Portal:Indianapolis

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Introduction

Indianapolis (/ˌɪndiəˈnæpəlɪs/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. As of 2017, Indianapolis is the third most populous city in the American Midwest and 16th most populous in the U.S., with an estimated population of 863,002. The Indianapolis metropolitan area is the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S., with 2,028,614 residents. Its combined statistical area ranks 27th, with a population of 2,411,086. Indianapolis covers 368 square miles (950 km2), making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U.S.

Indigenous peoples inhabited the area dating to approximately 2000 BC. In 1818, the Delaware relinquished title to their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government. The city was platted by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile (2.6 km2) grid adjacent to the White River. Completion of the National and Michigan roads and arrival of rail (1847) later solidified the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of the city's nicknames originate from its historical ties to transportation—the "Crossroads of America" and "Railroad City".

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L. S. Ayres building.
L. S. Ayres & Company was an Indianapolis, Indiana, department store founded in 1872 by Lyman S. Ayres and taken over by his son Frederic in 1896. The former Ayres locations are now part of St. Louis-based Macy's Midwest, and Minneapolis-based Macy's North, divisions of Federated Department Stores.

During the first half of the 20th century, Ayres grew to be Indianapolis' premier department store. Its fashion leadership was portrayed in a series of "That Ayres Look" ads that appeared nationally and locally from 1930s to the 1970s. The 1905 landmark downtown store, at One West Washington Street, was enlarged several times, with the largest expansion after WWII. Ayres' first branch stores opened in 1958 in Market Square in Lafayette, Indiana, and at Glendale Center on the north side of Indianapolis. Additional branches were opened in Indianapolis and other Indiana markets in the 60s and 70s. Ayres also acquired Bressmers in Springfield, Illinois (which operated under its own name) and two Wolf & Dessauer stores in Fort Wayne. These were later converted to Ayres locations.

Ayres developed a discount format called Ayr-Way in 1961. This subsidiary was one of the first discount store divisions launched by a traditional department store. Ayres opened the first Ayr-Way store prior to both the first Kmart and Target stores. At one time they had forty-seven stores in three states in the Midwestern United States.

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Scottish Rite-Lampost.JPG
Photo credit: HalloweenHJB
The Scottish Rite Cathedral is the largest building dedicated to Freemasonry in the United States.

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Indianapolis Scottish Rite Cathedral.jpg

Sports

Main entrance to Conseco Fieldhouse.
The Indiana Fever are a professional women's basketball team based in Indianapolis. The team is part of the Eastern Conference in the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). The Fever play at Conseco Fieldhouse, located in Downtown Indianapolis. The team is the sister team of the National Basketball Association's Indiana Pacers.

The Fever were founded in 2000 along with three other expansion franchises. They finished their inaugural season at 9-23 and received the 3rd pick in the 2001 WNBA Draft which they used to select Tennessee superstar Tamika Catchings, although she was forced to sit out the 2001 season with a knee injury. Catchings won the 2002 WNBA Rookie of the Year and has led the Fever in points, rebounds, assists, and steals each season since. They first made the playoffs in 2002 but lost to the New York Liberty in 3 games. Since 2005 the Fever have posted three straight 21 win seasons and made it to the Eastern Conference Finals twice. In the 2007 offseason the Fever acquired Indianapolis native and Perry Meridian High School graduate, Katie Douglas, in a trade with the Connecticut Sun. The trade has been called one of the biggest in WNBA History.

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On this day in Indianapolis history...

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Aerial view of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, Indiana (a separate town completely surrounded by Indianapolis) in the United States, is the second-oldest surviving automobile racing track in the world (after Milwaukee), and the home of the most famous open wheel race in the United States, the Indianapolis 500. It has existed since 1909, and is the original "Speedway," the first racing facility historically to incorporate the word. With a permanent seating capacity for more than 257,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000, it is the largest and highest-capacity sporting facility in history (by comparison, the world's largest stadium seats 150,000 spectators).

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Francis A. Shoup (March 22, 1834 – September 4, 1896) was a lawyer from Indianapolis, Indiana, who decided to become a brigadier general for the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Shoup was serving as a leader of an Indianapolis Zouave militia, but once the Civil War started, he moved to Florida to fight for the Confederacy, proclaiming he had "aristocratic inclinations and admiration for the South.". This shocked those in the Indianapolis militia, who had loved him as friend, and even gave him a special set of revolvers with holsters and trappings, believing he would serve in the Union army, and that officers would always ride horses and thus would need such a set. All Indianapolis reported of the incident was that Shoup had resigned from the militia.

After he was captured in the Battle of Vicksburg, he met some compatriots from his Indianapolis militia days, but they rejected him for fighting for the Confederacy. After he was paroled, he went to Georgia and fought in the Battle of Atlanta. He was the designer of the Shoupade design for fortifications along the Chattahoochee River, and advocated having blacks serving in the Confederate Army. During the war, he wrote texts on infantry and artillery drill. He also served as Chief of Staff for the commander of the Army of Tennessee, John Bell Hood.

Quotes

  • "Every race I run in is in preparation for the Indianapolis 500. Indy is the most important thing in my life. It is what I live for." -- former IRL driver Al Unser
  • "What's that? Uh -- Playoffs? Don't talk about -- playoffs? You kidding me? Playoffs? I just hope we can win a game!" -- former Colts coach Jim E. Mora
  • "The jazz scene - or the lack of it - has no correlation to my move back to Indianapolis. I wanted Indianapolis to be my home, and it is my home." -- jazz musician J. J. Johnson

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