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Flag of Abkhazia
Coat of Arms for Abkhazia
Location of Abkhazia

Abkhazia (Abkhazian: Аҧсны Apsny, Russian: Абха́зия Abkhazia, Georgian: აფხაზეთი Apkhazeti) is a partially recognised state and breakaway region of Georgia on the southern flank of the Caucasus, on the north-eastern shore of the Black Sea. It borders Russia's Krasnodar Krai and Karachay-Cherkess Republic to the north and Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region to the east.

Since the 1992-1993 war with Georgia Abkhazia has viewed itself as independent but it is considered part of Georgia by every other country in the world except Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, and the partially recognized republics of South Ossetia, Transnistria, and Nagorno-Karabakh.

The 1992-1993 war devastated Abkhazia and saw large scale Human rights violations and ethnic cleansing on both sides. It eventually led to the flight and forced expulsion from Abkhazia of its Georgian, Pontic Greek and Estonian populations, of which only some have since been able to return. Even after these population changes Abkhazia remains ethnically diverse, with large Armenian, Mingrelian (Georgian) and Russian minorities and native Abkhaz only forming a plurality. Despite numerous talks Abkhazia and Georgia have not found a political solution to the conflict, which has flared up violently several times throughout the years.

Abkhazia is extremely mountainous. The landscapes of Abkhazia range from coastal forests and citrus, tea, tobacco and wine plantations, to eternal snows and glaciers. The country is richly irrigated by many small rivers originating in the Caucasus Mountains.

Because of Abkhazia's proximity to the Black Sea and the shield of the Caucasus Mountains, its climate is very mild, and in Soviet times it was a popular tourist destination. In recent years tourism has again become a significant factor in Abkhazia's economy.

Selected article

The Abkhazian Armed Forces are the military of Abkhazia.[notes 1] The Ministry of Defence and the General Staff of the Abkhazian armed forces were officially created on 12 October 1992, after the outbreak of the 1992-1993 war with Georgia.[1] The basis of the armed forces was formed by the ethnic Abkhaz National Guard created early in 1992 prior to the outbreak of the war. During the war, the Abkhazian forces - with the critical support from the Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus, Cossack volunteers and Russian regular military units[2][3] stationed in or near Abkhazia - succeeded in defeating the Georgian troops; Georgians , Armenians, Greeks, Russians and Abkhaz were killed.[4] Roughly 200,000 to 250,000 Georgian civilians became Internally displaced persons (IDPs).[5][6][7][8] Most of the military's weapons come from the Russian airborne division base in Gudauta,[9][10] while others were captured from Georgian forces.

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Cite error: There are <ref group=notes> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=notes}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ В Абхазии отметили 17 годовщину образования Вооруженных Сил республики (in Russian). Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 2009-10-09. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  2. ^ http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/europe/195_russia_vs_georgia___the_fallout.pdf
  3. ^ Rusiant-Georgian War 1992–93
  4. ^ Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow by S. A. Chervonnaia and Svetlana Mikhailovna Chervonnaia, pp 12–13
  5. ^ Abkhazia Today. Archived 2007-05-10 at the Wayback Machine. The International Crisis Group. Europe Report N°176 – 15 September 2006, page 23. Free registration needed to view full report
  6. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140407080334/http://assembly.coe.int/documents/adoptedtext/ta96/erec1305.htm. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140407080112/https://drc.dk/relief-work/stories-from-the-field/story/artikel/durable-solutions-for-the-long-term-displaced/. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "European Commission – PRESS RELEASES – Press release – European Union promotes Justice Reform and support to Internally Displaced People in Georgia". Europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-02-24. 
  9. ^ Chervonnaia, Svetlana Mikhailovna. Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia and the Russian Shadow. Gothic Image Publications, 1994
  10. ^ White Book of Abkhazia. 1992–1993 Documents, Materials, Evidences. Moscow, 1993.