CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa
WJRT-TV is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Flint, United States and serving the Flint/Tri-Cities television market. Its studios are located on Lapeer Road in Flint, with offices and a second newsroom for the Tri-Cities located in Saginaw. Owned by Gray Television, WJRT-TV broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and VHF channel 12 from a transmitter located on Burt Road in Albee Township, Michigan. On cable, the station is carried on Comcast Xfinity channel 7 and on Charter Spectrum channel 11. WJRT-TV is the only station in the Flint/Tri-Cities market, headquartered in the city of Flint, in turn, tends to focus its local news stories on Flint and Genesee County, with a secondary emphasis on the Tri-Cities. WJRT-TV was founded in 1958 by the owner of WJR in Detroit at the time; that company won out over two other companies seeking to operate channel 12, the Trebit Corp. and W. S. Butterfield Theatres, Inc. Channel 12 wanted to place its transmitter in Independence Township, Michigan.
When it was learned that Independence Township was located in Oakland County, part of the Detroit television market, Goodwill settled on placing the tower in St. Charles Township in southwestern Saginaw County. WJRT-TV went on the air on October 1958, at 5 p.m. as an ABC network affiliate. As part of the winning bid for the license, the station had to produce original local programming several hours a day for 10 years. At the time the station had to fill 55 hours of programming outside of the network shows; this led to original shows like Mr. Folkswingers. Goodwill Stations took over the former WTAC-TV studios and offices after that station folded in 1954. Goodwill Stations merged with Capital Cities Broadcasting in 1964, but WJRT-TV was spun off to Poole Broadcasting because the merged company was one VHF station over the Federal Communications Commission ownership limit of the time; the station was the first Michigan television station outside of Detroit to go all-color in 1967 on Labor Day which saw the launch of its Bozo show.
With the original license agreement for local shows expired in 1968, all but Bozo were replaced by 1972 with syndicated programs. In 1978, WJRT along with the rest of Poole Broadcasting were sold to Knight Ridder. In October 1988, the company placed its eight broadcast television stations up for sale to reduce debt and to pay a major purchase; as a result, the station was sold to SJL Broadcast Management in 1989. During the 1970s, WJRT-TV became Mid-Michigan's highest-rated television station, helped by ABC's ratings improvements during the decade. During the late 1980s and into the 1990s, WJRT-TV was second to WNEM-TV. In 1994, New World Communications signed an affiliation deal with Fox Broadcasting Company, resulting in most of New World's stations switching affiliation to Fox. Among the stations due to switch was WJBK-TV in Detroit, a longtime CBS affiliate. To avoid being consigned to UHF in what was the ninth-largest market, CBS wooed Detroit's longtime ABC affiliate, WXYZ-TV. WXYZ's owner, E.
W. Scripps Company told ABC that unless it agreed to affiliate with Scripps-owned stations in four smaller markets, it would switch WXYZ to CBS; as a contingency, ABC Owned Television Stations approached SJL about buying WJRT and sister station WTVG in 1995. WJRT provides city-grade coverage to parts of Macomb counties. Soon after ABC purchased WJRT, the station returned to the top of the Mid-Michigan ratings for prime time, where it remains today; because Capital Cities spun the station off decades earlier, WJRT-TV was the only ABC station not part of the Capital Cities/ABC merger in 1986. Longtime ABC affiliates KTRK-TV in Houston and WPVI-TV in Philadelphia were part of the merger; when ABC acquired WJRT in 1995, it was reunited with its namesake radio station, WJR. WJR's owner, Capital Cities, had merged with ABC in 1986, and in 2002, WFDF, which unsuccessfully sought a channel 12 license in the 1950s, would become a sister to WJRT-TV when ABC bought the station. However, this reunion was broken up, as ABC sold WJR, along with other ABC Radio properties, to Citadel Broadcasting in January 2006.
ABC12, the first in Mid-Michigan, started their digital broadcast on May 1, 2002, on channel 36. In June 2008, the station received. In 2004 along with all the other ABC owned stations, WJRT launched ABC News Now on its digital subchannel, while in 2005 all ABC stations launched AccuWeather Channel on their third subchannel. WJRT-TV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over VHF channel 12, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate; the station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 36 to VHF channel 12. After the return to VHF, viewers who had installed UHF receiving antennas during the transition period had the signal compromised. So on October 14, 2009, WJRT filed an application to the Federal Communications Commission to increase the power level from 18.2 kW to 30 kW. The increase was approved in May 2011. ABC Owned Television Stations, including WJRT, launched on April 27, 2009 the Live Well Network in high definition on the stations' sub-channels alongside the AccuWeather Channel.
On November 3, 2010, Broadcasting & Cable magazine announced that SJL Broadcasting, now owned
KGWN-TV is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Cheyenne, United States. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 30 from a transmitter in unincorporated Laramie County between I-80/U. S. 30 and WYO 225. Owned by Gray Television, KGWN has studios on East Lincolnway/East 14th Street/I-80 Business/U. S. 30 in Cheyenne. The station operates a digital fill-in translator, K19FX-D, in Laramie from a transmitter in unincorporated Albany County near the Medicine Bow – Routt National Forest's northwestern boundary. KGWN operates an NBC affiliate on its second digital subchannel. Most programming, including news, on this subchannel came from sister station KCWY-DT of Casper, the NBC affiliate for most of Wyoming. However, it branded as "NBC Cheyenne", aired separate legal identifications and local commercial inserts; as of October 2017, channel 5.2 is a simulcast of KNEP in Scottsbluff, itself a semi-satellite of KNOP-TV from North Platte. KGWN operates the area's CW affiliate on a third digital subchannel, which carries the branding "Cheyenne CW".
The channel is carried in Wyoming on Charter Spectrum channel 2 and in Nebraska on Spectrum channel 18. KSTF in Scottsbluff operates as a semi-satellite of KGWN; this station broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 29 from a transmitter along N-71 at the Scotts Bluff–Sioux county line. It can be seen locally in Nebraska on Spectrum channel 6; the station is a full-time simulcast of KGWN except for preempting Dr. Phil on weeknights in favor of Recipe.tv and Justice for All with Judge Cristina Perez. KSTF airs separate legal IDs and commercials during all programming. Although KSTF's master control and most internal operations are based out of KGWN's Cheyenne facility, the station maintains an advertising sales office on North 10th Street/N-71 Business in Gering, Nebraska. There is no separate web address for KSTF, but Nebraska-specific headlines are provided through KGWN's website; the station signed on the air on March 22, 1954 as KFBC-TV airing an analog signal on VHF channel 5.
It was owned by the McCraken family along with the Wyoming State Leader-Tribune and Wyoming Eagle and KFBC radio. It is Wyoming's oldest television station. For over 30 years, it was the only commercial station in eastern Wyoming; as such, it carried programming from all four major networks of the time. However, it was a primary ABC affiliate; that may have seemed unusual. In most other small markets, ABC was relegated to secondary status due to being the smallest and weakest network. However, KFBC radio had been an ABC Radio affiliate for many years. Additionally, there had been some speculation Cheyenne would be collapsed into the Denver market since the area is only a few miles from the Colorado border. In 1972, the McCrackens were forced to break up their media empire due to an FCC rule that barred one person from owning the sole newspaper, radio station and television station in a city, they sold their television stations to Wyneco Communications, owned by Toledo-based attorney Edward Lamb, which changed the call letters of the flagship station to KYCU-TV.
On July 11, 1976, it dropped all NBC programming. KEVN-TV signed on in Rapid City that day as a full-time ABC affiliate, KYCU/KSTF felt obliged to fill the ABC void in Scottsbluff, as KOTA-TV in Rapid City and its Scottsbluff satellite, KDUH-TV, were primary NBC affiliates with a secondary CBS affiliation. However, Cheyenne viewers were still able to view the full schedules of all the three major networks because, for many years, cable systems supplemented the area with Denver stations. Wyneco sold the station to Burke Broadcasting in 1983; when KOTA/KDUH switched to ABC in June 1984, KYCU/KSTF switched to NBC secondary. Burke Broadcasting sold KYCU to Stauffer Communications in 1986, who changed its call sign to the current KGWN-TV on New Year's Day 1987; the station began phasing out NBC programming in the early-1980s, dropping the network in 1987 when KKTU signed-on as a satellite of KTWO-TV in Casper. ABC programming disappeared from the schedule by 1988; when Stauffer merged with Morris Communications in 1996, KGWN and most of the rest of Stauffer's television holdings went to Benedek Broadcasting.
That company went bankrupt in 2001 and KGWN was sold to Chelsey Broadcasting. In 2003, the station was acquired by SagamoreHill Broadcasting. After having been dropped from the cable system in Northern Colorado around 1995, KGWN took action to entice cable systems to carry the station in 2005; the station had talk to Comcast about getting on its Northern Colorado system in early 2005 to no avail. KGWN was talking in August to Colorado Eagles hockey team owner about broadcasting their games. By October, the station had opened a bureau in Fort Collins with two sale representatives and a reporter. US Cable agreed to carry the station beginning on November 1; the Eagles team and the station agreed to its first carriage deal for a single playoff game with the Oklahoma City Blazers on April 2, 2006, broadcast via Channel 5's Cheyenne transmitter. By June 2006, a Northern Colorado newscast is airing on channel 5. In early March 2007, the station filed a case with the FCC to have the local market changed to included Larimer and We
KWTX-TV is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Waco, United States and serving Central Texas, including Waco and Killeen. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and VHF channel 10 from a transmitter located outside Moody, Texas. Owned by Gray Television, KWTX is part of a duopoly with Belton-licensed CW affiliate KNCT. On cable, KWTX can be seen on Charter Spectrum and Grande Communications channel 2. There is a high definition feed offered on Spectrum digital channel 1209 and Grande channel 802. KWTX offers Telemundo programming on its second digital subchannel; this subchannel started January 23, 2006 as an UPN affiliate and changed its branding to "The CW12 Central Texas" on September 15, 2006. The subchannel switched to Telemundo on January 2, 2019, after Gray Television moved its CW affiliation to former PBS member station KNCT, which it had just acquired from Central Texas College. KWTX first signed on the air as an independent station on April 3, 1955, it was owned by Texoma Broadcasting, a holding company owned by businessman Milford N.
"Buddy" Bostick alongside KWTX radio. At the time, crosstown KANG-TV, channel 34, had the CBS and DuMont affiliations. KWTX picked up ABC in time for the fall 1955 TV season, DuMont's closure left KANG as a full-time CBS station. Long plagued by financial difficulties due to being the only UHF station in the market at a time when UHF tuners were rare, KANG, owned by Texas Broadcasting Company, shut down at the end of 1955. KWTX bought KANG's assets in exchange for a 29% share in the combined operation. KWTX picked up the CBS affiliation as a result of the merger with KANG, has been a primary CBS affiliate since, it shared a secondary ABC affiliation with KCEN-TV until 1983. KCEN briefly switched to being a full-time ABC affiliate. Texoma purchased KXII in Sherman, Texas in 1958. A year before, KBTX-TV in Bryan, Texas took to the air as semi-satellite of KWTX serving the Brazos Valley. Beginning December 6, 1955, KWTX televised the murder trial of Harry L. Washburn, marking the first live telecast of a courtroom trial in the United States.
The telecast earned near universal praise from the legal community. District Judge D. W. Bartlett praised the station's crew for its unobtrusiveness: "I have not noticed anything that would in any way interfere with the administration of justice. I don't think, it is quiet, it's outside the jury, there's been perfect decorum of all concerned, I don't think there would be any reflection on any court to have this television carried on as it has been carried on in this court." Just before the Mount Carmel raid on February 28, 1993, Davidians learned that they were facing not a service of warrants, but a shootout. KWTX-TV cameraman James Peeler asked directions of Davidian David Jones, driving his postal truck. David Koresh's attorney Dick DeGuerin told reporters that Peeler told Jones, "Well, you better get out of here because there's a United States National Guard helicopter over at TSTC and they're going to have a big shootout with the religious nuts." Peeler was distressed to see Jones drive to Mount Carmel Center and left the area to call his superiors.
According to the Treasury report, Jones told DeGuerin that "Peeler warned him not to go near the Compound as there were going to be 60 to 70 TABC guys in helicopters and a shoot-out would occur'." And Peeler himself confessed to the Treasury review team that he had told Jones there would be "some type of law enforcement action" and that "the action was to be a raid of some type and that there might be shooting."KWTX-TV cameraman Dan Mulloney testified that KWTX-TV's initial information came from law enforcement agents he refused to name—something the Treasury report failed to reveal—as well as from a private ambulance driver working with BATF. Therefore, BATF agents' expectations of a shootout were directly transmitted to the Davidians. Mulloney and reporter John McLemore, along with reporters from the Waco Tribune-Herald, were the only non-combatants at Mount Carmel that day. Mulloney shot the TV footage used around the world of agents from the Bureau of Alcohol and Firearms storming the Davidians’ home.
Mulloney and McLemore used their vehicle to transport injured ATF agents away from the shootout. McLemore received letter of commendation from the ATF Director for his bravery that day. However, KWTX reporters became easy targets for blame during the subsequent trials following the botched raid because Koresh learned about the approaching raid from Jones, the postal worker from which Peeler asked directions. McLemore and Mulloney were never charged with any crime. On April 15, 1999, Atlanta-based Gray Communications Systems announced that it would acquire KWTX-TV, KBTX-TV, KXII from Bostick's three holding companies—KWTX Broadcasting, Inc. Brazos Broadcasting, Inc. and KXII Broadcasters, Inc. respectively—for $139 million. The decision to sell the stations stemmed from recommendations by shareholders of the companies because of the costs that the Bostick companies would incur in launching and operating digital television signals for the three stations, with Gray CEO Hilton H. Howell, Jr. inquiring about purchasing the stations after Bostick was unsuccessful in reaching sale agreements with prospective buyers.
Through the transaction, finalized on O
KLTV, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Tyler, United States and serving Longview. The station is owned by Gray Television. KLTV's studios are located on West Ferguson Street in downtown Tyler, its transmitter is located in rural northern Smith County. KTRE in Lufkin operates as a semi-satellite of KLTV. Master control and some internal operations for KTRE are based at KLTV's studios; the station first signed on the air on October 14, 1954. KLTV has been an ABC affiliate since its debut, however it carried the network as a shared primary affiliation with CBS and NBC; the station operated from studio facilities on Texas Loop 323 on the east side of Tyler. In 1964, the Federal Communications Commission collapsed Lufkin and Nacogdoches into the Tyler market. Soon afterward, the Buford family bought KTRE and converted it into a semi-satellite of KLTV. KLTV lost the CBS affiliation in September 1984, it retained a secondary affiliation with NBC until KETK-TV signed on in March 1987, resulting in channel 7 becoming an exclusive ABC affiliate.
Buford Television owned KLTV and KTRE until 1989, when it sold the stations to Jackson, Mississippi-based Civic Communications. In 1996, KLTV relocated its operations from its longtime studios on Texas Loop 323 in eastern Tyler to a new facility downtown, located in a former savings & loan branch and office complex near the Smith County courthouse. Civic merged with Cosmos Broadcasting, a division of the Liberty Corporation in 2000; that same year, Liberty sold its insurance businesses to the Royal Bank of Canada, resulting in the retirement of the "Cosmos Broadcasting" banner. Liberty sold itself to Raycom Media in 2006. In October 2004, KLTV celebrated its 50th anniversary. At 7:30 a.m. on February 3, 2006, KLTV's 1,078-foot broadcast transmitter in Red Springs collapsed taking both its over-the-air analog and digital signals as well as radio station KVNE off the air. Cox Communications continued to carry KLTV's standard and high definition feeds via a fiber optic connection, however DirecTV and Dish Network customers were not able to receive the station.
KLTV re-established an analog signal at reduced power from its former studio and transmitter location in eastern Tyler within 13 hours of the collapse. No cause for the collapse has been disclosed to date. A new Harris transmitter – on a tower less than half the height of the one that collapsed – was installed the following day, allowing resumption of full-power broadcasts from the Tyler site, allowing over-the-air viewers to watch ABC's broadcast of Super Bowl XL over its analog signal. KLTV restored its analog over-the-air signal from its original tower while being restored on DirecTV, Dish Network and other area cable providers, its analog transmitter equipment was not damaged and was supplemented at the original tower site with a newer transmitter. However, its over-the-air high definition and digital television transmission equipment was a total loss. In March and April 2007, KLTV ran a "Flip the Switch" promotion to promote the completion of the new Red Springs tower. Viewers were urged to submit 30-second videos to show why they should be selected to turn on the tower, with the winner being selected by popular vote on the station's website.
On April 17, 2007 at 6:58 p.m. contest winner Jeff Heimer flipped the switch to turn on the new transmitter and tower. In January 2011, KLTV started "KLTV in Your Community," a section of its website serving as a branch for citizen journalism, or community blogging. Hudson Collins, an original KLTV employee, died in January 2016. Collins was KLTV's first chief engineer and was with the station for more than 3 decades. Not only was Collins a singular factor in getting KLTV going, but was dedicated to keeping it going through changes and advances in broadcasting technology. Collins was considered a "true pioneer", had a way of making complicated things easy to understand. In the mid-1980s, Hudson Collins decided to retire from KLTV. At the time of his death, Collins was 94 years old. Bob Buford, who would come to run Buford Television and KLTV after his mother's death in 1971, himself passed away in April 2018, he was CEO of the station's ownership company and headed it until 1999, when it was decided that Buford would sell its TV and other media assets.
Bob Buford went on to make his mark in business leadership, faith-oriented opportunities, was a popular author. He was 78 at the time of his death. On June 25, 2018, Gray Television announced that it was merging under the Gray name; when it was approved by the FCC and the Justice Department, it made KLTV a sister station to adjacent market stati
Courtney Hansen is an American television host/personality, syndicated columnist, published author, former fashion model. Courtney Hansen was born on October 2, 1974 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Gerald John "Jerry" and Constance Hansen, her father is a winner of 27 SCCA national racing championships. From 1973-2006 her family owned Brainerd International Raceway and she grew up in Orono and spent lots of time around the pits and garages at racing tracks; as a result, she is an automobile enthusiast, much of her work to date has revolved around automobiles. After graduating with a degree in marketing from Florida State University, she undertook a corporate job in marketing. After leaving the corporate world, Hansen hosted the Jack Nicklaus pilot Killer Golf and segments on the Travel Channel, worked as a fashion and fitness model, was on the cover of Hot Rod Magazine, Muscle & Fitness and other major magazines. Hansen's first major TV role was co-host of the hit car makeover series Overhaulin'.
She went on to host Spike TV's Powerblock, composed of four half-hour automotive shows, for eight seasons. She hosted a special for Spike TV called Great Builds. was host of the travel adventure series "Destination Wild" for Fox Sports Net, which won a Telly Award. In the past she hosted for TLC's automotive-themed shows Rides, Million Dollar Motors. Hansen has been a spokes-model for Matco Tools and Rolls-Royce, her participation in Overhaulin' was far from superficial. Additionally, Hansen wrote a column for FHM, has written a nationally syndicated automotive newspaper column titled "Courtney Hansen: Full Throttle" since 2005, she is the published author of The Garage Girl's Guide To Everything You Need To Know About Your Car, a book offering women and first time car buyers advice on how to care for their cars. Hansen hosted Autoweek’s Vinsetta Garage for Discovery Channel’s Velocity network; the show was named after Vinsetta Garage, a century-old Detroit landmark that Autoweek Magazine saved from demolition.
The garage serviced everything from carriages to Ford Model Ts to Chevrolet Corvettes. In January 2014 Hansen started duties as host of the new NBC Sports, Spike TV and CBS Sports TV series PowerNation, is the spokesperson for Endurance Warranty Services, LLC Endurance Warranty. On July 5 of 2014 she had her first child, Holland Marysia Walker Hartington, a daughter with 35-year-old entrepreneur, Jay Hartington. Hansen dated "Idiotest" host Ben Gleib in 2006/2007. Courtney announced she is leaving Powernation at the end of 2015 to pursue other endeavors
KSWO-TV, virtual channel 7, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Lawton, United States and serving the western Texoma area encompassing Southwestern Oklahoma and Western North Texas. The station is owned by Gray Television, which operates Wichita Falls, Texas-licensed CBS affiliate KAUZ-TV through a shared services agreement with owner American Spirit Media. KSWO's studios are located on 60th Street in southeastern Lawton, its transmitter is located near East 1940 and North 2390 Roads in rural southwestern Tillman County, Oklahoma. On cable, KSWO is carried on Charter Spectrum channel 8 and digital channel 1200 in Wichita Falls, on Fidelity Communications channel 7 and digital channel 407 in Lawton. On May 22, 1952, Oklahoma Quality Broadcasting Co. – a locally based company founded by M&D Finance Co. owner Ransom H. Drewry, who co-founded the licensee with a group of shareholders that included J. R. Montgomery, T. R. Warkentin, Robert P. Scott and G. G. Downing – submitted an application to the Federal Communications Commission for a construction permit to build and license to operate a broadcast television station in the Wichita Falls–Lawton market that would transmit on VHF channel 7.
When the FCC awarded the license and permit for channel 7 to the Drewry-led group in December 1952, the group requested and received approval to assign KSWO-TV as the call letters for his television station. KSWO-TV first signed on the air on March 8, 1953. Channel 7 has been an ABC television affiliate since its debut, inheriting those rights through KSWO radio's longtime relationship with the progenitor ABC Radio Network; the station maintained transmitter facilities located at its studios, located east of Lawton. The transmitter was a low-power unit that propagated a signal that reached over a limited 55-mile radius spanning to Altus to the west, Wichita Falls to the south, Anadarko to the north, Ringling to the east. By the late 1950s, other nearby ABC affiliates began encroaching the northern and eastern fringes on KSWO's viewing area. KSWO disaffiliated from DuMont upon its shut down in 1956, amid various issues that arose from its relations with Paramount Pictures that hamstrung it from expansion.
On December 21, 1957, a fire caused extensive damage to the 60th Street studio facility. In August 1959, the FCC gave permission for Drewry to construct a 1,059-foot-tall tower near Grandfield, which would operate at 316,000 watts of power, thereby providing a more powerful signal that could extend KSWO-TV's reach to many portions of far southwestern Oklahoma and northwestern Texas where reception of the station had been marginal at best. Wichitex Radio and Television, Sydney Grayson—the respective owners of NBC affiliate KFDX-TV and CBS affiliate KSYD-TV in Wichita Falls—opposed the application, resulting in Drewry having to convince the FCC that the construction permit needed to approved; the new site was located about halfway between Wichita Lawton. The transmitter facility was activated on February 28, 1960, which extended channel 7's signal to encompass a much larger area of northwestern Texas and southwestern Oklahoma—bringing stronger reception of ABC network programming to additional areas of the two states for the first time.
Many years when Thornberry Television signed on KJTL as an inde