Long Prairie River
The Long Prairie River is a tributary of the Crow Wing River, 96 miles long, in central Minnesota in the United States. Via the Crow Wing River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 892 square miles in a rural region. Prior to settlement by Europeans, the vicinity of the Long Prairie River was inhabited by the Dakota and Ojibwa. However, according to Schoolcraft, in 1832 the land about this river was uninhabited, being a boundary or war road between the Ojibwa and the Dakota. In the Chippewa treaties in 1847, the land on the west bank was ceded by the Pillager Chippewa as a homeland for the Menomini, the land on the east bank was ceded by the Lake Superior Chippewa and the Mississippi Chippewa as a homeland for the Winnebagos, in anticipation of Indian removal out of Wisconsin upon statehood; the Menomini refused removal and never came to Minnesota, so the land was subsequently ceded to the United States. Many of the Winnebagoes were removed, but due to ongoing skirmishes between the Pillager Chippewa and the Dakota Sioux, the Winnebagoes were in constant danger, so they requested relocation to southern Minnesota, near Mankato, in 1855 ceded the land to the United States.
Settlers had begun clearing its timber by the 1860s. The English name of the river, according to Gilfillan, is derived from the Ojibwa Gaa-zhaagawashkodeyaa-ziibi, transliterated "Long-narrow-Prairie River"; the Lonq Prairie River played a vital role in the early settlement pattern of Todd County. History describes the Long Prairie River valley as a hunting ground for the Dakota and Anishinaabe/Ojibwa, with the river itself providing a transportation link with the Crow Wing and Mississippi. Starting as early as the 1840s the river and its grass-filled valley were where the settlers first established themselves. By the mid-1860s several settlements from the present site of Long Prairie to Motley were prospering, using flatboats, for a short time a steamboat, for transportation and shipping. By 1877 the water level had fallen to a point that only small watercraft could navigate the river on a regular basis. In late 1877 H. D. Orendorf cut a road down the west side of the river from Turtle Creek to Motley.
For many years this was the only road down the river valley. Some of the villages that grew up along the 100-mile length of the Long Prairie have prospered, while some have disappeared completely. Hartford, on the banks of the river, opposite the mouth of Eagle Creek, was settled in 1865 by John Bassett, attracted to the area by the open grasslands north of the river; the railroad brought about the demise of Hartford when they built on the west side of the river, the community migrated to it and became what is now known as Browerville. Long Prairie was never a river town like Hartford. In the 1840s it was settled as the administrative headquarters for carrying out the agreement between the U. S. government and the Winnebago Indians. The settlement developed along Venewitz Creek and was said to be more populous than St. Paul at that time. In 1855 the Winnebago had been moved to a reservation in Blue Earth County in southern Minnesota, the lands were sold to investors from Ohio; the settlement was abandoned during the 1862 Dakota uprising.
The area was repopulated by settlers passing through the area who stayed, in many cases, because of the availability of the constructed buildings and homes. At the end of the Civil War the communities west of Long Prairie were settled by Southern soldiers who had fought for the Union Army that were not welcome in their home state of Kentucky. Once located at the present intersection of County Roads 38 and 11, Whiteville was settled by the three White sisters and their families. Clotho was settled where it is because, it seems, settlers couldn't go any further given that the forests and swamps to the west were impenetrable. At the time of Todd County's original European settlement, the forested areas of the Long Prairie River watershed were substantial; the Marshner Pre-European Settlement Vegetation Map shows that 65.5% of the area was covered by a variety of hardwoods and pines. The first commercial logging continued through the mid-1890s. Eagle, Fish Trap, Turtle creeks were all large enough, at that time, to power mills and float logs to the Long Prairie River where they joined other log rafts on their way to the Crow Wing and to the Mississippi.
As most of the trees were harvested, the sandy soils in these areas were left unprotected, increasing erosion, filling the streams with sediment. The result is the much smaller streams we have today; the 1990s Land Use map shows only 21% of the area forested, much restored due to reforestation plantings, over 60% of the area as cultivated, pasture or grassland. As the Long Prairie River watershed was settled and railroads took over the job of transportation and shipping. Landowners used the river as a source of water for themselves, their livestock, more for irrigation. Industry located along the riverbanks and used the river as a source of water and as a discharge point for the waste materials generated by their companies. Few cities and villages used the river for drinking water, because the shallow sand aquifer along the river provided easy access to well water. Wastewater, however and still is discharged to the river and to Eagle Creek, one of the larger tributaries. Early irrigation used surface water sources the Long Prairie River.
In the dry years of the late 1970s, many irrigation systems were shut down at critical times because of low surface water levels. This action prompted most irrigators to change over to wells. To this day, irrigation systems
Rivière des Prairies
The Rivière des Prairies is a delta channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada. The indigenous inhabitants of what's now known as the Island of Montreal called it Skowanoti, meaning "River behind the island". Flowing west to east, the Rivière des Prairies bisects the Hochelaga Archipelago and originates in the Lake of Two Mountains, it flows on either side of Île Bizard divides the Island of Montreal to the south from Île Jésus to the north, after which it flows into the St. Lawrence River at the eastern tip of the Island of Montreal; the river contains a large number of islands, including Île Bizard, the Îles Laval belonging to Laval, Île de la Visitation, a nature park belonging to Montreal. There are islands named Île Mercier, Île Ménard, Île Jasmin, Île Barwick, Île de Roxboro, Île aux Chats, Île Paton, Île Perry, Île Lapierre, Île Boutin, Île Rochon and Île Gagné; the Rivière des Prairies has many rapids. Rapids are shown in several places on the 1879 map of Henry Whitmersome Hopkins, on Gordon and Gotch's map of the Island of Montreal from 1924.
Named rapids of the river, starting from the west, are the "Rapides de Cap-Saint-Jacques", the Lalemant Rapids that are located between Île Bizard and Laval, the "Rapides du Cheval Blanc" that are located in between the borough of Pierrefonds-Roxboro and Sainte-Dorothée, the Laval rapids, the "Sault-au-Récollet Rapids" that are located north of Bordeaux Prison, ending with the "Rapides de la Rivière des Prairies". The riverfront in the West Island area was famous for its beaches along the river; some were named "Crystal", "Noel/Roy", "Riviera", Roxboro municipal beach The river receives massive discharges of untreated liquid waste from metropolitan Montreal and the newly developed suburbs by way of over 150 discharge outlets. Whenever there is significant rainfall on the island of Montreal, household sewage is mixed with the city street rainwater and discharged untreated into the river; this sewage turns the river into an open sewer. The sewage problem was reported in the year 1911. and a need to purify Montreal sewage in 1935.
The Montreal Board of Trade commissioned a report on the water pollution in the late 1950s, the report was given to Premier Barrette. Montreal has six drinking-water plants on the Island whose source of water is the Rivière des Prairies and Lac Saint Louis, but does not test for Enteric viruses that are found in human feces, it is claimed. Some people consider the river clean again, starting in the year 1998, when most of the sewage was treated before being discharged. However, parts of the river are never suitable for swimming; the location of R. D. P. 140, the Rive-Boisée area has been polluted since the year 1971 is still polluted from raw sewage more than forty years later. The Rive-Boisée problem had been noticed and was reported to be repaired in 2014; the reason for the sewage problem is that the storm sewer drain system and the sanitary sewer system were mistakenly connected in many places, it takes money to correct and repair. Reports from the R. S. M. A. Dated 2015 on the water quality of RDP-140 indicate.
From Bing maps, many of the sewage output locations can be seen on the river shoreline. The solution to the visible pollution that accumulates on the shoreline is to use a type of a screen at all the storm drains and outlets that expel the rainwater-garbage mixture into the river. Fecal-oral route Diseases. Hochelaga Archipelago List of bridges spanning the Rivière des Prairies List of crossings of the Rivière des Prairies List of hydroelectric stations List of Quebec rivers Saint Lawrence Seaway RSMA. Le Réseau de suivi du milieu aquatique; the river water tested weekly
Prairie River (Michigan)
The Prairie River is a small river that flows 54 miles through Branch and St. Joseph counties in Michigan; the river rises at 41°48′20″N 85°00′54″W in northern Kinderhook Township in Branch County, flows west-northwest into the St. Joseph River at 41°54′45″N 85°38′21″W just south of the city of Three Rivers, Michigan; the Prairie River drains all or portions of the following: Branch County, Michigan Bethel Township Bronson Township Gilead Township Kinderhook Township Noble Township Ovid Township St. Joseph County Burr Oak Township Colon Township Fawn River Township Lockport Township Nottawa Township Sherman Township Steuben County, Indiana Jamestown Township Millgrove Township Spring CreekNottawa Ditch Colon DitchWashburn Lake Beaver DrainBeaver Lake Lake Templene is formed by an impoundment on the river outflow from Bryant Lake outflow from Perrin Lake Prairie River Lake, a natural lake on the river outflow from Fish Lakeoutflow from Hawkins Lakeoutflow from Eight Foot Lakeoutflow from Grey Lakeoutflow from Omena Lake Stewart Lake DrainStewart Lake outflow from Lake Pleasantoutflow from Lake Michiana outflow from Dragon Lake