Portal:European Union/Institutions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Main page Institutions Competences Structural evolution Member states Categories


The European Union is governed by seven institutions. Article 13 of Treaty on European Union lists them in the following order: the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council of the European Union (the Council); the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors.

Institutions of the European Union[1]
Council of the EU and European Council.svg
European Council

- Provides impetus and direction -

Council of the EU and European Council.svg
Council of the European Union

- Legislature -

European Parliament logo.svg
European Parliament

- Legislature -

European Commission.svg
European Commission

- Executive -

Members of the European Council 2011
Council of the EU and European Council meeting room in the Europa building
European Parliament
European Commission building
  • composed of twenty-eight national ministers (one per state)
  • informally known as the "Council of Ministers" or just "the Council"
  • acts together with the Parliament as a legislature
  • shares with the Parliament the budgetary power
  • ensures coordination of the broad economic and social policy and sets out guidelines for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
  • concludes international agreements
  • based in Brussels
  • acts together with the Council (of the European Union) as a legislature
  • shares with the Council (of the European Union) the budgetary power
  • exerts the democratic control over the institutions including the European Commission and approves the Commission members
  • based in and plenary sessions in Strasbourg, primarily meets in Brussels
Court of Justice of the European Union

- Judiciary -

Logo European Central Bank.svg
European Central Bank

- Central bank -

CURIA RATIONUM logo.svg
European Court of Auditors

- Financial auditor -

ECJ room
European Central Bank
ECA building
  • ensures the uniform application and interpretation of European law
  • has the power to decide legal disputes between member states, the institutions, businesses and individuals
  • based in Luxembourg
Source