Sengkang is a planning area and residential town located in the North-East Region of Singapore. The town is the most populous in the region, being home to 232,100 residents in 2017. Sengkang shares boundaries with Seletar and Punggol in the north, Pasir Ris and Paya Lebar in the east and Serangoon to the south, as well as Yishun and Ang Mo Kio to the west. A fishing village, the area is undergoing rapid development under the ambition of the Housing and Development Board to transform it into a mature housing estate; the name Sengkang means "prosperous harbour" in Chinese. The name comes from a road called Lorong Sengkang, off Lorong Buangkok; the area was known as Kangkar or "foot of the port" as there was once a fishing port located along Sungei Serangoon. Sengkang originated from the area once called Kangkar, named after the port and fishing village along Sungei Serangoon. By the mid-20th century, the area was home to several rubber and pineapple plantations. At that time, the nearest public housing estate was the Punggol Rural Centre located along Punggol Road.
Sengkang was left alone until 1994, when an urban design team of ten from HDB began conceptualization for a new town in Sengkang. Sengkang was carved up into seven subzones that would house a total of 95,000 public and private housing units in the long term. Conjured by local newspapers, Sengkang's theme became'Town of the Seafarer', which reflects its history as a fishing village. Two sub-themes were assigned to the four neighbourhood areas of the new town: one reflected Sengkang's marine history, while the other related to the sprawling plantations that covered parts of the area; the neighborhoods were each given a colour scheme to go with their respective themes. The three-storey pilotis or stilt effect was utilized in the design of housing blocks, to resemble the stilts of fishing villages and trunks of the various plantations of bygone years; the town's first apartment blocks at Rivervale were completed in 1997. By August 2001, about 33,700 dwelling units were completed; as of 31 March 2017, there are 65,981 HDB dwelling units in Sengkang.
In October 1999, a steering committee chaired by Dr Michael Lim Member of Parliament for Cheng San Group Representation Constituency, was formed to look into providing sufficient amenities in Sengkang New Town. In view of feedback from residents, it completed its report on the need for facilities and services in the new town in July 2000, they coordinated with various organizations to open more void-deck precinct shops, a new shopping mall and childcare centres. Sengkang is a residential town situated to the north of Hougang New Town in the north-eastern part of Singapore, under the North-East Region as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority; the town is bordered to the north by the Tampines Expressway, to the east by Sungei Serangoon, Yio Chu Kang Road and Buangkok Drive to the south and the Central Expressway to the west. Sungei Punggol cuts through the new town, divides the town into Sengkang East and Sengkang West. Sengkang Town Centre is located in Compassvale. A new industrial area,'Sengkang West Industrial Area', is to be built to the west of Sengkang West Road in the near future.
The construction of Sengkang West Road, which begins where Yio Chu Kang Road and Jalan Kayu intersect, started in 2011 and the first section was opened to traffic on 13 October 2013. The remaining section of the road opened on 16 May 2015; the road passes through the extended roads of Fernvale Lane, Sengkang West Avenue, Sengkang West Way in front of the Fernvale neighbourhood, cuts through the TPE across the Seletar Aerospace Flyover and links to Seletar Aerospace Park. An extension of Sengkang West Way to Sengkang West Road opened on 14 May 2017. Sengkang New Town is divided into the following seven subzones. Rivervale Compassvale Anchorvale Fernvale Sengkang Town Centre Sengkang West Lorong Halus North As of 2017, Sengkang has a population of 232,100, most of whom are part of the working population; the most populous subzone is Rivervale with 61,400 residents followed by Sengkang Town Centre with 60,800 residents. Sengkang West, has just ten residents, while Lorong Halus North is unpopulated.
Packed into an area of 10.59 km2, of which just 3.97 km2 are designated as residential areas, Sengkang has a population density of 22,000 people per km2. Sengkang's two main rivers, Sungei Punggol and Sungei Serangoon, run through the town with a network of green connectors along their banks, they link housing precincts to neighbourhood parks such as Sengkang Riverside Park, as well as the Sengkang Swimming Complex, Sengkang Hockey Stadium and Anchorvale Community Centre. These park connectors are linked to the Coney Island Park in Punggol New Town and the existing Punggol Park in the south, to better serve the recreational needs of the residents of Sengkang. Sengkang Sculpture Park, located in Compassvale, is an elongated green space created below the LRT viaducts. Sengkang's major public transport amenities were built in tandem with the main public housing development; the main heavy rail tunnels through Sengkang and the elevated track infrastructure of the intra-town Sengkang LRT were developed as the existing public housing blocks were being built in the late 1990s.
The amenities were built in a contiguous building complex, which gives commuters direct access between Sengkang MRT/LRT Station, Sengkang Bus Interchange, Compass Heights condominium and Compass One shopping centre. City planners plan for public transport to become the preferr
Public housing in Singapore
Public housing in Singapore is managed by the Housing and Development Board under temporary leaseholds for 99 years only. The majority of the residential housing developments in Singapore are publicly governed and developed; as of 31 March 2015, 82% of the resident population live in such lease accommodation, a drop from the 87% peak in 1988–1990. These flats are located in housing estates, which are self-contained satellite towns with schools, clinics, hawker centres, sports and recreational facilities. There are a large variety of flat layouts which cater to various housing budgets. HDB flats were built to provide affordable housing for the poor and their purchase can be financially aided by the Central Provident Fund. Due to changing demands, HDB introduced the Design and Sell Scheme to produce up-market public housing developments. Since the founding of modern Singapore, housing in the fledgling colony has been concentrated in the city centre, where the early town plans has stipulated ethnic-based districts built on both sides of the Singapore River.
Housing in the city was in the form of shophouses where multiple families would live in confined spaces. Housing in the suburban areas were in the form of either traditional Malay villages or large estates and mansions owned by the Europeans or richer locals. By the 1920s, chronic housing conditions in downtown Singapore prompted the British colonial government to establish the Singapore Improvement Trust in 1927 to build affordable public housing for the common population of Singapore; the first forms of mass-built public housing thus appeared in Singapore. Still, the SIT managed to build only 23,000 housing units in its 32 years of existence, was unable to resolve the worsening housing shortage problem. Low construction rates and massive damage from World War II further exacerbated the housing shortage. In 1947, the British Housing Committee Report noted Singapore had "one of the world's worst slums –'a disgrace to a civilised community'" and the average person per building density was 18.2 by 1947 and high-rise buildings were uncommon.
In 1959, the problem of shortage still remained a serious problem. An HDB paper estimated that in 1966, 300,000 people lived in squatter settlements in the suburbs and 250,000 lived in squalid shophouses in the Central Area. In 1959, in its election campaign, the People's Action Party recognised that housing required urgent attention and pledged that it would provide low-cost housing for the poor if it was selected; when it won the elections and formed the newly elected government, it took immediate action to solve the housing shortage. The SIT was changed to the HDB. In February 1960, the Housing and Development Board was established to develop public housing and improve the quality of living environment for its residents. Led by Lim Kim San, its first priority during formation was to build as many low-cost housing units as possible, the Five-Year Building Programme was introduced; the housing, built was meant for rental by the low income group. In 1964, the Home Ownership Scheme was introduced to help citizens to buy instead of renting their flats.
Four years the government decided to allow people to use their Central Provident Fund savings as downpayment. However, these efforts were not successful enough in convincing the people living in the squatter settlements to move into these flats, it was after 25 May 1961, the day of the Bukit Ho Swee fire, that HDB's efficiency and earnestness won the people over. The HDB estimated that from 1959 to 1969, an average of 147,000 housing units—80,000 from the current deficit, 20,000 due to the redevelopment of the Central Area, 47,000 due to population increase—would need to be constructed. However, the private sector only had the ability to provide 2500 per year, at price levels out of reach of the low-income; the HDB set out to resolve the deficit. Between 1960 and 1965, the HDB built 54,430 housing units. Due to land constraints, high-rise and high-density flats were chosen. By 1965, HDB was able to overcome the worst of the housing shortage by providing low-cost housing to the lower-income group within the planned period of five years.
Several reasons contributed to the success of the HDB. Firstly, the HDB received strong support from the government, which allocated a large amount of funds to public housing; the HDB was equipped with legal powers such as the power to resettle squatters. The hard work and dedication of Lim Kim San, the first chairman of the HDB, other members of the board contributed to its success. Beside HDB, a small number of flats were built in 1964–1968 by Economic Development Board and its successor Jurong Town Corporation from 1968 to late 1970s, in Jurong and Sembawang industrial areas. From 1974 to 1982, the Housing and Urban Development Company built and marketed sandwich housing for middle-income people who did not qualify for HDB flats but could not afford a private property. HDB took over JTC and HUDC in 1982, becoming sole provider of public housing in Singapore, continued building HUDC flats up to 1986. In 1999, the HDB started building executive condominiums referred to as EC's; these are public housing units and estates aimed at Singaporeans who do not want a HDB flat but might find private property too expensive.
The idea to construct such housing was first mooted in 1995 by Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong who wanted to provide public housing, more up-market than the executive flats. The first public housing built were in SIT Estates located just outside the fringe of Central Singapore, such as Tiong Bahru in the Bukit Merah area. SIT
Singapore the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%; the country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the company's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan, it gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with other former British territories, but separated two years over ideological differences, becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce. Singapore is a global hub for education, finance, human capital, logistics, technology, tourism and transport; the city ranks in numerous international rankings, has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation, top International-meetings city, city with "best investment potential", world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, the second-busiest container port. The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, since 2013, it is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, one of 11 worldwide. Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN Human Development Index with the 3rd highest GDP per capita. It is placed in key social indicators: education, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing. Although income inequality is high, 90% of homes are owner-occupied. According to the Democracy Index, the country is described as a "flawed democracy"; the city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. There are four official languages: English, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, its cultural diversity is reflected in major festivals. Pew Research has found. Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, continues to shape national policies in education, politics, among others. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government; the People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959. As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
It is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations. The English name of Singapore is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, in turn derived from Sanskrit, hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols. However, it is unlikely that lions lived on the island. There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is established; the central island has been called Pulau Ujong as far back as the third century CE "island at the end" in Malay. Singapore is referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, the Little Red Dot for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot. Singapore is referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its neutrality on international and regional issues; the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name "Pulau Ujong", or "island at the end". The Nagarakretagama, a Javanese epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called Tumasik. In 1299, according to the Malay Annals, the Kingdom of Singapura was founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. Although the historicity
Rivervale is a neighbourhood of Sengkang New Town located between Sungei Serangoon and Compassvale. The block numbers of the public apartment blocks in Rivervale begin with the number'1'. Rivervale was the first neighbourhood of Sengkang New Town to be built, many of the existing housing estates in Rivervale were completed by the Housing and Development Board as early as 1997. North Spring Primary School Website Rivervale Primary School Website CHIJ Saint Joseph's Convent Website North Vista Secondary School Website St Anne's Church Chong Ghee Temple Chong Hua Tong Tou Teck Hwee Temple Rivervale PlazaRivervale Plaza was the first shopping complex to be built in Sengkang New Town; this shopping centre houses the Sengkang HDB Branch Office. The centre has a wet market, an NTUC Fairprice supermarket, two foodcourts, two fast food outlets, a music school and other retail shops that cater to the residents' daily shopping needs. Rivervale MallRivervale Mall is the first private mixed development in Sengkang New Town, with about 85,000 square feet of retail space.
The development has a modern architectural design. Retail units include McDonald's, NTUC Foodfare, KFC and EC House, it has been renovated. The Rivervale neighbourhood is linked to Sengkang Bus Interchange and Sengkang MRT/LRT station at the town centre via bus services originating from the Sengkang Bus Interchange and other parts of the island; the east loop of the Sengkang LRT line serves the area at the Rumbia and Kangkar stations