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Location of Ankara within Turkey.

Ankara (English /ˈæŋkərə/; Turkish [ˈaŋkaɾa] (About this sound listen)), historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban center (2014) and 5,150,072 in its province (2015), it is Turkey's second largest city after Istanbul (the former imperial capital), having outranked İzmir in the 20th century.

On 23 April 1920 the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established in Ankara, which became the headquarters of Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence. Ankara has been the capital of the Turkish Republic since its establishment on 29 October 1923, having replaced the former Turkish capital Istanbul (Constantinople) following the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The government is a prominent employer, but Ankara is also an important commercial and industrial city, located at the center of Turkey's road and railway networks. The city gave its name to the Angora wool shorn from Angora rabbits, the long-haired Angora goat (the source of mohair), and the Angora cat. The area is also known for its pears, honey and muscat grapes. Although situated in one of the driest places of Turkey and surrounded mostly by steppe vegetation except for the forested areas on the southern periphery, Ankara can be considered a green city in terms of green areas per inhabitant, at 72 square metres (775 square feet) per head.

Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. The historical center of town is a rocky hill rising 150 m (500 ft) over the left bank of the Ankara Çayı, a tributary of the Sakarya River, the classical Sangarius. The hill remains crowned by the ruins of the old citadel. Although few of its outworks have survived, there are well-preserved examples of Roman and Ottoman architecture throughout the city, the most remarkable being the 20 BC Temple of Augustus and Rome that boasts the Monumentum Ancyranum, the inscription recording the Res Gestae Divi Augusti.

Selected article

Bilkent concert hall.jpg

Bilkent Concert Hall (Turkish: Bilkent Konser Salonu) is a performing arts center in Turkey. It is located within the Bilkent University campus in Ankara. Home to the Bilkent Symphony Orchestra, the building hosts over 80 concerts per year. Besides the concert hall itself, the building houses seminar rooms, academic staff offices, classrooms and studios for the university's Faculty of Music and Performance Arts, together with an arena theatre for performances from theatre studies students.

Selected biography

Ömer Dinçer, Melih Gökçek, Alaaddin Yüksel and officials01.jpg

İbrahim Melih Gökçek (born 20 October 1948, in Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey) is a Turkish politician who has been the mayor of Ankara since 1994. Between 1991-1994, he was an MP. Gökçek has won municipal elections in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014.

The Gökçek family, originally from Halfeti, moved to Gaziantep for father Ahmet Gökçek's career as a lawyer. Having his primary, secondary and high school education in Gaziantep, Melih Gökçek graduated from Gazi University, College of Journalism, in Ankara. He worked as Parliament Correspondent and newspaper representative. Gökçek completed his military service as a Reserve Officer at Güzelyurt in Northern Cyprus.

He supports Ankaraspor in Ankara. He is the honorary chairman of MKE Ankaragücü. Football and photography are the greatest hobbies of Gökçek, who is married with Nevin Gökçek, and has two sons, Ahmet and Osman. His son Osman Gökçek is the general editorial coordinator of the Turkish TV channel Beyaz TV.

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Did you know?

  • Angora wool derived from Ankara Goats and Rabbits.
  • Ankara is the capital of Turkey (although many people mistakenly think that Istanbul is the capital.)
  • Alexander the Great cut the Gordion Knot near Ankara.


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