Greek Basket League
The Greek Basket League also referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship, known as the betshop.gr Basket League for sponsorship reasons, is the first tier professional basketball league in Greece. It is run under the legal authority of the Hellenic Basketball Federation; the league is known as the Betshop.gr Basket League for sponsorship reasons. It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, the top 8 teams competing in the playoffs; the first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927–28 season. The league first held a playoff round in the 1986–87 season; the league has always been ranked as one of the top 3-5 level national domestic leagues in European basketball, since league rankings began. For further information, see historical European national basketball league rankings, European national basketball league rankings. Greek basketball clubs in international competitions Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1919.
The first Greek basketball championship took place in the 1927–28 season, the first organized Greek basketball championship began. The league was organized by the Hellenic Amateur Athletic Association. There have been four different official championship eras; the first era was the Panhellenic Championship, which lasted from the 1927–28 to 1962–63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963–64 season, when the A National Category, or Alpha National Category was founded. In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation took over the duties of overseeing the competition, did so until the year 1992; the third era of the championship existed between the 1986–87 and 1991–92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category, with a regular season and playoffs, the second division A2 National Category were formed. The 1988–89 season, marked the first time that Greek Basket League teams were allowed to have foreign players on their rosters.
The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992–93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1. The league was renamed to Greek Basket League, starting with the 2010–11 season; the Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, it was regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world, such as Liga ACB in Spain, VTB United League, BSL in Turkey, it has always been considered one of the top 3-5 European national domestic leagues under the historical European national basketball league rankings and European national basketball league rankings. The league has several European historical basketball powers, which belong to some of the most traditional European basketball clubs Panathinaikos, Olympiacos and AEK, which are three of the most successful European basketball clubs of all-time.
Aris, led by Nikos Galis, Panagiotis Giannakis, Slobodan "Lefteris" Subotić, was the dominant Greek club, one of the most powerful European teams in the 1980s. Other clubs that have had significant success throughout the history of Greek basketball, as well as success in European basketball, are PAOK and Panellinios; the first five aforementioned clubs, are the most supported by fans in Greece. Despite the championship having been contested 78 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far; the dominating club has been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 37 times. Since the foundation of the Alpha National Category in the 1963–64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition and Aris. 1927–28 to 1962–63: Panhellenic Championship 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha National Category 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 National Category 1992–93 to 2011–12: HEBA Alpha1 2012–13 to present: Greek Basket League betshop.gr OPAP Scratch Stoiximan.gr Champion Spalding Cosmote Germanos Visit Greece Gatorade The main elements of the logo were changed in 2013.
The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992–93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association. 30 pro Greek basketball teams are split into two different divisions. The first division championship, called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship, the second division championship, called the "A2", in which 16 teams compete for the second division crown; the bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance. Greek clubs must play their home games in arenas that seat at least 1,000 people in order to play Greek domestic league matches. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they use. One for domestic Greek League matches, one for European-wide matches. Greek clubs that play in the EuroLeague or the EuroCup, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues.
A 5,000 seat
2002 FIBA World Championship
The 2002 FIBA World Championship was the 14th FIBA World Championship, the international world championship for men's basketball teams. The tournament held by the International Basketball Federation in Indianapolis, United States from August 29 to September 8, 2002. At the start of tournament, all 16 participating countries had 12 players on their roster; the following nations' teams competed: The top three teams in each group advance to the second round, into either Group E or F. The fourth place team in each group moves onto the 13th–16th classification. August 29, 2002 August 30, 2002 August 31, 2002 August 29, 2002 August 30, 2002 August 31, 2002 August 29, 2002 August 30, 2002 August 31, 2002 August 29, 2002 August 30, 2002 August 31, 2002 In this stage, the results in the preliminary rounds are combined and the teams who met do not play each other a second time; the teams that advanced from Group A and Group B are combined into Group E and teams that advanced from Group C and Group D are combined into Group F.
The top four from each group advance to the knockout stages. September 2, 2002 September 3, 2002 September 4, 2002 September 2, 2002 September 3, 2002 September 4, 2002 Dirk Nowitzki - 24.0 Victor Díaz - 22.0 Yao Ming - 21.0 Marcelo Machado - 20.8 Paul Pierce - 19.7 Pau Gasol - 19.1 Larry Ayuso - 18.7 Peja Stojaković - 18.7 Phill Jones - 18.2 Fadi El Khatib - 17.6 FIBA official website EuroBasket.com FIBA Basketball World Cup Page
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
CB Sant Josep
CB Girona redirects here. For the basketball club founded in 2014 by Marc Gasol, see Bàsquet Girona. Club Bàsquet Sant Josep was a professional basketball team based in Girona, Spain; the club was founded in 1962 by Ramon Sitjà as CB Sant Josep. In 1989 it became the Anonymous Sport Association. In 1987, when the ACB was enlarged to 24 teams, CB Girona entered the first division. In 1991, the club had to buy the rights of the Granollers EB to stay in the ACB as they were going to be relegated to the second division. In 2007, Girona won the FIBA EuroCup championship, hosted at Palau Girona-Fontajau arena, they beat Azovmash Mariupol in the final after having beaten Adecco Estudiantes in the semifinals. After the end of the 2007–2008 season, CB Girona suffered serious economic problems, with a debt of over €6 million euros. On July 25, 2008, the club announced that it would not participate in the 2008–09 season of either the Spanish ACB League or the Eurocup; the SAD was dissolved original CB Sant Josep Girona was kept for beginning playing in Adecco Bronce, the fourth level Spanish division.
In the 2009–10 season, Sant Josep bought a LEB Oro place from CB Vic and played the quarterfinals of the promotion playoffs. On the next season, Girona finished in fourth position. In summer 2012, after three season spent at LEB Oro, the club resigns to its spot in the league and decides to continue playing in Liga EBA, Spanish fourth division. In April 2013, CB Sant Josep announced. 1989-90 Korać Cup: Eliminated in the second round 1999-00 Korać Cup: Eliminated in the semifinals 2000-01 Korać Cup: Eliminated in the second round 2006-07 FIBA EuroCup: CHAMPIONS 2007-08 ULEB Cup: runners up FIBA EuroCup: 2007 Catalan League: 1996, 2006 LEB Catalan league: 2009, 2010 ACB Most Valuable Player Darryl Middleton – 1992, 1993, 2000 Marc Gasol – 2008All-ACB Team Marc Gasol – 2008All LEB Oro First Team Levi Rost – 2011 1987–1998: Valvi Supermercats, the club was renamed Valvi Girona 1998–1999: No sponsor, the club was renamed Girona Gavis 1999–2005: Casademont, the club was renamed Casademont Girona 2005–2008: Akasvayu, the club was renamed Akasvayu Girona 2008–2010: No sponsor, the club was renamed CB Sant Josep Girona 2010–2012: Girona FC, the club was renamed the name of the football team 2012–present: No sponsor, the club was renamed CB Sant Josep Girona Joaquim Costa Puig Jordi Pardo Josep Cargol Duško Ivanović Francesc Solana Darryl Middleton Terrell Myers Xavi Fernàndez Rafael Jofresa Marc Gasol Dainius Šalenga Gregor Fučka Anthony Goldwire Marko Marinović Marko Kešelj Branko Jorović Xavi Vallmajó Svetislav Pešić CB Girona plays in Palau Girona-Fontajau, which has a capacity of 5,049 spectators.
The arena was inaugurated in 1993 by NBA player Moses Malone, at a match between the local team Valvi Girona and PAOK Salonica. Palau Girona-Fontajau Dalinians Engaviats Penya Polska "Girona a l'ACB" platform was created on May 23, 2008, by CB Girona fans, its purpose was to support the team and the club so they could get rid of the debt and continue playing in the top Spanish division the next year. A website was created for that, there were more than 10,500 signatures collected; some protests were made, like a demonstration with over 1,100 people, a basketball match in front of the city hall and a sit-down protest, amongst other actions. 300 T-shirts were sold
Košarkaški klub Partizan referred to as KK Partizan or Partizan, is a men's professional basketball club based in Belgrade, Serbia. It is part of the multi-sports Belgrade-based club Partizan. KK Partizan is a part of the Adriatic Basketball Association and competes in the ABA League, the EuroCup and in the Basketball League of Serbia. Since 1945, Partizan has won around 46 trophies, is the holder of the 21 national champion titles, they have won 15 national basketball cups and 6 Adriatic championships, notably the European Champion trophy at the Final Four of the EuroLeague in Istanbul in 1992. KK Partizan was the Euroleague Basketball champion in 1992, playing all but one of the games on foreign grounds. Same year club took national championship and cup, won Triple Crown. KK Partizan was not allowed to defend the Euroleague title in the 1992–93 season, because of UN sanctions, they won 3 Korać Cups in 1978, 1979 and 1989. In September 2009, Partizan became the first Serbian team to play an official game against an NBA team.
As of 2018, it's the only team. The club was founded on 4 October 1945, as a basketball section of the Sports Association of the Central House of the Yugoslav Army; the first club championship of Yugoslavia was held in 1946, the Partizan team consisted of players from Yugoslav Army basketball team, which in 1945 won the state championship tournament against teams of Yugoslav republics. KK Partizan ceased to be a club of the Army in 1953, since the entire sports society became independent and received the name of Partizan Yugoslav Sports Association. Although with a strong roster, including players who played for the national team of Yugoslavia, Partizan waited for the first senior title of Yugoslav champion until 1976. In the first 30 years of history players for Partizan have included Mirko Marjanović, Božidar Munćan, Radomir Šaper, Vilmoš Loci, Lajoš Engler, Čedomir Stojičević, Borislav Stanković, Borislav Ćurčić, Branko Radović, Radovan Radović, Miloš Bojović, Dragutin Čermak, Slobodan Jelić and others.
During this period Partizan finished five times as second-placed in the championship of Yugoslavia, on two occasions it had the same number of points as the winner, but failed to reach the title of national champion. In the early 1970s, when former players started to run the club and when the coaching job was taken by national team coach Ranko Žeravica, he made a great selection of young players led by Dražen Dalipagić and Dragan Kićanović. Since Žeravica, as the national team coach followed the development of international basketball for more than ten years, including the American professional league, he tried to combine the best features of American and Soviet concepts of the game, while adapting them to the mentality of the Belgrade and Yugoslav regions, he gathered around him other young professionals, in late 1970s, when Žeravica went coaching abroad, his former associates Borislav Ćorković and Dušan Ivković took over the team. This period in the club's history included a few trophies.
The first of these was the title of Yugoslav champion in 1975–76 season, followed by two victories in Korać Cup, first double in 1978–79 and another national championship title in 1980–81. In addition to coaches Žeravica, Ćorković and Ivković, notable players included Dražen Dalipagić and Dragan Kićanović Dragutin Čermak, Goran Latifić, Josip Farčić, Dragan Todorić, Dušan Kerkez, Miodrag Marić, Boban Petrović, Arsenije Pešić, Boris Beravs, Milenko Savović, Jadran Vujačić, Nebojša Zorkić, Žarko Zečević and many others. After a calm period due to a change of generations, by the end of the 1980s under the leadership of new club director, Dragan Kićanović involved young experts, such as Duško Vujošević; the generation of Aleksandar Đorđević, Vlade Divac, Žarko Paspalj, Ivo Nakić, Miroslav Pecarski and Oliver Popović grew up, with support of older Željko Obradović, Milenko Savović and Goran Grbović, led by young coach Duško Vujošević, brought Partizan back to the top of Yugoslav and European basketball.
That generation won the title of national champion in 1986–87, in 1988, after victories in the Euroleague over European clubs including FC Barcelona, Maccabi Elite and Tracer Milano, secured participation in the Final Four in the Belgian city of Ghent. After losing in the semifinals to Maccabi Tel Aviv, Partizan won over Aris and won third place in Europe. In 1989, enforced by young Predrag Danilović, Partizan won the FIBA Korać Cup for the third time, triumphing over Wiwa Vismara Cantù. After losing the first game in Italy, Partizan celebrated the return leg in Belgrade with 101–82; that same season, Partizan won the Yugoslav Cup over new European champions Jugoplastika. European and worldwide recognition of this second generation of players attracted many talented young basketball players to the club, but at the same time, interest from financially powerful clubs in Europe and the United States for the best players reduced their time spent in the club. Vlade Divac and Žarko Paspalj in late 1989, along with Dražen Petrović from Cibona became the fir
The Washington Wizards are an American professional basketball team based in Washington, D. C; the Wizards compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the league's Eastern Conference Southeast Division. The team plays its home games at the Capital One Arena, in the Chinatown neighborhood of Washington, D. C; the franchise was established in 1961 as the Chicago Packers based in Chicago and were renamed to Chicago Zephyrs the following season. In 1963, they relocated to Baltimore and became the Baltimore Bullets, taking the name from a previous team of the same name. In 1973, the team changed its name to the Capital Bullets to reflect their move to the Washington metropolitan area, to Washington Bullets in the following season. In 1997, they rebranded themselves as the Wizards; the Wizards have appeared in four NBA Finals, won in 1978. They have had a total of 28 playoff appearances, won four conference titles, seven division titles, their best season came in 1975 with a record of 60–22.
Wes Unseld is the only player in franchise history to become the MVP, win the Finals MVP award. Four players have won the Rookie of the Year award; the team now known as the Wizards began playing as the Chicago Packers in 1961, as the first modern expansion team in NBA history, an expansion prompted by Abe Saperstein's American Basketball League. Rookie Walt Bellamy was the team's star, averaging 31.6 points per game, 19.0 rebounds per game, leading the NBA in field goal percentage. During the All-Star game, Bellamy represented the team while scoring 23 points and grabbing 17 rebounds. Bellamy was named the league Rookie of the Year, but the team finished with the NBA's worst record at 18-62; the team's original nickname was a nod to Chicago's meatpacking industry. However, it was unpopular since it was the same nickname used by the NFL's Green Bay Packers, bitter rivals of the Chicago Bears. After only one year, the organization changed its name to the Chicago Zephyrs and played its home games at the Chicago Coliseum.
Their only season as the Zephyrs boasted former Purdue star Terry Dischinger, who went on to win Rookie of the Year honors. In 1963 the franchise moved to Baltimore and became the Baltimore Bullets, taking their name from a 1940s–'50s Baltimore Bullets BAA/NBA franchise and playing home games at the Baltimore Civic Center. In their first year in Baltimore, the Bullets finished fourth in a five–team Western Division. Prior to the 1964–65 NBA season the Bullets pulled off a blockbuster trade, sending Dischinger, Rod Thorn and Don Kojis to the Detroit Pistons for Bailey Howell, Don Ohl, Bob Ferry and Wali Jones; the trade worked out well. He helped. In the 1965 NBA Playoffs, the Bullets stunned the St. Louis Hawks 3–1, advanced to the Western Conference finals. In the finals, Baltimore managed to split the first four games with the Los Angeles Lakers before losing the series 4–2. In the late 1960s, the Bullets drafted two future Hall of Fame members: Earl Monroe, in the 1967 draft, number two overall, Wes Unseld, in the 1968 draft number two overall.
The team improved from 36 wins the previous season to 57 in the 1968–69 season, Unseld received both the rookie of the year and MVP awards. The Bullets reached the playoffs with high expectations to go far, but they were eliminated by the New York Knicks in the first round; the next season the two teams met again in the first round, although this one went to seven games, the Knicks emerged victorious again. In the 1970–71 season, the 42–40 Bullets again met the 1970–71 Knicks, this time though in the Eastern Conference finals. With the Knicks team captain Willis Reed injured in the finals, the injury-free Bullets took advantage of his absence, in game seven, at New York's Madison Square Garden, the Bullets' Gus Johnson made a critical basket late in the game to lift the Bullets over the Knicks 93–91 and advance to their first NBA Finals, they were swept in four games by the powerful Milwaukee Bucks led by future Hall of Fame members Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Oscar Robertson. After the trades of Earl Monroe and Gus Johnson, the Bullets remained a playoff contender throughout the 1970s.
Following a less than spectacular 1971–72 season, Baltimore acquired Elvin Hayes from the Houston Rockets and drafted Kevin Porter in the third round, out of St. Francis in Pennsylvania. After a slow start in 1972–73, Baltimore made their charge in December, posting a 10–4 record on the way to capturing the Central Division title for the third straight year; the Bullets again faced the Knicks in the 1973 NBA Playoffs, losing for the fourth time in five series against New York. In February 1973, the team announced its pending move 30 miles southwest to the Capital Centre in Landover, a Washington, D. C. suburb, became the Capital Bullets. After that 1973–74 season, they changed their name to the Washington Bullets. During November 1973, while waiting for the completion of their new arena in Landover, the Bullets played their home games at Cole Field House on the campus of the University of Maryland in College Park; the Capital Centre opened on December 2, 1973, with the Bullets defeating the SuperSonic
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original