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B e e r

A portal dedicated to beer


The Beer Portal

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Beer is the world's most widely consumed alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink after water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—the most common of which is malted barley, although wheat, maize (corn), and rice are widely used. Most beer is flavored with hops, which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative, though other flavorings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be included. Alcoholic beverages distilled after fermentation, fermented from non-starch sources such as grape juice (wine) or honey (mead), or fermented from un-malted starches (rice wine) are not classified as beer.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi," a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people. Today, the brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries.

The basics of brewing beer are shared across national and cultural boundaries and are commonly categorized into two main types—the globally popular pale lagers, and the regionally distinct ales, which are further categorised into other varieties such as pale ale, stout and brown ale. The strength of beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (abv.) though may range from less than 1% abv., to over 20% abv. in rare cases.

Beer forms part of the culture of various beer-drinking nations and has acquired various social traditions and associations, such as beer festivals and a rich pub culture involving activities such as pub crawling or pub games such as bar billiards.


The Beer WikiProject

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WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects, these groups would love to have you participate!

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A mixture of diatomaceous earth and yeast after filtering.
Filtered beer is beer which has been cleaned of significant contact with yeast. There are several methods used for clearing yeast from beer.

Some methods involve filtration media such as sheets or candles, while others use a fine powder made of, for example, diatomaceous earth, also called kieselguhr, which is introduced into the beer and recirculated past screens to form a filtration bed.

Filters range from rough filters that remove much of the yeast and any solids (e.g. hops, grain particles) left in the beer, to filters tight enough to strain color and body from the beer. Normally used filtration ratings are divided into rough, fine and sterile. Rough filtration leaves some cloudiness in the beer, but it is noticeably clearer than unfiltered beer. Fine filtration gives a glass of beer that you could read a newspaper through, with no noticeable cloudiness. Finally, as its name implies, sterile filtration is fine enough that almost all microorganisms in the beer are removed during the filtration process.


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Adolphus Busch, co-Founder of Anheuser-Busch
Adolphus Busch
B. 10 July 1839 – d. 10 October 1913

Colonel Adolphus Busch was a German-American co-founder of Anheuser-Busch, along with his father-in-law Eberhard Anheuser.

During the American Civil War he served in the United States Army for 14 months, it was at this time that he learned that his father had died and that he had inherited a portion of his father's estate. He used the money to start a wholesale brewer's supply store, and four years later he bought a share in the Bavarian brewery from Eberhard Anheuser, his father-in-law, the company was first called "Anheuser and Company", but at the death of Eberhard Anheuser in 1879, it was changed to "Anheuser Busch Company".

In 1891 Adolphus bought from Carl Conrad the trademark and name Budweiser, he envisioned a national beer with universal appeal. Toward this end, he created a network of rail-side ice-houses and launched the industry’s first fleet of refrigerated freight cars. Success came when Adolphus found a method to pasteurize the beer so it kept fresh, the beer could now be shipped all over the country. He was also an early adopter of bottled beer; in 1901 sales surpassed the one million barrels of beer benchmark.

His great-great-grandson, August Busch IV is now a board member on Anheuser-Busch InBev.


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Carlsberg is the 5th largest brewery group in the world, present in about 50 countries and employing around 31,000 people. The company's headquarters are in Valby, Denmark, the company's main brand is Carlsberg Beer, but it also brews Tuborg as well as local beers. The company was founded in 1847 by J. C. Jacobsen.
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A bottle of Pilsner Urquell
Pilsner Urquell
Produced by SABMiller

Pilsner Urquell (German and international title; Plzeňský prazdroj in Czech) is a bottom-fermenting beer produced since 1842 in Pilsen, Bohemia (now Czech Republic). The beer is today the flagship brand of global brewing empire SABMiller, which has controversially also started brewing Pilsner Urquell in Poland.

Pilsner Urquell is somewhat heavier and has slightly more alcohol than American Beer (with an almost ale-like fruitiness in the malt body) and more strongly hopped than most pilsener beers. Saaz hops, a noble hop variety, are a key element in its flavour profile, as are the use of soft water and fire-brewing. It is available in a 330 ml (third of a litre) and a 500ml (half litre) in either aluminium cans or in the type of green bottles that is pictured here on the right.



Hallertau hops


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Water is drunk by the four legged beast; man prefers it with hops, malts, and yeast.

German Trinkspruch


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Terrapin Brewing Co. Rye Squared Imperial Pale Ale
Credit: Joe

Terrapin Brewing Co. Rye Squared Imperial Pale Ale


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Beer topics


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