Welcome to the Brazil
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest and most populous country in South America, and the fifth largest in the world in both area and population. Its territory covers 8,514,876.599 km² between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean and it is the easternmost country of the Americas. It borders Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and the département of French Guiana to the north, Uruguay to the south, Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest, Bolivia and Peru to the west, and Colombia to the northwest; the only South American countries not bordered by Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.
The Brazilian coastline covers 7,367km (4,655 mi) along the Atlantic ocean. Numerous archipelagos are part of the Brazilian territory, such as Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo, Fernando de Noronha, Trindade e Martim Vaz and Atol das Rocas. Tropical climate is predominant. In the south of the country, subtropical climate prevails. Brazil is traversed by the Equator and Tropic of Capricorn lines, it is home to varied fauna and flora and extensive natural resources.
The Brazilian population tends to concentrate along the coastline in large urban centers. While Brazil has one of the largest populations in the world, population density is low and the inner continental land has large demographical empty spaces, it is a multiracial country composed of European, Amerindian, African and Asian elements, more often combined in the same individual than separated into different communities. The official language is Portuguese, and it is the only Portuguese-speaking country in all the Americas. Catholicism is the predominant religion, though Protestant communities have experienced significant growth in the last decades. Brazil has the largest Roman Catholic population in the world.
The Portuguese Empire
was the earliest and longest lived of the modern European colonial
empires, spanning almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta
in 1415 to the handover of Macau
in 1999. Portuguese explorers began exploring the coast of Africa in 1419, leveraging the latest developments in navigation
and maritime technology such as the caravel
, in order that they might find a sea route to the source of the lucrative spice trade
. In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias
rounded the Cape of Good Hope
, and in 1498, Vasco da Gama
reached India. In 1500, by an accidental landfall on the South American coast for some, by the crown's secret design for others, Pedro Álvares Cabral
would find and lead to the establishment of the colony of Brazil
Over the following decades, Portuguese sailors continued to explore the coasts and islands of East Asia, establishing forts and trading posts as they went. By 1571, a string of outposts connected Lisbon to Nagasaki: the empire had become truly global, and in the process brought great wealth to Portugal. Between 1580 and 1640 Portugal became the junior partner to Spain in the Iberian Union of the two countries' crowns. Though the empires continued to be administered separately, Portuguese colonies became the subject of attacks by three rival European powers hostile to Spain and envious of Iberian successes overseas: The Netherlands (which was engaged in a war of independence against Spain), England and France.
Nova Petrópolis is a municipality in the Southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. The main town and seat of the municipality is also called Nova Petropolis, it is located in the Serra Gaúcha region, at 29º22'35" South, 51º06'52" West, about 100 km north of Porto Alegre, the state capital city. Nova Petropolis is situated at an average altitude of 580m above sea level and covers an area of 293 km².
(born April 20, 1963 in Joinville
) is a former racing driver from Brazil
. He took part in both Formula One
and the Champ Car World Series
, he participated in 80 Formula One grands prix, debuting in 1988
for the March
team. He achieved one top-three finish and scored a total of ten championship points in the series, he competed in the Champ Car
series between 1993 and 2001, starting 147 races. He won one race, in 1997 in Vancouver
, finishing fourth in the championship that year, his best result in the Indianapolis 500
was in 1995 where he started and finished in sixth position, leading 59 laps. For a period, he held the world speed record for a closed race track
, set at California Speedway
in 1997 at a speed of 240.942 mph (387.759 km/h). Gugelmin retired at the end of 2001 after a year that included the death of his son.
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In the news
- January 27: Male Magellanic penguins pine for pairings: Wikinews interviews biologist Natasha Gownaris
- August 6: Brazilian footballer Gabriel Jesus signs contract extension with Manchester City
- July 9: FIFA World Cup 2018 quarterfinals: France, Belgium beat Uruguay, Brazil
- July 5: FIFA World Cup 2018 Last 16: Brazil, Belgium advance at expense of Mexico, Japan
- July 1: FIFA World Cup 2018 day 12, 13, 14, 15: Iran, Nigeria, Germany, Senegal out of the tournament
- June 27: FIFA World Cup 2018 day eight, nine, ten, eleven: Belgium, England confirm knockout phase qualification; Poland, Costa Rica miss out Last 16
- June 19: FIFA World Cup 2018 day four: Mexico beats Germany; Serbia leads Group E, Brazil shares the spoils with Swiss
- November 25: Italian court sentences Brazilian footballer Robinho to nine years for 2013 sexual assault
Did you know?
Botafogo is a beachfront neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is mostly a middle and high-class and small commerce community, located between the hills of Mundo Novo, Santa Marta and Morro de São João, it is named after João Pereira de Sousa Botafogo, who was its landowner in colonial times. Its name literally means "set it on fire" and is related to the Italian surname Buttafuoco.