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Port Heiden, Alaska

Port Heiden is a city in Lake and Peninsula Borough, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city is 102, down from 119 in 2000. Port Heiden is located at 56°56′56″N 158°39′21″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 51.4 square miles, of which, 50.7 square miles of it is land and 0.7 square miles of it is water. Port Heiden has a subarctic climate. Port Heiden first appeared on the 1880 U. S. Census as the unincorporated Aleut village of "Mashikh." Some maps erroneously placed it at the latter settlement of Port Moller instead of at Port Heiden. In 1890, it returned as "Meshik." It next reported in 1920 as Port Heiden, again in 1930. It has appeared in every subsequent census, it formally incorporated in 1972. As of the census of 2000, there were 119 people, 41 households, 23 families residing in the city; the population density was 2.3 people per square mile. There were 56 housing units at an average density of 1.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 19.33% White, 65.55% Native American, 2.52% from other races, 12.61% from two or more races.

2.52 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 41 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.5% were non-families. 39.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.79. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 39.5% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,875, the median income for a family was $70,000. Males had a median income of $53,750 versus $21,667 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,532. There were no families and 5.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 25.0% of those over 64

Overriding interest

Overriding interest is an English land law concept. The general rule in registered conveyancing is that all interests and rights over a piece of land have to be written on the register entry for that land. Otherwise, when anyone buys that piece of land, the interests will not apply to the purchaser, the rights will be lost. Overriding interests are the exception to this general rule. Overriding interests need not be registered to bind any new owner; the House of Commons, House of Lords and tasked Royal Commission preparing the Law of Property Acts agreed that for many classes of interest it would be unreasonable to expect certain interests to be registered, in which legislation they were termed overriding interests. Their list was reformed and simplified under legislation of 2002 in staggered reforms between that year and 2013; such interests principally include: Tenancies/leases of less than seven years Rights of people in actual occupation unaware of their legal rights. Public rights of way, as it was not clear who should be made to register them.

Rights to support from adjoining buildings or structures Rights to light Under the 2002 legislation the position of: Rights for the historic parish church to claim for chancel repairshas weakened, unless registered, to be valid against land owners as at 12 October 2013 and not subsequent owners according to the Church of England the body with the right enforce the rights. The existence of overriding interests is a standard question in a transaction — it must be confirmed, denied or'not known' under the standard property information form used across England and Wales. Nonetheless a right to light on the land or neighbouring land and clear, well-trodden paths across a garden or smallholding for example would be considered constructive knowledge under the deemed inspection of the property under Standard Condition 3.1.2 of Standard Conditions of Sale, present in accordance with the principle of caveat emptor. Overriding interests are restricted to those in Land Registration Act 2002 Schedules 1 and 3 replacing section 70 of the Land Registration Act 1925.

Case law based on LPA 1925 directly equivalent provisions may still be cited in the event of disputes under the stare decisis doctrine of legal precedent. Short-term leases were excluded because to include them would entail large workloads of registration and on the basis of continuing a fluid rental and subletting market, where break clauses can be specified at will, restricted to a minimum one month's notice in the residential setting by the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985. In a leading case, Williams & Glyn Bank v Boland, a wife claimed an overriding interest in a property her husband had mortgaged to support a failing business. Although she did not have a legal interest in the property, she had made substantial contributions to the purchase and was in actual occupation of the property, her overriding interest was upheld when the bank tried to take possession. There has been some academic debate over the effect on overriding interests of the Human Rights Act 1998. If a purchaser were to buy property, only to find themselves subject to numerous restrictive or expensive obligations about which the seller did know and not and could not have been expected to have known, it is uncertain whether they could seek damages from an encumbering public or quasi-public body under Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights referred to in that Act.

In any event principles of misrepresentation apply in personam which may instead be bound by prescriptive easements. Section 8.4 of the standard seller's Law Society Property Information Form invites the seller to confirm or deny the known examples of these interests, excluding leases which are dealt with by way of the contract for sale and purchase. Dealing with leases/tenancies is Standard Condition of Sale 3.3 on the part of the seller and the default special condition on its reverse that the property is sold with vacant possession. Land Registration Act 2002 Leasehold estate Equitable interest Overreaching Interest UK Land Registry

J. Lee Nicholson

Jerome Lee Nicholson was an American accountant, industrial consultant and educator at the New York University and Columbia University, known as pioneer in cost accounting. He is considered in the United States to be the "father of cost accounting."Nicholson most important contributions to cost accounting consisted of "emphasizing cost centres and the measuring of profits for individual departments based on machine hour rates." He helped establishing the National Association of Cost Accountants in 1920, which resulted into the Institute of Management Accountants. Born in Trenton, New Jersey, Nicholson grew up in Pennsylvania. After attending common school and business college, he started in industry. In his spare time he studied accountancy, in 1901 he obtained his Certified Public Accountant license for the State of New York. Nicholson had started his career at the Keystone Bridge Company, where he worked his way up from office boy to assistant at the engineering department. In drawing up plans for the company foreman and superintendent, he started to develop his interest in cost accounting.

At the age of 21, in 1884, he moved to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company where he had obtained an accounting position. Around 1900 Nicholson started his own accountancy and consultancy firm J. Lee Nicholson and Company, specialized in cost systems for manufacturing organizations. During World War I he served at the US Ordnance Department as supervising cost accountant in 1917-18, he was promoted to the rank of Major, kept using his rank in public life, signed his work with Major J. Lee Nicholson, is remembered by that name. Previous to this position at the Ordnance Department, he was chief of the Division of Cost Accounting of the Department of Commerce; the filling of these positions gave him ample opportunity to become familiar with the war contract situation in its accounting aspects. In the summer of 1917 he was chairman of a conference of delegates from the War and Commerce Departments, the Federal Trade Commission, the Council of National Defense; this conference, in a pamphlet issued July 81, 1917, made certain recommendations regarding government contracts, these recommendations are presented verbatim in Nicholson and Rohrbach's Cost Accounting.

Nicholson has been active in accountancy societies since the early 1900s. He joined the New York State Society of CPAs in 1902, where he became its first vice-president, served as its president. In 1906 he joined the American Association of Public Accountants. In 1920 Nicholson was founding president of the National Association of Cost Accountants founded in Buffalo, N. Y. the forerunner of the Institute of Management Accountants Nicholson authored several books, including "Nicholson on Factory Organization and Costs" published in 1909, "Cost Accounting Theory and Practice" in 1913, "Cost Accounting" in 1920 and several papers. All three books were published in multiple editions. Due to his ill-health he retired and moved to California in 1922, where two years he died November 2, 1924 in San Francisco. Early 20th century, when Nicholson started published his first work, the development towards modern cost accounting was well underway for two decades. Chatfield summarized that "After hundreds of years of painfully slow progress, cost accounting took off during the 1880s.

Between 1885 and 1920, the essentials of modern cost technique were formulated and to some extent standardized in practice. Workable overhead allocation methods were devised, procedures were developed for integrating cost and financial accounts, standard costing became routinized."Chandra and Paperman specified, that "serious studies in cost accounting started only in the 1890s with the writings of Metcalfe and Fells, Norton and with Church and Clark. They were the pioneers who introduced new cost concepts like fixed and variable costs, standard cost, cost centers, relevant costs, etc. in the literature. The development of cost accounting in this period was undoubtedly slow. In addition, cost accounting tried to adapt itself within the framework of financial accounting. Part of the delay in the establishment of cost accounting concepts may be due to the tendency of cost accountants to keep the methods they had developed within their own firms secret." Nicholson and Rohrbach specified that most work on cost accounting was written in the last decade, stating that "more than 90% of this literature has been published in the last decade, 75% in the last five years."More specific about Nicholson's role Chatfield noticed, that "Nicholson was less an innovator than a synthesizer.

His main contribution was to organize and propagate this new knowledge as it spread from a tiny minority of pioneering firms to the vast majority of manufacturers who still had no formal cost accounting systems at the beginning of the twentieth century." In 1909 Nicholson published his first book, entitled "Nicholson in Factory Organization and Costs". In the preview he explained, that this work was intended as a handbook for manufacturers, who are interested in "modern methods of organization and systems", it was Nicholson intention to outline and explain all the best known methods of Factory Organization, that relate to Cost Finding in such a manner as to enable the manufacturer to compare these methods with those in use in his own plant, in order that he may see more the defects in his organization and how to remedy them. Nicholson hoped that the Public Accountant and Cost Clerk would find this work to be of value as a reference

IAR 330

The IAR 330 is the Romanian-built version of the Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma helicopter, manufactured by IAR Brașov. Twenty-four helicopters were upgraded to IAR 330 SOCAT in cooperation with Elbit Systems. Despite being a COMECON and Warsaw Pact member, Romania strove for some measure of independence from the USSR. Instead of buying popular Soviet designs, Romania bought a licence to manufacture the French Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma on 30 July 1974; the first licensed helicopter was flown on 22 October 1975 under the designation IAR-330L. At least 163 of these helicopters have been built, out of which 104 were assigned to Romania's military, 2 were retained by the manufacturer and 57 were produced for export. There is a search and rescue version, fitted with inflatable floats for emergency landing at sea, built in a small batch. Production is still ongoing at the Industria Aeronautică Română plant at Ghimbav near Brașov. In the 1990s, the Romanian Air Force decided to enhance the combat capabilities of the IAR 330L, making it a universal anti-tank and support helicopter.

At that time, Romania started to cooperate with Israel on some military programs. The Israeli company Elbit Systems was chosen, in September 1995 the Romanian Air Force signed a contract to upgrade 24 helicopters with the SOCAT system; the first IAR 330L SOCAT was flown on 26 May 1998, from IAR's airfield in Ghimbav, near Brașov. On 23 October 1999, the second prototype flew; the first IAR 330L SOCAT was delivered to a combat unit in 2001. In all, 25 SOCATs were made, including the prototype, rebuilt to production standard in 2005; the IAR 330M NATO is a modernized transport version with the SOCAT version's avionics, but without weapons and optronic systems. Among others, it has a weather radar. Twelve IAR 330Ls were modernized to 330M standard between 2005 and 2008; the first IAR 330 NAVAL helicopter was unveiled at Ghimbav on 30 January 2007. The Romanian Naval Forces ordered three of this variant; the helicopter is in a similar configuration to the Romanian Air Force variant, including the SOCAT upgrade package.

They are operated from Navy frigates for search and rescue and maritime surveillance missions. IAR 330H – initial model. IAR 330L – improved model. IAR 330M – modernized variant. IAR 330L SOCAT – attack helicopter. IAR 330 NAVAL – naval helicopter. IAR 330 SM – export configuration for UAE. Ivory CoastIvory Coast Air Force – 4 Democratic Republic of the CongoAir Force of the DRC – 1 KenyaKenya Air Force – 9 LebanonLebanese Air Force – 7 PakistanPakistan Army – 4 RomaniaRomanian Air Force – 56 Romanian Navy - 3 SudanSudanese Air Force - 10 United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates Air Force - 10 An IAR 330 was shot at and crash-landed on December 23, 1989 during a transport flight near Alba Iulia, killing the crew of three and two passengers. An IAR 330 SOCAT crashed on August 16, 2001 during a training flight shortly after take-off from Titu Air Base; the crash occurred at an altitude of 50 meters. An IAR 330 SOCAT helicopter, belonging to the 90th Airlift Base, crashed on November 7, 2007, in Ungheni, 30 km south of Pitești, Argeș County, during a night training mission, killing all three crew members.

An IAR 330 SOCAT crashed on March 7, 2013 in Berești-Bistrița, near Bacău, during a training flight, killing two crew members and wounding three other crew members. Romanian Air Force and Navy grounded the entire IAR 330 SOCAT fleet pending an investigation into the crash. An IAR-330 MEDEVAC crashed on November 21, 2014 in Mălâncrav, near Sibiu, during a training flight, killing eight military personnel and injuring two others. Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1992–1993General characteristics Crew: 1–3 Capacity: 16 equipped troops Length: 18.15 m, 14.06 m Height: 5.14 m Empty weight: 3,615 kg Max takeoff weight: 7,400 kg Powerplant: 2 × Turboméca Turmo IVC turboshaft engines, 1,175 kW each Main rotor diameter: 15.00 m Main rotor area: 176.7 m2 Performance Cruise speed: 271 km/h Never exceed speed: 294 km/h Range: 572 km Service ceiling: 6,000 m Rate of climb: 9.2 m/s Armament 2 x 23mm single barrel NR-23 gun pods with 400 rounds each LPR 57 unguided rocket launcher 2 x 7.62 mm caliber door mounted machine guns Malyutka wire guided ATGM 50 or 100 kg bombs Puma SOCAT Nexter THL-20 20mm automatic cannon with 750 rounds LPR 57 unguided rocket launcher 8 RAFAEL Spike-ER anti-tank guided missiles Nexter NC-621 20mm gun pod with 180 rounds Related development Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma Atlas OryxAircraft of comparable role and era Eurocopter AS532 Cougar Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma Related lists List of rotorcraft Lake, Jon.

"Variant File: Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma". International Air Power Review. Vol. 2. Norwalk, Connecticut USA: AIRtime Publishing. Pp. 96–107. ISBN 1-880588-34-X. ISSN 1473-9917. Lambert, Mark, ed.. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1992–93. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data. ISBN 0-7106-0987-6. Official homepage of the Romanian Air Force Manufacturer's Homepage

1991–92 Courage National 4 South

The 1991–92 Courage National 4 South was the fifth full season of rugby union within the fourth tier of the English league system known as National League 2 South. At the end of the campaign, Havant finished as champions, just edging Hampshire rivals Basingstoke by virtue of a better for/against record to gain promotion to the 1992–93 National Division 3. At the other end of the table Ealing and Sidcup finished in the relegation zone. Of the two Sidcup put up the better fight but ended up being relegated in 12th place despite being tied with two other clubs on 6 points each due to a poorer for/against record. Both clubs would be relegated to London 1 for the following season; each team played one match against each of the other teams. The champions are promoted to National Division 3 and the bottom two teams are relegated to either London Division 1 or South West 1 depending on their locality. National League 4 South is part of the Courage Clubs Championship and is sponsored by Courage Brewery

Ongan languages

Ongan called Angan, South Andamanese or Jarawa–Onge, is a phylum of two Andamanese languages, Önge and Jarawa, spoken in the southern Andaman Islands. The two known extant languages are: Onge. Another language, extinct sometime between 1895 and 1920, is reported to have been unintelligible with but to have had noticeable connections with Jarawa; the Andamanese languages fall into two clear families, Great Andamanese and Ongan, plus one presumed but unattested language, Sentinelese. The similarities between Great Andamanese and Ongan are of a typological and morphological nature, with little demonstrated common vocabulary. Linguists, including long-range researchers such as Joseph Greenberg, have expressed doubts as to the validity of Andamanese as a family, it has since been proposed that Ongan is distantly related to Austronesian in a family called Austronesian–Ongan, but the proposal has not been well received by Austronesianists. Robert Blust finds that Blevins' conclusions are not supported by her data: Of her first 25 reconstructions, none are reproducible using the comparative method, Blust concludes that the grammatical comparison does not hold up.

Blust discusses non-linguistic evidence against Blevins' hypothesis. The two attested Ongan languages are close, the historical sound reconstruction straightforward: *ə appears to be allophonic for *e before a nasal coda; the Ongan languages are agglutinative, with an extensive suffix system. They have a noun class system based on body parts, in which every noun and adjective may take a prefix according to which body part it is associated with. Another peculiarity of terms for body parts is that they are inalienably possessed, requiring a possessive adjective prefix to complete them, so one cannot say "head" alone, but only "my, or his, or your, etc. head". The Ongan pronouns are here represented by Önge: There is an indefinite prefix ən-, on- "someone's". Jarawa does not have the plural series, but the singular is close: m-, ŋ- or n-, w-, ən-. From this, Blevins reconstructs Proto-Ongan *m-, *ŋ-, *gw-, *en-. Judging from the available sources, the Andamanese languages have only two cardinal numbers: one and two and their entire numerical lexicon is one, one more, some more, all.

List of Proto-Ongan reconstructions D. and S. R. Sharma. A Handbook of the Önge Language. Anthropological Survey of India: Calcutta 1982. E. H. Man, Dictionary of the South Andaman Language, British India Press: Bombay 1923. Senkuttuvan, R. 2000. The Language of the Jarawa: Phonology. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Culture, Youth Affairs, Sports, Dept. of Culture. Sreenathan, M. 2001. Jarwa - Language and Culture. Anthropological Survey of India, Ministry of Culture, Government of India, Kolkata Freelang Onge Dictionary