Volendam Windmill is a smock mill located on Adamic Hill Road in Holland Township, New Jersey, United States. The windmill was built in 1965 by Paul Jorgenson; the Volendam Windmill Museum is a working mill driven by wind, used for grinding raw grain into flour. The 60-foot structure is seven stories high with sail arms 68 feet from tip to tip. In 2007, two of the sail arms of the windmill were damaged in a windstorm; as of November 2010, the county's website shows. Hunterdon Plateau Hunterdon County Museums - Volendam Windmill Museum Windmill may become township's at nj.com
Portsmouth, Rhode Island
Portsmouth is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island. The population was 17,389 at the 2010 U. S. Census. Portsmouth is the second oldest municipality in Rhode Island, after Providence. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.3 square miles, of which, only 23.2 square miles of it is land and 36.1 square miles of it is water. Most of its land area lies on Aquidneck Island, which it shares with Newport. In addition, Portsmouth encompasses some smaller islands, including Prudence Island, Patience Island, Hope Island, Hog Island. Portsmouth was settled in 1638 by a group of religious dissenters from Massachusetts Bay Colony, including Dr. John Clarke, William Coddington, Anne Hutchinson, it is named after Portsmouth, England. Roger Williams convinced the settlers that they should go there instead of settling in the Province of New Jersey, where they had first planned on going, it was founded by the signers of the Portsmouth Compact. Its original Indian name was Pocasset, it was named Portsmouth on May 12, 1639.
It became part of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and part of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Portsmouth School Department operates public schools: Portsmouth High School Portsmouth Middle School Howard W. Hathaway Elementary School Melville Elementary School Prudence Island School Portsmouth Abbey School Saint Philomena School The Pennfield School Since 1980, Portsmouth has been home to Clements' Market, a large supermarket. In addition, Portsmouth is home to the Portsmouth Business Park, as well as a few small plazas with a variety of businesses. Portsmouth is home to a branch of Raytheon, its Integrated Defense Systems department. Portsmouth is the headquarters of US Sailing, the National Governing Body of Sailing in the U. S. Portsmouth is home to the Newport International Polo Series held at Glen Farm. Portsmouth is home to the Portsmouth Pirates, the town's soccer team. Portsmouth High School has successful football, basketball and soccer teams.
All four teams are in the top 5 teams in the state. The 2000 U. S. Census reported that there were 17,149 people, or an increase of 1.7%, residing in the town. There were 6,758 households, 4,865 families recorded; the population density was 739.0 people per square mile. There were 7,386 housing units at an average density of 318.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.82% White, 1.17% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population. There were 6,758 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $88,835, the median income for a family was $108,577. Males had a median income of $46,297 versus $31,745 for females; the per capita income for the town was $46,161. About 2.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. The 2010 U. S. Census reported that there were an increase of 1.15 %, residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 94.57% White, 1.35% African American, 1.58% Asian, 0.21% American Indian or Alaskan Native, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.40% of some other race, 1.86% of two or more races. In the town, 22.98% of the population was under the age of 18 and 16.47% were 65 years of age or older. Females made up 51.03% of the population. Battle of Rhode Island Site Greenvale Farm Green Animals Topiary Garden Hog Island Shoal Lighthouse Lawton-Almy-Hall Farm Mount Hope Bridge Oak Glen Portsmouth Friends Meetinghouse Parsonage and Cemetery Prudence Island Lighthouse Union Church Wreck Sites of H.
M. S. Cerberus and H. M. S. Lark Ade Bethune, liturgical artist and Catholic Worker Jeremy Clarke, early settler of Portsmouth, served as second governor of Rhode Island Mike Cloud, running back for the Kansas City Chiefs, New England Patriots, New York Giants Thomas Cornell, one of the earliest settlers of Portsmouth and progenitor of Cornell family in America. Chris Cosentino and cast member of "The Next Iron Chef" Charlie Day, American actor, producer and musician Helen Glover, cast member on Survivor: Thailand and host of the Helen Glover Show on TalkRadio 920 WHJJ Anthony Harkness and inventor Julia Ward Howe, author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" Anne Hutchinson, founded colony of Rhode Island in 1638 Betty Hutton, film actress and si
Beebe Windmill is a smock mill, located at the southeast corner of Ocean Road and Hildreth Avenue in Bridgehampton, New York. Beebe windmill was built in 1820 at Sag Harbor for Lester Beebe. After his death, it was bought by Rose Gelston who had it moved to Bridgehampton where it worked for more than 50 years. In 1882, it was moved to a site south of the railroad. A steam engine was installed to provide power when the wind was not blowing. In 1888, the mill was repaired by millwright Nathaniel Dominy of Long Island, it was moved to a site north of the railroad in 1889. It was operated here until 1915 by the Bridgehampton Milling Company. In that year, it was moved to his summer estate, Minden, it is described in a 1977 Historic American Engineering Record description as "one of the first Long Island windmills to have a fly and cast iron gears" and is the only one with its original versions of those. It is the only Long Island windmill to have a "decorative" design. With these features it is "the only surviving Long Island windmill which compares to English windmills of the same period."
The windmill was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. Beebe windmill is a four-story smock mill with an ogee cap winded by a fantail. Four Common sails are carried on a wooden windshaft; this drives a cast iron wallower carried at the top of the upright shaft. At its lower end the cast iron great spur wheel drives two pairs of overdrift millstones. Media related to Beebe Windmill at Wikimedia Commons Historic American Engineering Record No. NY-67, "Beebe Windmill, Hildreath Lane & Ocean Avenue (moved several times, Suffolk County, NY", 11 photos, 6 measured drawings, 19 data pages, 1 photo caption page
Old Higgins Farm Windmill
Old Higgins Farm Windmill is a historic Smock windmill off of Old King's Highway at Drummer Boy Park in Brewster on Cape Cod in Massachusetts. The windmill was built in 1795, it last ground grain around 1900; the windmill was moved a number of times the last from Ellis Landing in Brewster to its current location in 1974. In 1975 it was added to the National Historic Register of Historic Places; the windmill was donated its owner, Mrs. Samuel Nickerson, in memory of her husband, to the Brewster Historical Society which continues to maintain it at its current location. National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable County, Massachusetts Brewster Historical Society Town of Brewester
The Fabyan Windmill is an authentic, working Dutch windmill dating from the 1850s located in Geneva, Kane County, just north of Batavia, off Illinois Route 25. The five-story wooden smock mill with a stage, which stands 68 feet tall, sits upon the onetime estate of Colonel George Fabyan, but is now part of the Kane County Forest Preserve District. In 1979, the windmill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Dutch Mill; the following year, the windmill was selected to be on a U. S. postage stamp, as part of a series of five windmills in a stamp booklet called "Windmills USA." It operated as a custom grinding mill. During the mid-19th century, the Fabyan Windmill was constructed by German craftsmen, Louis Blackhaus, his brother-in-law Freidrick Brockmann, on a site at Meyers Road near 16th Street in York Township between Elmhurst and Oak Brook, Illinois. By the early 20th century, the windmill had fallen into a state of disrepair. In 1914, George Fabyan purchased the disused windmill for $8,000 from Mrs. Fred Runge.
He had it moved to its present location in Geneva Township on the east side of the Fox River, close to Illinois Route 25 in July 1915. Fabyan spent an estimated $75,000 to have it moved and restored; the Edgar E. Belding Company of West Chicago was contracted by Fabyan to move the windmill from York Center, it was dismantled piece by piece, with Roman numerals carved into the beams and braces to facilitate correct reconstruction. Some of the largest beams had to be hauled by a team of mules; the windmill was reassembled on its present site by a Danish millwright named Rasmussen, with the assistance of John Johnson and six others from the Wilson Bros. Construction Co. After nineteen months, the relocation and reconstruction were completed; the mill was a wonder in its day, because it is thought to be the only automatic wind-driven mill of its type. George Fabyan died in 1936, his wife died two years later; the estate was sold by the executors of the will to the Kane County Forest Preserve District for $70,500.
The giant cypress wood beams, trimmed with black walnut, are all hand joined and doweled with wood dowels. In fact, there are no metal nails used inside the structure; the original gearing was handmade of hickory and maple, with all five floors containing different mechanisms. The windmill was a functioning mill used by the Fabyans for grinding several types of grain, including corn, wheat and oats, it served as a grain mill for Fabyan's herd of prized Jersey cattle. At the mill's top, or cap, is a huge cogged wheel called the brake wheel, turned by wind blowing against the sails; the sails are covered with canvas sailcloths to help catch the wind. The sails had to be reconstructed by Rasmussen and John Johnson, because they were missing when Fabyan bought the mill; the sails span 74 feet 4 inches. The brake wheel, located in the cap, rotates an upright shaft running the height of the mill; this shaft supplied power to all of the mill's operations. There is a set of belt-driven elevators, remarkable for its time, that moved the grains from chutes to hoppers, from floor to floor, making the mill fully automatic.
Most other mills required workers to hand shovel materials between operations. During its reconstruction, the Colonel had a new foundation poured. In the basement, he had ovens installed whose vents and chimney extended underground beneath Route 25 to a structure that once stood on the other side. In addition to the ovens, marble slabs and cooling racks were installed, it is thought. During the flour rationing of World War I, the bakery produced bread for the Fabyan family and for their two bears and Jerry. However, the extent of use of the mill's bakery is debatable due to an inadequate oven draft; the wind-powered mill is a type, built in the United States, where grist mills are powered by water. Its wooden gears and nail-less construction techniques are of interest both technically and architecturally; the mill is an example of an America folly, a structure built to enhance the landscape or view. In this case, George Fabyan, a wealthy merchant and moved the by-then inoperative mill to beautify his estate, but maintained it as a private mill with no commercial value.
Kane County considered the windmill's demolition as early as 1990 when it became structurally unsafe for public inspection. However, local citizens began fighting to keep the mill intact. In 1997, the Forest Preserve District contracted third-generation Dutch windmill maker Lucas Verbij to restore the windmill for a cost of over $900,000, it made its public debut in June 2005. The Fabyan Windmill is the best example of an authentic Dutch windmill in the United States it's a treasure and would be the most popular windmill in the Netherlands; the grinding mechanisms to make flour have been restored and are in use today by mill volunteers who do demonstrations to the public. Now, the varnish from 1915 is in near perfect condition because the climate inside the mill varies little from season to season due to its superior construction, the Roman numeral markings carved into the beams used in original reconstruction are still visible. Official website Virtual visit of the Windmill: https://goo.gl/maps/dC2oLDQ59yL2
Middletown, Rhode Island
Middletown is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 16,150 at the 2010 census, it lies to the south of Portsmouth and to the north of Newport on Aquidneck Island, hence the name "Middletown". Various issues including unjust taxation and a growing population caused the freeholders living in the northern section of Newport to petition the general assembly for independence; as a result of the petition, the land that Middletown occupies was set apart in 1731. The town was incorporated in 1743. During the 1980s, large sections of East Main Road and West Main Road running through Middletown began to be commercialized, by the late 1990s, the area had become Aquidneck Island's central business district. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.9 square miles, of which 13.0 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water. Middletown was known as the "farming community" of Aquidneck Island. Today most of the developed land is located towards the western part of the town, while what is left of its rural heritage is towards the east.
Middletown has several beaches. The town is governed by elected at-large in partisan elections. Executive authority is vested in an appointed town administrator; the town elects a non-partisan school committee. Middletown forms part of Rhode Island's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat David Cicilline. At the state level, Middletown is part of three state house districts; the 12th Rhode Island Senate district, which includes parts of Newport, Little Compton and Tiverton, is held by Democrat Louis P. DiPalma. In the Rhode Island House of Representatives, Middletown forms part of the 72nd, 73rd, 74th districts; the 72nd, which includes portions of Newport and Portsmouth, is represented by Republican Daniel Reilly. The 73rd, predominantly Newport, is held by Democrat Russell Jackson; the 74th, shared between Middletown and Jamestown, is represented by Democrat Deb Ruggiero. At the 2000 census, there were 17,334 people, 6,993 households and 4,643 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,335.4 per square mile.
There were 7,603 housing units at an average density of 585.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 89.12% White, 2.72% African American, 2.36% Native American, 1.18% Asian, 1.11% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.93% of the population. There were 6,993 households of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families. Of all households 28.7% were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01. 25.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
The median household income was $51,075 and the median family income was $57,322. Males had a median income of $41,778 and females $27,229; the per capita income for the town was $25,857. About 3.7% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. Newport State Airport, a public-use general aviation airport and the only airport on Aquidneck Island, is located in Middletown. West Main Road and East Main Road are the main roads running north–south through Middletown. Middletown is home to St Columba's Cricket Club, which hosts an annual cricket tournament for teams throughout the New England area; the Newport National Golf Club is located in Middletown. The town is home to the Middletown Islanders hockey, baseball and lacrosse teams, they are involved with Pop Warner football and cheerleading. More known as a middle school football league, Pop Warner hosts from young ages and separates them by age. Kids ages 6–8: Mighty Mights Kids ages 9 & 10: Junior Pee Wee Kids ages 11 & 12: Pee Wee Kids ages 13 & 14: Midget As of September 2009, the Middletown Public School District consists of four schools serving pre-kindergarten through 12th grade.
They are Aquidneck Elementary School, Forest Avenue Elementary School, Joseph H. Gaudet Middle School and Middletown High School. Starting in September 2009, all fourth grade students will attend Joseph H. Gaudet Middle School. John F. Kennedy, former elementary school, will be closed at the end of the 2008–2009 school year due to budget cuts. Middletown is home to private schools, including All Saints Academy, a Catholic school, St. George's School. Boyd's Windmill, built 1810 Bailey Farm, built 1838 Clambake Club of Newport, built in 1895 Gardiner Pond Shell Midden Hamilton Hoppin House, built in 1856 Lyman C. Joseph House, built 1882 Paradise School, built 1875 Prescott Farm, ca. 1715 Whitehall, built 1729 Witherbee School, built 1900 Israel T. Almy, Fall River architect, born in Middletown George Berkeley, 18th century Anglo-Irish philosopher.
Iron Turbine Windmill
Iron Turbine Windmill is a historic windmill at 415 W. Gurley Street, on the grounds of the Sharlot Hall Museum in Prescott, Arizona, it is technically a windpump. The windmill was built in the period from 1876 to 1885, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981. According to its National Register nomination,The "Iron Turbine" windmill is the sole known intact example of the first mass produced all-metal windmill remaining in the Southwest and the United States. Produced by Mast and Company of Springfield, from 1876 to ca. 1898, the mill is significant as it relates to the technical evolution of turbine wheeltype water pumping windmills. The iron and steel construction figured prominently in advertising; the company proudly declared that their mill, "with no wood about it to swell, rattle and be torn to pieces by the wind" was "much more durable" than any of its wooden competitors. As early as 1884, they could boast that their mills were in use in all the states and territories of the United States as well as in England, Germany, Australia, New Zealand and the Sandwich Islands