In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city one that contains substantial visible remains. A town becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, pollution, or nuclear disasters; the term can sometimes refer to cities and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but less so than in past years. Some ghost towns those that preserve period-specific architecture, have become tourist attractions; some examples are Bannack, Centralia and South Pass City in the United States, Barkerville in Canada, Craco in Italy, Elizabeth Bay and Kolmanskop in Namibia, Pripyat in Ukraine, Danushkodi in India. The town of Plymouth on the Caribbean island of Montserrat is a ghost town, the de jure capital of Montserrat, it was rendered uninhabitable by volcanic ash from an eruption. The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, between cultures.
Some writers discount settlements that were abandoned as a result of a natural or human-made disaster or other causes using the term only to describe settlements that were deserted because they were no longer economically viable. Some believe. Whether or not the settlement must be deserted, or may contain a small population, is a matter for debate. Though, the term is used in a looser sense, encompassing any and all of these definitions; the American author Lambert Florin's preferred definition of a ghost town was "a shadowy semblance of a former self". Factors leading to abandonment of towns include depleted natural resources, economic activity shifting elsewhere and roads bypassing or no longer accessing the town, human intervention, massacres and the shifting of politics or fall of empires. A town can be abandoned when it is part of an exclusion zone due to natural or man-made causes. Ghost towns may result when the single activity or resource that created a boomtown is depleted or the resource economy undergoes a "bust".
Boomtowns can decrease in size as fast as they grew. Sometimes, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town; the dismantling of a boomtown can occur on a planned basis. Mining companies nowadays will create a temporary community to service a mine site, building all the accommodation and services required, remove them once the resource has been extracted. Modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote village, only to leave a ghost town once the resource was depleted. In some cases, multiple factors may remove the economic basis for a community. S. Route 66 suffered both mine closures when the resources were depleted and loss of highway traffic as US 66 was diverted away from places like Oatman, Arizona onto a more direct path. Mine and pulp mill closures have led to many ghost towns in British Columbia, Canada including several recent ones: Ocean Falls which closed in 1973 after the pulp mill was decommissioned, Kitsault B.
C. whose molybdenum mine shut after only 18 months in 1982 and Cassiar whose asbestos mine operated from 1952 to 1992. In other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a town's intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place; this happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a regional centre for the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton in 1899, linking it with the rest of Queensland, Collingwood was a ghost town by the following year; the Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon. The rise of condominium investment caused for real estate bubbles leads to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise and affordable housing becomes less available; such examples include China and Canada, where housing is used as an investment rather than for habitation. Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can create a ghost town.
This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontario's historic Opeongo Line, along U. S. Route 66 after motorists bypassed the latter on the faster moving highways I-44 and I-40; some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water. Amboy, California was part of one such series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is one example being the towns along the Aral Sea. Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government, residents are required to relocate. One example is the village of Tyneham in Dorset, acquired during World War II to build an artillery range. A similar situation occurred in the U. S. when NASA acquired land to construct the John C. Stennis Space Center, a rocket testing facility in Hancock County, Mississippi; this required NASA to acquire a large (approximately 34-square-mile (88
Stone County, Missouri
Stone County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,202, its county seat is Galena. Stone County is part of MO Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county was organized on February 10, 1851, is named after William Stone, an English pioneer and an early settler in Maryland who served as Taney County Judge. In 1904, the White River Railway was extended through the rugged terrain of Stone and Taney counties. By both counties had had a sundown town policy for years, forbidding African Americans from living there. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles, of which 464 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water. Christian County Taney County Carroll County, Arkansas Barry County Lawrence County Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 28,658 people, 11,822 households, 8,842 families residing in the county; the population density was 62 people per square mile.
There were 16,241 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.64% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Stone County were 24.3% American, 20.4% German, 11.3% English, 10.8% Irish ancestry. There were 11,822 households out of which 25.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.70% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.20% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.76. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 29.70% from 45 to 64, 18.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,487, the median income for a family was $46,675. Males had a median income of $26,224 versus $19,190 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,813. About 8.50% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over. Of adults 25 years of age and older in Stone County, 80.4% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 14.2% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment. Blue Eye R-V School District - Blue Eye Blue Eye Elementary School Blue Eye Middle School Blue Eye High School Crane R-III School District - Crane Crane Elementary School Crane High School Galena R-II School District - Galena Galena-Abesville Elementary School Galena High School Hurley R-I School District - Hurley Hurley Elementary School Hurley High School Reeds Spring R-IV School District - Reeds Spring Reeds Spring Primary School Reeds Spring Elementary School Reeds Spring Intermediate School Reeds Spring Middle School Reeds Spring High School Apostolic Christian School - Reeds Spring - - Non-denominational Christian Tri-Lakes Special Education Cooperative - Blue Eye - - Special Education Gibson Technical Center - Reeds Spring - - Vocational/Technical New Horizons Alternative School - Reeds Spring - - Alternative/Other Blue Eye Public Library Crane Public Library Galena Public Library Kimberling Area Library Stone County is a third-class county located in Southwest Missouri.
The county's government includes a 3-person County Commission, several elected officials, a Road Commission consisting of the 3 County Commissioners as well as a Northern Road Commissioner and a Southern Road Commissioner. The County Commission oversees the Planning and Zoning Department, Senior Citizens' Services Board, a Law Enforcement Restitution Board, neighborhood improvement districts. All elected Officials in Stone County serve 4 year terms; the county employed 170 full-time employees and 10 part-time employees on December 31, 2014. The Government operates out of the County Seat of Galena, Missouri; the offices of the County Commission, County Clerk, Collector of Revenue, Recorder of Deeds, Treasurer as well as the University of Missouri Extension Office all operate out of the Historic Courthouse in the center of the square. The Stone County Sheriff's office, Circuit Clerk, Jail are all in the Stone County Judicial Center on the east side of the square; the Assessor and Planning and Zoning offices are located in buildings on the south side of the square.
The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Stone County. All current office holders are members of the Republican Party. Elected Officials in Stone County on average have a long tenure once elected to office. Stone County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans. District 138 — Don Phillips. Consists of all of the county. District 158 — Scott Fitzpatrick. Consists of a small, unincorporated region in the northwest part of the county, located just south of Crane. All of Stone County is a part
Branson West, Missouri
Branson West is a city in Stone County, United States. The population was 478 at the 2010 census, it is part of Missouri Micropolitan Statistical Area. Branson West is located at 36°42′18″N 93°22′16″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.49 square miles, all land. On February 25, 1992 the city of Lakeview changed its name to Branson West, Missouri in an effort to capitalize on the explosive growth of neighboring Branson; as of the census of 2010, there were 478 people, 179 households, 127 families residing in the city. The population density was 106.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 215 housing units at an average density of 47.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.4% White, 0.6% African American, 0.4% Asian, 3.6% from other races, 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.9% of the population. There were 179 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.1% were non-families.
25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age in the city was 36.4 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. At the 2000 census, there were 136 households and 107 families residing in the city; the population density was 218.5 people per square mile. There were 161 housing units at an average density of 86.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.10% White, 0.74% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 1.72% from other races, 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.92% of the population. There were 136 households of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.3% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.31. Age distribution was 31.9% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males. The median household income was $31,250, the median family income was $30,313. Males had a median income of $20,179 versus $17,188 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,326. About 9.3% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. Known as Linchpin, the crossroads of highways 13 and 76 was called Lakeview until its name was changed by the city in 1992 in an attempt to cash in on the explosive growth of the tourism industry in nearby Branson; the bid paid off as the population of Branson West grew from 37 to 408 between 1990 and 2000.
Branson West Airport known as Branson West Municipal Airport, is a city-owned, public-use airport located two nautical miles west of the central business district of the Branson West. The airport is known as Emerson Field, named for Robert Emerson, an aviator and former owner of the property. Funded via a federal grant of $16 million, it is a general aviation airport designed for private and charter aircraft; the airport was built on 200 acres donated by the Conco Companies of Springfield, with an additional 40 acres acquired by the city for runway protection zones. Another 450 acres donated by Kay Renfro will be used for future development, 200 acres donated by city treasurer Martin Eastwood will serve as a conservation buffer zone. Http://www.cityofbransonwest.com
Kimberling City, Missouri
Kimberling City is a city in Stone County, United States. The population was 2,400 at the 2010 census; some episodes of The Beverly Hillbillies TV series were filmed in the area. Kimberling City is located at 36°38′31″N 93°25′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.78 square miles, of which 3.42 square miles is land and 0.36 square miles is water. Kimberling City is part of Missouri Micropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 2,400 people, 1,147 households, 774 families residing in the city. The population density was 701.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,431 housing units at an average density of 418.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.1% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 1,147 households of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 32.5% were non-families.
28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.53. The median age in the city was 57.1 years. 14.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,253 people, 1,045 households, 760 families residing in the city; the population density was 673.6 people per square mile. There were 1,236 housing units at an average density of 369.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.91% White, 0.22% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population. There were 1,045 households out of which 17.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families.
24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.50. In the city, the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 18.9% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, 32.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,727, the median income for a family was $40,508. Males had a median income of $30,774 versus $18,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,715. About 4.5% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over. Located next to Table Rock Lake, Kimberling City is host to a novice golf course and multiple attractions near the lake, such as What's Up Dock, a wharf on the lake where aquatic vehicles can be rented, gas can be purchased.
Kimberling City is a quick stop for anyone passing through to spend a day at the lake. Dave Duncan, former MLB catcher and pitching coach Ned Locke beloved ringmaster of Bozo Circus on WGN-TV in Chicago. After retirement from WGN, Locke moved to Kimberling City and served as mayor and chief of police
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c