The gens Quartia was an obscure plebeian family at ancient Rome. No members of this gens appear in history; the nomen Quartius is a patronymic surname, derived from the cognomen Quartus, fourth. There may at one time have been a praenomen Quartus, but it was not in general use in historical times, except in the feminine form, used as both a praenomen and cognomen. Quintus Quartius, dedicated a tomb on Maiorica in Hispania Citerior to a woman named Scaraotia, aged twenty. Sextus Quartius, dedicated a tomb for Martia, a freedwoman buried at Carpentoracte in Gallia Narbonensis. Quartia Aphrodisia, mother of Quartia Herois. Titus Quartius Crescentinius, named in a funerary inscription from Lilybaeum in Sicily. Quartia Herois, daughter of Quartia Aphrodisia, wife of Marcus Publius Posidonius, mother of Publius Flavianus, buried at Arelate in Gallia Narbonensis, aged twenty-two. Quartia Irvatilla, buried at Massilia in Gallia Narbonensis. Titus Quartius Masculus, named in a funerary inscription from Lilybaeum.
Quartius Quietus, made a libationary offering to the gods at Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium in Germania Inferior, in AD 252. Gaius Quartius Quintinus, dedicated a tomb for his friend, Gaius Apisius Zosimus, his wife, Romogillia Festa, at Nemausus in Gallia Narbonensis. Quartius Reditus, made a libationary offering to Nehalennia at Ganventa in Gallia Belgica. Quartia Saturnina, dedicated a tomb at Mogontiacum to her husband, Marcus, a veteran of the twenty-second legion, her son, Januarius. Quartia Secundilla, a freedwoman, wife of Quartius Ulpius, named in a funerary inscription at Lugdunum in Gallia Lugdunensis. Gaius Quartius Secundus, a soldier in the thirteenth legion, named in a funerary inscription from Rome, dating to the second century AD. Quartius Ulpius, freedman of Primitivus, husband of Quartia Secundilla, buried at Lugdunum. List of Roman gentes Theodor Mommsen et alii, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften. René Cagnat et alii, L'Année épigraphique, Presses Universitaires de France.
Hans Petersen, "The Numeral Praenomina of the Romans", in Transactions of the American Philological Association, vol. xciii, pp. 347–354. Cristóbal Veny, Corpus de las Inscripciones Baleáricas hasta la Dominación Árabe, Madrid
Michigan and Smiley are a Jamaican reggae/dancehall duo consisting of Papa Michigan and General Smiley. They rose to popularity during the first wave of dancehall music in the late 1970s; the duo of Michigan and Smiley recorded at Clement "Coxsone" Dodd's Studio One in Jamaica, pressing their first number one hit single, "Rub a Dub Style", which featured their call and response style vocals, overdubbed on the Studio One riddim, "Vanity". Their next single a larger hit, "Nice Up the Dance" was a version of the quintessential Studio 1 rhythm, "Real Rock"; these singles, with four other tracks versions of Studio One rhythms, were released as their first album, Nice Up the Dance. The names of these two singles were incorporated into the lexicon of dancehall phraseology, their call and response style was influential on the future developments of the music, blending together straightforward singing styles and toasting. By 1982, they caught the attention of Henry "Junjo" Lawes, who recorded their biggest hit, "Diseases" over the "Mad Mad" riddim.
This track was featured on Downpression. They went on to cut an album for Step by Step; the last of their hit records was "Sugar Daddy", pressed on RAS Records, which featured yet another reworking of "Mad Mad". Michigan & Smiley recorded a version of Suzanne Vega's hit single "Tom's Diner", included on the compilation album Tom's Album; the duo continue to have both released solo recordings. Michigan is set to release the album DJ Legend, to be preceded in September 2014 by an EP of the same name. Rub a Dub Style Studio One Downpression Greensleeves Live at Reggae Sunsplash Trojan Sugar Daddy RAS Back in the Biz VP Reality Must Rule Again VP Uptown/Downtown VP http://www.papamichigan.com Michigan & Smiley on Twitter General Smiley & Papa Michigan - Nice Up The Dance Michigan & Smiley- Stress- Pepperseed Riddim Steffens, Roger "Michigan & Smiley Biography", Macrovision Corporation
The San Francisco System is a network of bilateral alliance pursued by the United States in East Asia, after the end of the World War II - the United States as a'hub', Japan, South Korea, the Philippines and Australia as'spokes'. The system is made of political-military and economic commitments between the United States and its Pacific allies, it allowed the United States to develop exclusive postwar relationships with the Republic of Korea, the Republic of China, Japan. These treaties are an example of bilateral collective defense. Since the system emerged under the U. S powerplay rationale, it is the most dominant security architecture in East Asia up to now. Hub-and-spokes system, with the United States as the "hub" and no apparent connections between the "spokes" allowed the U. S to exercise effective control over the smaller allies of the East Asia; the legacy of the system is continuing until today, represented by the absence of the multilateral security architecture in the region like NATO.
Some argue that the reason why the hub-and-spoke network remains viable today is because its focus moved from regional concerns to those of the global such as, the War on Terror and issues dealing with WMD. Right after World War II United States was not interested in being involved in East Asia and was more concentrated in its role in Europe; however after the Korean War, the US became more engaged in North East Asia. The US started building its bilateral relations in East Asia with Japan. At the San Francisco Conference in September 1951 the US signed the US-Japan treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security. On it moved to sign a Mutual Defenses Treaty with the Philippines in August 1951, the US-Republic of Korea Defense treaty with Republic of Korea in October 1953, the US-Republic of China security treaty with China in December 1954. With these treaties the US was able to construct Spokes System. Victor Cha explains the reason for the US’s choice for a bilateral structure with the powerplay theory.
The underlying idea came from the Domino Theory – that if one nation falls into communism others will follow. He defines powerplay as'the construction of an asymmetric alliance designed to exert maximum control over the smaller allies in the region that might engage in aggressive behavior against adversaries that could entrap the United States into an unwanted war.' In other words, the hub and spokes system allowed the United States to not only contain the Soviet threat but have exclusive power over the East Asia. With this system the US would be able to control of the rogue allies – anticommunist dictators who might start wars for reasons for domestic legitimacy of their own regime; the US had a fear that it may be entrapped in an unwanted war, thus needed a way to contain these rogue allies. An example of a rogue ally is Syngman Rhee of South Korea. Due to his ambitions to unify the Korean peninsula, the treaty would contain his adventurism. Another is Chiang Kai-Shek, his ambition to overtake mainland China heightened the fear of entrapment to the US.
Another reason for the U. S. in taking bilateral agreements in the region was to assure the nations in the region against the revival of Japanese aggression and at the same time, assisting Japan for its economic recovery, in order for it to become a growth engine of the region by giving enough economic opportunity The Hub and Spokes System is a asymmetric alliance by nature in both security and economic dimensions, offering military protection and economic access through trade rather than aid. The system can best be explained through the lens of the security-autonomy tradeoff model; the model accounts for asymmetrical alliance ties involving states of different power status than for symmetric alliance bonds. An asymmetric alliance is a contract in which the major power takes on the responsibility for a minor country's security by pledging to support it in the contingency of military conflict. In return, the major power gains autonomy or influence over the minor power's foreign policy decision-making process.
The rationale for the spokes to entering this system can be explained as minor powers may seeking alliances in order to increase security from military aggression. While major powers may be interested in alliances with minor powers, not to defend its own territory, but to extend their sphere of military and foreign influence, it is important to note that the nature of the relationship was a bit different with Japan from other East Asian countries. The US viewed Japan as a possible great power in East Asia. Thus, the US constructed the strongest defense treaty with Japan; the US wanted Japan to share the burden in peace keeping in Asia. However, the Yoshida Doctrine shows. However, over the years, East Asian nations began to recognize the value of multilateralism and began forming indigenous multilateral security mechanisms, which the U. S. is not a member of, such as the ARF, ASEAN, APEC. But, these are considered as venues for ‘talks’ about various security issues but having no concrete plans for execution.
One of the causes of this phenomena is due to the 1997 Asian financial crisis, where some regional states realized the importance of an ‘exit/entry option’ for regional economic stability aside from the U. S; this has been characterized as a challenge to the U. S.-led hub-and-spokes system, as the nations in the region increased their interactions with China, making the bilateral alliances as a hedging option
Testis-specific basic protein Y 2 known as basic charge, Y-linked 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BPY2 gene which resides on the Y chromosome. This gene is located in the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome, expressed in testis; the encoded protein interacts with ubiquitin protein ligase E3A and may be involved in male germ cell development and male infertility. Three nearly identical copies of this gene exist on chromosome Y; this record represents the copy outside of the palindromic region. Human BPY2 genome location and BPY2 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser; this article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain
Peacemakers is an American crime fiction television series about forensic science in the Old West. It was filmed in Vancouver in Canada; the series premiered July 2003, on the USA Network. The show was cancelled after one season of nine episodes. Peacemakers depicts law enforcement efforts in Silver City, during the waning years of the American Old West. Deputy United States Marshal Jared Stone and his colleague, private detective Larimer Finch, are the primary law officers. Katie Owen, the town's undertaker and mortician, assists them as a forensic pathologist. Silver City is a silver boom town embracing new technologies, including a telephone exchange with long distance service to Denver, electric lighting. Stone is a decorated soldier of the American Civil War, a former gunfighter, expert tactician and marksman, his jurisdiction covers a larger region centered on Silver City. Finch is an experienced criminologist and trained forensic scientist, a graduate of Yale University who completed post-graduate work at Cambridge University and interned with Scotland Yard.
He was an operative of the Pinkerton Detective Agency, speaks fluent Chinese, is skilled with hand-to-hand combat. Finch came to Silver City to investigate a murder committed in a private railway car at the Silver City rail depot. To avoid reassignment to a strike breaking detail, he resigned from the agency and remained in Silver City, where he uses his knowledge of fingerprinting, photography and scientific analysis to aid Marshal Stone in his investigations. Owen, a former medical student, was forced to take over the family mortuary business after the accidental deaths of her parents, her medical skills make her a valuable friend to Stone and Finch. Tom Berenger as Marshal Jared Stone Peter O'Meara as Detective Larimer Finch Amy Carlson as Katie Owen Colby Johannson as Chipper Dunn Bellamy Young as Twyla Gentry Bob Gunton as Mayor Smith Barbara Tyson as Luci Prescott Jim Shield as Jake Freeman Anthony Ulc as Vic Simmons Matthew Bennett as Steward Harrison Greg Cipes as Will Johnston James Remar as Cole Hawkins Duncan Fraser as CW Wentworth Gabrielle Rose as Kathryn Wentworth Jonathan Scarfe as Dean Wilder Neil Maffin as Christopher Hamilton Anthony Harrison as Officer Hardy Marcus Hondro as Babbles Dahlia Salem as Sabrina Hamilton Damon Johnson as Pete Steven Rudy as Telegraph Operator Colton Schock as Frank Greg Anderson as Mr. Chastain Julie Benz as Miranda Blanchard Nominated for a 2004 Canadian Society of Cinematographers Award for "Best Cinematography in TV Drama".