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Pope Stephen IV

Pope Stephen IV was Bishop of Rome and ruler of the Papal States from June 816 to his death in 817. Stephen belonged to a noble Roman family, he was consecrated pope on or about 22 June 816. The following October, he crowned Louis the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor at Rheims, persuaded the emperor to release some Roman political prisoners he held in custody, he died the following January. The son of a Roman noble called Marinus, Stephen IV belonged to the same family which produced the Popes Sergius II and Adrian II. At a young age he was raised at the Lateran Palace during the pontificate of Pope Adrian I, it was under Stephen's predecessor Pope Leo III that he was first ordained a Subdeacon before he was subsequently made a Deacon. Popular among the Roman people, within ten days of Leo III's death, he was escorted to Saint Peter's Basilica and consecrated Bishop of Rome on 22 June 816, it has been conjectured that his rapid election was an attempt by the Roman clergy to ensure that the emperor could not interfere in the election.

After his consecration he ordered the Roman people to swear fidelity to the Frankish king and Roman emperor Louis the Pious, after which Stephen sent envoys to the emperor notifying him of his election, to arrange a meeting between the two at the emperor's convenience. With Louis’ invitation, Stephen left Rome in August 816, crossing the Alps together with Bernard, the King of the Lombards, ordered to accompany Stephen to the emperor. In early October, the Pope and Emperor met at Rheims, where Louis prostrated himself three times before Stephen. At Mass on Sunday, 5 October 816, Stephen consecrated and anointed Louis as emperor, placing a crown on his head, claimed to belong to Constantine the Great. At the same time he crowned Louis’ wife Ermengarde of Hesbaye, saluted her as Augusta; this event has been seen as an attempt by the papacy to establish a role in the creation of an emperor, placed in doubt by Louis' self-coronation in 813. While with Louis, the emperor gave Stephen a number of presents, including an estate of land granted to the Roman church.

They renewed the pact between the Popes and the kings of the Franks, confirming the privileges of the Roman church, the continued existence of the emerged Papal States. Stephen raised Bishop Theodulf of Orléans to the rank of Archbishop, had Louis release from their exile all political prisoners from Rome, held by the emperor resulting from the conflict that plagued the early part of Pope Leo III's reign, it is believed that Stephen asked Louis to enforce reforms for the clergy who lived under the Rule of Chrodegang. This included ensuring that the men and women who lived there were to stay in separate convents, that they were to hold the houses under a title of common property, he regulated how much food and wine they could consume. After visiting Ravenna on his way back from Rheims, Stephen returned to Rome before the end of November 816. Here, he discontinued Leo III's policies of favouring clergy over lay aristocracy. After holding the traditional ordination of priests and bishops in December and confirming Farfa Abbey’s possessions on condition that every day the monks would recite one hundred "Kyrie Eleisons" as well as a yearly payment to the Roman Church of ten golden solidi, Stephen died on 24 January 817.

He was buried at St. Peter's, was succeeded by Pope Paschal I. At some point, Stephen was canonized as a saint of the Catholic Church; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Pope Stephen V". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Duffy, Eamon and Sinners: A History of the Popes, Yale University Press Mann, Horace K; the Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol. II: The Popes During the Carolingian Empire, 795–858 Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Stephen". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press

2009 Box Office Entertainment Awards

The 40th Guillermo Mendoza Memorial Scholarship Foundation Box Office Entertainment Awards is a part of the annual awards in the Philippines held on June 21, 2009. The award-giving body honors Filipino actors and other performers' commercial success, regardless of artistic merit, in the Philippine entertainment industry; the yearly event is supposed to be 39th this year. Thus they renamed the event the 40th instead; the winners are chosen from the Top 10 Philippine films of 2008, top-rating shows in Philippine television, top recording awards received by singers, top gross receipts of concerts and performances. On June 21, 2009 at Carlos P. Romulo Auditorium, RCBC Plaza, Ayala Avenue in Makati City, the 40th Box Office Entertainment Awards night was held; the event was aired on June 28 on ABS-CBN. Box Office King - John Lloyd Cruz Box Office Queen - Sarah Geronimo Female Concert Performer of the Year - Sarah Geronimo Female Recording Artist of the Year - Sarah Geronimo Male Concert Performer of the Year - Gary Valenciano Male Recording Artist of the Year - Martin Nievera Film Actor of the Year - Christopher de Leon Film Actress of the Year - Sharon Cuneta Most Popular Film Director - Cathy Garcia-Molina Most Popular Screenwriter - Raz Sobida dela Torre Most Popular Film Producer - Star Cinema Prince & Princess of Philippine Movies & TV - Richard Gutierrez & KC Concepcion Most Popular Child Actor, Movies & TV - Robert "Buboy" Villar Most Popular Child Actress, Movies & TV - Sharlene San Pedro Most Popular Loveteam of Movies & TV - Gerald Anderson & Kim Chiu Most Popular Television Program - Dyesebel Most Popular TV Director - Bb.

Joyce Bernal Most Promising Female Star of Movies & TV - KC Concepcion Most Promising Male Star of Movies & TV - Aljur Abrenica Most Popular Novelty Singer - Moymoy Palaboy Most Popular Recording Group - Spongecola Most Promising Performing Group - You've Got Male New Female Recording Artist of the Year - KC Concepcion New Male Recording Artist of the Year - Bugoy Drilon Most Popular Dance Group - EB Babes Bert Marcelo Award - Eugene Domingo Comedy Box Office King/s - Vic Sotto & Dolphy Comedy Box Office Queen - Ai-Ai delas Alas Most Phenomenal Loveteam - Dingdong Dantes & Marian Rivera Outstanding Global Achievement by a Filipino Artist - Arnel Pineda & Charice Outstanding/Special Merit Award for Music - Francis Magalona Valentine Box Office King & Queen - Richard Gutierrez & Marian Rivera The following individual names received two or more awards: *Note: Special Award winners are not included. The following companies received two or more awards in the television category

1919 All-Big Ten Conference football team

The 1919 All-Big Ten Conference football team consists of American football players selected to the All-Big Ten Conference teams chosen by various selectors for the 1919 Big Ten Conference football season. Lester Belding, Iowa Paul Meyers, Wisconsin Frank Weston, Wisconsin Chuck Carney, Illinois Duke Slater, Iowa Charles Higgins, Chicago Burt Ingwersen, Illinois Trygve Johnsen, Minnesota Angus Goetz, Michigan Lloyd Pixley, Ohio State Jack Depler, Illinois Clarence Applegran, Illinois William G. McCaw, Indiana Dean W. Trott, Ohio State Harry Hunzelman, Iowa Charles Carpenter, Wisconsin Williams, Minnesota Gaylord Stinchcomb, Ohio State Aubrey Devine, Iowa Robert H. Fletcher, Illinois Chic Harley, Ohio State Arnold Oss, Minnesota Laurie Walquist, Illinois Russell S. Williams, Indiana Jack Crangle, Illinois Edmond R. Ruben, Minnesota Guy Lohman, Iowa Frank R. Willaman, Ohio State ECP = E. C. Patterson in Collier's WeeklyFM = Frank G. MenkeINS = International News Service selected by Luther A. HustonMDN = Minneapolis Daily News by its sport editor, George A. BartonMM = Malcolm McLaren in the Chicago Evening PostVH = Victor Harris in the St. Paul Pioneer PressWE = Walter EckersallBold = consensus first-team selection by a majority of the selectors listed here 1919 College Football All-America Team 1919 All-Western college football team