Portal:Kollam

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The Kollam Portal

British Residency in Asramam, Kollam.jpg

Quilon, officially Kollam (Malayalam: കൊല്ലം, IPA: [koɭɭam]), is an old seaport and city on the Kerala coast of India. The city serves as administrative headquarters for Kollam district, it is one among the ancient civilizations in India.

The city is mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of King Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by the findings of ancient Roman coins from the seabeds of Kollam city). The teak wood used in building King Solomon’s throne was taken from Kollam. Kollam was one among the ancient settlements of the Portuguese, Dutch and British. Till the formation of Kerala state, Kollam was the business capital of the Travancore Kingdom, it is known as the "Cashew Capital of the World". Kollam is now one of the fastest growing cities in the country and is in fifth place among the Indian cities in terms of economic performance and per capita income.

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Cashew packets displayed at a Supermarket in Paravur near Kollam. Kollam is known as the 'Cashew Capital of the World'

The Cashew business in Kollam is based in the eponymous city, which is known as the Cashew Capital of the World. Kollam is the largest processed cashew exporter in the world. As of 2011 there were more than 600 cashew processing units in the city. About 800,000 tonnes of raw cashews are imported to the city for processing every year. 90% of India's export quality cashew kernels are prepared in Kollam

Foreign exchange earned by the country through the export of cashew kernels during 2011-12 reached Rs.4,390 crore based on statistics from the Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI). 131,000 tonnes of kernels were exported during 2011-12. 90% of these export quality cashew kernels are prepared in Kollam. CEPCI and the Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited work in Kollam city to promote exports of cashew kernels and cashew nut shell liquid from India. The industry provides a livelihood for about 600–700 thousand employees and farmers. 95 per cent of these workers are women. There are more than 600 cashew processing units in Kollam with about 800,000 tonnes of raw cashews imported annually to the city for processing.

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A MEMU train near Kollam MEMU Carshed
Credit: Kannan

Kollam is to be considered as the MEMU headquarters of Kerala. Currently there are 12 MEMU services being managed by the Kollam MEMU Carshed, it is the most advanced MEMU shed in Kerala. DEMU services also expected to start from Kollam shortly.


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O. Madhavan

O. Madhavan (1922 – 19 August 2005) was an Indian theatre director and actor. He was one of the founding members of the Communist Party of India in Kerala, he is considered as one of the great masters of the theatre, he has made major contributions for the evolution of theatre in Kerala. He was the founder of the renowned drama company Kalidasa Kala Kendram, he won the Kerala State Film Award for Best Actor in 2000 for his role in the film Sayahnam. His wife, Vijayakumari, is an actress herself and his son Mukesh an actor, he also has two daughters, Sandhya Rajendran and Jayasree. Sandhya's Husband, E.A.Rajendran is also a film and television actor, he won the Kerala State Film Award for Best Actor in 2000 for his movie Sayahnam

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The World's second longest railway platform at Kollam Junction railway station

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Dredger ship 'Hansitha' washed ashore in Kollam city
Credit: Arunvrparavur

A dredger ship, Hansita, owned by Mumbai-based Megha Dredging Private Limited, had got stuck at Mundakkal Beach in Kollam after it lost moorings, the ship caught in a legal tangle, had been lying anchored 3 nautical miles off the Kollam coast since November 2013.

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Map of Kollam Bypass
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