Portal:Taiwan

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Introduction

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Taiwan (Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān), officially the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國), is a country in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (known in the past as Formosa), which forms over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the capital city and economic and cultural center of the region, and New Taipei, which surrounds Taipei is the largest city by population.

The earliest evidence of Taiwan being inhabited is from the late Paleolithic era. The island of Taiwan was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before being colonized in the 17th century by the Dutch as Dutch Formosa in 1624 and the Spanish as Spanish Formosa in 1626. The Spanish were expelled from the island in 1644 by the Dutch. The first Han Chinese polity on Taiwan began when Koxinga's troops defeated Dutch forces and established the Kingdom of Tungning. The island was subsequently ruled by the Qing Dynasty after the kingdom's defeat in the Battle of Penghu in 1683, a period that lasted for over 200 years. Following Japan's victory over the Qing Dynasty in the first Sino-Japanese war, Taiwan was ceded to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895.

The Republic of China was established in mainland China in 1912 and governed varying amounts of the mainland until 1949. At the end of World War II, Japan surrendered Taiwan and associated islands to ROC forces. When Communist forces took control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, the ROC government moved to Taiwan. The ROC government still officially claims to represent all of China, in a definition including Taiwan, but has not made retaking the mainland a political goal since 1992.

Selected article

Shin Kong Life Tower
Shin Kong Life Tower (Chinese: 新光人壽保險摩天大樓) is the third tallest building in Taiwan at 51 stories. The rose-coloured skyscraper topped by a pyramid is a landmark in Taipei. Its first twelve floors and two underground floors house a Shin Kong Mitsukoshi Department Store. The remaining floors provide office space and serve as headquarters for the Shin Kong Life Insurance Company. The structure stands across Chunghsiao Road from Taipei Main Station near the Asiaworld Department Store. The Shin Kong Life Tower was Taiwan's tallest building when it opened in December 1993. In 1997 the building was surpassed as Taiwan's tallest by the Tuntex Sky Tower in the city of Kaohsiung. Both were surpassed in height by Taipei 101 in 2004.


Selected biography

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Liu Chi-hsiang (Chinese: 劉啟祥; pinyin: Liú Qǐxiáng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lâu Khé-siông; February 3, 1910 – April 27, 1998) was a Taiwanese painter born in Liouying, Tainan, in the period of Japan-ruled Taiwan. Liu study abroad in Japan and went to Paris to further his studies. He studied painting by imitating some European oil paint works, especially the impressionism paintings. After his return, Liu received several art awards in Japan and Taiwan for his oil paint works, and got married in 1937. He lived in Japan until the end of World War II and returned to Taiwan afterwards to continue to work on his artistic creations. He moved to Kaohsiung in 1948 and married with his second wife in 1952. Liu spent his old age promoting art education in Taiwan.

Selected picture

Yehliu
Yehliu in Wanli, New Taipei is a Miocene formation stretching 1,700 meters into the Ocean resulting from geological forces pushing the Datun Mountains out of the sea.

Photo credit: User:Chensiyuan

News

Did you know?

Longshan Temple in Wanhua, Taipei.
  • ... that Longshan Temple (pictured) is the oldest temple in Taipei, originally built by settlers from Fujian Province in 1738 and is an example of classical Taiwanese architecture?
  • ... that Taipei Grand Mosque is the largest mosque in Taiwan and that there are over 140,000 Muslims residing in Taiwan?

On this day...

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Portals listed below are related to Taiwan by way of history, Asian region, diplomatic relations with ROC, and significant diaspora of overseas Taiwanese.

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