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Indianapolis (/ˌɪndiəˈnæpəlɪs/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. As of 2017, Indianapolis is the third most populous city in the American Midwest and 16th most populous in the U.S., with an estimated population of 863,002. The Indianapolis metropolitan area is the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S., with 2,028,614 residents. Its combined statistical area ranks 27th, with a population of 2,411,086. Indianapolis covers 368 square miles (950 km2), making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U.S.

Indigenous peoples inhabited the area dating to approximately 2000 BC. In 1818, the Delaware relinquished title to their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government, the city was platted by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile (2.6 km2) grid adjacent to the White River. Completion of the National and Michigan roads and arrival of rail (1847) later solidified the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of the city's nicknames originate from its historical ties to transportation—the "Crossroads of America" and "Railroad City".

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Indiana Historical Society headquarters, in Indianapolis.
The Indiana Historical Society is one of the nation's oldest and largest historical societies and describes itself as "Indiana’s storyteller". The Indiana Historical Society is located at 450 West Ohio St. Indianapolis, Indiana, alongside the Indiana Central Canal and across from the Indiana State Library, which houses the Indiana Historical Bureau. The Indiana Historical Society is the oldest state historical society west of the Allegheny Mountains.

Founded in 1830, the Indiana Historical Society connects people to the past by collecting, preserving, interpreting and disseminating Indiana history, it is an independent, nonprofit organization that publishes books and periodicals; sponsors teacher workshops; provides youth, adult and family programming; assists local historical groups throughout the state; and maintains one of the largest collections of material on the history of Indiana and the Old Northwest. Thanks to the generosity of Eli Lilly, a former president of the Society, the Indiana Historical Society is one of America's wealthiest historical societies.

Among the items held by the Indiana Historical society is a 130-year-old Bible used to swear in mayors of Indianapolis. Another object held is the leg lamp used in the move A Christmas Story.

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Photo credit: TheHoosierState89
Barack Obama campaigning in Indianapolis on May 5, 2008 before the Democratic primary.

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Indianapolis Scottish Rite Cathedral.jpg


Main entrance to Victory Field.
The Indianapolis Indians are a minor league baseball team based in Indianapolis, Indiana. The team, which plays in the International League, is the Triple-A affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates major-league club, the Indians play at Victory Field, located in downtown Indianapolis. Rowdie is the mascot for the Indians.

Founded in 1902, the Indianapolis Indians are the second-oldest minor league franchise in professional sports, behind only the International League's Rochester Red Wings.

The Indians had been affiliated with several Major League clubs over the years including Cincinnati (1939-41, 1961), Boston Braves (1946-47), Pittsburgh (1948-1951), Cleveland (1952-1956), Philadelphia (1960) and the Chicago White Sox (1962-67). Beginning in 1968 they had a working agreement with the Cincinnati Reds that lasted through 1983; in addition to four first-place finishes and one playoff championship in that time period, Indianapolis fans saw numerous members of "The Big Red Machine" come through town. Players like Pedro Borbon, Bernie Carbo, Dave Concepción, Dan Driessen, George Foster, Ken Griffey, Ray Knight and Hal McRae all donned Tribe uniforms.


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On this day in Indianapolis history...

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Book shelves at the newly renovated library.
The Indianapolis-Marion County Public Library (IMCPL) is the public library system that serves the citizens of Marion County, Indiana, United States and its largest city, Indianapolis. The library was founded in 1873 and has grown to include a Central Library building, located in the heart of downtown Indianapolis, and 22 branch libraries spread throughout Marion County. According to a March 13, 2007 press release, the Library boasted over 5.43 million visitors and a record-high circulation of nearly 13.8 million items in 2006.

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Francis A. Shoup (March 22, 1834 – September 4, 1896) was a lawyer from Indianapolis, Indiana, who decided to become a brigadier general for the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Shoup was serving as a leader of an Indianapolis Zouave militia, but once the Civil War started, he moved to Florida to fight for the Confederacy, proclaiming he had "aristocratic inclinations and admiration for the South.". This shocked those in the Indianapolis militia, who had loved him as friend, and even gave him a special set of revolvers with holsters and trappings, believing he would serve in the Union army, and that officers would always ride horses and thus would need such a set. All Indianapolis reported of the incident was that Shoup had resigned from the militia.

After he was captured in the Battle of Vicksburg, he met some compatriots from his Indianapolis militia days, but they rejected him for fighting for the Confederacy, after he was paroled, he went to Georgia and fought in the Battle of Atlanta. He was the designer of the Shoupade design for fortifications along the Chattahoochee River, and advocated having blacks serving in the Confederate Army, during the war, he wrote texts on infantry and artillery drill. He also served as Chief of Staff for the commander of the Army of Tennessee, John Bell Hood.


  • "Every race I run in is in preparation for the Indianapolis 500. Indy is the most important thing in my life, it is what I live for." -- former IRL driver Al Unser
  • "What's that? Uh -- Playoffs? Don't talk about -- playoffs? You kidding me? Playoffs? I just hope we can win a game!" -- former Colts coach Jim E. Mora
  • "The jazz scene - or the lack of it - has no correlation to my move back to Indianapolis. I wanted Indianapolis to be my home, and it is my home." -- jazz musician J. J. Johnson

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