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Portal:New York (state)

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New York /njˈjɔːrk/ is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. New York City and Long Island are located on the southeastern-most part of lower New York State, and Upstate New York is in the north.

New York is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania; it shares a water border with Rhode Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario. New York is the United States' third most populous state.

The Algonquian, Iroquois, and Lenape Native American groups inhabited New York when Dutch and French nationals moved into the region in the early 17th century. First claimed by Henry Hudson in 1609, the region came to have Dutch forts in Fort Orange by 1614, near the site of the present-day state capital, Albany. The state was colonized by the Dutch in 1624, at both Albany and Manhattan; it later fell to British annexation in 1664. About one third of all of the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York, it became an independent state on July 9, 1776 and enacted its constitution in 1777. The state ratified the United States Constitution on July 26, 1788 to become the 11th state. According to the United States Department of Commerce, New York is the state of choice for foreign visitors, leading Florida and California in tourism.

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The New York City Transit Police Department was a transit police department responsible for the protection of New York City Subway and bus lines, established in 1953. In 1936, Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia authorized the hiring of Special Patrolmen for the New York City Subway system; these patrolmen eventually became the Transit Police. In 1949, the department was officially divorced from the New York City Police Department, but was eventually fully re-integrated in 1995 as the Transit Bureau of the New York City Police Department by New York City Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani. In 1997, the Transit Bureau became the Transit Division within the newly formed Transportation Bureau; in July of 1999, the Transit Division once again became the Transit Bureau. Headquarters for the NYPD Transit Bureau are located at 130 Livingston Street in Brooklyn Heights.

A main task of the Transit Police was its defense of the subway system from defacement. Graffiti was very prominent throughout the subway system by the mid-1980s and the city government took a hard line in response, though some saw it instead as a "social trend" and a sign of diversity. The Transit Police, and specifically a new unit called the Vandal Squad began to fine and arrest those painting graffiti. They also made a policy to remove any work of graffiti within 24 hours of its creation. By the end of the 1980s, the Transit Police had effectively solved the problem of graffiti in the New York City subway system.

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A photograph of Grover Cleveland.

Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. Cleveland is the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897), he was the winner of the popular vote for President three times—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was the only Democrat elected to the Presidency in the era of Republican political domination that lasted from 1860 to 1912. Cleveland's admirers praise him for his honesty, independence, integrity, and commitment to the principles of classical liberalism, as a leader of the Bourbon Democrats, he opposed imperialism, taxes, subsidies and inflationary policies, but as a reformer he also worked against corruption, patronage, and bossism.

Some of Cleveland's actions caused controversy even within his own party, his intervention in the Pullman Strike of 1894 in order to keep the railroads moving angered labor unions, and his support of the gold standard and opposition to free silver alienated the agrarian wing of the Democrats. Furthermore, critics complained that he had little imagination and seemed overwhelmed by the nation's economic disasters—depressions and strikes—in his second term.

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  • Total area: 54,555 mi2
    • Land: 47,190 mi2
    • Water: 7,365 mi2
  • Highest elevation: 5,344 ft (Mount Marcy)
  • Population 19,745,289 (2016 est)
  • Admission to the Union: July 26, 1788 (11th)

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A depiction of the Catskill Mountain House in 1856

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The skyline of New York City.

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The Elting Memorial Library
Credit: Daniel Case

The Elting Memorial Library is the main library for the village and town of New Paltz, New York. It is located at 93 Main Street (also NY 32 and 299) in the village's downtown section, the old stone house that originally served as the library has since been added on to, and much of the library's collection and its main circulation desk are housed in this new wing. It has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 2004.

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Alpha Phi AlphaFranklin D. RooseveltGrover ClevelandHurricane FloydMariah CareyMoe BergNew York CityNew York State Route 28New York State Route 32New York State Route 174New York State Route 175Oakwood Cemetery (Troy, New York)Sandy KoufaxStuyvesant High SchoolTheodore Roosevelt

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Politics: Conservative PartyIndependence PartyLiberal PartyLibertarian PartyManhattan Libertarian PartyNew York Republican State CommitteePolitical Party Strength in New YorkWorking Families PartyPolitics of Long IslandDemocratic CommitteeElectoral reform

Counties: AlbanyAlleganyBronxBroomeCattaraugusCayugaChautauquaChemungChenangoClintonColumbiaCortlandDelawareDutchessErieEssexFranklinFultonGeneseeGreeneHamiltonHerkimerJeffersonKingsLewisLivingstonMadisonMonroeMontgomeryNassauNew YorkNiagaraOneidaOnondagaOntarioOrangeOrleansOswegoOtsegoPutnamQueensRensselaerRichmondRocklandSaratogaSchenectadySchoharieSchuylerSenecaSt. LawrenceSteubenSuffolkSullivanTiogaTompkinsUlsterWarrenWashingtonWayneWestchesterWyomingYates

Economy of New York: Citizens Financial GroupCoffee, Sugar and Cocoa ExchangeEconomy of Long IslandNew York State Energy Research and Development AuthorityNew York locations by per capita incomeQuebec-New York Economic SummitTarrytown Truck AssemblySilicon Alley

Education in New York: Art Students League of New YorkBard College Conservatory of MusicCapital Region Independent Schools AssociationNew York State Education DepartmentGlobal History and Geography Regents ExamMathematics education in New YorkNew Visions for Public SchoolsUnited Nations International SchoolWhite Plains Public Schools

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