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Carol Bernstein Ferry

Carol Bernstein Ferry was a social change philanthropist and board member of DJB Foundation. Carol Bernstein was born Carol Underwood on July 29, 1924 in upstate New York, from the time she was four, she grew up in Portland, where her mother's family was located. Ms. Bernstein graduated from Wells College, she moved to Manhattan, where she worked as a writer and secretary for various publishing companies, including McGraw-Hill. In 1953, she married Daniel Bernstein, a stockbroker who had inherited a large sum of money upon his father's death. Although she grew up in a rather apolitical family, Ms. Bernstein became radical by adopting many of her husband's views about left-wing politics. In an interview conducted in the 1990s, Ferry speaks of her first marriage, presenting a picture of a lovely New York housewife, uneducated in the ways of the world. In one interview, she laughingly recounts how Mr. Bernstein tried to teach her to record their personal finances, saying, “... started teaching me double entry bookkeeping...

This huge book spread out on the floor and it had lines going in every direction and little tiny numbers, that I started to cry and he closed the book and, the last time we discussed my being the bookkeeper for the family.”Until Daniel Bernstein's death in 1970, in fact, Ms. Bernstein ran her household knowing that there was plenty of money for everything, it wasn't until she read his will that she discovered she had six million dollars in a foundation and another sixteen million in personal funds. This was the beginning of Ferry's legacy of philanthropy. Rather than wanting to accrue more riches, she says that “... with a little hasty arithmetic, which took me only an hour and a half, I realized that in order to stay and not have an increase or decrease, I had to give away two thousand dollars a day for ever...” Throughout the rest of her life, Ms. Bernstein and her second husband, W. H. “Ping” Ferry gave away vast sums of money, they are still remembered by many of the organizations they helped to get started.

Ferry died on June 9, 2001. Having been diagnosed with terminal cancer, Ms. Bernstein Ferry prepared her own obituary, a call to the world to allow physician-assisted suicide for the terminally ill, wrote a longer letter explaining her choices, swallowed a handful of sleeping pills in the presence of her family members. In her farewell letter, Ferry wrote, “I’ve had a lucky life. I’ve had a lot of joy; the many paid obituaries published in national newspapers upon her death show that, for many people, she did succeed in making a difference. One such notice, written by Marie Runyon, reads, “As generous and gutsy a human being as walked the earth. Loved humankind those whom most try to avoid. A mind and heart of the rarest kind.” The DJB Foundation was founded by Daniel Bernstein in 1946. Rather than creating this foundation for philanthropic causes, Mr. Bernstein created it as a way to keep the inheritance he received from his father safe until he could decide what to do with it. Mr. Bernstein and his wife Carol used money from the DJB Foundation for various small expenses over the course of their marriage.

Mr. Bernstein was not able to bring the war to an end by buying up whole-page ads in local and national newspapers that gave people his informed perspective on the war. By the time Mr. Bernstein died of leukemia in 1970, six million dollars remained in the DJB Foundation, his widow decided that it was time to spend all the money. Ms. Bernstein Ferry says, “So, in 1970 I started trying to shovel out, with not much success because I just didn’t know what I was doing.” When she discovered how little she knew about being a successful philanthropist, Ms. Bernstein brought three other people into the mix: Steve Abrams, the Bernstein's long-time personal and business accountant, Robert S. Browne, a black economist interested in the fight against AIDS and in economic recovery programs for black farmers, W. H. “Ping” Ferry, who had worked for the Ford Foundation and who would become Carol Bernstein's second husband. Rather than creating a foundation that would last into perpetuity, this team of four decided that they were going to spend all the money.

The goal was to be out of money in ten years. In an interview, Ms. Bernstein Ferry says that she wanted to spend all the money because they could know the needs of the present but not of the future and because she felt better as more of the money disappeared, thus began the interesting way in which the Ferrys, as many would refer to them, gave out money. Rather than writing checks to major organizations for thousands of dollars, the DJB Foundation focused on “the empowering of small groups individual people” by giving out smaller amounts to individuals and to grassroots organizations; the idea behind this style of giving was that a large sum of money can “corrupt and distort” the goals of an organization, but all it takes to get something started or to keep it going is a few hundred dollars. Throughout the five years of foundation giving, the four philanthropists focused on human rights, economic recovery, the anti-war effort; the foundation gave money to many large groups who were covers for “dissenters and resistors,” and when the Foundation could not give more money to the political lobbying groups because of non-profit giving restrictions, Carol Bernstein – later

Jespersen v. Harrah's Operating Co.

Jespersen v. Harrah's Operating Co. 392 F.3d 1076 was a United States federal employment law sex discrimination case. Darlene Jespersen was a 20-year employee at Harrah's Casino in Nevada. In 2000, Harrah's advanced a "Personal Best" policy, which created strict standards for employee appearance and grooming, which included a requirement that women wear substantial amounts of makeup. Jespersen was fired for non-compliance with its policy. Jespersen argued the makeup requirement was contrary to her self-image, that the requirement violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 2001, Jespersen filed a lawsuit in United States District Court for the District of Nevada, which found against her claim; the district court opined that the policy imposed "equal burdens" on both sexes and that the policy did not discriminate based on immutable characteristics of her sex. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the decision, but on rehearing en banc, reversed part of its decision.

The en banc majority's opinion was written by Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder, over the dissent of Judges Harry Pregerson, Alex Kozinski, Susan P. Graber, William A. Fletcher; the en banc court concluded, in contrast to the previous rulings, that such grooming requirements could be challenged as sex stereotyping in some cases in view of the decision in Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins. However, the majority found that Jespersen had not provided evidence that the policy had been motivated by stereotyping, affirmed the district court's finding for Harrah's. In Pregerson's dissent, he mentioned that a cultural assumption was used to justify gender discrimination, the gender discrimination is evidence in itself. Pregerson: "Just as the bank in Carroll deemed female employees incapable of achieving a professional appearance without assigned uniforms, Harrah's regarded women as unable to achieve a neat and professional appearance without the facial uniform designed by a consultant and required by Harrah's.

The inescapable message is that women's undoctored faces compare unfavorably to men's, not because of a physical difference between men's and women's faces, but because of a cultural assumption—and gender-based stereotype—that women's faces are incomplete, unattractive, or unprofessional without full makeup. We need not denounce all makeup as inherently offensive, just as there was no need to denounce all uniforms as inherently offensive in Carroll, to conclude that requiring female bartenders to wear full makeup is an impermissible sex stereotype and is evidence of discrimination because of sex. Therefore, I disagree with the majority's conclusion that there "is no evidence in this record to indicate that the policy was adopted to make women bartenders conform to a commonly-accepted stereotypical image of what women should wear." Maj. Op. at 1112. Alex Kozinski, in dissent, wrote that quality employees are hard to find, that Harrah's let go of a valued worker over a trivial matter, he reasoned that it was sex discrimination, due to the fact that makeup costs money and takes time.

Kozinski: "It is true that Jespersen failed to present evidence about what it costs to buy makeup and how long it takes to apply it. But is there any doubt that putting on makeup costs money and takes time? Harrah's policy requires women to apply face powder, blush and lipstick. You don't need an expert witness to figure out that such items don't grow on trees." "But those of us not used to wearing makeup would find a requirement that we do so intrusive. Imagine, for example, a rule that all judges wear face powder, blush and lipstick while on the bench." "Finally, I note with dismay the employer's decision to let go a valued, experienced employee who had gained accolades from her customers, over what, in the end, is a trivial matter. Quality employees are difficult to find in any industry and I would think an employer would long hesitate before forcing a loyal, long-time employee to quit over an honest and heartfelt difference of opinion about a matter of personal significance to her. Having won the legal battle, I hope that Harrah's will now do the generous and decent thing by offering Jespersen her job back, letting her give it her personal best—without the makeup."

9th Circuit decision

Roy McFarland

Roy Leslie McFarland is an English former football manager and former player. With Derby County, he played 442 league games. Born in Liverpool, Lancashire, McFarland was a player for Tranmere Rovers, Derby County and Bradford City, he represented England at full international level. Brian Clough and Peter Taylor signed him for Derby on 25 August 1967, when they were a Second Division side preparing for a challenge to win promotion to the First Division, he was famous during the late 1960s and 1970s as a central defender in the Derby side which won promotion to the First Division in 1969 and followed this success with two league titles. He won 28 caps for England, he is noted for having the earliest known booking for time wasting when he humorously kicked the ball out of play after Derby had taken the lead against Liverpool in a game Derby were unlikely to win. McFarland had been deemed responsible for putting Włodzimierz Lubański, Poland's best striker at the time, out of football for two years after an apparent poor tackle damaged Lubański's cruciate ligament during a World Cup qualifying match in June 1973.

Lubanski missed the 1974 FIFA World Cup where Poland captured third place, but Lubanski himself wrote in his memoirs published in Poland that his leg was injured without McFarland's involvement as a result of an earlier injury and resultant insufficient preparation for the big game. He came on for a short substitute appearance in a benefit match for Ted McMinn at Pride Park on 1 May 2006 against Glasgow Rangers; the game finished 3–3. McFarland started his managerial career at Bradford City as player manager when he took over from George Mulhall in May 1981, he played 40 games for Bradford in a brief spell as manager which brought the club promotion in 1981–82 via the runners-up spot in the Fourth Division. The season included a nine-game winning run, a club record at the time. McFarland's reign was a launchpad for the club during the 1980s but he left in controversial circumstances with allegations former club Derby County had tapped up him and assistant Mick Jones. Derby had to pay a large fine and compensation for taking the pair back to the Baseball Ground.

He became assistant manager at the club during Arthur Cox's reign as manager, was promoted to the manager's seat when Cox quit in October 1993. McFarland lasted two seasons as Derby manager, with significant amounts of money having been spent on the team. In his first season, they reached the Division One play-off final but lost 2-1 to neighbours Leicester City, they missed out on the playoffs a year and McFarland moved to Bolton Wanderers. Bolton had just been promoted to the Premier League under previous manager Bruce Rioch, McFarland was unable to establish them at this level despite making several new signings, he was dismissed in January 1996 after just six months in charge, with Bolton bottom of the Premiership and heading for relegation. McFarland's next management job came at Cambridge United, where he arrived just before Christmas in 1996. In his third season, 1998–99, they won promotion as Third Division runners-up, he remained in charge for two years before being replaced by John Beck in February 2001.

He took over as manager of Torquay United in July 2001, but resigned in April 2002 after Torquay chairman Mike Bateson decided that if McFarland was to have an assistant he had to have a playing one, meaning McFarland's assistant David Preece had to leave as he had just retired as a player. From June 2003 to March 2007, McFarland was manager of Chesterfield and did well to keep the club in the third tier of the league, with Chesterfield's severe lack of resources, when most pundits have tipped them for relegation, he left the club after the poor set of results on 12 March 2007, leaving caretaker boss Lee Richardson to try and save the struggling Chesterfield. In 2009, after a spell out of football McFarland was appointed the caretaker manager until the end of the 2008–09 season of Burton Albion on 6 January, filling the gap created by Nigel Clough who had moved along the A38 to McFarland's former club Derby County earlier in the day, his first game in charge ended in a 3–0 victory for Burton against Salisbury City in the FA Trophy second round.

McFarland helped to extend Burton's unbeaten run to 17 games, which dated back to October 2008, before his side were beaten 2–0 by his former team Cambridge United in March 2009. McFarland managed the side to promotion to the Football League, after which he said he was interested in staying at the club for the 2009–10 season, he turned down the opportunity to continue as manager, as he "did not want the full-time commitment of running a League Two club on a permanent basis." He was succeeded by Paul Peschisolido. McFarland was appointed to the Derby County board of directors in May 2017. 1968–69: Football League Division Two Champion – Derby County 1971–72: Football League Division One Champion – Derby County 1974–75: Football League Division One Champion – Derby County 1981–82: Football League Division Four 2nd – Bradford City 1998–99: Football League Division Three 2nd – Cambridge United 2008–09: Conference National 1st – Burton Albion Roy McFarland management career statistics at Soccerbase

Henry Tuson

General Sir Henry Brasnell Tuson was a Royal Marines officer who served as Deputy Adjutant-General Royal Marines. Educated at Christ's Hospital, Tuson was commissioned into the Royal Marine Artillery on 20 April 1854. After serving in China during the Second Opium War, he commanded the Royal Marine Artillery at the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in September 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War and commanded again at the First and Second Battles of El Teb in February 1884 during the Mahdist War for which he was awarded the Order of Osmanieh, second class, on 5 October 1885, he was appointed colonel second commandant of the Royal Marine Artillery on 5 October 1886 and Deputy Adjutant-General Royal Marines in August 1893 before retiring in March 1900

2007 Israeli presidential election

Indirect presidential elections were held in Israel on 13 June 2007. The Knesset elected a former Prime Minister and a member of the Kadima party, his opponents were Reuven Rivlin, a former Knesset speaker, of the Likud Party, Colette Avital, of the Labor party. After the first round of voting put Peres in a commanding lead, but just short of the absolute majority required for election and Avital bowed out and Peres was elected in the second round; the deadline for candidates to announce their intention to run was twenty days before the election, i.e. by 25 May. Avital was the first Labor candidate to announce her intention to run, she gained the backing of former Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who at the time was running an successful campaign to regain the leadership of the Labor Party. However, it appeared that most Labor MKs were to back ex-Laborite Shimon Peres, serving as Vice Prime Minister. Peres, was advised not to stand by his campaign adviser, in the belief that he would not win enough votes in a secret ballot, that a defeat would be bad for his image.

This came after the legislation for the "Peres Law", which would replace a secret ballot with an open one, was postponed until after the election by its creator, Kadima's Yoel Hasson. The bill was seen as a means of protecting Peres from another upset defeat, after his loss to then-little known Likud MK Moshe Katsav by a 63–57 vote in the 2000 presidential election. Peres was named as Kadima's official candidate on 28 May, won the support of Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, the influential spiritual leader of Shas. Other persons, considered as possible candidates included Dalia Itzik, Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau, Meir Shamgar. Rabbi Lau had been warned not to run for the post by Labor MK and former journalist Shelly Yachimovich. Yachimovich stated that were Lau to run, "certain stories from the past may arise, including some that have never been publicized." The election was expected to be a close race between Rivlin. However, the first-round results left Peres only three votes short of a majority, at which point his opponents conceded the race.

Following his election, Peres promptly resigned as Vice Prime Minister, began his seven-year term as President on 15 July 2007. Wikinews:Shimon Peres discusses the future of Israel Presidency of Shimon Peres