Alligator Pond is a fishing village on the southwestern coast of Jamaica in the parish of Manchester. Unlike the tourist-oriented coasts in the northern part of the country, Alligator Pond's shoreline is as much about work as play. Weather-worn cookshops and bars line the sand's edge, supplying food staples such as curried goat and Red Stripe beer. Alligator Pond lies at the foot of the Don Figueroa Mountains to the north-east, some 35 km from Mandeville; the name is said by locals to derive from the shape of the mountain range, which viewed from the beach has bumps which suggest an alligator's back. The Alligator Pond River is a bathing spot about 2 miles west of the village off the road leading to Port Kaiser; the Little Ochie, a fish restaurant, is located in several huts on the beach, some made from the hulls of fishing boats with thatched roofs. It has expanded to seat several hundred and attracts a clientele from far and wide, including some tourist tours. List of cities and towns in Jamaica List of beaches in Jamaica Photo essay on life in Alligator Pond, Jamaica
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Tropical rainforest climate
A tropical rainforest climate is a tropical climate found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator, has at least 60 mm of rainfall every month of the year. Regions with this climate are designated Af by the Köppen climate classification. A tropical rainforest climate is hot and wet. Tropical rain forests have a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season&mash. In rain forest climates the dry season is short, rainfall is heavy throughout the year. One day in a tropical rain forest climate can be similar to the next, while the change in temperature between day and night may be larger than the average change in temperature during the year. A tropical rain forest climate is found at latitudes within 15 degrees North and South of the equator, which are dominated by the Inter tropical Convergence Zone; the climate is most found in South America, Central Africa, Southeast Asia and Oceania. These rain forests are monotonously wet throughout the year. Locations in Oceania, areas along the coast of South and Central America, from Ecuador to Belize, parts of Central Africa, much of Indonesia have this type of climate.
When tropical rain forest climates are more dominated by the ITCH than the trade winds, so located near the equator, they are called equatorial climates. Otherwise, when they are more dominated by the trade winds than the ITCH, they are called tropical trade-wind climates. In the last case there are a number of instances where this climate is found some distance away from the equator. For instance, Santos and Palm Beach, Florida are not only far removed from the equator, but are located just outside the tropics. Both cities feature a tropical trade-wind rain forest climate, with noticeably cooler and warmer periods of the year. Tropics Köppen climate classification
Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn was an Australian-born American actor during the Golden Age of Hollywood. Considered the natural successor to Douglas Fairbanks, he achieved worldwide fame for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films, as well as frequent partnerships with Olivia de Havilland, he was best known for his role as Robin Hood in The Adventures of Robin Hood. His other famous roles included the eponymous lead in Captain Blood, Major Geoffrey Vickers in The Charge of the Light Brigade, as well as a number of Westerns, such as Dodge City, Santa Fe Trail and San Antonio. Errol Leslie Flynn was born on 20 June 1909 in Battery Point, a suburb of Hobart, Australia, his father, Theodore Thomson Flynn, was a lecturer and professor of biology at the University of Tasmania. His mother was born Lily Mary Young, but shortly after marrying Theodore at St John's Church of England, Sydney, on 23 January 1909, she changed her first name to Marelle. Flynn described his mother's family as "seafaring folk" and this appears to be where his lifelong interest in boats and the sea originated.
Both of his parents were Australian-born of Irish and Scottish descent. Despite Flynn's claims, the evidence indicates that he was not descended from any of the Bounty mutineers. Flynn received his early schooling in Hobart, he made one of his first appearances as a performer in 1918, aged nine, when he served as a page boy to Enid Lyons in a queen carnival. In her memoirs, Lyons recalled Flynn as "a dashing figure—a handsome boy of nine with a fearless, somewhat haughty expression showing that sang-froid for which he was to become famous throughout the civilized world", she further noted: "Unfortunately Errol at the age of nine did not yet possess that magic for extracting money from the public which so distinguished his career as an actor. Our cause gained no apparent advantage from his presence in my entourage. From 1923-25, Flynn was educated at the South West London College, a private boarding school in Barnes, London. In 1926, he returned to Australia to attend Sydney Church of England Grammar School, where he was the classmate of a future Australian prime minister, John Gorton.
His formal education ended with his expulsion from Shore for theft, although he claimed it was for a sexual encounter with the school's laundress. After being dismissed from a job as a junior clerk with a Sydney shipping company for pilfering petty cash, he went to Papua New Guinea at the age of eighteen, seeking his fortune in tobacco planting and metals mining, he spent the next five years oscillating between New Sydney. In January 1931, Flynn became engaged to Naomi Campbell-Dibbs, the youngest daughter of Robert and Emily Hamlyn Campbell-Dibbs of Temora and Bowral, New South Wales, they did not marry. Australian filmmaker Charles Chauvel was making a film about the mutiny on the Bounty, In the Wake of the Bounty, a combination of dramatic re-enactments of the mutiny and a documentary on present-day Pitcairn Island. Chauvel was looking for someone to play the role of Fletcher Christian. There are different stories. According to one, Chauvel saw his picture in an article about a yacht wreck involving Flynn.
The most popular account is. The film was not a strong success at the box office, but it was the lead role and seemed to ignite Flynn's interest in acting. In late 1933 he went to Britain to pursue a career in acting. Flynn got work as an extra in a film, I Adore You, produced by Irving Asher for Warner Bros. Flynn soon secured a job with the Northampton Repertory Company at the town's Royal Theatre, where he worked and received his training as a professional actor for seven months. Northampton is home to an art-house cinema named after the Errol Flynn Filmhouse, he performed at the 1934 Malvern Festival and in Glasgow, in London's West End. In 1934 Flynn was dismissed from Northampton Rep. after he threw a female stage manager down a stairwell. He returned to London. Asher cast him as the lead in Murder at Monte Carlo, a "quota quickie" made by Warner Brothers at their Teddington Studios in Middlesex; the movie was not seen, but Asher was enthusiastic about Flynn's performance and cabled Warner Bros. in Hollywood, recommending him for a contract.
Executives agreed, Flynn was sent out to Los Angeles. On the ship from London, Flynn met Lili Damita, an actress five years his senior whose contacts proved valuable when Flynn arrived in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. publicity described him as an "Irish leading man of the London stage."His first appearance was a small role in The Case of the Curious Bride. Flynn had one as a corpse and one in flashback, his next part was bigger, in Don't Bet on Blondes, a B-picture screwball comedy. Warner Bros. were preparing a big budget swashbuckler, Captain Blood, based on the novel by Rafael Sabatini and directed by Michael Curtiz. They intended to cast Robert Donat, but he turned down the role. Warners considered a number of other actors, including Leslie Howard and James Cagney, conducted screen tests of those they had under contract, like Flynn; the tests were impressive and Warners cast Flynn in the lead, opposite Olivia de Havilland. The resulting film was a magnificent success for both the studio and Flynn, a new Hollywood star was born.
The budget for Captain Blood w
The Mighty Quinn (film)
The Mighty Quinn is a 1989 thriller film starring Denzel Washington, Robert Townsend, James Fox, Mimi Rogers, M. Emmet Walsh, Sheryl Lee Ralph; the screenplay by Hampton Fancher is based on A. H. Z. Carr's 1971 novel Finding Maubee. In the film, Washington plays Xavier Quinn, a police chief who tries to help his childhood friend Maubee after he becomes a murder suspect; the film takes its name from the Bob Dylan song of the same name, a Reggae cover version of which appears on the soundtrack. Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film an overwhelmingly positive review, calling it one of the best films of 1989. Xavier Quinn is the chief of police on a small Caribbean island; when Donald Pater, the millionaire owner of a luxury resort hotel, is found murdered, everyone assumes that the culprit is Maubee, a petty crook, Quinn's best friend. Quinn doesn't believe it and clashes with the island's inept Governor Chalk and his arrogant political fixer Thomas Elgin. Quinn's worries over the murder exacerbate his troubles at home.
Maubee eludes the police at every turn. Quinn questions a witness. Trying to track down Maubee, Quinn questions Ubu Pearl, the local witch and aunt of Maubee's girlfriend, Isola. Chalk introduces Quinn to Fred Miller, an affable American said to represent Pater's company. Pater had been found floating in a hot tub, decapitated. Against Chalk's instructions, Quinn has the body autopsied and finds that Pater died of a venomous snake bite and was dead when his head was cut off. Quinn arrests Jose Patina, who claims to be on vacation, but has been questioning people about Maubee's whereabouts. After Patina is bailed out of jail, he confers with Miller in a seedy hotel. Miller tells him the "operation" is over kills Patina. Miller goes to demands that to know where Maubee is; when she refuses, he burns with her inside. Quinn discovers that Pater, a close associate of the President of the United States, brought stacks of $10,000 bills to the island to be picked up by Patina; the President wants to fund an anti-Communist revolution in Latin America, but Congress would not support this.
The President acts illegally, using the C. I. A. to deliver discontinued currency, still good but will not be missed from its storage at the US Department of the Treasury. The murder messed up the plan, so the C. I. A. has sent Miller to retrieve the money and "plug up the holes." Quinn tracks Maubee down at their childhood playground in an ancient ruin. Maubee explains; when Ubu Pearl demanded that Pater support the child, Pater fired Isola. Ubu Pearl instructed Isola to leave a snake in Pater's room. Maubee arrived just as Pater was dying from the snakebite, he cut Pater's head off, put his body into the tub to attempt to conceal the cause of death, grabbed the sack of money. Miller holds the pair at gunpoint. Maubee hands over the money and Miller departs in a helicopter. Enraged, Maubee grabs onto the helicopter. Miller shoots at Maubee and Quinn watches helplessly. A snake hidden in the sack of money fatally bites the helicopter pilot. Miller struggles to regain control. Grieved at the loss of his friend, Quinn returns home and reconciles with his wife.
As he walks on the beach with his son, the camera pans down to show a line of barefoot prints emerging from the water, leading to a rock with a $10,000 bill sitting on it. Denzel Washington as Xavier Quinn Robert Townsend as Maubee James Fox as Thomas Elgin Mimi Rogers as Hadley Elgin M. Emmet Walsh as Fred Miller Sheryl Lee Ralph as Lola Quinn Esther Rolle as Ubu Pearl Art Evans as Jump Jones Henry Judd Baker as Nicotine Norman Beaton as Governor Chalk Alex Colon as Jose Patina Tyra Ferrell as Isola Keye Luke as Doctor Raj Carl Bradshaw as Cocodick Oliver Samuels Officer Rupert The Mighty Quinn was filmed at various locations throughout Jamaica, with the principal outdoor scenes shot in Port Antonio. Interior scenes of Donald Pater's mansion were filmed at Golden Clouds Villa in Oracabessa; the Mighty Quinn gained positive reviews from critics. It holds an 88% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 16 reviews, with the consensus reading: "A deft hybrid of laughs and music, The Mighty Quinn is a smart, pleasant entertainment that offers an early example of Denzel Washington's onscreen magnetism."Roger Ebert gave the film four stars.
The high point, he said, was Washington's performance: The film stars Denzel Washington in one of those roles that creates a movie star overnight. You might have imagined that would have happened to Washington after he starred in "Cry Freedom" as the South African hero Steven Biko, he got an Oscar nomination for that performance, but it didn't begin to hint at his reserves of charm and offbeat humor. In an effortless way that reminds me of Robert Mitchum, Michael Caine or Sean Connery in the best of the Bond pictures, he is able to be tough and gentle at the same time, able to play a hero and yet not take himself too seriously; the Mighty Quinn on IMDb The Mighty Quinn at Box Office Mojo
William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, was a British Whig and Tory politician during the late Georgian era. He served as Chancellor of the University of Oxford and twice as British prime minister, of Great Britain and of the United Kingdom; the twenty-four years between his two terms as Prime Minister is the longest gap between terms of office of any British prime minister. Portland was known before 1762 by the courtesy title Marquess of Titchfield, he held a title of every degree of British nobility: Duke, Earl and Baron. He is a great-great-great-grandfather of Elizabeth II through her maternal grandmother. Lord Titchfield was the eldest son of William Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland and Margaret Cavendish-Harley and inherited many lands from his mother and his maternal grandmother, he was educated at Oxford. On 8 November 1766, Portland married Lady Dorothy Cavendish, a daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and Charlotte Boyle, they were parents of six children: 4th Duke of Portland.
Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck. Lady Charlotte Cavendish-Bentinck. Married Charles Greville, they had three sons: Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville, Algernon Greville, Henry William Greville, a daughter, Harriet m. Francis Egerton, 1st Earl of Ellesmere. Lady Mary Cavendish-Bentinck. Lord Charles Bentinck. Paternal grandfather of Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Lord Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck married Lady Mary Lowther, daughter of William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, 16 September 1820. A stillborn baby, birthed at Burlington House on 20 October 1786. Through his son Charles, Portland is a great-great-great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II. Portland was elected to sit in the Parliament for Weobley in 1761 before entering the Lords when he succeeded his father as Duke of Portland the next year, he was associated with the aristocratic Whig party of Lord Rockingham and served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household in Rockingham's first Government Portland served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in Rockingham's second ministry.
He faced strong demands for conciliatory measures following years of coercion and taxation brought about by the British government's engagement in the American War of Independence. Portland resolved to make concessions and, overcoming the resistance of Lord Shelburne, the Home Secretary to whom he reported, convinced Parliament to repeal the Declaratory Act and modify Poynings' Law. Following Rockingham's death, Portland resigned from Lord Shelburne's ministry along with other supporters of Charles James Fox. In April 1783, Portland was brought forward as titular head of a coalition government as Prime Minister, whose real leaders were Charles James Fox and Lord North, he served as First Lord of the Treasury in this ministry until its fall in December of the same year. During his tenure the Treaty of Paris was signed formally ending the American Revolutionary War; the government was brought down after losing a vote in the House of Lords on its proposed reform of the East India Company after George III had let it be known that any peer voting for this measure would be considered his personal enemy.
In 1789, Portland became one of several vice presidents of London's Foundling Hospital. This charity had become one of the most fashionable of the time, with several notables serving on its board. At its creation, fifty years earlier, Portland's father, William Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland, had been one of the founding governors, listed on the charity's royal charter granted by George II; the hospital's mission was to care for the abandoned children in London. In 1793, Portland took over the presidency of the charity from Lord North. Along with many conservative Whigs such as Edmund Burke, Portland was uncomfortable with the French Revolution and broke with Fox over this issue, joining Pitt's government as Home Secretary in 1794. In this role he oversaw the administration of patronage and financial inducements secret, to secure the passage of the 1800 Act of Union, he continued to serve in the cabinet until Pitt's death in 1806—from 1801 to 1805 as Lord President of the Council and as a Minister without Portfolio.
In March 1807, after the collapse of the Ministry of all the Talents, Pitt's supporters returned to power. Portland's second government saw the United Kingdom's complete isolation on the continent but the beginning of recovery, with the start of the Peninsular War. In late 1809, with Portland's health poor and the ministry rocked by the scandalous duel between Canning and Castlereagh, Portland resigned, dying shortly thereafter, he was Recorder of Nottingham until his death in 1809. The 3rd Duke of Portland died at Bulstrode Park, after an operation to remove a kidney stone on 30 October 1809 and was buried in St Marylebone Parish Church, London, he had lived expensively: with an income of £17,000 a year (wor
Cocktail (1988 film)
Cocktail is a 1988 American romantic drama film directed by Roger Donaldson and written by Heywood Gould, whose screenplay was based on his book of the same name. The film tells the story of a young New York City business student, Brian Flanagan, who takes up bartending in order to make ends meet; the film stars Tom Cruise, Bryan Brown, Elisabeth Shue. Released by Touchstone Pictures, the film features an original music score composed by J. Peter Robinson. Brian Flanagan gets a part-time job as a bartender at night while studying for a business degree by day. Over time, he learns the tricks of the trade, including flairing, from Doug Coughlin, his advice begins with "Coughlin's Law". Brian has high personal aspirations. Doug intends to call his bar "Cocktails & Dreams." Brian and Doug's bartending act becomes popular and they end up working at a trendy nightclub. As their popularity rises, Brian becomes the focus of attention from a brunette named Coral. Doug is alarmed that Coral is coming between their partnership and bets Brian that Coral will leave by week's end.
Unbeknownst to Brian, Doug tricks Coral into sleeping with him. He secures his bet by sharing a kiss with Coral in front of Brian. Brian and Doug get into a fight. Three years Brian takes a job in Jamaica as a bartender at a resort to raise money for his own place, he finds a romantic partner in Jordan Mooney, an aspiring artist and waitress that he meets on the beach. Doug shows up in Jamaica, now married to Kerry, a wealthy woman who flirts with other men. Doug bets Brian that he couldn't "pick up" a new customer named a wealthy older woman. Brian wins Bonnie over; as they go back to Bonnie's room, Jordan sees them. Devastated, she takes a plane back to New York City; the next morning, Brian regrets sleeping with Bonnie. He learns that she's gone. Doug teases Brian about the situation but Brian decides to upstage Doug by returning to New York with Bonnie, he reluctantly grows annoyed by her lifestyle. They have a blow-up during an art exhibit. Brian shows up at the diner, she agrees to listen to his apology after work.
They talk. To his surprise, she tells him she is pregnant with his child, tells him to leave, he decides to prove to her. Brian learns that her family is wealthy, goes to her parents' Park Avenue penthouse to speak with her. Jordan's father attempts to buy Brian off. Jordan refuses his advances, not wanting to be hurt again. Brian meets up with Doug, who confides that his wife's money is nearly gone, lost in the commodities market. Doug is unwilling to admit to his bride the precarious position. Kerry makes Brian take her home when Doug is too drunk to do so. Once inside her apartment, she attempts to seduce him. Brian stops it from going any further out of respect for his friendship with Doug. Kerry calls Brian a coward. Brian discovers he has slashed his throat and wrists with a broken bottle. After the funeral, Kerry sends Brian a letter, revealed to be Doug's suicide note. Brian realizes. Reeling from losing his friend to suicide, he returns to Jordan's parents' home and begs her again for forgiveness.
He tells her that Doug killed himself because he was too proud to ask for help and that Brian doesn't want to make the same mistake. He promises to take care of their child. Brian and Jordan leave together, with her father pledging not to give a dime to the couple. Brian and Jordan have their wedding reception at his Uncle Pat's bar in Queens. Uncle Pat lends Brian the money to open a neighborhood bar called "Flanagan's Cocktails & Dreams." At the Grand Opening, Jordan reveals. Brian offers free drinks to celebrate, much to his Uncle Pat's chagrin; the film was based on Heywood Gould's semi-autobiographical novel published in 1984. Gould had worked as a bartender in New York from 1969 to 1981 to support his writing career. Gould said he "Met a lot of interesting people behind the bar and rarely was it someone who started out wanting to be a bartender, they all had ambitions, some smoldering and some forgotten or suppressed."Gould says the lead character "is a composite of a lot of people I met, including myself in those days.
I was in my late 30s, I was drinking pretty good, I was starting to feel like I was missing the boat. The character in the book is an older guy, around and starting to feel that he's pretty washed-up."Universal bought the film rights and Gould wrote the script, changing it from his novel. He says the studio put the project in turnaround "because I wasn't making the character likable enough." Disney picked up the project "and I went through the same process with them. I would fight them at every turn, there was a huge battle over making the lead younger, which I did."Gould admitted that the people who wanted him to make changes "were correct. They wanted movie characters. Characters who were upbeat and who were going to have a happy ending and a possible future in their lives. That's. So I tried to walk that thin line between giving them what they wanted and not betraying the whole arena of saloons in general."Tom Cruise expressed interest in playing the role, which helped get it financed. "There were a lot of bartenders aroun