Queensland (locally KWEENZ-land, abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).
As of 15 May 2018, Queensland had a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and particularly in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Brisbane, Australia's third-largest city. Often referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled largely by its warm climate, is a major industry.
is a 76-acre (31 ha) zoo located on the Sunshine Coast
and the Glass House Mountains
. It is a member of the Zoo and Aquarium Association
(ZAA) and is owned by Terri Irwin
, the widow
of Steve Irwin
, whose wildlife documentary
series The Crocodile Hunter
made the zoo a popular tourist attraction; the zoo is managed by Director Wes Mannion
Australia Zoo was opened by Bob and Lyn Irwin on June 3rd 1970 under the name Beerwah Reptile Park, their son Steve, had helped his parents since childhood to care for crocodiles and reptiles and to maintain the growing number of animals in the zoo. In 1982 the park was renamed to the Queensland Reptile and Fauna Park and the area was doubled with the purchase of another 4 acres (1.6 ha). Steve and Terri changed the name of their now growing wildlife park to Australia Zoo; as filming generated extra funds, Steve and Terri put all money raised from filming and merchandise into conservation and building new exhibits.
Australia Zoo won the Australian Tourism Awards for 2003-2004 in the category Major Tourist Attraction. In 2004, the Australian Animal Hospital was opened next to the zoo to help with animal care and rehabilitation; as well as viewing a wide ranges of birds, mammals and reptiles visitors can view a crocodile feeding and participate in an elephant feeding.
Returned World War II soldiers march in Queen Street, Brisbane, 1944
Parliament House, Brisbane
(photo taken in 2003)
Queensland has a less centralised population than other states, with significant populations in regional cities such as Townsville (above).
Summer at Burleigh Heads beach with the Gold Coast skyline in the distance. Gold Coast beaches are world-renowned.
State capital and most populous city, Brisbane, located in southeast Queensland.
Aerial panorama of Wet and Wild in the Gold Coast and its surrounds on a cloudy day
Dickson's Inlet, Port Douglas, Queensland during the dry season
Parade of troops in Brisbane, prior to departure for the Boer War in South Africa.
Fighting between Burke and Wills's supply party and Indigenous Australians at Bulla in 1861
Great Sandy Strait from orbit
The Great Court, University of Queensland
Pictured left: Process workers at work at the Golden Circle cannery, 1947
Golden Circle is a subsidiary of US-based Heinz Corporation, based in Brisbane, Queensland. Its main operations are food processing. Golden Circle began operations in 1947 after construction of the main canning factory at Northgate was completed; as of 2009, Golden Circle ceased to be an Australian owned company. The company employs a large number of people, which varies seasonally between 700 and 1,700.
Golden Circle manufactures more than 800 products. Initially, the company processed and canned pineapples and produced fruit jams. Over the years, production has expanded to include other canned fruit and vegetables, fruit cordials, juices, carbonated beverages and baby food. Golden Circle operates the world's largest steam peeler and new beetroot processing lines; the main production facility is at Northgate, a northern suburb of Brisbane.
Did You Know?
- ...that the town of Killarney was hit by a destructive tornado on Saturday 23 November 1968, which destroyed many buildings?
- ...that the Windorah Solar Farm uses five concentrated solar dishes each containing 112 square mirrors which sit atop 13 m masts and can rotate 360°?
- ...that Wivenhoe Dam (pictured) is home to the vulnerable Queensland lungfish?
- ...that Stanthorpe holds the record for the lowest temperature recorded in Queensland at -10.6 °C on 23 June 1961?
Things you can do