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Pope Sabinian

Pope Sabinian was Pope of the Catholic Church from 13 September 604 to his death in 606, during the Byzantine domination of the Papacy. Sabinian was born at Blera near Viterbo, he had been sent by Pope Gregory I as Apostolic nuncio, to Constantinople, but he was not satisfactory in that office. He returned to Rome in 597, he was consecrated pope on 13 September 604. The erudite Italian Augustinian Onofrio Panvinio, in his Epitome pontificum Romanorum, attributes to him the introduction of the custom of ringing bells at the canonical hours and the celebration of the Eucharist; the first attribution of this was in Guillaume Durand's thirteenth-century Rationale Divinorum Officiorum. During his reign, Sabinian was seen as a counterfoil to his predecessor Pope Gregory I, he incurred unpopularity by his unseasonable economies, although the Liber Pontificalis states that he distributed grain during a famine at Rome under his pontificate. Whereas Gregory distributed grain to the Roman populace as invasion loomed, when the danger had passed Sabinian sold it to them.

Because he was unable or unwilling to allow the people to have the corn for little or nothing, there grew up in times a number of idle legends in which his predecessor was represented punishing him for avarice. Sabinian died 22 February 606, his funeral procession through the city had to change course to avoid hostile Romans. The Liber Pontificalis praises him for "filling the church with clergy," in contrast to Gregory, who tended to fill ecclesiastical positions with monks rather than the diocesan clergy. List of Catholic saints List of Eamon. Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes, Yale University Press, 2001, p. 72–73. ISBN 0-300-09165-6 Ekonomou, Andrew J. 2007. Byzantine Rome and the Greek Popes: Eastern influences on Rome and the papacy from Gregory the Great to Zacharias, A. D. 590–752. Lexington Books. Maxwell-Stuart, P. G. Chronicle of the Popes: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Papacy from St. Peter to the Present, Thames & Hudson, 2002, p. 54. ISBN 0-500-01798-0


Lacanianism is the study of, development of, the ideas and theories of the dissident French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. Beginning as a commentary on the writings of Freud, Lacanianism developed into a new psychoanalytic theory of humankind, spawned a worldwide movement of its own, it has been argued that Lacan's work must be read as presupposing the entire content of classical Freudianism, otherwise it would be another philosophy or intellectual system" Lacanianism began as a philosophical/linguistic re-interpretation of Freud's original teachings. How far it subsequently became an independent body of thought has been, remains, a matter of debate. Lacan himself famously informed his followers: It is up to you to be Lacanians if you wish. I am a Freudian The wide extent of Lacan's evolving intellectual stances, his inability to find a settled institutional framework for his work, has meant that over time the Lacanian movement has been subject to numerous schisms and continuing divisions. Lacan considered the human psyche to be framed within the three orders of The Imaginary, The Symbolic and The Real.

The three divisions in their varying emphases correspond to the development of Lacan's thought. As he himself put it in Seminar XXII, "I began with the Imaginary, I had to chew on the story of the Symbolic...and I finished by putting out for you this famous Real". Lacan's early psychoanalytic period spans the 1940s, his contributions from this period centered on the questions of image and unconscious fantasy. Developing Henri Wallon's concept of infant mirroring, he used the idea of the mirror stage to demonstrate the imaginary nature of the ego, in opposition to the views of ego psychology. In the fifties, the focus of Lacan's interest shifted to the symbolic order of kinship, social structure and roles—all mediated by the acquisition of language—into which each one of us is born and with which we all have to come to terms; the focus of therapy became that of dealing with disruptions on the part of the Imaginary of the structuring role played by the signifier/Other/Symbolic Order. Lacan's approach to psychoanalysis created a dialectic between Freud's thinking and that of both Structuralist thinkers such as Ferdinand de Saussure, as well as with Heidegger and other continental philosophers.

The sixties saw Lacan's attention focused on what he termed the Real—not external consensual reality, but rather that unconscious element in the personality, linked to trauma and the drive, which resists signification. The Real was what was absent from every totalising structural theory. Real, together with the Imaginary and the Symbolic came to form a triad of "elementary registers." Lacan believed these three concepts were inseparably intertwined, by the 1970s they were an integral part of his thought. Lacan's thinking was intimately geared not only to the work of Freud but to that of the most prominent of his psychoanalytic successors—Heinz Hartmann, Melanie Klein, Michael Balint, D. W. Winnicott and more. With Lacan's break with official psychoanalysis in 1963–1964, however, a tendency developed to look for a pure, self-contained Lacanianism, without psychoanalytic trappings. Jacques-Alain Miller's index to Ecrits had written of "the Lacanian epistemology...the analytic experience". Three main phases may be identified in Lacan's mature work: his Fifties exploration of the Imaginary and the Symbolic.

As the fifties Lacan developed a distinctive style of teaching based on a linguistic reading of Freud, so too he built up a substantial following within the Société Française de Psychanalyse, with Serge Leclaire only the first of many French "Lacanians". It was this phase of his teaching, memorialised in Écrits, which first found its way into the English-speaking world, where more Lacanians were thus to be found in English or Philosophy Departments than in clinical practice; however the extent of Lacan's following raised serious criticisms: he was accused both of abusing the positive transference to tie his analysands to himself, of magnifying their numbers by the use of shortened analytic sessions. The questionable nature of his following was one of the reasons for his failure to gain recognition for his teaching from the International Psychoanalytical Association recognition for the French form of Freudianism, "Lacanianism"—a failure that led to his founding the École Freudienne de Paris in 1964.

Many of his closest and most creative followers, such as Jean Laplanche, chose the IPA over Lacan at this point, in the first of many subsequent Lacanian schisms. Lacan's 1973 Letter to the Italians, nominated Muriel Drazien, Giacomo Contri and Armando Verdiglione to carry his teaching in Italy; as a body of thought, Lacanianism began to make its way into the English-speaking world from the sixties onwards, influencing film theory, feminist thought, queer theory, psychoanalytic criticism, as well as politics and social sciences through the concepts of the Imaginary and the Symbolic. As the role of the real and of jouissance in opposing structure bec

Daniel Rantzau

Daniel Rantzau was a Danish-German general. He was known for his leadership during the Northern Seven Years' War. For some years, he fought in Germany and Italy, took part in the Danish conquest of Dithmarschen in western Holstein during 1559. Rantzau seems to have been a clear pro-war spokesman before the outbreak of the Northern Seven Years' War with Sweden in 1563. Rantzau was born at Deutsch-Nienhof in Schleswig-Holstein, he studied at the University of Wittenberg. A distant relative of Johan Rantzau, Daniel Rantzau was raised in Holstein, received a solid academic education but preferred a military career. At the start of the Northern Seven Years' War, Rantzau was a sub-commander with the rank of colonel but he distinguished himself in some minor struggles during the first fruitless years. In 1565, he was promoted to commander-in-chief, but his position was weak at the start due to a lack of results on the battlefield. However, in December of the same year Rantzau defeated the Swedish army during the Battle of Axtorna, an event which strengthened his position.

During the following years, he ravaged Swedish areas and established himself as the most able Danish military leader in spite of the lack of a breakthrough. However, a standing conflict about the pay of the soldiers created serious friction between the Danish noble officers and Peder Oxe, the Steward of the Realm. From 1567 to 1568, Rantzau carried off what is still considered his main military exploit, his Winter Campaign through Småland and Östergötland. During the campaign, he defeated some minor Swedish armies and after having given up an attack on Stockholm, saved his whole army during a risky but successful retreat across the frozen lake Sommen; the campaign shook the Swedish defense. In November 1569, during an attack on Swedish-occupied Varberg Fortress in Halland, Rantzau was killed by a cannonball. Today, although quite overshadowed by his relative Johan Rantzau in public memory, Daniel Rantzau is considered the more brilliant tactician of the two. Military historians in general regard him as one of the few first-rate military leaders of the war from 1563-70.

Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, vol. 11, 1982. Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon, vol. 19, 1925

Aubrey Menen

Salvator Aubrey Clarence Menen was an English writer of Irish and Malayali parentage, a satirist. He was a drama critic, theater director, advertising agency executive, an alumnus of University College London, his essays and novels explore the nature of nationalism and the cultural contrast between his own Irish-Indian ancestry and his traditional British upbringing. The first sentence of "Dead Man in the Silver Market" offers an example of his good-humored approach to this contentious topic: "Men of all races have always sought for a convincing explanation of their own astonishing excellence and they have found what they were looking for." Menen's 1954 retelling of the classic Hindu epic Ramayana meant as a funny and readable version of the work was banned in India for some years, as devout Hindus were horrified by the liberties Menen took with a sacred text. Menen states that his goal is to, "aim at reviving," Valmiki's, "attitude of mind." Menen's humor did not undercut his love for India, however, as can be seen in his book on Hindu mystics and his text to Roloff Beny's great book of photographs of India.

The Prevalence of Witches The Stumbling-Stone The Backward Bride: A Sicilian Scherzo The Duke of Gallodoro The Ramayana, As Told by Aubrey Menen The Abode of Love: The Conception and Daily Routine of an English Harem in the Middle of the 19th Century The Fig Tree SheLa: A Satire A Conspiracy of Women Fonthill: A Comedy Rome Revealed Speaking the Language Like a Native India, with Roloff Beny Upon This Rock London Venice Dead Man in the Silver Market The Space within the Heart Cities in the Sand The New Mystics and the True Indian Tradition Four Days of Naples Art and Money NYT Obituary: Time magazine review of "Man Without a Country" and information about Mr. Menen:,9171,818777,00.html?iid=chix-sphere Review of, "A Conspiracy of Women":

Vince Duvergé

Joseph Guy Vincent Duvergé is a Mauritian actor, stand-up and web comedian. Born in Mauritius in 1995, Duvergé became the number one Mauritian YouTube comedian in 2013. Vince Duvergé made his comedy debut in 2011, during the Mauritian comedy festival "Festival du Rire de Komiko" during which he played in the stage play "Complètement Toc-Toc" and performed his own stand-up comedy segment. In 2012, Duvergé created a YouTube channel where he posted comedy clips that he produced with his best friends Yann Charlotte and David André; the channel encountered its first big success after Duverge released a parody about Miss Mauritius in which he controversially portrayed the 2013 Miss Mauritius, Pallavi Gungaram who had, back given an unfortunate interview. In 2013, Vince joins the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation as a radio host, he created a humoristic radio show, aired every Friday evening on MusicFM. In January 2014, Vince Duvergé flies to Sydney to study cinematography. During his studies he was awarded at the Kogarah Film Festival with Best Actor, Best Script and Best Film awards.

In 2015, along with his classmates, Duvergé went on to develop a web series concept called "Undergrads". Based on his own life, the series tells the story of a foreign student arriving in Sydney only to become a victim of humorous unlucky events while trying to get used to his new Australian life. By mid 2016, Vince accepted to head back to Mauritius in order to develop new projects in the radio industry and in comedy, he joined the MBC once again in order to create a new drive time concept for the same station he used to work for years earlier: MusicFM. Duvergé decided to form a duo along with another host of the station; this led to the creation of The Drive Show

Mary of Burgundy, Duchess of Savoy

Mary of Burgundy was a Duchess of Savoy by her marriage to Amadeus VIII of Savoy known as Antipope Felix V. Mary was the eighth of the nine children of Philip the Bold and his wife Margaret III, Countess of Flanders. Philip of Savoy had made alliances with low county Bavarians, by marrying John to Margaret of Bavaria. Philip made links with the Dukes of Austria and of Savoy, by marrying Catherine to Leopold IV of Austria, Mary to Amadeus VIII Savoy, son of Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Berry, their marriage was contracted 11 November 1386 in Zeeland. In 1416, Holy Roman Emperor elevated Amadeus from Count to Duke of Savoy. Mary duly became Duchess. From onwards Dukes ruled over Savoy; the couple were married for thirty-six years before Mary died in 1428 at Chateau of Thonon les Bains. She is buried in the Abbey of Hautecombe. Mary and Amadeus had nine children, with further descendants: Margaret of Savoy. Anthony of Savoy. Anthony of Savoy. Marie of Savoy, married Filippo Maria Visconti, duke of Milan.

Amadeus of Savoy, Prince of Piemonte. Louis of Savoy, his successor. Bonne of Savoy. Philip of Savoy, Count of Genève. Margaret of Savoy, married firstly Louis III, titular king of Naples, secondly Louis IV, Count Palatine of the Rhine and thirdly Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg