Camp Verde, Arizona
Camp Verde is a town in Yavapai County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town is 10,873; the town hosts an annual corn festival in July and organized by Hauser and Hauser Farms. Other annual festivals include Fort Verde Days; the 42.6 sq mi town is intersected by I-17, extending 8 miles to the West and 10 miles to the East of the interstate. Three freeway exits provide local access: Exits 285, 287, 289; the Town's Historic Downtown is 1-mile from I-17 and contains a grocery store, physician facilities, dining, historical museum, Fort Verde State Historic Park, chamber of commerce/visitor center and town offices. Camp Verde is located at 34°34′0″N 111°51′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.6 square miles, of which, 42.6 square miles of it is land and 0.02% is water. It is in the Verde River valley. To the southwest lie the Black Hills mountain range. Camp Verde is surrounded by Prescott National Forest; the Mogollon Rim is just north of the town and forms the southwestern edge of the large, geologically ancient Colorado Plateau.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,451 people, 2,611 households, 2,538 families residing in the town. The population density was 222.0 people per square mile. There were 3,969 housing units at an average density of 93.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 85.05% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 7.31% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 4.70% from other races, 2.23% from two or more races. 10.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,611 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.7% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $31,868, the median income for a family was $37,049. Males had a median income of $30,104 versus $20,306 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,072. About 9.5% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. Tourist attractions include the nearby Montezuma Castle National Monument located in Verde Valley. In the town is Fort Verde State Historic Park, Out of Africa Wildlife Park; the Cliff Castle Casino, operated by the Yavapai-Apache Nation Indian tribe, is an important gambling destination for north and central Arizona. Fort Verde State Historic Park is located in Camp Verde's Historic Downtown 1-mile from all three Camp Verde exits. Camp Verde Unified School District serves the community; the Marvel Comics superhero characters James and John Proudstar are from a reservation in Camp Verde.
The 1977 horror movie, Kingdom of the Spiders, was filmed in Camp Verde. In the 2011 film Paul, Simon Pegg and Nick Frost plan to visit Camp Verde as a UFO hot spot along with Rachel, Area 51, Apache Junction and Roswell, New Mexico. In Cable #7, Camp Verde is a bunker headquarters of the X-Force. Camp Verde Official website Historic American Buildings Survey No. AZ-26, "Camp Verde, Officer's House, Camp Verde, Yavapai County, AZ", 1 photo The Camp Verde Bugle - Local newspaper The Camp Verde Journal - Local newspaper
Coconino County, Arizona
Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U. S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census; the county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai, it is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, with its 18,661 square miles, or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states. Coconino County comprises Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area. Coconino County contains Grand Canyon National Park, the Havasupai Nation, parts of the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Nation, Hopi Nation, it has a large Native American population at nearly 30% of the county's total population, being Navajo with smaller numbers of Havasupai and others. The county was the setting for George Herriman's early-20th-century Krazy Kat comic strip. After the building of the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad in 1883 the region of northern Yavapai County began experiencing rapid growth.
The people of the northern reaches had tired of the rigors of travelling all the way to Prescott for county business. They believed that they were a significant enough entity that they should have their own county jurisdiction. Therefore, they decided in 1887 to petition for secession from Yavapai and the creation of a new Frisco County, they remained part of Yavapai, until 1891 when Coconino County was formed and its seat declared to be Flagstaff. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,661 square miles, of which 18,619 square miles is land and 43 square miles is water, it is the largest county by area in Arizona and the second-largest county in the United States after San Bernardino County in California. It has more land area than each of the following U. S. states: Connecticut, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont. The highest natural point in the county, as well as the entire state, is Humphreys Peak at 12,637 feet or 3,852 metres.
The Barringer Meteor Crater is located in Coconino County. Mohave County – west Yavapai County – south Gila County – south Navajo County – east San Juan County, Utah – northeast Kane County, Utah – north Coconino County has 7,142.42 square miles of federally designated Indian reservation, second only to Apache County. In descending order of area within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Nation, Hualapai Indian Reservation, Hopi Indian Reservation, Havasupai Indian Reservation, the Kaibab Indian Reservation; the Havasupai Reservation is the only one that lies within the county's borders. As of the 2000 census, there were 116,320 people, 40,448 households, 26,938 families residing in the county; the population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 53,443 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.09% White, 28.51% Native American, 1.04% Black or African American, 0.78% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 4.13% from other races, 2.36% from two or more races.
10.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.59 % reported speaking Navajo at home. There were 40,448 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.40% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.36. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, 7.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,256, the median income for a family was $45,873. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $25,055 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $17,139. About 13.10% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 134,421 people, 46,711 households, 29,656 families residing in the county; the population density was 7.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 63,321 housing units at an average density of 3.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% white, 27.3% American Indian, 1.4% Asian, 1.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.2% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.5% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: Of the 46,711 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.5% were non-families, 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age was 31.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $49,510 and the median income for a family was $58,841. Males had a median income of $42,331 versus $31,869 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,632. About 11.6% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. Flagstaff Page Sedona Williams Fredonia Tu
Montezuma Castle National Monument
Montezuma Castle National Monument protects a set of well-preserved dwellings located in Camp Verde, Arizona which were built and used by the Sinagua people, a pre-Columbian culture related to the Hohokam and other indigenous peoples of the southwestern United States, between 1100 and 1425 AD. The main structure comprises five stories and twenty rooms, was built over the course of three centuries. Neither part of the monument's name is correct; when European-Americans first observed the ruins in the 1860s, by long-abandoned, they named them for the famous Aztec emperor Montezuma in the mistaken belief that he had been connected to their construction. In fact, the dwelling was abandoned more than 40 years before Montezuma was born, was not a "castle" in the traditional sense, but instead functioned more like a "prehistoric high rise apartment complex", as many families lived there. Several Hopi clans and Yavapai communities trace their ancestries to early immigrants from the Montezuma Castle/Beaver Creek area.
Clan members periodically return to these ancestral homes for religious ceremonies. Montezuma Castle is situated about 90 feet up a sheer limestone cliff, facing the adjacent Beaver Creek, which drains into the perennial Verde River just north of Camp Verde, it is one of the best-preserved cliff dwellings in North America, in part because of its ideal placement in a natural alcove that protects it from exposure to the elements. The precariousness of the dwelling's location and its immense scale - 4,000 square feet of floor space across five stories - suggest that the Sinagua were daring builders and skilled engineers. Access into the structure was most permitted by a series of portable ladders, which made it difficult for enemy tribes to penetrate the natural defense of the vertical barrier; the main reason the Sinagua chose to build the Castle so far above the ground, was to escape the threat of natural disaster in the form of the annual flooding of Beaver Creek. During the summer monsoon season, the creek breached its banks, inundating the floodplain with water.
The Sinagua recognized the importance of these floods to their agriculture, but also the potential destruction they presented to any structures built in the floodplain. Their solution was to build a permanent structure in the high recess afforded by the limestone cliff; the walls of Montezuma Castle are excellent examples of early stone-and-mortar masonry, constructed entirely from chunks of limestone found at the base of the cliff, as well as mud and/or clay from the creek bottom. The ceilings of the rooms incorporated sectioned timbers as a kind of roof thatching, obtained from the Arizona sycamore, a large hardwood tree native to the Verde Valley. Evidence of permanent dwellings like those at Montezuma Castle begins to appear in the archaeological record of Arizona's Verde Valley about 1050 AD, though the first distinctly Sinagua culture may have occupied the region as early as 700 AD; the area was abandoned due to the eruption of Sunset Crater Volcano, about 60 miles to the north, in the mid-11th century.
Though the short-term impact may have been destructive, it is possible that nutrient-rich sediment deposited by the volcano may have aided more expansive agricultural endeavors in the decades following the eruption. During the interim, the Sinagua lived in the surrounding highlands and sustained themselves on small-scale agriculture dependent on rain. After 1125, the Sinagua resettled the Verde Valley, utilizing the reliable watershed of the Verde River alongside irrigation systems left by previous inhabitants including Hohokam peoples, to support more widespread farming. Construction of the Castle itself is thought to have begun around this time, though the building efforts occurred level-by-level, over many generations; the region's population peaked around 1300 AD, with the Castle housing between 30 and 50 people in at least 20 separate rooms. A neighboring segment of the same cliff wall suggests the existence of an larger dwelling around the same time, of which only the stone foundations have survived.
The discovery of Castle A in 1933 revealed many Sinagua artifacts and increased understanding of their way of life. The latest estimated date of occupation for any Sinagua site comes from Montezuma Castle, around 1425 AD. After this date, like other contemporaneous cultural groups in the southwestern United States, the Sinagua people appear to have abandoned their permanent settlements and migrated elsewhere; the reasons for abandonment of these sites are unclear, but drought, resource depletion, clashes with the newly arrived Yavapai people have been suggested. Due to heavy looting in the late 19th and early 20th centuries few original artifacts survive from Montezuma Castle, though other Sinagua sites have remained more or less intact; the monument itself encloses 860 acres near the geographic center of Arizona and the intersection of the Colorado Plateau and Basin and Range physiographic provinces. The dwellings and the surrounding area were declared a U. S. National Monument on December 8, 1906 as a result of the American Antiquities Act, signed earlier that year.
It is one of the four original sites designated National Monuments by President Theodore Roosevelt. Montezuma Castle was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966, it is an easy monument to visit, just a short distance off Interstate 17, at exit 289. There is a 1⁄3 mile paved trail starting at the visitor center that follows the base of the cliff containing the ruins. Access to the interior of the ruins has not been allowed since 1951 due to concerns about visitor s
Yavapai County, Arizona
Yavapai County is near the center of the U. S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073; the county seat is Prescott. Yavapai County comprises AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area. Yavapai County was one of the four original Arizona counties created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature; the county territory was defined as being east of longitude 113° 20' and north of the Gila River. Soon thereafter, the counties of Apache, Coconino and Navajo were carved from the original Yavapai County. Yavapai County's present boundaries were established in 1891; the county is named after the Yavapai people, who were the principal inhabitants at the time the United States annexed the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,128 square miles, of which 8,123 square miles is land and 4.4 square miles is water. It has about 93% of the area of the U. S. state of New Jersey. It is larger than three U. S. states and the District of Columbia combined. The county's topography makes a dramatic transition from the lower Sonoran Desert to the south to the heights of the Coconino Plateau to the north, the Mogollon Rim to the east.
The highest point above sea level in Yavapai County is Mount Union at an elevation of 7,979 ft and the lowest is Agua Fria River drainage, now under Lake Pleasant. Mohave County—west La Paz County—southwest Maricopa County—south Gila County—east Coconino County—north/northeast Agua Fria National Monument Coconino National Forest Kaibab National Forest Montezuma Castle National Monument Prescott National Forest Tonto National Forest Tuzigoot National MonumentThere are nineteen official wilderness areas in Yavapai County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Fourteen of these are integral parts of National Forests listed above, whereas five are managed by the Bureau of Land Management; some of these extend into neighboring counties: Apache Creek Wilderness Arrastra Mountain Wilderness in Mohave County. Public land: about 75% of the county's area is publicly owned, includingFederal ownership: about 50% of the county's area is owned by the federal government of the United States, includingNational Forest lands, managed by the US Forest Service: 38% of the county's area Federal lands managed by the U.
S. Bureau of Land Management: 11.6% of the county's area Small areas of federal land are managed by the U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs and the National Park Service: less than 0.5% of the county's area. Yavapai-Prescott Tribe 1,413 acres Yavapai-Apache Nation 685 acres About 25% of Yavapai County is owned by the State of Arizona as state trust lands, managed by the Arizona State Land Department. There are numerous fauna species within Yavapai County. For example, a number of plants within the genus Ephedra and Coreopsis are found in the county. Yavapai County is the location of several groves of the near-threatened California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera. Yavapai County is home to Arcosanti, a prototype arcology, developed by Paolo Soleri, under construction since 1970. Arcosanti is just north of Arizona. Out of Africa Wildlife Park is a private zoo; the park moved to the Camp Verde area from the East Valley in 2005. 10 miles northwest of the town of Bagdad lies the Upper Burro Creek Wilderness Area, a 27,440-acre protected area home to at least 150 species of birds and featuring one of the Arizona desert's few undammed perennial streams.
As of the 2000 census, there were 167,517 people, 70,171 households, 46,733 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile. There were 81,730 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.89% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 1.60% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.58% from other races, 1.95% from two or more races. 9.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 70,171 households out of which 23.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.79. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age
Coronado National Memorial
The Coronado National Memorial commemorates the first organized expedition into the Southwest by conquistador Francisco Vásquez de Coronado. The memorial is located in a natural setting on the international border on the southeast flank of the Huachuca Mountains south of Sierra Vista, Arizona; the memorial confirms the ties that bind Mexico. Official statements indicate that it was designed as a gesture of goodwill and cooperation between the United States and Mexico, through the recognition of Coronado's 1540 expedition to the area. For example, in 1939 the House Committee on Foreign Affairs noted: As a result of this expedition, what has been characterized by historians as one of the greatest land expeditions the world has known, a new civilization was established in the great American Southwest, and E. K. Burlew, Acting Secretary of the Interior added in 1940: To commemorate permanently the explorations of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado...would be of great value in advancing the relationship of the United States and Mexico upon a friendly basis of cultural understanding... stress the history and problems of the two countries and would encourage cooperation for the advancement of their common interests.
Thus the site was first designated Coronado International Memorial on August 18, 1941, with the hope that a comparable adjoining area would be established in Mexico. The arrangement might have been similar to the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park between the United States and Canada. However, despite interest by the government of Mexico, the Mexican memorial was never created, therefore Congress changed the authorized designation to a national memorial on July 9, 1952; the memorial was established by Harry S. Truman on November 5 of that year; as with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the national memorial was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. The National Parks: Index 2001–2003. Washington: U. S. Department of the Interior. Official NPS website: Coronado National Memorial American Southwest, a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site is a historic site on Highway 191, north of Chambers, with an exhibit center in Ganado, Arizona. It is considered a meeting ground of two cultures between the Navajo and the settlers who came to the area to trade. In 1878, John Lorenzo Hubbell purchased this trading post, ten years after Navajos were allowed to return to the Ganado region from their U. S.-imposed exile in Bosque Redondo, Fort Sumner, New Mexico. This ended what is known in Navajo history as the "Long Walk of the Navajo." It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960. When the Navajos returned from The Long Walk in 1868, they found their herds decimated, their fields destroyed, their way of life was ripped apart and their life was forever changed. The Navajos were troubled by an economic depression in the late 19th century as a result of the Long Walk. Thus, trade became important. Heavy sandstones from the area were quarried in 1883 to begin construction of this solid building along the southern banks of the Pueblo Colorado Wash.
Life at Hubbell Trading Post centered around it. The idea of trading was not new to the Navajos. Native American tribes in the Southwest had traded amongst themselves for centuries. During the four years' internment at Bosque Redondo, Navajos were introduced to many new items; when the Anglos came to trade with the Navajos, the difference was in the products exchanged, in the changes brought about by these exchanges. Traders like Hubbell supplied these items. Trade with men like Hubbell became important for the Navajos; the trader was in contact with the world outside the newly created reservation. In exchange for the trader's goods the Navajos traded wool and rugs, jewelry and pottery, it was years. Hubbell family members operated this trading post until it was sold to the National Park Service in 1967; the trading post is still active, operated by the non-profit Western National Parks Association, which maintains the trading traditions the Hubbell family established. Today, Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site is still situated on the original 160-acre homestead, which includes the trading post, family home, out buildings, land and a visitors center.
Visitors can experience this historic trading post on the Navajo Nation, which includes weaving demonstrations. A set of initials carved on the gate of the privacy wall which separates the public spaces from the private stand for John Lorenzo Hubbell. Hubbell's father was his mother Spanish, he was raised in New Mexico, a small village just south of Albuquerque, New Mexico. He came to this area in 1876. In 1878 he bought the small buildings comprising the compound from a trader named William Leonard, started business, he was twenty-three years old and trying to make a living among the Navajos, a people he did not know well. He had to find a niche in a difficult language, he learned "trader Navajo" quickly. John Lorenzo was trilingual, he spoke English and Navajo. Mr. Hubbell married a Spanish woman named Lina Rubi, they had two daughters. Additions to the family home to accommodate the growing family were finished in 1902, it started out as a plain adobe building which the Hubbell family made into a comfortable, in some ways, luxurious home.
Paintings and artifacts and many large Navajo rugs still decorate the interior. Unlike other traders who left their families "back home" in the east, the entire Hubbell family spent most of the year in the village of Ganado; the Hubbells lived in the house until 1967. The guest house was built in the early 1930s by Roman and Dorothy Hubbell, Mr. Hubbell's son and daughter-in-law, as a tribute to Mr. Hubbell. Dorothy Hubbell carved the inner wooden door. Visitors stayed in the Hubbell home, such as artists who were interested in the color and shapes of the land. Architecturally, the guest house is in the Hogan style. Most hogans are built of logs, the door always faces the east. Hogans are one-room dwellings and have six or eight sides. Mr. Hubbell built several traditional hogans on the grounds for the Navajos who came long distances to trade; the guest house was called Pueblo Colorado but was confused with the town of Pueblo, Colorado. There was an important Navajo leader named totsohnii Hastiin.
He was called Ganado Mucho and Mr. Hubbell renamed this place Ganado for him. Ganado Mucho had a son, Many Horses, buried on the property. Beyond the perimeter wall to the north courses the Pueblo Colorado Wash, the northern boundary of the Hubbell settlement. In some sections of the Ganado-Cornfields valley, the wash runs year round. Melting snows in spring and heavy summer rains sometimes cause it to flood. In the Southwest a good source of water has always attracted people; the Anasazi lived in small villages down the valley hundreds of years ago. The Navajos came and the traders - all attracted to the source of water; the cone-shaped hill located northwest of the tra
Tumacácori National Historical Park
Tumacácori National Historical Park is located in the upper Santa Cruz River Valley in Santa Cruz County, southern Arizona. The park consists of 360 acres in three separate units; the park protects the ruins of three Spanish mission communities, two of which are National Historic Landmark sites. It contains the landmark 1937 Tumacácori Museum building a National Historic Landmark; the first Spanish Colonial Jesuit missions in the locale were established in 1691, Mission San Cayetano de Tumacácori and Mission Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi, are the two oldest missions in southern Arizona. The Franciscan church of Mission San José de Tumacácori, across the river from and replacing Mission San Cayetano de Tumacácori, was built in the 1750s; the third mission was established in Mission San Cayetano de Calabazas. The Mission San José de Tumacácori complex is open to the public. Nearby are the park's visitor center and the Tumacácori Museum in a historic Mission Revival style building; the Guevavi and Calabazas missions are not open to the general public, but can be visited on reserved tours led by park staff.
The Tumacácori missions complex was protected as Tumacácori National Monument, in 1908 by President Theodore Roosevelt. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. In 1990 the national monument was redesignated a National Historical Park; the Guevavi and Calabazas mission units were added to the Tumacácori missions complex unit, within the new Tumacácori National Historical Park. The site was on the route of the 1775-1776 Juan Bautista de Anza Expedition from New Spain to Alta California, the first Spanish overland expedition to claimed but un-colonized upper Las Californias territory. A 4.5 miles segment of the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail lies along the Santa Cruz River between Tumacácori National Historical Park and Tubac Presidio State Historic Park. Mission San José de Tumacácori was established in 1691 by Jesuit padre Eusebio Kino in a different nearby location, it was established one day before Mission Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi, making it the oldest Jesuit mission site in southern Arizona.
The first mission was named Mission San Cayetano de Tumacácori, established at an existing native O'odham or Sobaipuri settlement on the east side of the Santa Cruz River. After the Pima rebellion of 1751, the mission was moved to the present site on the west side of the Santa Cruz River and renamed San José de Tumacácori. By 1848, the mission began falling into severe disrepair. In 1854 it became a part of the U. S. Arizona Territory, after the Gadsden Purchase. Restoration and stabilization efforts began in 1908 when the site was declared Tumacácori National Monument by President Theodore Roosevelt. In 1990 it became part of the new Tumacácori National Historical Park. Tumacácori Museum was built in 1937 within what was Tumacácori National Monument and is now Tumacácori National Historical Park. Designed by Scofield Delong, it contains interpretative displays relating to three historic missions preserved within the park, includes artwork created by artist Herbert A. Collins; the museum building, a fine example of Mission Revival style architecture, with Spanish Colonial Revival details, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987.
Movies with scenes filmed in the park include: Duel in the Sun directed by King Vidor Young Guns II directed by Geoff Murphy Boy's on the Side directed by Herbert Ross Spanish missions in Arizona Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert Hispanic Heritage Site "Tumacácori National Historical Park". National Park Service. "San Antonio de Oquitoa Mission". Mission Churches of the Sonoran Desert. University of Arizona. Historic American Buildings Survey No. AZ-3, "San Jose de Tumacacori, Santa Cruz County, AZ", 15 photos, 45 measured drawings, 6 data pages "Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail". National Park Service