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Pope Sergius III

Pope Sergius III was Pope from 29 January 904 to his death in 911. He was pope during a period of feudal violence and disorder in central Italy, when warring aristocratic factions sought to use the material and military resources of the Papacy; because Sergius III had reputedly ordered the murder of his two immediate predecessors, Leo V and Christopher, fathered an illegitimate son who became pope, his pontificate has been variously described as "dismal and disgraceful", "efficient and ruthless". Sergius was the son of Benedictus, traditionally was believed descended from a noble Roman family, although it has been speculated that he was in fact related to the family of Theophylact, Count of Tusculum, he was ordained as a subdeacon by Pope Marinus I, followed by his being raised to the diaconate by Pope Stephen V. During the pontificate of Pope Formosus, he was a member of the party of nobles who supported the Emperor Lambert, the opponent of Formosus and the pope's preferred imperial candidate, Arnulf of Carinthia.

Formosus consecrated Sergius as bishop of Caere in 893 in order to remove him from Rome. Sergius ceased to act as bishop of Caere with the death of Formosus in 896, as all of the ordinations conferred by Formosus were declared null and void, although Formosus’ ordination of Sergius was reconfirmed by Theodore II, he actively participated in the farcical Cadaver synod that condemned the pontificate of Formosus. With the death of Theodore in 898, with a small following of Roman nobility led by his father Benedictus, attempted to have himself elected pope, contrary to the wishes of the emperor Lambert, duke of Spoleto. Although Sergius was elected, a rival candidate, Pope John IX, was elected. With Lambert's support, John was installed as pope, one of his first acts was to convene a synod which excommunicated Sergius and his followers. Sergius was forcibly exiled by Lambert, fleeing to his see at Caere, where he placed himself under the protection of Adalbert II, Margrave of Tuscany. By the time the Antipope Christopher seized the chair of Saint Peter by force, circumstances had changed at Rome, with the rise of the magister militum Theophylact, Count of Tusculum, stationed at Rome by the retreating emperor Louis the Blind in 902.

Putting himself at the head of a faction of the nobility, Theophylact revolted against Christopher, asked Sergius to return to Rome to become pope. Sergius accepted, with the armed backing of Adalbert II, he entered Rome, by which stage Christopher had been cast into prison by Theophylact. Sergius was consecrated Pope on 29 January 904. Sergius III owed his rise to the power of his new patron Theophylact, rewarded him with the position of sacri palatii vestararius, the principal official at the top of papal patronage in control of the disbursements, thus of patronage. All real power now devolved onto Theophylact, Sergius became his puppet; the first clear sign of this shift in power was the fate of Sergius’ two predecessors, Pope Leo V and the Antipope Christopher. According to the pro-Formosan Eugenius Vulgarius, Sergius ordered both men to be strangled in prison sometime in early 904; that both men were murdered during Sergius’ pontificate appears probable, although other accounts state that Christopher at least was allowed to retire to a monastery.

Given where the real power lay, it seems more that either Theophylact gave the orders directly, or that he directed Sergius to give the orders. For the remainder of his pontificate, Sergius promoted his family and members of his aristocratic party to positions of authority and prominence within the church. Pope Sergius III convoked a synod which annulled all the ordinations of Formosus and required all bishops ordained by Formosus to be re-ordained, it was alleged that Sergius managed to get the consent of the Roman clergy at the synod by threatening them with exile, violence or through the use of bribery. The decision to require reordination was unpopular, those affected at sees distant from Rome not only ignored the synod's instructions, but wrote letters both condemning the revoking of ordinations and justifying validity of the original ordinations; the ruling was subsequently reversed again after his death. Confirming his continued support of the anti-Formosus faction, Sergius honoured the murdered Pope Stephen VI, responsible for the "Cadaver Synod" that had condemned and mutilated the corpse of Pope Formosus, by writing a laudatory epitaph on Stephen VI's tombstone.

For centuries it was believed that Sergius had the much-abused corpse of Formosus exhumed once more, found guilty again, beheaded, thus in effect conducting a second Cadaver Synod. However, the source for this was Liutprand of Cremona, who mistakenly placed the cadaver synod in the pontificate of Sergius III, instead of Stephen VI. Although neither Sergius nor Theophylact supported the continued nominal rule of Emperor Louis, they were somewhat unwilling to grant the imperial title to the only other contender, Berengar I of Italy. On the one occasion that Sergius agreed to crown Berengar in around 906, Berengar was prevented from reaching Rome by the forces of Alberic I of Spoleto and Adalbert II of Tuscany, both of whom had been supporters of Sergius, but were unhappy with his decision to support Berengar. Berengar's unwillingness to control his vassals contributed to the papal reluctance; when Sergius was ignored, the pope wrote to the bishop of

Franca Maï

Franca Maï was as French actress and novelist. She is best known for her role in the Jean Rollin vampire classic Fascination. Franca Maï was born Françoise Baud in 1959 in Paris and was the eldest of four children, having two younger sisters and a brother, she spent most of her childhood growing up between Eure-et-Loir. In 1979, Maï made her film debut when she received the leading role in Jean Rollin's classic vampire tale Fascination, considered to be one of the best films in all of Rollin's canon. In Fascination, Maï portrayed the role of'Elisabeth', a mysterious chambermaid who resides in a deserted château which her lesbian lover, when they are encountered by a charming jewel thief who takes refuge in the château. What followed was three further feature films, in which she received minor roles. Maï appeared in two television films, she had a guest role in the ORTF and Antenne 2 crime drama series Les enquêtes du commissaire Maigret. In 1988, her final appearance as an actress came when she was cast in the short film Berceaumniaque, written and directed by Maï's life companion Yoram Mevorach Oyoram.

In 1993, she directed, wrote and edited the short film L'an de mes II. Yoram Mevorach Oyoram served as co-editor on the film. In her second short, in 2003, Maï not only directed, edited the film, she tried her hand at cinematography and performed the song "La chanson du garde-barrière". In her life, Maï became a successful novelist. Eight novels were published between 2002 and 2009, her final book, Divino Sacrum, written during her long battle with cancer, was published and released posthumously. Maï was a successful singer, photographer and the co-creator of a website. Maï was diagnosed with cancer in 2008. Having gone through long-term chemotherapy and radiation therapy she relapsed, she died on 8 February 2012 at 52 in Val-de-Marne, France. Official site Franca Maï on IMDb

Curetis thetis

Curetis thetis, the Indian sunbeam, is a species of lycaenid or blue butterfly found in Indomalayan realm. The butterfly occurs in Peninsular India, south of the Himalayas, but not in the desert tracts or in areas with a scanty rainfall, it is found in the Nicobar Islands. It is found in Sri Lanka, Philippines, northern Sulawesi and Selajar, it is not considered rare. Upperside dark cupreous red and shining. Forewing: base irrorated with dusky scales. Hindwing: base and dorsum broadly but irrorated with dusky scales. Underside: shining silvery white. Forewings and hindwings crossed transversely by discal and inner subterminal, somewhat lunular dark lines and a more or less obsolescent outer subterminal line of minute dark dots; these markings very indistinct but traceable. Antennae, head and abdomen dusky black. Upperside: forewing dark brownish black. Hindwing: pale dusky black. Cilia and hindwings: white. Underside: as in the male but the markings still more indistinct, in no specimen is there any trace of the outer subterminal line of dark dots.

Variety arcuata Moore, differs from typical thetis as follows: Upperside: ground colour similar but of a paler shade in all the specimens I have seen. Forewing: costal and terminal margins edged more broadly with black than in thetis, the inner margin of this colour forms a regular curved arch from base of wing to tornus, not angulate at all opposite apex of wing, the edging of the costal margin not jagged on the inner side. Hindwing: the costal margin not pale but somewhat broadly dusky black; the irroration of dusky scales at the bases of both forewings and hindwings and along the dorsal area of the hindwing heavier and more broadly diffused on the latter. Underside: as in the typical form. Antenna, head and abdomen similar. Upperside: ground colour darker brownish black, deep opaque black on the costa and termen of the forewing. There have been reports of gynandromorphic forms; the larva has been recorded as feeding on Pongamia glabra, Derris scandens, Abrus precatorius, Xylia dolabriformis and Heynia trijuga.

On emergence eats a hole through the top of the egg about equalling one-third of its surface and crawls out. The empty shell has a close superficial resemblance to an echinus shell. In colour pale ochreous, furnished with long stout white hairs of which a subdorsal series is on each side, with one long hair springing from the apex of each tubercle; the full-grown larva is the most beautiful known to me among the Lycaenidae.....of the exact shade of green of the leaves on which it feeds..... The second segment is quite unmarked. De Niceville goes on to say that the sheaths of the tentacles on the twelfth segment are pale green, the tentacles themselves maroon, the whorl of hairs at their apices white with their basal thirds black; the larvae have tentacular organs as seen on myrmecophilous lycaenids, but they have not been observed to be tended by ants. Light green. "There is a conspicuous heart-shaped pale ochreous mark on the top of the thorax, the pits on it filled in with reddish pigment." The pupae are capable of producing sounds and the function of these are not understood.

List of butterflies of India Bingham, C. T.. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. II. London: Taylor and Francis, Ltd. Beccaloni, George. "The Global Lepidoptera Names Index". Natural History Museum, London. Retrieved 15 October 2016. "Markku Savela's website on Lepidoptera". Wynter-Blyth, Mark Alexander. Butterflies of the Indian Region. Bombay, India: Bombay Natural History Society. ISBN 978-8170192329

Wyndham Clark

Wyndham Clark is an American professional golfer from Denver, Colorado who plays on the PGA Tour. Clark attended Valor Christian High School in Highlands Ranch, where he was classmates with NFL player Christian McCaffrey. In high school he twice won the Colorado state championship and was named player of the year in 2011, he enrolled at Oklahoma State in 2012, finishing in ninth place at the 2012 U. S. Amateur, he transferred to Oregon in 2016, winning the Pac-12 conference championship and GolfWeek Player of the Year. He graduated with a business degree in 2017. Clark finished in a tie for 23rd at Tour qualifying in 2017, earning his card for the 2018 season. He made 24 starts that season with four top-10 finishes. By finishing 16th on the tour money list, he qualified for the PGA Tour for the 2018–19 season. Clark had his best finish of his PGA Tour career at the Honda Classic in March 2019, where he went into the final round with the lead before falling back to seventh place. Clark resides in Las Vegas, Nevada.

His mother died from breast cancer. 2009 Colorado state championship 2011 Colorado state championship 2017 Pac-12 Championship Amateur Palmer Cup: 2014 2018 Tour Finals graduates Wyndham Clark at the PGA Tour official site Wyndham Clark at the Official World Golf Ranking official site Oregon profile

In Death

The …in Death series of novels and short stories are written by Nora Roberts under her pseudonym, J. D. Robb. Set in a mid-21st century New York City, they feature NYPSD Lieutenant Eve Dallas and her husband Roarke; the stories regularly feature other characters, including Captain Ryan Feeney, Detective Delia Peabody, Detective Ian McNab and Dr. Charlotte Mira; the series will go on as long as Roberts desires to write it. She has stated that the series will never contain one of Eve and Roarke's children, as the series will end with Eve's eventual pregnancy. Below are all deaths - murder victims, murder investigations, others - that occur in the span of the In Death books, including weapon, cause of death, the perpetrator; this list does not include any attacks on persons. Note: "stunner" and "laser" are both terms used interchangeably for the fictional weapons that the NYPSD carry in the In Death books. In Death Little, Denise, & Hayden, The Official Nora Roberts Companion. ISBN 0-425-18344-0 J.

D. Robb Series listing at SciFan In Death series listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Frequently asked questions about the series

Mungo Melvin

Major-General Robert Adam Mungo Simpson Melvin CB OBE is a retired British Army officer, a noted military historian. He is best known for his biography of German Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, he is an Editorial Board Member on Journal of Terrorism Studies. Educated at Daniel Stewart's College in Edinburgh, the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, Downing College and the German Armed Forces Command and Staff College in Hamburg, Melvin was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1975, he became Director, Land Warfare in June 2002, Director of Operational Capability at the Ministry of Defence in 2004 and General Officer Commanding United Kingdom Support Command in 2006. He went on to be Chief Army Instructor at the Royal College of Defence Studies in 2009 before retiring in 2011. In 2009 he appeared as an expert witness at the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia, he is an associate senior fellow of the Royal United Services Institute. During his Army service in Germany, Melvin learned German and developed an interest in German military history.

The product of this was his 2010 biography of Erich von Manstein. Manstein is regarded as the most gifted German commander of World War II, but he was a convicted war criminal who never acknowledged his own or the German Army's responsibility for the crimes committed on the Eastern Front while he held major commands there. Melvin's conclusion was that Manstein was a product of his age, his class, his education and his own stubborn personality, all of which blinded him to the ethical conflict between his duty as a German officer to obey the orders of the legitimate government, the criminal nature of the Nazi regime. Reviews of Melvin's book concentrated on this question. Alexander Rose in the New York Times referred to "Mungo Melvin’s authoritative and splendidly comprehensive biography" but criticized what he saw as Melvin's narrow focus on military matters. Tom Nagorski in the Wall Street Journal found fault with Melvin's concentration on detailed descriptions of Manstein's work as a military commander.

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