules football, as well as playing as a wicket-keeper for Middle Park State School. In 1936, he became the Victorian amateur squash champion.

However, he found his vocation in cricket. In 1934–35, aged only 16, still a schoolboy at Wesley College, Johnson played his first match for the South Melbourne Cricket Club First XI, he was given the opportunity to play first-class cricket the following season, playing Tasmania—not involved in the Sheffield Shield competition—just 23 days past his seventeenth birthday. He took two wickets in each innings as Tasmania won by six wickets, he was retained for the next game, scoring 15 runs in his only innings and taking 3 wickets for 40 runs in the Tasmanian first innings and 1/27 in the second. He did not play first-class cricket again for three years returning to the Victorian side to play another two games against Tasmania in 1938–39, making his highest first-class score to date, 88 runs, in the second game, he secured his place in the Victorian team in the 1939–40 season, making his Sheffield Shield debut against South Australia in Adelaide in November 1939. Batting at number five, Johnson scored 33 runs in the first innings and 41 in the second, but was unable to take a wicket.

That season, Johnson scored 313 runs at an average of 26.08 and took 13 wickets at an average of 39.92. In a season truncated because of the Second World War, Johnson played five matches in 1940–41, scoring 292 runs at an average of 32.44 and taking 25 wickets at 27.60. Johnson's cricket career was interrupted by the war and he enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force in March 1941, he flew Bristol Beaufighters with No. 22 Squadron RAAF and, by 1944, was serving as a Flight Lieutenant in the South West Pacific theatre. In June 1945, Johnson was awarded the King's Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air for his work as a flight instructor with No. 11 Elementary Flying Training School, based at Benalla in rural Victoria. He resumed his first-class cricket career in the 1945 -- 46 season. Following his discharge from service, Johnson returned to first-class cricket in the 1945–46 season, winning a place on the Australian tour of New Zealand; the only Test match—the first between the two nations—was played at the Basin Reserve in Wellington.

Johnson scored 7 not out and he was not needed to bowl as New Zealand collapsed for an aggregate of just 96 runs in their two innings. Test cricket resumed in Australia with the visit of the English team in 1946–47. Be

Father of the Dáil

In Ireland, the term Father of the Dáil is an unofficial title applied to the current member of Dáil Éireann with the longest unbroken period of service in the Dail, regardless of their position. The'Father' has no official role in the business of the House. On a number of occasions two or more men have shared the position of Father of the Dáil; the current Fathers of the Dáil are Richard Bruton and Willie O'Dea having both been first elected to the Dáil in the February 1982 general election. Bernard Durkan was elected at the 1981 general election, but lost his seat in February 1982 and was re-elected in November 1982, so he does not have an unbroken record of service. Father of the House Baby of the Dáil Records of members of the Oireachtas


Seth Abner known as Scump, is an American professional Call of Duty player for the Call of Duty League team Chicago Huntsmen, owned by NRG Esports. Abner is a two time. In August 2017, Seth achieved his first Call of Duty World Championship. Abner is sponsored including Turtle Beach and Scuf Gaming; as of 15 December 2018, Scump has more than $600,000 from tournament winnings, of which $261,250 was won in Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare. He runs a YouTube channel that has obtained over 2.4 Million Subscribers and over 500 million channel views as of September 11, 2019. Scump played for OpTic for the Call of Duty: Black Ops II season. OpTic would take their only 1st-place finish at UMG Chicago, but would never finish outside of the top 10. OpTic achieved a 3rd-place finish at the 2013 Call of Duty Championship to finish off the 2012–2013 season. Seth stayed on OpTic going into the Call of Duty: Ghosts season. However, after a 9th-place finish at the MLG Fall Championship and a 13th-place finish at UMG Philadelphia, Scump announced he would be leaving OpTic and joining Team EnVyUs alongside Merk, ProoFy, Goonjar because of a rivalry with Nadeshot.

Less than two-weeks after his departure from OpTic, Scump announced that he was leaving Envy and returning to Optic. He would rejoin the lineup of Nadeshot, MBoZe, Clayster for the Call of Duty Championship 2014; the squad finished 3rd for the second year in a row. After that tournament, the team picked up ProoFy to replace MBoZe, who became captain of OpTic Nation; the new team placed in the top eight at UGC Niagara, was invited to attend the MLG X Games Invitational. Here, OpTic advanced all the way through their bracket to face Team Kaliber in the Grand Final. OpTic won, Scump become one of the first gold medalists for Call of Duty; the next few events were inconsistent for OpTic, with 4th and 5th placings at Gfinity 3, UMG Dallas, UMG Nashville, MLG CoD League Season 3 Playoffs. Upon release of Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare, OpTic parted ways with Clayster and ProoFy and added Matt "Formal" Piper, Ian "Crimsix" Porter to the team; the team placed second to Crimsix's longtime teammate Aches at the first event of the season, afterwards placed first at UMG Orlando 2015, the MLG Pro League Season 1 Playoffs, the Call of Duty Championship's NA Regional event.

At the 2015 Call of Duty World Championship, the team placed a disappointing 7th after they went into the event as the clear favorites. After the event, Scumps's longtime teammate, decided to leave competitive Call of Duty and was replaced by Damon "Karma" Barlow, with Scump becoming the team captain; as the new captain of OpTic Gaming, Seth led the team to 6 more championships and 2 more Pro League Regular Season wins to end the Advanced Warfare season. They won ESWC Zénith 2015 and Gfinity Spring Masters 1 with Enable in place of Karma, but as they returned to the United States they went to California to compete at UMG California 2015 with Karma; when they won UMG Cali it marked their 3rd straight event win in three consecutive weekends in three different countries. They finished 1st in Season 2 of the MLG Pro League to qualify for MLG Pro League Season 2 Playoffs at the summer XGAMES in Austin, where he and OpTic defended their title and won his second gold medal. OpTic and Scump finished 2nd to FaZe Clan at UMG Dallas 2015 and Gfinity Summer Championship.

They bounced back as they won UMG Washington D. C. 2015 and MLG Pro League Season 3 Regular Season. Once again, they fell short and placed 2nd to Scump's ex-teammate, Clayster's FaZe team for the final time in AW. Scump went on to win the final event of Advanced Warfare, MLG World Finals, with OpTic Gaming, he stated that the World Finals was the only event where he felt like he got carried, but it still marked Scump's and OpTic's most successful year by far. They won 9 championships, all 3 of the online Pro League Season, appeared in 10/11 Grand Finals, they won many online tournaments hosted by MLG and UMG, earned 1,651,320 pro points, Seth had the most pro points out of any player with 447,975. Going into the Call of Duty: Black Ops III season Scump confirmed that OpTic Gaming would not be making any roster changes, like many other teams. OpTic Gaming went on to qualify for the Call of Duty World League NA. OpTic gaming placed 2nd in the first event of the season, the "Totino's invitational", losing to Rise Nation in the final.

After entering the next event with a top-4 seed and his team were met an worse placing of 4–8 along with the other top-seeded teams, however the event suffered from technical difficulties leading to an apology from the event's management. Scump has won now two 25k tournaments hosted by UMG gaming and one 25k tournament hosted by ESL. Alongside teammates Crimsix and FormaL, Karma, Scump won the 2016 Call of Duty World League Stage One Finals Tournament of North America for Call of Duty: Black Ops III; the tournament was presented by PS4 with a grand prize of $250,000 for the winning team. Scump won MLG Anaheim and MLG Orlando with OpTic Gaming. After competing at four Call of Duty World Championship events and failing to win first place at any, Scump achieved success at the 2017 Call of Duty World League Championship in the title of Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare, his team, Optic Gaming won first prize in the Call of Duty World League final. Scump remained the leader of OpTic Gaming going into WWII.

After inconsistent placings at numerous major events, the roster split up after a series of poor tournament placings, with Scump performing badly individually. They kicked FormaL and Karma and recruited pla

David Prutton

David Thomas Michael Prutton is an English former footballer, who last played for Sheffield Wednesday. He works as a presenter and commentator for Sky Sports and can be seen on their Football League coverage, he has played for Nottingham Forest, Leeds United, Colchester United and Swindon Town, as well as representing England at Under 21 level 25 times. He spent a three-month loan spell with Scunthorpe United at the start of the 2012–13 season and a brief spell on loan at Coventry City at the end of the 2013–14 season. Prutton was born in Hull, came through the Nottingham Forest youth system, going on to make 155 appearances for the club where his career started. Having starred for Nottingham Forest and in the England under-21 squad the versatile midfielder was signed by Southampton of the Premiership, on the final day of the transfer window for £2.5 million in 2003. Prutton is a versatile player, having played across the midfield and at right-back for Southampton, despite being a important player in the 2002–03 season missed out on the FA Cup Final as he was cup-tied having played for Nottingham Forest against West Ham in the third round.

Despite only being at Southampton for less than four months Prutton played 12 games for Southampton and impressed in Gordon Strachan's squad. In the 2003–04 season Prutton featured for Southampton, playing 30 games and scoring one goal against Charlton Athletic, on the last day of the season; the 2004–05 season was one to forget, despite scoring 2 goals and playing 28 games in all competitions. Following Southampton's home game with Arsenal on 26 February 2005, Prutton was charged by the FA on two counts for the events following his red card for a tackle on Robert Pires. First was for his failure to leave the field of play promptly following his dismissal and his attempt to remonstrate with the assistant referee, during which he pushed the referee, Alan Wiley, on at least one occasion; the second charge behaviour towards a match official. Prutton was handed a 10-match ban and fined £6,000 after admitting the two charges of improper conduct. Prutton returned on the final day of the season for Southampton's game against Manchester United, which the side needed to win to stay in the Premiership.

Southampton lost the game the club were relegated to the Football League Championship. In 2005–06 the versatile midfielder's season was marred by a broken metatarsal which he picked up in September against Queens Park Rangers. A lack of first team opportunities forced him to seek employment elsewhere and in January 2007 he left Southampton to return to Nottingham Forest. In total he played 94 games for the scoring 5 goals, he was released by Southampton on 23 May 2007. Narrowly beating the transfer deadline, Prutton re-joined his old club in January 2007 on loan until the end of the season, with a view to a permanent move if Forest were promoted, he had piqued interest from his home-town club, Hull City. On 14 April, Prutton scored his first Forest goal since returning to the club against Brentford in a league match, heading in the first of Forest's four second-half goals to inspire a fightback that would win Forest the game 4–2, despite being 2–0 down after 50 minutes, he was sent-off in 90th minute of the League One play-off semi-final second leg match against Yeovil Town on 18 May 2007, leaving Forest with 10-men for extra time.

Prutton joined Leeds United on trial during pre-season 2007 and joined the club on 7 August 2007. Prutton scored his first goal for Leeds against Swansea City on 22 September 2007 in a 2–0 victory as Leeds notched up their seventh consecutive victory. Prutton played in a right midfield role during Dennis Wise's rule at the club; when Gary McAllister became manager, Prutton was moved to his natural central midfield role, put in several man-of-the-match performances. He was one of Leeds' most consistent performers in the 2007–08 season, having started over 40 matches and winning several man of the match awards along the way. Leeds lost 1 -- 0 to Doncaster Rovers. Prutton became a cult hero amongst the Leeds fans, due to his humour in interviews and his Jesus-like appearance. Leeds retained the services of Prutton for the next season, with his contract lasting a further year. Following Simon Grayson's appointment as Leeds United manager, Prutton became somewhat of a peripheral figure in Leeds United's first team squads.

Leeds lost to Millwall in the playoff semi-finals that season, with Prutton having a bit part role since Grayson took over, with his having to settle for a place as a substitute. With seven substitutes required for the 2009–10 season, Prutton made the bench and made a rare start for Leeds in the League game against Oldham Athletic. Prutton started for Leeds in the Football League Trophy game against Accrington Stanley and provided an assist for Hogan Ephraim's goal; the match was to be Prutton's last start for Leeds, with him having to settle for a place on the bench until he departed the club. On 26 January 2010, Prutton joined League One side Colchester United on a month-long loan deal, with a view to make the move permanent; the same day, Prutton made his debut for Colchester, coming off the bench against Milton Keynes Dons and scoring a long-range effort. Prutton's loan was set to be made permanent after Colchester played against Prutton's employers, Leeds United. Prutton wasn't allowed to play in the game due to the terms of the loan deal.

On 1 February, Prutton was rel