Portal:North Korea

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North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Both North Korea and South Korea became members of the United Nations in 1991. Read more...

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An American 2.36-inch bazooka team takes aim at a North Korean tank during the Battle of Osan.
The Battle of Osan was the first engagement between United States and North Korean forces during the Korean War, on July 5, 1950. A U.S. task force of 400 infantry supported by an artillery battery was moved to Osan, south of the South Korean capital Seoul, and ordered to fight as a rearguard to delay advancing North Korean forces while additional U.S. forces arrived in the country to form a defensive line. The task force lacked both anti-tank guns and effective infantry anti-tank weapons. Aside from a limited number of HEAT shells for the unit's 105-mm howitzers, crew-served weapons capable of defeating the T-34 had not been distributed to U.S. Army forces in Korea at the time. In the first encounter, a North Korean tank column overran the task force and continued its advance south. After the column had successfully breached American lines, the task force opened fire on a force of some 5,000 North Korean infantry approaching its position, temporarily holding up the North Korean advance. Eventually, North Korean troops overwhelmed American positions, and the remnants of the task force retreated in disorder.

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Grand Monument on Lake Samji (14561367612).jpg
Tour guide introduces a statue of Kim Il-sung in Samjiyon, Ryanggang

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Han Sorya meeting Americans in 1952. Han's best known work, Jackals, and legacy is known for anti-Americanism.
Han Sorya (한설야; 3 August 1900 – 6 April 1970) was a Korean writer, literary administrator and politician making much of his career in North Korea.

Regarded as one of the most important fiction writers in North Korean history, Han also ran the entire North Korean literary scene as the head of the Korean Writers' Union and minister of education. During his career, Han survived a number of purges that were caused by factional strife within the Workers' Party. Sometimes acting as the force behind the purges within the cultural establishment, Han was also motivated by personal grievances against his rival writers. Han offered some of the earliest known contributions to the cult of personality of Kim Il-sung.

Han himself was purged in 1962. His influence is felt in North Korea even today, though his name has been forgotten from official histories. Han's best known work, the anti-American Jackals, however has been invoked in the 2000s.

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Kim Il-sung

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North Korea topics

History Korean independence movement | Soviet Civil Administration | Provisional People's Committee for North Korea | Division of Korea | Korean War | Korean DMZ Conflict | North Korean famine
Politics Constitution | Government (President · Premier) | Leaders | Kim dynasty | Cabinet | Supreme People's Assembly | Judiciary | Elections | Political parties (Workers' Party of Korea · Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland) | Juche | Military | National Defence Commission | Nuclear weapons | Human rights | Foreign relations
Culture Arirang Festival | Education | Holidays | Propaganda | North–South differences in language | Religion | Sport in North Korea
Art Architecture | Cinema | Literature | Music | Opera
Economy Currency | Agriculture | Automotive industry | Energy | Mining | Teleсommunications | Tourism | Transportation (Pyongyang Metro)
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