Tammy Wynette, was an American country music singer-songwriter and one of country music's best-known artists and biggest-selling female singers. Wynette was called the "First Lady of Country Music", her best-known song, "Stand by Your Man", is one of the best-selling hit singles by a woman in the history of country music. Many of her hits dealt with classic themes of loneliness and the difficulties of life and relationships. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Wynette charted 20 number-one songs. Along with Loretta Lynn and Dolly Parton, she is credited with having defined the role of women in country music during the 1970s. Wynette's marriage to country music singer George Jones in 1969, which ended in divorce in 1975, created a country music "couple", following the earlier success of Johnny Cash and June Carter Cash. Jones and Wynette recorded a sequence of albums and singles that hit the charts throughout the 1970s and early 1980s. Tammy Wynette was born Virginia Wynette Pugh near Tremont, the only child of Mildred Faye and William Hollice Pugh.
Wynette's father was a farmer and local musician who died of a brain tumor when Wynette was nine months old. Her mother worked in an office, as a substitute school teacher, on the family farm. After her husband's death, Mildred Pugh left her daughter in the care of her own parents, Thomas Chester Russell, his wife and moved to Memphis to work in a defense plant during World War II. In 1946, Mildred Pugh married a farmer. Wynette grew up in her maternal grandparents' home, which had running water, she was raised with an aunt, Carolyn Russell, only five years older, thus more of a sister than an aunt. As a girl, Wynette taught herself to play a variety of musical instruments, left by her deceased father. Wynette attended Tremont High School. A month before graduation, several months before her 18th birthday, she wed her first husband, Euple Byrd, he was a construction worker, but had trouble keeping a job, they moved several times. Wynette worked as a waitress, a receptionist, a barmaid, in a shoe factory.
In 1963, she attended beauty college in Tupelo, where she learned to be a hairdresser. She continued to renew her cosmetology license every year for the rest of her life – just in case she had to go back to a daily job, she left her first husband, before the birth of their third daughter. That baby developed spinal meningitis, Wynette tried to earn extra money by performing at night. Euple did not support her ambition to become a country singer, according to Wynette, as she drove away he told her, "Dream on, Baby". Years he appeared at one of her concerts as she was signing autographs and asked for one, she signed it "Dream on, baby." In 1965, Wynette sang on the Country Boy Eddie Show on WBRC-TV in Birmingham, meanwhile working as a hairdresser in Midfield and this led to performances with Porter Wagoner. In 1966, she moved with her three daughters from Birmingham to Nashville, where she attempted to get a recording contract. After being turned down by all of the other record companies, she auditioned for the producer Billy Sherrill.
Sherrill was reluctant to sign her, but decided to do so after finding himself in need of a singer for "Apartment No. 9". When Sherrill heard Wynette sing it, he was impressed and decided to sign her to Epic Records in 1966. Once she was signed to Epic, Sherrill suggested. According to her 1979 memoir, Stand by Your Man, during their meeting, Wynette was wearing her long, blonde hair in a ponytail, Sherrill noted that she reminded him of Debbie Reynolds in the film Tammy and the Bachelor, he suggested "Tammy" as a possible name, so she became Tammy Wynette. Her first single, "Apartment No. 9", was released in December 1966, just missed the top 40 on the Country charts, peaking at number 44. It was followed by "Your Good Girl's Gon na Go Bad"; the song launched a string of top-ten hits that ran through the end of the 1970s, interrupted only by three singles that didn't crack the Top Ten. After "Your Good Girl's Gonna Go Bad" was a success, "My Elusive Dreams", a duet with David Houston, became her first number one in the summer of 1967, followed by "I Don't Wanna Play House" that year.
"I Don't Wanna Play House" won Wynette a Grammy award in 1967 for Best Female Country Vocal Performance, one of two wins for Wynette in that category. During 1968 and 1969, Wynette had five number-one hits – "Take Me to Your World", "D-I-V-O-R-C-E", "Stand by Your Man", "Singing My Song", "The Ways to Love a Man". "Stand by Your Man" was written in the Epic studio in just 15 minutes by Billy Sherrill and Wynette, was released at a time when the women's-rights movement was beginning to stir in the U. S; the message in the song stated that a woman should stay with her man, despite his faults and shortcomings. It stirred up controversy and was criticized and it became a lightning rod for feminists; the song became successful, reaching the top spot on the Country charts, was a top-20 pop hit, peaking at number 19 on the Billboard pop charts in 1968, Wynette's only top-40 hit as a solo artist on the pop charts. In 1969, Wynette won the Grammy award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance for "Stand by Your Man", now, according to critics, considered a "classic" or Country music "standard".
Aretha Louise Franklin was an American singer, songwriter and civil rights activist. Franklin began her career as a child singing gospel at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit, where her father C. L. Franklin was minister. At the age of 18, she embarked on a secular career recording for Columbia Records. However, she achieved only modest success, she found acclaim and commercial success after signing with Atlantic Records in 1966. Hit songs such as "Respect", "Chain of Fools", "Think", " A Natural Woman", "I Never Loved a Man", "I Say a Little Prayer", propelled her past her musical peers. By the end of the 1960s, Aretha Franklin had come to be known as "The Queen of Soul", she continued to record acclaimed albums such as I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You, Lady Soul, Spirit in the Dark, Young and Black, Amazing Grace, Sparkle before experiencing problems with her record company. Franklin signed with Arista Records, she appeared in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers before releasing the successful albums Jump to It, Who's Zoomin' Who?, Aretha on the Arista label.
In 1998, Franklin returned to the top 40 with the Lauryn Hill-produced song "A Rose Is Still a Rose" issuing the album of the same name, which went gold. That same year, Franklin earned international acclaim for her performance of "Nessun dorma" at the Grammy Awards, filling in at the last minute for Luciano Pavarotti, who had canceled after the show had begun. In a noted performance, she paid tribute to 2015 honoree Carole King by singing " A Natural Woman" at the Kennedy Center Honors. Franklin recorded 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top-ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries, 20 number-one R&B singles, becoming the most charted female artist in history. Franklin's other well-known hits include "Rock Steady", "Call Me", "Ain't No Way", "Don't Play That Song", "Spanish Harlem", "Day Dreaming", "Until You Come Back to Me", "Something He Can Feel", "Jump to It", "Freeway of Love", "Who's Zoomin' Who", "I Knew You Were Waiting", she won 18 Grammy Awards, including the first eight awards given for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, she is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 75 million records worldwide.
Throughout her career, Franklin received numerous honors. She was awarded the National Medal of Arts, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1987, she became the first female performer to be inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame, she was inducted to the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005 and to the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2012. In 2010 Rolling Stone magazine ranked her number one on their list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" and number nine on their list of "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Aretha Louise Franklin was born on March 25, 1942, to Barbara and Clarence LaVaughn "C. L." Franklin. She was delivered at her family's home located at 406 Lucy Avenue, Tennessee, her father was a Baptist minister and circuit preacher from Shelby, while her mother was an accomplished piano player and vocalist. Both Mr. and Mrs. Franklin had children from prior relationships in addition to the four children they had together; when Aretha was two, the family relocated to New York. By the time Aretha turned five, C. L. Franklin had permanently relocated the family to Detroit, where he took over the pastorship of the New Bethel Baptist Church.
The Franklins had a troubled marriage due to Mr. Franklin's infidelities, they separated in 1948. At that time, Barbara Franklin returned to Buffalo with Vaughn. After the separation, Aretha recalled seeing her mother in Buffalo during the summer, Barbara Franklin visited her children in Detroit. Aretha's mother died of a heart attack on March 1952, before Aretha's tenth birthday. Several women, including Aretha's grandmother and Mahalia Jackson, took turns helping with the children at the Franklin home. During this time, Aretha learned, she attended public school in Detroit, going through her freshman year at Northern High School, but dropping out during her sophomore year. Aretha's father's driven sermons resulted in his being known as the man with the "million-dollar voice", he earned thousands of dollars for sermons in various churches across the country. His celebrity status led to his home being visited by various celebrities. Among the visitors were gospel musicians Clara Ward, James Cleveland, early Caravans members Albertina Walker and Inez Andrews.
Martin Luther King Jr. Jackie Wilson and Sam Cooke all became friends of C. L. Franklin, as well. Ward was romantically involved with Aretha's father from around 1949 to Ward's death in 1973, though Aretha "preferred to view them as friends". Ward served as a role model to the young Aretha. Just after her mother's death, Franklin began singing solos at New Bethel, debuting with the hymn "Jesus, Be a Fence Around Me"; when Franklin was 12, her father began managing her. He helped her sign her first recording deal with J. V. B. Records. Recording equipment was installed inside New Bethel Baptist Church and nine tracks were recorded. Franklin was featured on vocals and piano. In 1956, J. V. B. Released Franklin's first single, "Never Grow Old", backed with "You Grow Closer". "Precious Lord" backed with "Precious Lord (P
Edwin Reuben Hawkins was an American gospel musician, choir master and arranger. He was one of the originators of the urban contemporary gospel sound, he was best known for his arrangement of "Oh Happy Day", included on the "Songs of the Century" list. The Edwin Hawkins Singers made a second foray into the charts one year backing folk singer Melanie on "Lay Down". Hawkins was born in Oakland, California, on August 19, 1943. At the age of seven, he was the keyboardist to accompany the family's gospel group. Together with Betty Watson in May 1967, he was co-founder of the Northern California State Youth Choir of the Church of God in Christ, which included fifty members; this ensemble recorded its first album, Let Us Go into the House of the Lord, at the Ephesian Church of God in Christ in Berkeley, California. The choir used this LP as a fundraiser to go to the 1968 Youth Congress for the COGIC in Washington, D. C. to represent the Northern California area. The choir did come in second place at the competition, but, one of many surprises coming their way.
Upon their return from that trip, the LP found its way into the hands of a KSAN Underground Rock DJ in San Francisco who happened to pick "Oh Happy Day" to play on his station. The soloists on the album were Elaine Kelly, Margarette Branch, Dorothy Combs Morrison, Tramaine Davis, Reuben Franklin, Donald Cashmere, Betty Watson, Ruth Lyons. Once "Oh Happy Day" started being played in other parts of the country and the group was made aware of its rising success on the radio, they began to get in contact with the right people in the industry who helped them get a major record deal; the group signed on with the newly created Pavilion label, released a second LP, called He's A Friend Of Mine, in 1969, but it was "Oh Happy Day" that rocketed to sales of more than a million copies within two months. It crossed over to the pop charts, making U. S. No. 4, UK No. 2, Canada No. 2, No. 2 on the Irish Singles Chart, No. 1 on the French Singles Charts and the German Singles Charts in 1969. It became an international success, selling more than 7 million copies worldwide, Hawkins was awarded his first Grammy for it.
His arrangement of the song was covered by The Four Seasons on their 1970 album Half & Half. The choir's second LP Top 10 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 charts was the 1970 Melanie single "Lay Down," on which the label listed the performers as "Melanie with The Edwin Hawkins Singers"; the song peaked at No. 6 in the U. S. and Top 10 in several other countries. In 1990, credited as a solo performer, had a number 89 hit on the R&B chart with "If At First You Don't Succeed". In the 1992 movie Leap of Faith, Hawkins is the choir master for the gospel songs. Hawkins died of pancreatic cancer on January 15, 2018 in his home, in Pleasanton, California, at the age of 74, his survivors were his sisters, Carol and Lynette, one brother, nieces, godsons, Cameron Hasel and DeShad Ali Khan, honorary sons, DeShawn Little and Stabe Wilson and the Kings, Pittman, Love Center Church and Music & Arts families. 1968: Let Us Go into the House of the Lord 1969: He's A Friend Of Mine 1969: Oh Happy Day 1969: Jesus, Lover of My Soul 1969: Hebrew Boys 1969: Lord Don't Move That Mountain 1969: Ain't It Like Him 1970: Live at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam 1970: Candles in the Rain with Melanie Safka 1970: Pray For Peace 1970: More Happy Days 1971: Try the Real Thing 1969: Peace Is Blowin' In The Wind 1971: Children Get Together 1972: I'd Like To Teach the World To Sing 1973: New World 1976: Wonderful 1977: The Comforter 1977: Edwin Hawkins Presents the Matthews Sisters 1979: Edwin Hawkins Live at the Symphony 1981: Edwin Hawkins Live With The Oakland Symphony Orchestra 1982: Imagine Heaven 1982: Edwin Hawkins Live With The Oakland Symphony Orchestra & The Love Center Choir Volume II 1983: Edwin Hawkins presents The Music and Arts Seminar Mass Choir 1984: Angels Will Be Singing with the Music and Arts Seminar Mass Choir 1985: Have Mercy with the Music and Arts Seminar Mass Choir 1987: Give Us Peace with the Music and Arts Seminar Mass Choir 1988: People In Need with Tramaine Hawkins and the Edwin Hawkins Singers to benefit Homeless USA 1988: That Name with the Music and Arts Seminar Mass Choir 1990: Face to Face 1994: Kings and Kingdoms with the Music and Arts Seminar Mass Choir 1995: Anything is Possible 1998: Love Is the Only Way 1989: 18 Great Songs 1998: The Very Best Of Altogether Hawkins has won four Grammy Awards: 1970: Best Soul Gospel Performance – "Oh Happy Day", performed by the Edwin Hawkins Singers 1971: Best Soul Gospel Performance – "Every Man Wants to Be Free", performed by the Edwin Hawkins Singers 1977: Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary – "Wonderful!"
1993: Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album – choir director on Edwin Hawkins Music & Arts Seminar Mass Choir – Recorded Live in Los Angeles, performed by the Music & Arts Seminar Mass ChoirIn 2007, Hawkins was inducted into the Christian Music Hall of Fame. Edwin Hawkins at Facebook.com Biography at gospel.it Edwin Hawkins at AllMusic Edwin Hawkins discography at Discogs Edwin Hawkins at AllMusic entry for the Edwin Hawkins Singers Edwin Hawkins discography at Discogs entry for the Edwin Hawkins Singers
Precious Memories (Dolly Parton album)
Precious Memories is the thirty-seventh solo studio album by Dolly Parton. It was released on April 1999, by Blue Eye Records; the album is sold at Dollywood and was released at the grand opening of the park's fourteenth season with all proceeds going to the Dollywood Foundation. Parton performed many songs from the album on a TNN special, Dolly Parton's Precious Memories, that aired on April 1, 1999, as a part of TNN's 20th Century Hitmakers Week; the special included performances by Alison Krauss and Union Station and the Cox Family. Parton's siblings Randy Parton and Rachel Dennison appeared on the show. Parton spoke in an interview about how close her roots in religion and music are, saying: Adapted from the album liner notes. Mark Brooks - bass Danny Brown - engineer Sam Bush - mandolin, fiddle Gary Davis - acoustic guitar, electric guitar Rachel Dennison - backing vocals Bob Grundner - drums Steven Hill - backing vocals The Kinfolks - backing vocals The Kingdom Heirs - backing vocals Johnny Lauffer - piano, organ Gary Mackey - fiddle, mandolin Liana Manis - backing vocals Dave Matthews - recording, mixing Richie Owens - producer Jim Pace - additional recording overdubs Dolly Parton - lead vocals, song arrangements Randy Parton - backing vocals Wade Perry - cover design Darrell Pruett - engineer Al Perkins - steel guitar, dobro guitar, kona lap guitsr
Bob Dylan is an American singer-songwriter and visual artist, a major figure in popular culture for six decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin'" became anthems for the Civil Rights Movement and anti-war movement, his lyrics during this period incorporated a wide range of political, social and literary influences, defied pop-music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture. Following his self-titled debut album in 1962, which comprised traditional folk songs, Dylan made his breakthrough as a songwriter with the release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan the following year; the album featured "Blowin' in the Wind" and the thematically complex "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall". For many of these songs he adapted the tunes and sometimes phraseology of older folk songs, he went on to release the politically charged The Times They Are a-Changin' and the more lyrically abstract and introspective Another Side of Bob Dylan in 1964.
In 1965 and 1966, Dylan encountered controversy when he adopted electrically amplified rock instrumentation, in the space of 15 months recorded three of the most important and influential rock albums of the 1960s: Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde. The six-minute single. In July 1966, Dylan withdrew from touring after being injured in a motorcycle accident. During this period he recorded a large body of songs with members of the Band, who had backed him on tour; these recordings were released as the collaborative album The Basement Tapes, in 1975. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dylan explored country music and rural themes in John Wesley Harding, Nashville Skyline, New Morning. In 1975, he released Blood on the Tracks. In the late 1970s, he became a born-again Christian and released a series of albums of contemporary gospel music before returning to his more familiar rock-based idiom in the early 1980s; the major works of his career include Time Out of Mind, "Love and Theft", Tempest.
His most recent recordings have comprised versions of traditional American standards songs recorded by Frank Sinatra. Backed by a changing lineup of musicians, he has toured since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed "the Never Ending Tour". Since 1994, Dylan has published eight books of drawings and paintings, his work has been exhibited in major art galleries, he has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He has received numerous awards including ten Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, an Academy Award. Dylan has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame; the Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power". In 2012, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 2016, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition".
Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman in St. Mary's Hospital on May 24, 1941, in Duluth and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior, he has David. Dylan's paternal grandparents and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa, in the Russian Empire, to the United States following the anti-Semitic pogroms of 1905, his maternal grandparents and Florence Stone, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902. In his autobiography, Chronicles: Volume One, Dylan wrote that his paternal grandmother's maiden name was Kirghiz and her family originated from the Kağızman district of Kars Province in northeastern Turkey. Dylan's father, Abram Zimmerman – an electric-appliance shop owner – and mother, Beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community, they lived in Duluth until Dylan was six, when his father had polio and the family returned to his mother's hometown, where they lived for the rest of Dylan's childhood. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport and when he was a teenager, to rock and roll.
Dylan formed several bands while attending Hibbing High School. In the Golden Chords, he performed covers of songs by Elvis Presley, their performance of Danny & the Juniors' "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone. On January 31, 1959, three days before his death, Buddy Holly performed at the Duluth Armory. Zimmerman, 17, was in the audience. Something I didn't know what, and it gave me the chills."In 1959, Dylan's high school yearbook carried the caption "Robert Zimmerman: to join'Little Richard'." That year, as Elston Gunnn, he performed two dates with Bobby Vee, clapping. In September 1959, Zimmerman enrolled at the University of Minnesota, his focus on rock and roll gave way to American folk music. In 1985, he said: The thing about rock'n'roll is that for me anyway it wasn't enough... There were great catch-phrases and driving pulse rhythms... but the songs weren't serious or didn't reflect li
Sister Rosetta Tharpe
Sister Rosetta Tharpe was an American singer, songwriter and recording artist. She attained popularity in the 1930s and 1940s with her gospel recordings, characterized by a unique mixture of spiritual lyrics and rhythmic accompaniment, a precursor of rock and roll, she was the first great recording star of gospel music and among the first gospel musicians to appeal to rhythm-and-blues and rock-and-roll audiences being referred to as "the original soul sister" and "the Godmother of rock and roll". She influenced early rock-and-roll musicians, including Little Richard, Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewis. Tharpe was a pioneer in her guitar technique, her guitar playing technique had a profound influence on the development of British blues in the 1960s. Willing to cross the line between sacred and secular by performing her music of "light" in the "darkness" of nightclubs and concert halls with big bands behind her, Tharpe pushed spiritual music into the mainstream and helped pioneer the rise of pop-gospel, beginning in 1938 with the recording "Rock Me" and with her 1939 hit "This Train".
Her unique music left a lasting mark on more conventional gospel artists such as Ira Tucker, Sr. of the Dixie Hummingbirds. While she offended some conservative churchgoers with her forays into the pop world, she never left gospel music. Tharpe's 1944 release "Down by the Riverside" was selected for the National Recording Registry of the U. S. Library of Congress in 2004, which noted that it "captures her spirited guitar playing and unique vocal style, demonstrating her influence on early rhythm-and-blues performers" and cited her influence on "many gospel and rock artists", her 1945 hit "Strange Things Happening Every Day", recorded in late 1944, featured Tharpe's vocals and electric guitar, with Sammy Price and drums. It was the first gospel record to cross over, hitting no. 2 on the Billboard "race records" chart, the term used for what became the R&B chart, in April 1945. The recording has been cited as precursor of roll. On December 13, 2017, Tharpe was chosen for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as an Early Influence.
Sister Rosetta Tharpe was born on March 20, 1915 as Rosetta Nubin in Cotton Plant, Arkansas to Katie Bell Nubin and Willis Atkins, who were cotton pickers. However, researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc give her birth name as Rosether Atkins, her mother's name being Katie Harper. Little is known of her father. Tharpe's mother Katie was a singer and a mandolin player and preacher for the Church of God in Christ, founded in 1894 by Charles Harrison Mason, a black Pentecostal bishop, who encouraged rhythmic musical expression, dancing in praise and allowing women to sing and teach in church. Encouraged by her mother, Tharpe began singing and playing the guitar as Little Rosetta Nubin at the age of four and was cited as a musical prodigy. About 1921, at age six, Tharpe had joined her mother as a regular performer in a traveling evangelical troupe. Billed as a "singing and guitar playing miracle," she accompanied her mother in performances that were part sermon and part gospel concert before audiences across the American South.
In the mid-1920s, Tharpe and her mother settled in Chicago, where they performed religious concerts at the COGIC church on 40th Street traveling to perform at church conventions throughout the country. Tharpe developed considerable fame as a musical prodigy, standing out in an era when prominent black female guitarists were rare. In 1934, at age 19, she married Thomas Thorpe, a COGIC preacher, who accompanied her and her mother on many of their tours; the marriage lasted only a few years, but she decided to adopt a version of her husband's surname as her stage name, Sister Rosetta Tharpe. In 1938, she moved with her mother to New York City. Although she married several times, she performed as Rosetta Tharpe for the rest of her life. On October 31, 1938, aged 23, Tharpe recorded for the first time – four sides for Decca Records, backed by Lucky Millinder's jazz orchestra; the first gospel songs recorded by Decca, "Rock Me," "That's All," "My Man and I" and "The Lonesome Road" were instant hits, establishing Tharpe as an overnight sensation and one of the first commercially successful gospel recording artists.
"Rock Me" influenced many rock-and-roll singers, such as Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis. In 1942, the music critic Maurie Orodenker, describing Tharpe's "Rock Me", wrote that "It's Sister Rosetta Tharpe for the rock-and roll spiritual singing." She was managed by Mo Galye. Her records caused an immediate furor: many churchgoers were shocked by the mixture of gospel-based lyrics and secular-sounding music, but secular audiences loved them. Tharpe played on several occasions with the white singing group the Jordanaires. Tharpe's appearances with Cab Calloway at Harlem's Cotton Club in October 1938 and in John Hammond's "Spirituals to Swing" concert at Carnegie Hall on December 23, 1938, gained her more fame, along with notoriety. Performing gospel music for secular nightclub audiences and alongside blues and jazz musicians and dancers was unusual, in conservative religious circles a wom
To Sleep with Anger
To Sleep with Anger is a 1990 American drama film written and directed by Charles Burnett. In 2017, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant", it had a remastered home media release from the Criterion Collection on February 26 2019. Harry, an enigmatic old friend from the South, comes to visit Gideon and his wife Suzie, who haven't seen him for many years, who are delighted to see him again, who insist that he stay with them for as long as he would like. Gideon and Suzie live in South Central Los Angeles, though they retain some of their rural southern ways, including raising chickens in the backyard. Harry has a charming, down-home manner, but his presence brings to a crisis the simmering trouble, in the family—especially as regards the younger son, Samuel or "Baby Brother", his relation to his parents and older brother, Junior, his disruptive presence is dangerous, but purgative: Gideon's extended family is much more cohesive as a result of Harry's visit.
Samuel and Junior struggle over a knife in a climactic fight during a storm, which ends in Suzie sustaining a knife wound. During a long wait in the emergency room, the storm clears, the simmering anger that Harry seemed to bring to a boil is dissipated. Harry's death just before the end of the film suggests, that he has been to a degree a self-sacrificing savior of the family. Danny Glover as Harry Paul Butler as Gideon DeVaughn Nixon as Sunny Mary Alice as Suzie Reina King as Rhonda Cory Curtis as Skip Richard Brooks as Babe Brother Sheryl Lee Ralph as Linda Carl Lumbly as Junior Paula Bellamy as Mrs. Baker Vonetta McGee as Pat Wonderful Smith as Preacher Ethel Ayler as Hattie Beverly Mickins as Neighbor Jimmy Witherspoon as Percy Roger Ebert called it "too long" in a mixed review. Christopher Null gave it 2/5 stars. Entertainment Weekly's Owen Glieberman called it "too ambitious" and said it "never finds a mood". While the film might have received warm and polite reviews upon release, it has received critical reappraisal in years.
Chuck Bowen of Slant Magazine called it a "neglected masterpiece of African-American cinema." IndieWire's Brandon Wilson has called it Burnett's "other masterpiece," as well as numerous other favorable comparisons to Killer of Sheep, saying "Like all great art, To Sleep With Anger triumphs because it works both on a personal level... and it is provocative enough thematically to fuel hours of discussion about tradition versus modernity and how it has affected African-Americans, for better or worse...'s asking us to think about the generation gap, Christian faith versus backwoods mysticism, the grip of the past versus the pull of the present, African-American yearning for financial prosperity versus our sense of altruism & duty and complications within both sides of each coin."As of March 2019, To Sleep with Anger holds a rating of 86% from 28 reviews with the consensus: "To Sleep with Anger examines cultural tensions with a deft hand and a potent blend of comedy and drama, stirred skillfully to life by a strong cast led by Danny Glover."
The film won four Independent Spirit Awards, including Best Director and Best Screenplay for Charles Burnett, Best Male Lead for Danny Glover, Best Supporting Female for Sheryl Lee Ralph. Burnett won the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Screenplay and the Special Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival. To Sleep with Anger on IMDb To Sleep with Anger at AllMovie To Sleep with Anger at Box Office Mojo To Sleep with Anger at Rotten Tomatoes