Portal:European Union/Institutions

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The European Union is governed by seven institutions. Article 13 of Treaty on European Union lists them in the following order: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council of the European Union (the Council); the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors.

Institutions of the European Union[1]
European Council

- Provides impetus and direction -

Council of the EU and European Council.svg
Council of the European Union

- Legislature -

Europarl logo.svg
European Parliament

- Legislature -

European Commission Logo.gif
European Commission

- Executive -

Members of the European Council 2011
EU Council room
European Parliament
European Commission building
  • acts together with the Council as a legislature
  • shares with the Council the budgetary power
  • exerts the democratic control over the institutions including the European Commission and approves the Commission members
  • based in and plenary sessions in Strasbourg, primarily meets in Brussels
Emblem of the Court of Justice of the European Union.svg
Court of Justice of the European Union

- Judiciary -

Logo European Central Bank.svg
European Central Bank

- Central bank -

European Court of Auditors

- Financial auditor -

ECJ room
European Central Bank
ECA building
  • ensures the uniform application and interpretation of European law
  • has the power to decide legal disputes between member states, the institutions, businesses and individuals
  • based in Luxembourg