Robin McLaurin Williams was an American actor and comedian. Born in Chicago, Williams began performing stand-up comedy in San Francisco and Los Angeles during the mid-1970s, is credited with leading San Francisco's comedy renaissance. After rising to fame playing the alien Mork in the sitcom Mork & Mindy, Williams established a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting, he was known for his improvisation skills and the wide variety of memorable character voices he created. Williams has been called the funniest person of all time. After his first starring film role in Popeye, Williams starred in numerous films that achieved critical and commercial success, including The World According to Garp, Moscow on the Hudson, Good Morning, Dead Poets Society, Aladdin, The Fisher King, One Hour Photo and World's Greatest Dad, as well as box office hits, such as Hook, Mrs. Doubtfire, The Birdcage, Good Will Hunting and the Night at the Museum trilogy. Williams was nominated four times for the Academy Awards, winning once for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as psychologist Sean Maguire in Good Will Hunting.
He received two Primetime Emmy Awards, seven Golden Globe Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, four Grammy Awards. On August 11, 2014, Williams committed suicide in his Paradise Cay, home at the age of 63, his wife attributed his suicide to his struggle with Lewy body disease. Robin McLaurin Williams was born at St. Luke's Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, on July 21, 1951, his father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams, was a senior executive in Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury Division. His mother, Laurie McLaurin, was a former model from Mississippi. Through her, he was a great-great-grandson of Mississippi governor Anselm J. McLaurin. Williams had two elder half-brothers, he had English, Welsh, Irish and German ancestry. While his mother was a practitioner of Christian Science, Williams was raised in the Episcopal Church his father belonged to. Williams wrote a list: "Top Ten Reasons to Be an Episcopalian". During a television interview on Inside the Actors Studio in 2001, Williams credited his mother as an important early influence on his humor, he tried to make her laugh to gain attention.
Williams attended public elementary school in Lake Forest at Gorton Elementary School and middle school at Deer Path Junior High School. He described himself as a quiet child who did not overcome his shyness until he became involved with his high school drama department, his friends recall him as funny. In late 1963, when Williams was 12, his father was transferred to Detroit; the family lived in a 40-room farmhouse on 20 acres in suburban Bloomfield Hills, where he was a student at the private Detroit Country Day School. He excelled in school, where he was on the school's soccer team and wrestling team, was elected class president; as both his parents worked, Williams was attended to by the family's maid, his main companion. When Williams was 16, his father took early retirement and the family moved to Marin County, settling in Tiburon, California. Following their move, Williams attended Redwood High School in nearby Larkspur. At the time of his graduation in 1969, he was voted "Most Likely Not to Succeed" and "Funniest" by his classmates.
After high school graduation, Williams enrolled at Claremont Men's College in Claremont, California, to study political science. Williams studied theatre for three years at the College of Marin, a community college in Kentfield, California. According to College of Marin's drama professor James Dunn, the depth of the young actor's talent became evident when he was cast in the musical Oliver! as Fagin. Williams improvised during his time in the drama program, leaving cast members in hysterics. Dunn called his wife after one late rehearsal to tell her that Williams "was going to be something special". In 1973, Williams attained a full scholarship to the Juilliard School in New York City, he was one of 20 students accepted into the freshman class and one of two accepted by John Houseman into the Advanced Program at the school that year. William Hurt and Mandy Patinkin were classmates. According to biographer Jean Dorsinville, Franklyn Seales and Williams were roommates at Juilliard. Reeve remembered his first impression of Williams when they were new students at Juilliard: He wore tie-dyed shirts with tracksuit bottoms and talked a mile a minute.
I'd never seen. He was like an untied balloon, inflated and released. I watched in awe as he caromed off the walls of the classrooms and hallways. To say that he was "on" would be a major understatement. Williams and Reeve had a class in dialects taught by Edith Skinner, who Reeve said was one of the world's leading voice and speech teachers. According to Reeve, Skinner was bewildered by Williams, who could perform in many accents, including Scottish, English and Italian, their primary acting teacher was Michael Kahn, "equally baffled by this human dynamo". Williams had a reputation for being funny, but Kahn criticized his antics as simple stand-up comedy. In a production, Williams silenced his critics with his well-received performance as an old man in The Night of the Iguana by Tennessee Williams. "He was the old man," wrote Reeve. "I was astonished by h
American Top 40
American Top 40 is an internationally syndicated, independent song countdown radio program created by Casey Kasem, Don Bustany, Tom Rounds and Ron Jacobs. The program is hosted by Ryan Seacrest and presented as an adjunct to his weekday radio program, On Air with Ryan Seacrest. A production of Watermark Inc. AT40 is now distributed by Premiere Networks in the United States, Australia, the United Arab Emirates, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and several other territories worldwide, it can be heard on iHeartRadio, TuneIn and the official AT40 applications on mobile smartphones and tablets as well as on Xbox 360, Xbox One, PlayStation 4 consoles and the Armed Forces Network. Chevrolet is the main sponsor for the show. Co-creator Casey Kasem hosted the original AT40 from its inauguration on July 4, 1970 until August 6, 1988. Shadoe Stevens took over the program on August 13, 1988 and hosted until January 28, 1995 when the original program came to an end. Three years Kasem teamed up with Premiere's predecessor AMFM Radio Networks to relaunch AT40.
Kasem, who spent nine years hosting his own countdown for Westwood One, returned to hosting his creation on March 28, 1998. Seacrest took over AT40 on January 2004 following Kasem's retirement from the series. AT40 with Seacrest airs in two different formats, with one distributed to Contemporary Hit Radio stations and the other to Hot Adult Contemporary stations. However, there is no distinction made between the two shows on air. There are two classic editions of the original AT40 distributed every weekend, featuring past Kasem-hosted shows from the 1970s and 1980s. In its early years, the AT40 used the Billboard charts to compile the countdown, touting it as "the only source"; the program subsequently switched to being based on Radio and Records airplay data upon its late 1990s return. The current source for the AT40 charts are unpublished mainstream Top 40 and hot adult contemporary charts compiled by Mediabase; as of 2017, the home station for the show is WHTZ in New York City. AT40 was hosted from KIIS-FM, where guest hosts remain.
Here we go with the Top 40 hits of the nation this week on American Top 40, the best-selling and most-played songs from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Canada to Mexico. This is Casey Kasem in Hollywood, in the next three hours, we'll count down the 40 most popular hits in the United States this week, hot off the record charts of Billboard magazine for the week ending July 11, 1970. In this hour at #32 in the countdown, a song that's been a hit 4 different times in 19 years! And we're just one tune away from the singer with the $10,000 gold hubcaps on his car! Now, on with the countdown! American Top 40 fittingly began on the Independence Day weekend in 1970, on seven radio stations, the first being KDEO in El Cajon, which broadcast the inaugural show the evening of July 3, 1970; the chart data broadcast included the top 40 songs from the week ending July 11, 1970. The first show featured the last time both Elvis Presley and The Beatles had songs in the Top 10, it was distributed by Watermark Inc. and was first presented in mono until February 24, 1973 when the first stereo vinyl copies were distributed.
In early 1982, Watermark was purchased by ABC Radio and AT40 became a program of the "ABC Contemporary Radio Network". The program was co-created by Kasem. Rounds was the marketing director; the show began as a three-hour program written and directed by Bustany, counting down the top 40 songs on Billboard's Hot 100 Singles chart. The show gained popularity once it was commissioned, expanded to a four-hour-program on October 7, 1978, to reflect the increasing average length of singles on Billboard's Hot 100 chart; the producing staff expanded to eight people, some of them still in the business: Nikki Wine, Ben Marichal, Scott Paton, Matt Wilson, Merrill Shindler, Guy Aoki, Ronnie Allen and Sandy Stert Benjamin. By the early 1980s, the show could be heard on 520 stations in the United States and at its zenith, the show was broadcast on 1,000-plus stations in some 50 countries. Kasem eliminate the negative; that is the timeless thing." During Kasem's run as host, the AT40 show had a number of popular and distinguishing features, some of which Kasem had done for some time at stations like KRLA in Los Angeles: Bios & stories: Most segments of the show included two countdown songs.
The second song in the segment would be introduced by Kasem with a brief story connected with the song, which could be about its performer, its composer, or a random bit of trivia. Kasem would lead into the commercial break preceding the segment with a brief preview of the story, sometimes giving away the song title or artist; the top-ranking song on the chart always was introduced with one of these stories, which would be followed with a drum roll and the final reveal. Here is an example from the week of October 8, 1983: A stunning achievement for 33-year-old New York-born Jim Steinman. Jim started writing songs when he was going to Amherst College in Massachusetts, not just your basic r
Peter Michael Tong MBE, better known as Pete Tong, is an English disc jockey who works for BBC Radio 1. He is the host of programmes such as Essential Mix and Essential Selection on the radio service, which can be heard through Internet radio streams, for his record label FFRR Records, for his own performances at nightclubs and music festivals. Tong has worked as a record producer, is regarded as the "global ambassador for electronic music" The phrase "It's all gone Pete Tong", where the name is used as rhyming slang for "a bit wrong", was reputedly first coined by Paul Oakenfold in late 1987 in an article about acid house called "Bermondsey Goes Balearic" for Terry Farley and Pete Heller's Boys Own fanzine. It's All Gone Pete Tong is the title of a 2004 film which portrays a fictional DJ's experiences as he realizes he is becoming deaf. Tong appears in the film, it is the name Tong has adopted for his club night at the nightclub Pacha in Ibiza and his nightly radio programme in the United States on iHeartRadio's "Evolution" EDM format platform.
In 2008, Tong was involved with organizing the International Music Summit in Ibiza, an event that has become an annual fixture. In 2017, Tong won Radio Show of the Year at the Electronic Music Awards for "The Essential Collection". Tong was born in Dartford, Kent in 1960, was educated at King's School, Kent. Tong's original musical interest was in drumming, but he soon moved on to DJing, he played his first public gig at a friend's wedding at age 15. While at school he and a couple of friends earned some extra money by promoting a couple of local bands and booking halls for gigs, he worked as part of the Kent "Soul Mafia" bringing soul weekenders to seaside towns such as Caister-on-Sea and Prestatyn. Tong was influenced by the late DJ Froggy in his early years. After leaving school, Tong set up a mobile disco based in a Ford Transit van, but he soon started his own club in Baker Street called Family Function, he booked bands for an alternative night, the first of, the unknown Culture Club. Tong performed as a DJ using the name "Kickstart Roadshow" and later "OHMS Roadshow" with an extensive sound system.
He became DJ and promoter at the Kings Lodge club in West Kingsdown. Moving venue to the Hill Top in West Kingsdown, he was responsible for breaking classics such as Lonnie Liston Smith's "Expansions" and Ritchie Cole's "Groovin on a New York Afternoon". In 1979, Tong became an advertising sales assistant for Soul Magazine. After a year he contributed some reviews and sales charts, which continued until 1983, he left Soul to join London Records as an A&R manager. Through his connections in London Records, Tong was exposed to the newly emerging house music sound from Chicago. In 1986, Tong organised a compilation album, The House Sound of Chicago, Vol. 1, the first British release to gather and expose this genre. Tong's first appearance on radio was in the late 1970s on Radio Invicta 92.4fm, Europe's first soul music station. He joined a rotation of nightclub DJs to present monthly guest shows, he appeared on local radio station BBC Radio Medway, as part of the'Soul Mafia', performed occasional mixes for Radio London.
In 1981, Tong made his first appearance on Radio 1 as the host of a 15-minute feature on Peter Powell's show—he played new tracks, covered the latest gossip and news from the dance music industry. When Invicta Radio started in Kent in 1984, Tong became the host of a regular soul show on the station; as Tong had joined the developing dance-DJ management company of DJ-turned-journalist Eddie Gordon, of the Kent Messenger, he built a prominent county profile and performed at Gordon's local club'The Slammer'. Tong joined Capital Radio in 1988 to present a weekly dance programme. In January 1991, Tong began his Friday evening show, branded as the Essential Selection for its first 15 years, on BBC Radio 1; the show still continues every week, Tong is the second-longest serving living DJ on the station. Additionally, a one-hour Sunday edition of the programme, called "The Essential Selection - Part 2", was broadcast from April 1992 to April 1993. A spinoff, titled The Rap Selection, aired on Thursday evenings on the station from 9-10pm from April 1991 until March 1992.
From October 1993, Tong oversaw the production of the Essential Mix show, devised and, until 2003, produced by Gordon. The show was the first BBC production to broadcast live from Spain; the 500th mix was broadcast on 23/24 April 2010, featuring Tong on the Friday night, Tong, plus DJs Sasha and Richie Hawtin, live from Circus nightclub in Liverpool, UK, for the second section. In November 2012, Tong was asked by Clear Channel Communications in the US to help launch a new EDM channel, on their iHeartRadio platform, called'Evolution'. Along with the launch of the channel, Tong introduced a nightly two-hour programme titled Its All Gone Pete Tong, similar to his BBC 1 programme; the platform would form the basis for Clear Channel to expand the Evolution brand, with the 20 December 2012 launch of the format on WEDX/Boston that included Tong's station promos and voiceovers. Tong's iHeartRadio programme is broadcast on WEDX. In addition, a supplemental 2-hour weekly programme, Evolution Beatport Show, is aired on various Top 40/CHR and Rhythmic stations in the U.
S. and in other countries, is syndicated by Premiere Networks. Tong is one of Britain's most re
Fox Sports Radio
The Fox Sports Radio Network, based in Los Angeles, California, is a division of Premiere Networks in partnership with Fox Sports. With studios in New York, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Tulsa and Las Vegas, the Fox Sports Radio Network can be heard on more than 400 stations, as well as FoxSports.com on MSN and iHeartRadio. Clear Channel Communications sold its stake in Sirius XM Radio in the second quarter of fiscal year 2013; as a result, nine of Clear Channel's eleven XM Satellite Radio stations, including Fox Sports Radio, ceased broadcast over XM on October 18, 2013. Fox Sports Radio returned to the Sirius XM radio lineup on January 20, 2017; as the network concentrates on sports news, highlights and opinion at any time of the week, many of its affiliates opt out to air their own local show or provide live coverage of play-by-play games. As a result, several shows. All Times are Eastern Standard Time The Ben Maller Show Outkick The Coverage with Clay Travis The Dan Patrick Show The Rich Eisen Show or The Herd The Doug Gottlieb Show Straight Outta Vegas w/ R.
J. Bell The Odd Couple w/ Chris Broussard and Rob Parker The Jason Smith Show w/ Mike Harmon The Jonas Knox Show The Fellas w/ Anthony Gargano & Lincoln Kennedy The Big Lead w/ Jason McIntyre Fox Sports Saturday w/ various anchors Straight Outta Vegas w/ Bernie Fratto The Jonas Knox Show Fox Sports Sunday w/ various pairs of anchors Fox Sports Radio Update: One-minute recaps of sports news and stats updated every hour, similar to ESPN Radio SportsCenter This is a partial station listings for local affiliates of Fox Sports Radio. Fox Sports Radio
David Stephen Koz is an American jazz saxophonist. Dave Koz was born in Encino, California to Jewish parents: Norman, a dermatologist and, Audrey, a pharmacist. Dave has a brother, a musician, a sister, Roberta. Although he is Jewish, Koz plays both Christmas and occasional Hanukkah songs at his concerts, he attended William Howard Taft High School in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, performing on saxophone as a member of the school jazz band. He graduated from UCLA with a degree in mass communications in 1986, only weeks after his graduation, decided to make a go of becoming a professional musician. Within weeks of that decision, he was recruited as a member of Bobby Caldwell's tour. For the rest of the 1980s, Koz served as a session musician in several bands, toured with Jeff Lorber. Koz was a member of Richard Marx's band and toured with Marx throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s, around the time he recurred as the guest saxophonist on the syndicated late-night talk show The Arsenio Hall Show.
He played in the house band of CBS' short-lived The Pat Sajak Show, with Tom Scott as bandleader. In 1990, Koz decided to pursue a solo career, began recording for Capitol Records, his albums there include Dave Koz, Lucky Man, The Dance, Saxophonic. Saxophonic was nominated for both an NAACP Image Award. Koz released his second album, Lucky Man, in 1993. During production of the album in 1992, Koz was approached by the producers of ABC's General Hospital to perform on the show after his track entitled "Emily", from his Dave Koz album, was used as part of the show's soundtrack that year. After his GH appearance, executive producer Wendy Riche commissioned Koz to write a new theme song for the soap. Koz took elements from the show's existing theme song, Jack Urbont's "Autumn Breeze", merged the chorus notes into a brand new smooth jazz composition titled "Faces of the Heart"; the new theme music made its debut on General Hospital's 30th anniversary show, which aired April 1, 1993, remained as the show's title track until August 27, 2004.
"Faces of the Heart" ended up as the third track on Koz's Lucky Man album. In 1994, Koz began hosting a syndicated radio program, The Dave Koz Radio Show, featuring the latest music and interviews with who's who in the genre. Dave co-hosted The Dave Koz Morning Show on 94.7 The Wave, a smooth jazz station in Los Angeles for six years. He was replaced by Brian McKnight. In 2002, Koz started Rendezvous Entertainment, with Frank Cody and Hyman Katz. Koz has promoted annual Dave Koz & Friends Jazz Cruises since 2005. Koz is the host of a weekly half-hour television series named Frequency put on by Fast Focus. Koz interviews musicians on the show such as Earth, Wind & Fire, Jonathan Butler, Kelly Sweet. At the end of each interview, he plays along with the musician, adding some of his saxophone riffs to one of their hit songs. Koz was the bandleader on The Emeril Lagasse Show; the band, Dave Koz & The Kozmos, featured Jeff Golub, Philippe Saisse, Conrad Korsch, Skoota Warner. Koz hosts a weekly radio show on the Sirius-XM Radio Watercolors channel called "The Dave Koz Lounge," which airs Sundays at noon ET.
Koz plays a Yamaha silver alto sax with a No. 7 Beechler metal mouthpiece, a Yamaha straight silver Soprano sax or a vintage Conn curved soprano sax with a No. 8 Couf mouthpiece, a Selmer Mark VI Tenor sax with a Berg-Larsen 90/2 hard rubber mouthpiece. As for reeds, he uses a No. 3 Rico Plasticover. On September 22, 2009, Koz received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In October 2010, Koz performed "Start All Over Again" in a Desperate Housewives season 7 episode "Let Me Entertain You", alongside singer Dana Glover. In July 2012, he appeared on The Eric André Show, season 1 episode 7, sat in with the house band. In December 2014, he opened Spaghettini & the Dave Koz Lounge, a restaurant and live music venue located at 184 North Canon Drive in Beverly Hills, California with business partners Cary Hardwick and Laurie Sisneros, who own Spaghettini in Seal Beach. In an April 2004 interview with The Advocate, Koz came out publicly as gay, he has been a resident of Sausalito, California since 1990.
A. "The Dance" peaked at No. 67 on Billboard's Rhythm & Blues/Hip Hop Albums. B. "Smooth Jazz Christmas" peaked at No. 2 on Billboard's Holiday Albums. C. "Masterpiece" this album may be a personal collection The Weather Channel Presents: The Best of Smooth Jazz, Taro Gold The Diamond You, Dave Koz official website NAMM Oral History Interview, January 22, 2005 Dave Koz reflects on discovering his love for the saxophone
Bobby Bones is an American on-air radio personality, best known for hosting the nationally syndicated The Bobby Bones Show, originating out of WSIX-FM in Nashville, Tennessee. Bones is serving as full time mentor on American Idol on ABC, was the winner of season 27 of Dancing With The Stars with partner Sharna Burgess, he has written two New York Times best sellers and was a judge of Topgolf's original series Who Will Rock You. Bones was born in Hot Springs and raised in Mountain Pine, Arkansas, he has said his mother became pregnant with him at age 15, when his father was 17. He was raised in the small community of Mountain Pine, Arkansas, by his mother and maternal grandmother, his biological father was with him until the age of five, but disappeared. Bones began dreaming of a radio career around the age of 5 or 6, he grew up poor in a trailer park, viewed radio as way of escaping poverty. Bones began his radio career at age 17 at the campus station of Henderson State University, KSWH-FM 102.5 The Pulse.
He graduated with a B. A. in Radio/Television from Henderson in 2002. While still in college, Bones went to work as a station hand at KLAZ in Hot Springs, but was put on the air within a few days of being hired. A manager there gave him the choice of going on the air as Bobby Bones. Bones’s first full-time radio contract paid him $17,000. In 2002, Bones was hired by Q100/KQAR in Arkansas, he worked for radio station, which led to his hosting The Bobby Bones Show on KHFI-FM in Austin, Texas. Bones was hired for the evening shift on KHFI-FM and moved to the morning drive shortly after. While in Austin, he met two of his future co-hosts and Amy, he first hired Sarah, familiar with the industry decided Amy would be a better fit. Bones put her on the air immediately, his executive producer, was an intern on the show. Over ten years, the show built its audience into the top-rated morning show in Austin and was syndicated in a few regional markets. At the height of his popularity, Bones was offered a job outside of radio but chose to remain with Clear Channel.
In the fall of 2012, Clear Channel moved Bones and his show from Austin with its Top 40 format to Nashville and a country music format while taking The Bobby Bones Show nationwide. Bones took over the slot hosted by longtime DJ Gerry House, who retired in 2010. Bones now broadcasts from WSIX-FM in Nashville on weekday mornings from 5:00 a.m. to 10 a.m.. His co-hosts are Lunchbox and Amy, features Ray, Morgan, Mike D. and Morgan #2. Michael Bryan is the program director; the Bobby Bones Show has become a regular interview stop for top country music stars. Including Luke Bryan, Taylor Swift, Blake Shelton, Tim McGraw, Lady Antebellum, Jason Aldean, Dierks Bentley, The Band Perry. On air and his co-hosts break the country radio mold with a mix of pop-culture news and information; as Bones noted in one interview, "I'm not a cowboy. I don't wear a belt buckle, or I don't have those traditional old-school country music radio elements about me, but from where I grew up and how I grew up, country music has always been the fabric of the music that I've listened to."In 2016, Bones admitted spending $13,000 on Nashville billboards in 2013 which stated "GO AWAY BOBBY BONES" as a PR campaign to garner sympathy.
In February 2013, The Bobby Bones Show went into national syndication with Premiere Networks and was made available via iHeartRadio.com and the iHeartRadio mobile app. The show launched with 35 stations and is carried by 68 FM radio stations in the U. S, it is regarded as central to Clear Channel’s partnership with Country Music Television in what’s been termed a “country music media arms race.” According to Clear Channel Radio, which owns WSIX-FM, the show is the number one-rated morning show in Austin, Wichita, Amarillo and Lubbock, Texas. Nationally, The Bobby Bones Show is the biggest country music morning show in the country, with an estimated audience of nearly 3 million listeners; the show’s largest market is Washington, D. C. where WMZQ airs it weekdays from 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Bones hosts the weekly “Country Top 30 with Bobby Bones”, carried on over 100 radio stations nationwide; as part of the Clear Channel organization, Bones was tapped to host the inaugural iHeartRadio Country Music Festival held in Austin, Texas, in 2014.
He presented the award for Country Song of the Year at the first iHeartRadio Music Awards in Los Angeles. Bones appeared in the 2009 feature film, with Vanessa Hudgens, he has appeared on the ABC drama Nashville and has been a guest host with Kelly Ripa on Live! with Regis and Kelly. Since 2012, Bones has been part of the Fox Sports Radio lineup, hosting the weekend sports talk program Roddick and Bones with tennis star Andy Roddick, airing Saturdays from 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time on nearly 300 radio stations. Bones is the host of the podcast “The Bobbycast” where he interviews singers/songwriters of all genres, he has launched his own podcast network, the Nashville Podcast Network. On May 17, 2016, he released his first book entitled Bare Bones, I'm Not Lonely If You're Reading This Book; the book became a New York Times Best Seller. On June 19, 2018, he released his second New York Times Best Seller entitled Fail Until You Don’t: Fight. Grind. Repeat. In 2018, Bones was a guest mentor for season 16 of American Idol during the top 24 round.
On November 6, 2018, it was announced Bones would become a full-time mentor for the series beginning in season 17. During an episode aired April 8, 2019, Bones served as guest host, as
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti