Portal:United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


The United Kingdom Portaledit
Flag of the United Kingdom
Coat of Arms for the United Kingdom
Map of the United Kingdom in the British Isles.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or, informally, Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the UK includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the UK is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.5 million inhabitants in 2016.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, the monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The UK's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The UK consists of four countriesEngland, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. All but England have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation.

Prior to the creation of the UK, Wales had been conquered and annexed by the Kingdom of England, this meant that the United Kingdom created in 1707 by the Treaty of Union between England and Scotland encompassed all of Great Britain. The Kingdom of Ireland merged with this state in 1801 to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies.

The UK is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 16th in the world, it was the first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally, it is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the EU, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The UK is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being a member of the UN Security Council.

Featured articleedit

Moffat, Gillies and Bathurst

Joking Apart is a BBC television sitcom written by Steven Moffat about the rise and fall of a relationship. It juxtaposes a couple, Mark (Robert Bathurst) and Becky (Fiona Gillies), who meet and fall in love before getting separated and finally divorced, the twelve episodes, broadcast between 1993 and 1995, were directed by Bob Spiers and produced by Andre Ptaszynski for independent production company Pola Jones. The show is semi-autobiographical; it was inspired by the then-recent separation of Moffat and his first wife. Some of the episodes in the first series followed a non-linear parallel structure, contrasting the rise of the relationship with the fall. Other episodes were ensemble farces, predominantly including the couple's friends Robert (Paul Raffield) and Tracy (Tracie Bennett). Paul-Mark Elliott also appeared as Trevor, Becky's lover. Scheduling problems meant that the show attracted low viewing figures. However, it scored highly on the Appreciation Index and accrued a loyal fanbase. One fan acquired the home video rights from the BBC and released both series on his own DVD label. (more...)

Featured biographyedit
Coin of Eadbald of Kent

Eadbald was King of Kent from 616 until his death. He succeeded his father Æthelberht, who made Kent the dominant force in England during his reign and became the first Anglo-Saxon king to convert to Christianity. Eadbald's accession was a significant setback for the growth of the church, since he was a pagan and did not convert for at least a year, and perhaps for as much as eight years, he was ultimately converted by either Laurentius or Justus, and separated from his first wife, who had been his stepmother, at the insistence of the church. Eadbald's second wife was Ymme, who may have been a Frankish princess, she bore him two sons, Eormenred and Eorcenberht, and a daughter, Eanswith. Eadbald's influence was less than his father's, but Kent was powerful enough to be omitted from the list of kingdoms dominated by Edwin of Northumbria. Edwin's marriage to Eadbald's sister, Æthelburg, established a good relationship between Kent and Northumbria which appears to have continued into Oswald's reign. When Æthelburg fled to Kent on Edwin's death in about 633, she sent her children to Francia for safety, fearing the intrigues of both Eadbald and Oswald, the Kentish royal line made several strong diplomatic marriages over the succeeding years. (more...)

Did you know...edit

Salvage of the Mary Rose in October 1982

Subportalsedit
Related portalsedit
Featured pictureedit
Photo credit: Diliff

Panorama of London taken from the dome of St Paul's Cathedral. Built from 1675 to 1708, the Cathedral is still one of the highest buildings in western London.

In the newsedit

Wikinews UK

Categoriesedit
WikiProjectsedit
Things you can doedit
Visit the British Wikipedians' notice board.

The noticeboard is the central forum for information and discussion on editing related to the United Kingdom.

Comment at the British deletion sorting page.

This page lists deletion discussions on topics relating to the United Kingdom.
Other UK-connected Wikipediasedit
Wikimediaedit

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Wikispecies 
Species

UK portalsedit
Portals of the United Kingdom

Flag of the United Kingdom.svg

Constituent nation portals
Flag of England.svg
Flag of Scotland.svg
Flag of Northern Ireland.svg
Flag of Wales.svg
Flag of Guernsey.svg
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg
Flag of the British Overseas Territories (unofficial).svg
Flag of the City of London.svg
Local Portals (England)
Portals by ceremonial county area.
Bedfordshire Berkshire Bristol Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cheshire City of London[a] Cornwall
County Durham Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset East Riding of Yorkshire[b] East Sussex Essex
Gloucestershire Greater London[a] Greater Manchester Hampshire Herefordshire Hertfordshire Isle of Wight Portal:Kent
Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire Merseyside Norfolk North Yorkshire[b] Northamptonshire Northumberland
Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Rutland Shropshire Somerset South Yorkshire[b] Staffordshire Suffolk
Surrey Tyne and Wear Warwickshire West Midlands West Sussex West Yorkshire[b] Wiltshire Worcestershire
  1. ^ a b London is a single portal.
  2. ^ a b c d Yorkshire is a single portal.
Portals of England by other area.
Stamford Luton Peak District South West England East Midlands England North East England North East England North West England
South East England London Yorkshire Plymouth Birmingham Leeds Liverpool City of Westminster
Local Portals (Scotland)
Portals by shire area.
Aberdeen Angus Argyll Ayrshire Banffshire Berwick Bute Caithness
Clackmannan Dunbarton Dumfries East Lothian Fife Inverness Kirkcudbright Kinross
Kincardineshire Lanark Midlothian Moray Nairn Orkney Perth Peebles
Renfrew Ross and Cromarty Roxburgh Selkirk Shetland Sutherland Stirling West Lothian
Wigtown
Portals of Scotland by other area.
Glasgow Edinburgh
Local Portals (Northern Ireland)
Ulster Antrim Armagh Down Fermanagh Derry and Strabane Tyrone Belfast
Local Portals (Wales)
Portals of Wales by preserved county area.
Gwent Glamorgan[a] Dyfed Powys Gwynedd Clwyd
  1. ^ Incorporating south, mid, and west Glamorgan.
Portals of Wales by other area.
Cardiff
Local Portals (Channel Islands)
Portals by island.
Jersey Guernsey Alderney Sark Herm
Other
Other portals related to the United Kingdom.
UK Railways UK Trams UK Waterways London Transport BBC Law of England and Wales James Bond Television in the United Kingdom
British Empire Royal Air Force Royal Navy British Army Early modern Britain British Library British politics Doctor Who

More portals...

Purge server cache