Rural Municipality of Victoria Beach
Victoria Beach is a rural municipality located on the southeastern shores of Lake Winnipeg. It is 100 kilometres north of Winnipeg, the provincial capital of Manitoba, Canada, its land area is 20.279 km ². It is less than half the size of the next-smallest Rural Municipality of East St. Paul, it lies on a small peninsula that extends into Lake Winnipeg, is completely surrounded by the lake, but does share a small southern land border with the Rural Municipality of Alexander. Elk Island Provincial Park lies on an island in the north end of the municipality; the Rural Municipality of Victoria Beach is a so-called "resort municipality". Some of the finest beaches in Manitoba are located within the boundaries of the municipality; as of spring 2011, Victoria Beach has a permanent population of 450 residents, but during the summer vacation season the population swells to about 16,000 people. Unlike other resort areas, the municipality has picnic areas or tourist attractions; the community is operated by The Rural Municipality of Victoria Beach for the purpose of providing permanent residents and cottagers with a relaxed, enjoyable atmosphere, without excessive public traffic and commercialization.
Victoria Beach with its restricted area is one of the more exclusive places to own a cottage, with its own sailing club, marina with dock, baseball field, tennis courts and golf course. With several small beaches the cottages vary from large and modern to small historic cabins. Victoria Beach used to be an island in the estuary of the Winnipeg River, until it was connected to the mainland by the railroad dam; the restricted area and its gravel laneways are dominated by pedestrians and cyclists during the summer months. From the week before Canada Day until Labour Day, most motor vehicles are banned and must be parked within the Victoria Beach Parking Lot, a private enterprise located at the main entrance to the community. Exceptions for motor vehicle access are afforded to delivery vehicles, contractors performing work, VBPL taxi service vehicles or other vehicles with compelling reasons for entry; these exceptions require drivers to adhere to strict speed limits while yielding to pedestrians and cyclists to maintain a safe and peaceful resort environment.
Victoria Beach hosts one of Manitoba's largest catamaran sailing fleets, as well as other dinghies and a small number of keelboats. Located on the east side of Lake Winnipeg near the town of Victoria Beach, the Yacht Club offers both recreation and racing fun; the first white people, the Voyageurs, to travel Lake Winnipeg knew what is now the peninsula of Victoria Beach as L'Île-à-la-Biche. What is now the remains of the old railway dam were portaged as a shortcut from the Winnipeg River Estuary to Lake Winnipeg. In April 1910 the Victoria Beach Investment Company was founded by C. W. N. Kennedy, having a President and 4 Directors; the aim of the Company was to " lay out, improve and dispose of its lands to be used as a summer resort." Any person desirous of running a business had to get the approval of the VB Company. In 1913, the assets of the Victoria Beach Investment Company were sold to the Victoria Beach Company; the new owners upheld the original goals, continued to acquire land in the area.
By 1915, the company had gained control of the land. In the following years, the company sold numerous lots, many campers had begun to construct cottages. On August 6, 1919, after negotiations with the province, the Municipality of Victoria Beach was incorporated; because Victoria Beach was an island with only a narrow spit joining it to the mainland, there was no road access but in 1916 the railway was to arrive at Victoria Beach making it easier to bring in supplies to build cottages. After the war it was a constant desire of cottagers to have a road built to join Albert Beach to the rest of Victoria Beach and 1952 saw the completion of this road. By 1962 most people were arriving by car to their cabins and the railway was no longer required. In 1921 the Victoria Beach Community Club was organized and in 1925 the Clubhouse was built which exists to this day; the Clubhouse was home to weekend dances and social events and is now the hub of summer activity for under 18'ers. Both amenities exist to this day with the tennis court now being close to the General Store.
Einfeld Bakery was started in the 1930s and is still a viable operation to this day and still being run by the original family. Einfeld's Bakery is so well known that the Coast Guard have been known to boat over from Gimli in inclement weather just for dream cookies. Today it is run by Nancy and Reg Johnson under the name of the Victoria Beach Herald, now published only in the summer months; because the area was a summer resort, those who lived here full-time had to be hardy outdoors people who relied on industries such as commercial fishing and the lumber industry in the off season. There were many mink ranches in Victoria Beach and Victoria Beach mink became unique and popular but with the advent of man-made materials which were lighter and the wearing of animal skins becoming distasteful, the last mink ranch pelted out in March 2003, marking the end of an era; the Community Club is now a skating rink, curling social hall. Other amenities of the area include a marina, swimming docks for swimming lessons, a sailing club, Moonlight Inn Restaurant, a library, children's playground and 12 of the best beaches in North America sporting fine and soft white sand.
Baseball was popular and Victoria Beach teams were hugely successful in tournaments throughout the summer. 1954 saw Manitoba Hydro service provided to t
Vita is an unincorporated community recognized as a local urban district in southeast Manitoba settled by Ukrainian immigrants in the late 1890s. It is 50 km by road from Steinbach in the Rural Municipality of Stuartburn; the community's name was Shevchenko. The name of the village and the post office was changed to Vita in 1910, because when the railroad came through, the rail-line laying foreman reserved his right to name stations along the line in Italian. Vita has a multi-cultural population with residents from a variety of ethnic backgrounds, the largest being Ukrainian and Mennonite. Vita is served by "Shevchenko School", built in 1970, it educates Kindergarten through Grade 12. From 1965 until 1991 the Ukrainian language was taught as an option at the elementary and secondary levels – parallel to the French language. Businesses and services in Vita include, but are not limited to: a restaurant, fuel station, credit union with drive-thru ATM, post office, two grocery stores, an arena-curling rink, a liquor store, a hotel-motel.
Vita is known for its large Canada Day celebration on July 1 of each year. The event includes a softball tournament, beer gardens, live entertainment; the night is capped off by a fireworks display. In the 1950s and 1960s, Vita was known for staging major, high-priced baseball tournaments hosted by the community's two teams; the Vita Cubs and Vita Mallards played distant teams like Angusville from the Saskatchewan–Northwest Border district. The 1955 Vita Cubs team was elected into the Manitoba Baseball Hall of Fame along with Steve Derewianchuk, catcher; the Vita Mallards played in Senior Baseball Championships and in the Winnipeg Senior Baseball League as the St. Boniface Mallards; the Vic Bozyk Memorial Trophy in the Manitoba Junior Baseball League is named in honour of Victor Bozyk, a dominant pitcher for the Cubs and a major contributor to junior baseball in Manitoba. 1955 tornadoVita was damaged by a tornado on Sunday, June 19, 1955 – the roof of the hospital was torn off. An excerpt from the "1956 Vitonian Yearbook": At Vita on that afternoon, a friendly ball game was in progress in the new ball park.
The sky that a few minutes before had a bright blue, dotted by fluffy clouds grew sullen. The dark clouds seemed to swoop to earth & blast the town. A tornado swept through the streets overturning buildings, crushing homes & ripping the roof off the hospital. Chimneys, telephone & hydro poles were broken & torn down unto the streets. Two minutes of terror. Miraculously no one was killed. A total of 40 persons were given first aid by Dr. Waldon in the wrecked hospital before it was closed. Vita's High School elevated to the status of Collegiate Institute, resembled a debris of giant toothpicks. All that remained of the two story 8 room school was one broken wall, ready to topple; the full force of the tornado struck Vita at 4:28 p.m. CST. 2012 wildfire and winter stormA second disaster struck in early October 2012 when a wildfire swept into Vita, burning four homes and a bridge on PR 201 west of the community – two vehicles attempted to drive over the collapsed structure with slight injuries to the two drivers.
The fire began threatening Vita late in the morning and by noon the community was put under warning and the entire community was evacuated. By early evening, the high winds that had put Vita at risk calmed down and the evacuation order was lifted. Greg Selinger, the Manitoba premier at the time, toured the district by helicopter the following day; the community and area saw relief from the fires in the form of an abnormally early winter storm that saw the region receive snowfall of about 25 cm. The heavy snow felled about 100 power lines causing massive and lengthy power outages which again prompted evacuations for the town, this time voluntarily, to the local community centre; the original name for the community – "Szewczenko" – was a Polish spelling of the surname of the Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko. When the railway arrived in the district in 1910, the company decided that "Szewczenko" was both unpronounceable in English and too long to be put on train schedules – thus, "Szewczenko" was changed to "Vita".
Two traditional Ukrainian churches serve Vita: Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church and St. Demetrius Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. There is a Ukrainian "National Home"/community hall. Ewanchuk, Michael. Vita: A Ukrainian Community. Books 1-3. Vita, Manitoba: Boundary School Division No. 16. Marunchak, M.. The Ukrainian Canadians: A History. Winnipeg, Manitoba & Ottawa
Piney is a community in southeastern Manitoba, Canada, in the Rural Municipality of Piney. It is 130 kilometers from Winnipeg and within five kilometres of the Canada–US border. In 2016 its population was 1726, it is served by the Piney Pinecreek Border Airport, unusual in that its runway lies across the international border
Pinawa is a small Canadian community of 1,331 residents located in southeastern Manitoba, 110 kilometres north-east of Winnipeg. The town is situated on the Canadian Shield within the western boundary of Whiteshell Provincial Park, which lies near the Manitoba-Ontario provincial boundary. Administratively, the town includes the surrounding area, is the Local Government District of Pinawa. Except for a small eastern border with the unincorporated portion of Division No. 19, it is surrounded by the Rural Municipalities of Lac du Bonnet and Whitemouth, but is independent of either one. The community lies on the north bank of the Winnipeg River in the southeastern part of the Local Government District; the community of Pinawa was established in 1901 to support the operation of an early hydroelectric generating station but was abandoned in 1951 when the site was shut down. Pinawa was re-established about 10 km from the original Hydro town in 1963 when Atomic Energy of Canada Limited built the Whiteshell Laboratories nuclear research facility in the area.
Pinawa was chosen as the site for the research station due to the seismic stability of the area. Pinawa was developed as a planned community which preserved many of the natural features of the site and designated all riverfront property as public reserve. Whiteshell Laboratories was somewhat similar to the Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories in Chalk River, Ontario. AECL began decommissioning the Whiteshell Laboratories in 1998; the economy of Pinawa is diversifying and now includes small recreation and resort businesses and a number of environmental science firms. Pinawa is located beside the Winnipeg River, which offers access to boating, kayaking and other water recreational activities. Other attractions include an 18-hole golf course, outdoor pool, tennis courts, a curling rink, a hockey arena and many kilometres of cross-country ski trails; the Trans-Canada Trail runs through the town of Pinawa along the Riverside. Pinawa hosts the Eastern Manitoba Concert Association or EMCA's concerts, held in the community centre's gymnasium in the secondary school building once a month between October and April.
Pinawa is home to an abundance of wildlife, including deer and other species. The people of Pinawa are familiar with white-tailed deer, although their views on them may differ. Five deer in the backyard is a common sight there, the town is known as the Deer Capital of Manitoba; the town of Pinawa has a full service hospital with 24 hour emergency service, doctors' offices, an ambulance station. There is a small shopping centre with a post office, credit union, grocery store, bakery and the offices; the town has a motel and a conference centre. Pinawa has two schools: F. W. Gilbert Elementary School for students in Kindergarten up to grade six, with about 85 students, Pinawa Secondary School for grades 7-12, with about 110 students; the schools of Pinawa comprise the School District of Whiteshell. Pinawa Secondary School is located near the elementary school, is well known in the Whiteshell area for its outstanding Pinawa Panther sports teams and a unique outdoor education program that takes full advantage of the surrounding wilderness.
Students are involved in basketball, volleyball and travel club as well as academic sports like Reach For The Top and community service activities such as the LIVE volunteer group. Pinawa was selected as host for one day of the Kraft Celebration Tour during the summer of 2010, which saw Dan O'Toole and Jay Onrait host TSN's SportsCentre in the town on August 23; the town received a cheque for $25,000 from Kraft Canada which went towards renovating their local rink, the Orville Acres Arena. Pinawa Map of Pinawa LGD at Statcan
Abitibi Consolidated Inc. was a Canadian pulp and paper company based in Montreal, Quebec. Abitibi-Consolidated was formed from the merger of Abitibi-Price Inc. and Stone Consolidated Corp. on May 29, 1997. A network of 19 paper mills, 20 sawmills, 4 remanufacturing facilities and 2 engineered wood facilities, located in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom, supplied publishers, building products distributors and housing manufacturers in over 70 countries, it had 12,500 employees. A global leader in newsprint, commercial printing papers and wood products, the Company saw combined revenues of $4.85 billion in 2006. Number one in Canada in terms of total certified woodlands, Abitibi-Consolidated was one of the largest recyclers of newspapers and magazines, serving 21 metropolitan areas in North America and the United Kingdom. In addition, the Company had significant hydroelectric generating assets in eastern Canada, which provided a cost advantage for the associated production facilities and was an extension into the energy sector.
Price Brothers & Company Limited was a lumber firm from Quebec founded in 1820 as William Price Company by William Price. Following the death of Price Sr sons William Evan Price and Evans John Price took over and the firm became Price Brothers and Company Limited. In 1910 the company became Price Brothers Limited as Sir William Price took control of the family firm, after he died in 1924 Sir William's sons John Herbert and Arthur Clifford Price assumed control. In the 1930s the family firm lost the firm was sold. Price Brothers and Company was renamed Price Limited in 1966 and was acquired by Abitibi Power and Paper Co. and became Abitibi-Price in 1974. When Abitibi-Price became Abitibi-Consolidated in 1997, the Price name disappeared. Abitibi Pulp and Paper Co. Ltd. was founded in 1912 at Iroquois Falls, Ontario on the Abitibi River by Frank Harris Anson. The following February, the company name was changed to Abitibi Power and Paper Co. Ltd. to reflect the power generation business it created through the need to build a dam to generate electricity for its mill.
The company expanded to other locations in Ontario where it built dams and operated hydro electric power stations. Wherever the company built a mill, a new town sprang up around it and it built radio stations such as CFCH in Iroquois Falls to serve these remote new communities; the company acquired other small lumber operations and grew to become a major force in the North American newsprint business but the Great Depression forced the company to file for bankruptcy protection on September 10, 1932. A Royal commission was held to enquire into the company's affairs, with its report issued in March 1941, it remained under the control of the Court-appointed Receiver until 1946, the longest such receivership in Canadian history. Emerging from bankruptcy, the company prospered in the post-World War II industrial boom and in 1965 changed its name to the Abitibi Paper Company Ltd. In 1974, Abitibi purchased a controlling interest in the Price Brothers & Company Limited which had extensive operations in the Province of Quebec and whose vast forestry business dated back to the William Price Company established in Quebec City in 1820.
The merger of Abitibi and the Price Brothers made it the world's biggest newsprint producer. In 1979, the corporate name was changed to Abitibi-Price Inc. and in 1981 it was taken over by Olympia and York Developments Ltd. In 1982, Abitibi-Price bought out the Hilroy companies, whose founder, Roy Hill, had been a member of the Abitibi board of directors and had died in 1978. With the purchase of Hilroy, Abitibi-Price became the premiere vertically-integrated supplier of office stationery in the Canadian market; the collapse of Olympia and York in 1992 resulted in the consortium of banks being forced to take control of Abitibi-Price Inc. for a short time until they sold it through a public share issue in 1994. The share issue entailed the divestment and sale of Hilroy to the Mead Corporation; the Bathurst Power and Paper Company Ltd. built a mill in Bathurst, New Brunswick in 1914. Majority control of the company was obtained in the late 1930s by Arthur J. Nesbitt and his partner Peter A. T. Thomson through their holding company, Power Corporation of Canada.
In the early 1960s, Power Corporation bought the Consolidated Paper Company. When Paul Desmarais acquired control of Power Corporation in 1968, the two companies were merged to become Consolidated-Bathurst Inc, which, in 1989, was sold to Stone Container Corporation of Chicago, Illinois who renamed it Stone Consolidated Inc. In 2000, Abitibi-Consolidated acquired a majority shareholding in Canadian integrated forest products company Donohue Inc. On January 29, 2007, Bowater and Abitibi-Consolidated announced they would be merging to create AbitibiBowater; the merger created the third largest pulp and paper company in North America, the eighth largest in the world. Following the merger, Abitibi-Consolidated was rated B1, B+ and B+ by Moody's, Standard & Poor's and Fitch Ratings respectively. Company web site Yahoo profile
Whitemouth is a community in the Rural Municipality of Whitemouth located in southeastern Manitoba, Canada. The community is named after the Whitemouth River, it was established in 1905 along the main Canadian Pacific Railway line. Its population stands at around 300 people
Canadian National Railway
Canadian National is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States. CN is Canada's largest railway, in terms of both revenue and the physical size of its rail network, is Canada's only transcontinental railway company, spanning Canada from the Atlantic coast in Nova Scotia to the Pacific coast in British Columbia across about 20,400 route miles of track. CN is a public company with 24,000 employees and as of September 2018 it had a market cap of $84 billion Canadian dollars. CN was government-owned, having been a Canadian Crown corporation from its founding to its privatization in 1995. In 2011, Bill Gates was the largest single shareholder of CN stock; the railway was referred to as the "Canadian National Railways" between 1918 and 1960, as "Canadian National"/"Canadien National" from 1960 to the present. The Canadian National Railways was incorporated on June 6, 1919, comprising several railways that had become bankrupt and fallen into federal government hands, along with some railways owned by the government.
On November 17, 1995, the federal government privatized CN. Over the next decade, the company expanded into the United States, purchasing Illinois Central Railroad and Wisconsin Central Transportation, among others. Now a freight railway, CN operated passenger services until 1978, when they were assumed by Via Rail; the only passenger services run by CN after 1978 were several mixed trains in Newfoundland, a several commuter trains both on CN's electrified routes and towards the South Shore in the Montreal area. The Newfoundland mixed trains lasted until 1988, while the Montreal commuter trains are now operated by Montreal's AMT. In response to public concerns fearing loss of key transportation links, the government of Canada assumed majority ownership of the near bankrupt Canadian Northern Railway on September 6, 1918, appointed a "Board of Management" to oversee the company. At the same time, CNoR was directed to assume management of Canadian Government Railways, a system comprising the Intercolonial Railway of Canada, National Transcontinental Railway, the Prince Edward Island Railway, among others.
On December 20, 1918, the federal government created the Canadian National Railways – a title only with no corporate powers – through a Canadian Privy Council Order in Council as a means to simplify the funding and operation of the various railway companies. The absorption of the Intercolonial Railway would see CNR adopt that system's slogan The People's Railway. Another Canadian railway, the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, encountered financial difficulty on March 7, 1919, when its parent company Grand Trunk Railway defaulted on repayment of construction loans to the federal government; the federal government's Department of Railways and Canals took over operation of the GTPR until July 12, 1920, when it too was placed under the CNR. The Canadian National Railway was organized on October 10, 1922; the bankrupt GTR itself was placed under the care of a federal government "Board of Management" on May 21, 1920, while GTR management and shareholders opposed to nationalization took legal action. After several years of arbitration, the GTR was absorbed into CNR on January 30, 1923.
In subsequent years, several smaller independent railways would be added to the CNR as they went bankrupt, or it became politically expedient to do so, however the system was more or less finalized following the addition of the GTR. Canadian National Railways was born out of both domestic urgency. Railways, until the rise of the personal automobile and creation of taxpayer-funded all-weather highways, were the only viable long-distance land transportation available in Canada for many years; as such, their operation consumed a great deal of political attention. Many countries regard railway networks as critical infrastructure and at the time of the creation of CNR during the continuing threat of the First World War, Canada was not the only country to engage in railway nationalization. In the early 20th century, many governments were taking a more interventionist role in the economy, foreshadowing the influence of economists like John Maynard Keynes; this political trend, combined with broader geo-political events, made nationalization an appealing choice for Canada.
The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 and allied involvement in the Russian Revolution seemed to validate the continuing process. The need for a viable rail system was paramount in a time of civil unrest and foreign military intervention. CN Telegraph originated as the Great North West Telegraph Company in 1880 to connect Ontario and Manitoba and became a subsidiary of Western Union in 1881. In 1915, facing bankruptcy, GNWTC was acquired by the Canadian Northern Railway's telegraph company; when Canadian Northern was nationalized in 1918 and amalgamated into Canadian National Railways in 1921, its telegraph arm was renamed the Canadian National Telegraph Company. CN Telegraphs began co-operating with its Canadian Pacific owned rival CPR Telegraphs in the 1930s, sharing telegraph networks and co-founding a teleprinter system in 1957. In 1967 the two services were amalgamated into a joint venture CNCP Telecommunications which evolved into a telecoms company. CN sold its stake of the company to CP in 1984.
In 1923 CNR's second president, Sir Henry Thornton who succeeded David Blyth Hanna, created the CNR Radio Department to provide passengers with entertainment radio reception and give the railway a competitive advantage over its rival, CP